CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Soil Research   
Soil Research
Journal Banner
  Soil, land care and environmental research
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
For Advertisers
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates
Library Recommendation

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn

Now Online

Land Resources Surveys


 
 

Soil Research is an international journal for publishing research about fundamental and applied aspects of soil science. More

Editors-in-Chief: Balwant Singh and Mark Tibbett

 
 
 

blank image The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue. blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 24 August 2016
Mulching materials improve soil properties and maize growth in the Northwestern Loess Plateau, China 
Rong Li, Xianqing Hou, Zhikuan Jia and Qingfang Han

Polyethylene film and biodegradable polymer film mulch had significant effects on soil temperature, water conservation, maize yield and water use efficiency when compared with the uncovered control. However, no significant differences were observed between the liquid membrane and control during the entire growing season. The biodegradable polymer film could potentially replace polyethylene film during agricultural production in Loess Plateau, China.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
Soil chemistry and acidification risk of acid sulfate soils on a temperate estuarine floodplain in southern Australia 
C. C. Yau, V. N. L. Wong and D. M. Kennedy

Coastal acid sulfate soils (CASS) were identified on the Anglesea River estuarine floodplain in southern Australia. On the lower estuarine floodplain, potential acidity can be neutralised by shell materials and seawater, resulting in negative net acidity. Conversely, net acidity was positive on the upper estuarine floodplain owing to the diminishing influence of seawater and shell materials. High concentrations of organic matter and trace metals can further contribute to acidity in these stes.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
Prediction of salt transport in different soil textures under drip irrigation in an arid zone using the SWAGMAN Destiny model 
Haichang Yang, Yun Chen, Fenghua Zhang, Tingbao Xu and Xu Cai

Traditional detailed field experiments on soil textures and salt content were combined with the SWAGMAN Destiny model for providing reliable estimates on long-term salt change dynamics. The desalinization rate in sand, which appears to be steady in the whole profile, is generally higher than that in loam and clay. Soil salinity decreases in the upper layers and increases in the bottom layers of the investigated soil profile.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
The nitrification inhibitor 3,4,-dimethylpyrazole phosphate strongly inhibits nitrification in coarse-grained soils containing a low abundance of nitrifying microbiota 
Elliott G. Duncan, Cathryn A. O'Sullivan, Anna K. Simonsen, Margaret M. Roper, Mark B. Peoples, Karen Treble and Kelley Whisson

The nitrification inhibitor 3,4,-dimethylpyrozole phosphate (DMPP) may be effective in minimising environmental degradation caused by NO3leaching from excessive N fertiliser use. DMPP has not been widely investigated on coarse-grained soils containing a low abundance of nitrifying microbes. In this study, using such soils, DMPP conserved NH4+ and inhibited nitrifying microbial populations for 100 days, which is longer than observed previously for heavier soil types. In addition, DMPP was more effective than another nitrification inhibitor (nitrapyrin) in inhibiting nitrification. These soils also contained low Cu, a cofactor in ammonia mono-oxygenase (AMO), which facilitates nitrification, suggesting an interaction between DMPP and Cu availability controlled this process. Thus, DMPP has the potential to be an important tool in minimising nitrification in areas where these soils are common (e.g. Western Australia’s agricultural zones).

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
Spatial and temporal variations of soil function in a Mediterranean serpentine ecosystem 
Nikolaos Monokrousos, George Charalampidis, Pantelitsa Kapagianni, Maria D. Argyropoulou and Efimia M. Papatheodorou

Serpentine soils are naturally metalliferous and hostile to most plants and animals. Exploring soil variables under evergreen-sclerophyllous and phryganic shrubs of a serpentine Mediterranean ecosystem revealed that heavy metals did not inhibit soil enzymes that reflect microbial activity, while potassium availability was crucial for the establishment of vegetation. The climate imposed strong temporal variations on the soil environment. The availability of nutrients and heavy metals in soils under the different plant species was not reflected in their foliar concentrations.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
Sulfur-enriched biochar as a potential soil amendment and fertiliser 
Hongjie Zhang, R. Paul Voroney, G. W. Price and Andrew J. White

Activated biochar exposed to H2S and contained 36.5% S (S element and SO42–), confirming its potential to adsorb significant amounts of H2S. SulfaChar significantly increased corn plant biomass when used as an S fertiliser.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
Mineralogy of volcanically derived alluvial soils at Moshi, Tanzania 
T. S. Taylor, J. C. Hughes and L. W. Titshall

Irrigation of crops on volcanic soils in Tanzania is common, but knowledge of their mineralogy and its effect on soil properties is scarce. This study investigated the mineralogy of such soils on a sugar estate and found that the main clay minerals were halloysite, high-defect kaolinite and allophane. This suite of minerals has a major effect on the reactive surface area and is likely to affect the physical properties of these soils, such as water retention and transmission properties.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 22 August 2016
Soil properties and carbon stocks in a grey Vertosol irrigated with treated sewage effluent 
N. R. Hulugalle, T. B. Weaver, L. A. Finlay and V. Heimoana

