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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 62(2)

First record of ‘climbing’ and ‘jumping’ by juvenile Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes, 1846 (Galaxiidae) from south-western Australia

Paul G. Close A D , Tom J. Ryan A , David L. Morgan B , Stephen J. Beatty B and Craig S. Lawrence C

A Centre of Excellence in Natural Resource