Changes in soil salinity, sodicity and carbon C storage in a grey Vertosol under conservation farming and irrigated with tertiary-treated sewage effluent were assessed over a 14-year period. Salinity and exchangeable Mg concentration were strongly influenced by interactions between seasonal rainfall (i.e. floods and drought) and the quality of the effluent, whereas exchangeable sodium percentage and exchangeable K concentration changes were not affected by variations in seasonal rainfall. Soil organic content declined until the flooding events but increased thereafter.

blank image
 
    | Supplementary Material (47 KB)
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 15 August 2016
Possible effects of irrigation with wastewater on the clay mineralogy of some Australian clayey soils: laboratory study 
Serhiy Marchuk, Jock Churchman and Pichu Rengasamy

Irrigation with potassium-rich wastewater may lead to mineralogical changes in the soil, which can affect the physicochemical properties of soil. The dynamic of these changes can be monitored by X-ray diffraction analysis both qualitatively and quantitatively. Peak decomposition method showed trends towards the formation of interstratifications of illite with smectite at the expense of smectite and an alteration of poorly crystallised illite into its more well-ordered forms.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 15 August 2016
Soil inorganic carbon in Pampean agroecosystems: distribution and relationships with soil properties in Buenos Aires province 
Gabriela Civeira

Soil inorganic carbon (SIC) in landscape positions and related edaphic properties under agronomic uses in Pampean agroecosystems were examined. The following were determined: SIC relations with soil taxa, soil organic carbon effects on SIC content, and SIC distribution in soil horizons at great group level. SIC as a predictor of landscape use changes in agroecosystems.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 15 August 2016
Influence of the wetting process on estimation of the water-retention curve of tilled soils 
D. Moret-Fernández, C. Peña-Sancho and M. V. López

The influence of soil wetting processes (waterlogging (WP) and capillary rise to saturation (CRP)) on the soil-water retention curve estimation was studied. Conventional tillage, reduced tillage, and no tillage treatments under different soil conditions were analyzed. CPR minimized the effect of the wetting process on the soil-water retention curve estimation, and only the freshly tilled soil under reduced tillage treatment was significantly affected by the wetting process.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 09 August 2016
Blade loosening creates a deeper and near-stable rooting zone that raises the productivity of a structurally unstable texture contrast soil 
G. J. Hamilton, J. Sheppard, R. Bowey and P. Fisher

Sustainable improvements in productivity and profitability of structurally weak or dispersive texture contrast soils have proved elusive. Blade loosening to a depth of approximately 300 mm with a machine that has little draft and near-zero soil disturbance increased crop production and maintained an unsaturated and stable root zone. The blade loosener could be mounted on seeders operating in a controlled traffic farming regimen, and thus provide a sustainable means of raising the productivity and profitability of farming structurally weak texture contrast soils.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 25 July 2016
The Brigalow Catchment Study: IV.* Clearing brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) for cropping or grazing increases peak runoff rate 
C. M. Thornton and B. Yu

In Queensland, Australia, the clearing of large tracts of native vegetation for agriculture has changed the hydrology of the landscape. This study found that clearing brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) increased peak run-off rate by an average of 96% when cleared and cropped and 47% when cleared and grazed. This knowledge can be used to improve hydrological modelling of landscape processes and to assist with catchment management.

blank image
 
  * Clearing brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) for cropping or grazing increases peak runoff rate&title=Soil Research&date=9999&volume=9999&spage=&epage=&aulast=Thornton&aufirst=C. M." target="_blank" >
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 25 July 2016
Quantifying the costs of soil constraints to Australian agriculture: a case study of wheat in north-eastern Australia 
Y. P. Dang and P. W. Moody

A ‘hybrid approach’ consisting of determining magnitude and cause(s) of yield gap to estimate costs of soil constraints to the Australian agriculture was proposed and demonstrated at farm scale. Multi-year spatiotemporal analysis of remotely sensed data provided a rapid and accurate assessment of areas that are consistently low-yielding over several years, indicating the presence of at least one unamended soil constraint factor. A ‘bottom-up’ approach was proposed to upscale the hybrid approach from local to national relevance.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 25 July 2016
Uncertainty in predicting the spatial pattern of soil water temporal stability at the hillslope scale 
K. Liao, X. Lai, L. Lv and Q. Zhu

Knowledge of the spatial pattern of soil water temporal stability is important in hydrological research. This study evaluates the uncertainties in predicted spatial patterns of temporal stability and shows that the uncertainty due to the limited number of sampling points used for interpolation of soil moisture is more important than the uncertainty due to the limited number of sampling days used for calculating temporal stability. Additional sampling sites rather than additional sampling days should be developed to reduce prediction uncertainty.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 25 July 2016
Multiple additions of rapidly decomposable residue alleviate the negative impact of salinity on microbial activity 
Hasbullah Hasbullah and Petra Marschner

With a single residue addition, the reduction in soil respiration with increasing salinity was smaller in soils amended with rapidly decomposable residues (low C : N ratio) compared with slowly decomposable residues (high C : N ratio). With rapidly decomposable residue, the reduction of cumulative respiration with increasing salinity was smaller with repeated addition than with only a single addition. However, this was not the case with slowly decomposable residue.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 13 July 2016
Effect of different rice establishment methods on soil physical properties in drought-prone, rainfed lowlands of Bihar, India 
Surajit Mondal, Santosh Kumar, A. Abdul Haris, S. K. Dwivedi, B. P. Bhatt and J. S. Mishra

Puddling that deteriorates soil health is a time consuming and labour intensive process. The aims of the study was to evaluate the effect of alternative rice establishment methods on soil physical properties and productivity of the rice-wheat cropping system. Unpuddling can create a more favorable conditions for soil health by improving bulk density, aggregation stability, pore size distribution, penetration resistance which in the longer term can improve crop growth.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 12 July 2016
Effects of controlled traffic no-till system on soil chemical properties and crop yield in annual double-cropping area of the North China Plain 
Caiyun Lu, Hongwen Li, Jin He, Qingjie Wang, Khokan Kumer Sarker, Wenying Li, Zhanyuan Lu, Rabi G. Rasaily, Hui Li and Guangnan Chen

Controlled traffic no-till (NTCT) was associated with a substantial improvement in soil organic matter, total N and available P. NTCT treatment decreased the soil bulk density in the deep soil layer (10–30 cm) relative to the conventional tillage (CT) treatment. Maize and wheat yields were significantly higher under NTCT than under CT and random traffic no-till treatments.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 11 July 2016
Fine root distributions and water consumption of alfalfa grown in layered soils with different layer thicknesses 
Lidong Ren and Mingbin Huang

Available water holding capacity was increased by decreasing the layer thickness in the layered soils. Decreasing layer thickness increased fine root distribution in the finer textured soil layers. Alfalfa water consumption and biomass increased in the layered soils relative to the homogeneous soils.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 04 July 2016
Impact of reduced tillage and crop residue management on soil properties and crop yields in a long-term trial in western Kenya 
Jeremiah M. Okeyo, Jay Norton, Saidou Koala, Boaz Waswa, Job Kihara and Andre Bationo

Conservation tillage practices are necessary to stop the decline in soil fertility and crop productivity under tropical smallholder farming conditions. We assessed the long-term impact of reduced tillage and crop residue retention on soil quality and crop productivity, and our results indicate a positive influence on physical soil properties. However, there is need to maintain higher levels of crop residue to counter the negative effects of reduced tillage to enhance crop productivity.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 04 July 2016
Emission estimation of nitrous oxide (N2O) from a wheat cropping system under varying tillage practices and different levels of nitrogen fertiliser 
Nirmali Bordoloi, K. K. Baruah and P. Bhattacharyya

A two-year field study on N2O emission was conducted in a wheat ecosystem. Nitrogen fertiliser stimulates N2O emission under reduced tillage practice. With increasing nitrogen fertilisation levels, nitrogen use efficiency was found to decrease irrespective of the tillage practices. A 25-% reduction in nitrogen fertiliser reduced N2O emission in conventional tillage practice without sacrificing the wheat grain productivity.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 29 June 2016
Soil phosphorus status and environmental risk of phosphorus run-off from pastures in south-eastern New South Wales 
M. R. Hart and P. S. Cornish

Representative grassland soils in south east NSW were sampled to provide an overview of agronomic phosphorus requirement and phosphorus environmental risk for pastoral land uses. From soil Colwell P and phosphorus buffering index (PBI) values, 20% of the sites was considered to present a significant environmental risk to water quality. Routine use of soil PBI analysis with Colwell P tests could improve land management practices to reduce diffuse pollution from agriculture.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image


blank image Soil Research
Volume 54 Number 5 2016
Nitrous Oxides in Soils

 
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
 
Foreword to ‘Nitrous Oxides in Soils’ 
blank image
Peter Grace
pp. i-ii
 
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Nitrification rates and associated nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils – a synopsis 
blank image
Ryan Farquharson
pp. 469-480

Nitrification rates and associated nitrous oxide emissions were measured in aerobic incubations of a range of soils from field trials within the National Agricultural Nitrous Oxide Research Program. Together with data that were collated from the literature, it was concluded that site-specific parameterisation of models is justified and further work is warranted to develop model algorithms that take into account known drivers.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Mitigation of N2O emissions from surface-irrigated cropping systems using water management and the nitrification inhibitor DMPP 
blank image
Hizbullah Jamali , Wendy Quayle , Clemens Scheer and Jeff Baldock
pp. 481-493

In an irrigated wheat crop, reducing the soil moisture deficit and using the nitrification inhibitor, 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate, were the most effective in achieving N2O mitigation when combined. The majority of N2O emissions occurred immediately after irrigation. Half of the plant N and 53–87% of N2O were derived from non-fertiliser sources in soil, highlighting the opportunity to further exploit this valuable N pool.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Non-linear response of soil N2O emissions to nitrogen fertiliser in a cotton–fallow rotation in sub-tropical Australia 
blank image
Clemens Scheer , David W. Rowlings and Peter R. Grace
pp. 494-499

Over recent years, there has been growing evidence of a non-linear, exponential relationship between N fertiliser application rate and N2O emission. Likewise, we observed a non-linear exponential response of N2O emissions to increasing N fertiliser rates in a typical cotton–fallow rotation. We conclude that an exponential model may be more appropriate for estimating N2O emission from cotton cropping systems in Australia.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Benchmarking nitrous oxide emissions in deciduous tree cropping systems 
blank image
Nigel Swarts , Kelvin Montagu , Garth Oliver , Liam Southam-Rogers , Marcus Hardie , Ross Corkrey , Gordon Rogers and Dugald Close
pp. 500-511

In this study, we investigated N2O flux from apples and cherry cropping systems in two predominant growing regions. Estimated from manual chamber measurements over a 12-month period, the average daily emissions were very low, ranging from 0.78 g N2O-N ha–1 day–1 to 1.86 g N2O-N ha–1 day–1. These emissions were among the lowest recorded for an Australian agricultural industry, most likely due to low rates of N fertiliser, cool temperate growing conditions and highly efficient drip irrigation systems.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Tillage does not increase nitrous oxide emissions under dryland canola (Brassica napus L.) in a semiarid environment of south-eastern Australia 
blank image
Guangdi D. Li , Mark K. Conyers , Graeme D. Schwenke , Richard C. Hayes , De Li Liu , Adam J. Lowrie , Graeme J. Poile , Albert A. Oates and Richard J. Lowrie
pp. 512-522

A 4-year rotational experiment with wheat–canola–grain legumes–wheat in sequence was established at Wagga Wagga, NSW, Australia. The daily N2O emission rate was low under a canola crop, ranging between –0.81 and 6.71 g N2O-N/ha.day. The annual cumulative N2O-N emitted was 175.6 and 224.3 g N2O-N/ha under 0 and 100 kg N/ha treatments respectively. Tillage does not increase N2O emissions in this semiarid environment of south-eastern Australia.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Influence of enhanced efficiency fertilisation techniques on nitrous oxide emissions and productivity response from urea in a temperate Australian ryegrass pasture 
blank image
H. C. Suter , H. Sultana , R. Davies , C. Walker and D. Chen
pp. 523-532

Greenhouse gas emissions from nitrogen fertilisers are a significant contributor to Australia’s national N2O budget. Mitigation of these emissions can be achieved with EEFs. However, EEFs target different loss processes, and decreasing the loss from one pathway may simply transfer it to another. Herein, a nitrification inhibitor effectively decreased N2O emissions relative to granular urea, whereas a urease inhibitor, which targets NH3 loss, increased N2O emissions and a fine particle spray had limited effects over the low-emission period. Biomass productivity benefits were difficult to achieve with the EEFs, reflecting the relatively low loss via N2O emissions, presence of sufficient N for growth in the pasture system, and influence of climate on nitrogen loss and pasture productivity in rainfed pasture systems.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Mitigation of nitrous oxide emissions with nitrification inhibitors in temperate vegetable cropping in southern Australia 
blank image
D. A. Riches , S. W. Mattner , R. Davies and I. J. Porter
pp. 533-543

Soil emissions of greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) were measured in a series of field trials in a vegetable production system in temperate Australia. Approximately 4-fold higher N2O emissions were observed from the use of poultry manure when compared with those obtained from using inorganic fertilisers. Nitrification inhibitors were able to reduce N2O emissions and are a promising mitigation option, especially when used with poultry manure.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Effect of enhanced efficiency fertilisers on nitrous oxide emissions in a sub-tropical cereal cropping system 
blank image
Clemens Scheer , David W. Rowlings , Massimiliano De Antoni Migliorati , David W. Lester , Mike J. Bell and Peter R. Grace
pp. 544-551

Enhanced efficiency fertilisers (EEFs) are promoted as a potential strategy to mitigate N2O emissions and improve crop nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). We examined the effect of three different EEFs on N2O emissions, NUE and yield in a cereal cropping system. Two EEFs were highly effective, decreasing annual N2O losses by 83% and 70%, respectively, however, did not affect the yield or NUE. Further research is needed to assess if the increased costs of EEFs can be compensated by lower fertiliser application rates.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Comparison of grain yields and N2O emissions on Oxisol and Vertisol soils in response to fertiliser N applied as urea or urea coated with the nitrification inhibitor 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate 
blank image
Massimiliano De Antoni Migliorati , Mike Bell , David Lester , David W. Rowlings , Clemens Scheer , Daniele de Rosa and Peter R. Grace
pp. 552-564

The grain yield responses of sorghum to rates of fertiliser N applied as urea or urea coated with the nitrification inhibitor DMPP were compared on a Vertisol and an Oxisol. DMPP had a similar impact at both sites, inhibiting nitrification for up to 8 weeks and reducing seasonal N2O emissions by 60% when compared with conventional urea. Lower N2O emissions observed with DMPP did not translate into significant yield gains or improvements in agronomic efficiencies of fertiliser N use.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Agronomic responses of grain sorghum to DMPP-treated urea on contrasting soil types in north-eastern Australia 
blank image
David W. Lester , Michael J. Bell , Kerry L. Bell , Massimiliano De Antoni Migliorati , Clemens Scheer , David Rowlings and Peter R. Grace
pp. 565-571

DMPP-treated urea resulted in only slight increases in grain yield when compared with untreated urea. Agronomic efficiency was ≈2.2 kg grain/kg fertiliser higher. The use of DMPP treatment is suggested for scenarios with application rates >80 kg/ha.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Nitrous oxide emission and fertiliser nitrogen efficiency in a tropical sugarcane cropping system applied with different formulations of urea 
blank image
Weijin Wang , Glen Park , Steven Reeves , Megan Zahmel , Marijke Heenan and Barry Salter
pp. 572-584

The efficacy of polymer-coated or nitrification inhibitor-coated urea for reducing nitrous oxide emissions and improving fertiliser nitrogen efficiency was assessed in a sugarcane crop in the wet tropics of Australia. Application of the coated urea did not significantly affect the nitrous oxide emissions, but the crop nitrogen uptake was maintained at about 70% of the recommended application rate of conventional urea. The results demonstrated that fertiliser nitrogen inputs in sugarcane farms can be decreased using the coated urea, potentially reducing fertiliser nitrogen loss into the environment.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Use of the agricultural practice of pasture termination in reducing soil N2O emissions in high-rainfall cropping systems of south-eastern Australia 
blank image
Oxana N. Belyaeva , Sally J. Officer , Roger D. Armstrong , Rob H. Harris , Ashley Wallace , Debra L. Partington , Kirsten Fogarty and Andrew J. Phelan
pp. 585-597

The farming practice of pasture termination greatly affected the N2O emissions in the two-year field study conducted, influencing accumulation of NO3-N during fallow period after termination. Late pasture termination reduced emissions by nearly 90% in the first year of the study. Soil water content was a key factor, limiting the magnitude of N2O emissions with most annual emissions occurring when the water-filled pore space was above 65%. The late pasture termination can be used as an effective method for reducing N2O emissions in regional agricultural soils.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Emission factors for estimating fertiliser-induced nitrous oxide emissions from clay soils in Australia’s irrigated cotton industry 
blank image
Peter Grace , Iurii Shcherbak , Ben Macdonald , Clemens Scheer and David Rowlings
pp. 598-603

A meta-analysis of nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from Vertosols under cotton in Australia found a two-component (linear + exponential) statistical model was preferred when describing emissions factors of N2O emissions in response to nitrogen fertiliser additions of up to 300 kg N ha–1

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
The interaction of seasonal rainfall and nitrogen fertiliser rate on soil N2O emission, total N loss and crop yield of dryland sorghum and sunflower grown on sub-tropical Vertosols 
blank image
G. D. Schwenke and B. M. Haigh
pp. 604-618

Increasing nitrogen (N) fertiliser rates for annual crops may increase N2O emissions linearly, exponentially or not at all. Trials with grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) or sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in sub-tropical Vertosols showed a linear increase in N2O with increasing N rate, but the rate of N2O loss was five times greater in wetter-than-average seasons than in drier conditions.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Effect of nitrogen fertiliser management on soil mineral nitrogen, nitrous oxide losses, yield and nitrogen uptake of wheat growing in waterlogging-prone soils of south-eastern Australia 
blank image
Robert H. Harris , Roger D. Armstrong , Ashley J. Wallace and Oxana N. Belyaeva
pp. 619-633

Identifying strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cropping soils is important for decreasing the Grains Industry’s contribution to the detrimental effects of global warming. Cropping soils in south-west Victoria can become waterlogged and produce large amounts of nitrous oxide, a potent greenhouse gas. However, supplying the right amount of nitrogen fertiliser at peak crop demand will substantially reduce emissions without compromising yield. Through improved nitrogen fertiliser management, grain growers in south-west Victoria can reduce emissions while maintaining crop yields.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Greenhouse gas (N2O and CH4) fluxes under nitrogen-fertilised dryland wheat and barley on subtropical Vertosols: risk, rainfall and alternatives 
blank image
Graeme D. Schwenke , David F. Herridge , Clemens Scheer , David W. Rowlings , Bruce M. Haigh and K. Guy McMullen
pp. 634-650

We measured soil N2O and CH4 fluxes associated with N-fertilised wheat and barley production on subtropical Vertosol soils. Intensive rainfall before and after sowing enhanced N-fertiliser treatment differences in N2O flux but did not affect CH4 flux. Both split N application and nitrification inhibitor coating on urea at sowing reduced N2O flux. Dry conditions after sowing reduced the overall impact of N fertiliser on N2O flux but increased soil CH4 uptake.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Contribution of the cotton irrigation network to farm nitrous oxide emissions 
blank image
B. C. T. Macdonald , A. Nadelko , Y. Chang , M. Glover and S. Warneke
pp. 651-658

Agricultural production can release significant amounts of nitrous oxide, a powerful greenhouse gas, to the atmosphere.  In irrigated systems, it is unclear if significant amounts of nitrous oxide are emitted from water storages or canals. In general, the irrigation system contributes 2.4–4% of the total nitrous oxide emission.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Nitrous oxide emissions from grain production systems across a wide range of environmental conditions in eastern Australia 
blank image
Henrike Mielenz , Peter J. Thorburn , Robert H. Harris , Sally J. Officer , Guangdi Li , Graeme D. Schwenke and Peter R. Grace
pp. 659-674

This study addressed the mitigation of N2O emissions from grain cropping systems across eastern Australia using the APSIM model, following its evaluation at six diverse field sites covering major grain-growing regions in eastern Australia. We found that N management strategies that maximise yields and increase N use efficiency showed the greatest promise for N2O mitigation. Splitting N fertiliser application in the southern grain-growing region and growing grain legumes in rotation with cereal crops had potential to reduce emissions.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Nitrification (DMPP) and urease (NBPT) inhibitors had no effect on pasture yield, nitrous oxide emissions, or nitrate leaching under irrigation in a hot-dry climate 
blank image
Warwick J. Dougherty , Damian Collins , Lukas Van Zwieten and David W. Rowlings
pp. 675-683

Pastures used for dairying rely on substantial inputs of nitrogen (N), and N use efficiency (NUE) is often low. The ability of nitrification and urease inhibitors to reduce N losses and increase pasture yields and NUE was assessed. There was no treatment effect (P > 0.05) on soil mineral N, pasture yield, nitrous oxide flux or leaching of nitrate when compared with the use of standard urea. Further research is required to determine if and under what conditions inhibitor products can improve NUE.

   |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

   
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    SR16123  Accepted 23 August 2016
    Effects of crop rotation on properties of a Vietnam clay soil under rice-based cropping systems
    Linh Tran Ba, Guong Vo Thi, Tran Vo Thi Thu, Khoa Le Van, Dan C Old, Wim Cornelis
    Abstract


    SR16116  Accepted 10 August 2016
    Nitrification potential in the rhizosphere of Australian native vegetation
    Saikat Chowdhury, Nanthi Bolan, Ramya Thangarajan, Julianne O’Reilly-Wapstra, Anitha Kunhikrishnan, Ravi Naidu
    Abstract


    SR16010  Accepted 01 August 2016
    Available carbon and nitrate increase greenhouse gas emissions from soils affected by salinity
    Duy Minh Dang, Bennett Macdonald, Sören Warneke, Ian White
    Abstract


    SR16011  Accepted 25 July 2016
    The Influence of Soil Composition and Preparation on the Prediction of Particle Size Distribution using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy and Partial Least-Squares Regression
    Leslie Janik, JOSE SORIANO DISLA, SEAN FORRESTER, Mike McLaughlin
    Abstract


    SR15305  Accepted 25 July 2016
    Effects of tillage on the soil water retention curve during a fallow period of a semiarid dryland.
    Carolina Peña-Sancho, M. Victoria López, Ricardo Gracia, David Moret-Fernández
    Abstract


    SR15206  Accepted 23 July 2016
    Organic carbon concentration and stock increased after clay addition to sands – effect of sampling methodology and modification method
    Amanda Schapel, David Davenport, Petra Marschner
    Abstract


    SR15038  Accepted 23 July 2016
    Effect of Land use and topography on spatial variety of soil organic carbon density in a hilly, subtropical catchment of China
    Huanyao Liu, Jiaogen Zhou, Feng Qingyu, Li Yuyuan, Yong Li, Jinshui Wu
    Abstract


    SR15324  Accepted 12 July 2016
    The effect of soil moisture extremes on the pathways and forms of phosphorus lost in runoff from two contrasting soil types
    Bernard Simmonds, Richard McDowell, Leo Condron
    Abstract


    SR16001  Accepted 07 July 2016
    A 2-year field assessment on the effect of slow release of nitrogenous fertilizer on N2O emission from wheat cropping system
    Nirmali Bordoloi, Kushal Baruah
    Abstract


    SR16058  Accepted 06 July 2016
    The composition of organic phosphorus in soils of the Snowy Mountains region of south-eastern Australia
    Ashlea Doolette, Ronald Smernik, Timothy McLaren
    Abstract


    SR15284  Accepted 22 June 2016
    Multifractal analysis of soil hydraulic properties in arid areas
    Nasrollah Pahlevan, Mohhamad Reza Yazdani, Ali AsgHAR Zolfaghari, M Ghodrati
    Abstract


    SR16057  Accepted 21 June 2016
    Minerals control phosphorus solubility in long-term cultivated calcareous soils
    Mohsen Jalali, Mahdi Jalali
    Abstract


    SR16117  Accepted 10 June 2016
    Effects of vegetation cover on sediment particle size distribution and transport processes in natural rainfall conditions on postfire hillslope plots in Korea.
    Ewane Basil Ewane, Heon-ho Lee
    Abstract


    SR16068  Accepted 23 May 2016
    Soil charcoal prediction via ATR-MIR spectroscopy
    Eleanor Hobley, Adrian Le Gay Brereton, Brian Wilson
    Abstract


    SR16002  Accepted 19 May 2016
    Applications of fipronil (Adonis 3UL) and Metarhizium acridium for use against locusts have minimal impact on litter decomposition and microbial functional diversity in Australian arid grassland
    Kimberly Maute, Paul Story, Grant Hose, C Bull, Kristine French
    Abstract


    SR16120  Accepted 06 May 2016
    Nitrous Oxide from Soils
    Peter Grace
    Abstract


    SR15219  Accepted 05 May 2016
    Gypsum application increases the carbon stock in soil under sugarcane in the Cerrado region of Brazil
    Larissa Araújo, Cícero Figueiredo, Djalma Sousa
    Abstract


    SR15377  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Qualitative and quantitative response of soil organic carbon to 40 years of crop residue incorporation under contrasting nitrogen fertilisation regimes
    Christopher Poeplau, Lisa Reiter, Antonio Berti, Thomas Katterer
    Abstract


    SR15322  Accepted 18 March 2016
    SOIL ORGANIC AND ORGANO-MINERAL FRACTIONS AS INDICATORS ON THE EFFECTS OF LAND MANAGEMENT IN CONVENTIONAL AND ORGANIC SUGARCANE SYSTEMS
    Carolina Brandani, Thalita Abbruzzinni, Richard Conant, Carlos Eduardo Pellegrino Cerri,
    Abstract


    SR16047  Accepted 18 March 2016
    Dissolved organic nitrogen contributes significantly to leaching from furrow irrigated cotton-wheat-maize rotations.
    Bennett Macdonald, Anthony Ringrose-Voase, Tony Nadelko, Mark Farrell, Seija Tuomi, Guna Nachimuthu
    Abstract


    SR15230  Accepted 27 August 2015
    Foreword: Australian Soil and Landscape Grid
    Raphael Viscarra Rossel
    Abstract


    SR15367  Accepted 29 February 2016
    Transport characteristics of heavy metals, metalloids and pesticides through major agricultural soils of Bangladesh as determined by TDR
    M A Mojid, A B M Z Hossain, Valerie Cappuyns, Guido Wyseure
    Abstract


    SR15210  Accepted 26 February 2016
    Knowledge-based soil type classification using terrain segmentation
    Andrei Dornik, Lucian DrăguÈ›, Petru Urdea
    Abstract


    SR15342  Accepted 15 February 2016
    EFFECTS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE COMPOST AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON MICROBIAL BIOMASS, ENZYME ACTIVITIES AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SALINE SOILS IN MUSTARD – PEARL MILLET CROPPING SYSTEM
    Murli Meena, Parmodh Joshi, Bhaskar Narjary, Parvender Sheoran, Hanuman Jat, Anil Chinchmalatpure, Rajender Yadav , Dinesh Sharma
    Abstract


    SR15281  Accepted 08 February 2016
    An alternative index to ESP for explanation of dispersion occurring in soils
    John Bennett, Alla Marchuk, Serhiy Marchuk
    Abstract


    SR15316  Accepted 12 January 2016
    Soil carbon and inferred net primary production in high and low intensity grazing systems on the New England Tableland, Eastern Australia
    Rick Young, Annette Cowie, steven harden, Ross McLeod
    Abstract


    SR15277  Accepted 16 December 2015
    Effects of permanent grass vs. tillage on aggregation and organic matter dynamics in a poorly developed vineyard soil
    Sergio Alfonso Belmonte, Luisella Celi, Silvia Stanchi, Daniel Said-Pullicino, Ermanno Zanini, Eleonora Bonifacio
    Abstract


    SR15143  Accepted 13 November 2015
    Mass loss and release of nutrient from empty fruit bunch of oil palm applied as mulch to newly transplanted oil palm
    Rosenani Abu Bakar, Wingkis Rabuni, Poh Meng Cheah, Noraini Jaafar
    Abstract


    SR15153  Accepted 30 September 2015
    The influence of surfactant and organic matter content on wetting pattern of different non-water repellent soils
    Mohammad Chaichi, Marcus Turcios, Mina Rostamza
    Abstract


29


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 28 April 2016
Biochemical properties of highly mineralised and infertile soil modified by acacia and spinifex plants in northwest Queensland, Australia

Fang You, Ram C. Dalal and Longbin Huang

2. Published 28 April 2016
Size of subsoil clods affects soil-water availability in sand–clay mixtures

Giacomo Betti, Cameron D. Grant, Robert S. Murray and G. Jock Churchman

3. Published 28 April 2016
Soil microbial biomass carbon and phosphorus as affected by frequent drying–rewetting

Hao Chen, Lu Lai, Xiaorong Zhao, Guitong Li and Qimei Lin

4. Published 11 September 2015
Impact of soil organic matter on soil properties—a review with emphasis on Australian soils

B. W. Murphy

5. Published 27 October 2015
Measuring soil organic carbon: which technique and where to from here?

Timothy J. Johns, Michael J. Angove and Sabine Wilkens

6. Published 2 November 2015
The Australian three-dimensional soil grid: Australia’s contribution to the GlobalSoilMap project

R. A. Viscarra Rossel, C. Chen, M. J. Grundy, R. Searle, D. Clifford and P. H. Campbell

7. Published 2 November 2015
Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia

M. J. Grundy, R. A. Viscarra Rossel, R. D. Searle, P. L. Wilson, C. Chen and L. J. Gregory

8. Published 11 September 2015
Effect of cropping practices on soil organic carbon: evidence from long-term field experiments in Victoria, Australia

Fiona Robertson, Roger Armstrong, Debra Partington, Roger Perris, Ivanah Oliver, Colin Aumann, Doug Crawford and David Rees

9. Published 5 February 2016
Soil organic carbon in cropping and pasture systems of Victoria, Australia

Fiona Robertson, Doug Crawford, Debra Partington, Ivanah Oliver, David Rees, Colin Aumann, Roger Armstrong, Roger Perris, Michelle Davey, Michael Moodie and Jeff Baldock

10. Published 11 September 2015
Managing cattle grazing intensity: effects on soil organic matter and soil nitrogen

Moran Segoli, Steven Bray, Diane Allen, Ram Dalal, Ian Watson, Andrew Ash and Peter O'Reagain

11. Published 5 February 2016
Procedure to estimate ammonia loss after N fertiliser application to moist soil

Ian R. P. Fillery and Nirav Khimashia

12. Published 2 November 2015
Predictive mapping of soil organic carbon stocks in South Australia’s agricultural zone

Craig Liddicoat, David Maschmedt, David Clifford, Ross Searle, Tim Herrmann, Lynne M. Macdonald and Jeff Baldock

13. Published 27 October 2015
Management options for water-repellent soils in Australian dryland agriculture

M. M. Roper, S. L. Davies, P. S. Blackwell, D. J. M. Hall, D. M. Bakker, R. Jongepier and P. R. Ward

14. Published 11 September 2015
A space–time observation system for soil organic carbon

S. B. Karunaratne, T. F. A. Bishop, J. S. Lessels, J. A. Baldock and I. O. A. Odeh

15. Published 11 September 2015
100 Years of superphosphate addition to pasture in an acid soil—current nutrient status and future management

Cassandra R. Schefe, Kirsten M. Barlow, Nathan J. Robinson, Douglas M. Crawford, Timothy I. McLaren, Ronald J. Smernik, George Croatto, Ronald D. Walsh and Matt Kitching

16. Published 11 September 2015
Pedological concepts to be considered in soil chronosequence studies

Daniela Sauer

17. Published 5 February 2016
Soil-specific calibration of capacitance sensors considering clay content and bulk density

Nargish Parvin and Aurore Degré

18. Published 2 November 2015
Derivation of soil-attribute estimations from legacy soil maps

Nathan P. Odgers, Karen W. Holmes, Ted Griffin and Craig Liddicoat

19. Published 20 August 2015
Strategies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in intensively managed vegetable cropping systems in subtropical Australia

M. Rezaei Rashti, W. J. Wang, S. M. Harper, P. W. Moody, C. R. Chen, H. Ghadiri and S. H. Reeves

20. Published 5 February 2016
Texture effects on carbon stabilisation and storage in New Zealand soils containing predominantly 2 : 1 clays

Denis Curtin, Michael H. Beare and Weiwen Qiu


      
Current Issue
Journal Cover
Volume 54 (5)

red arrow Submit Article
blank image
Use the online submission system to send us your paper.

 Advertisement


   
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2016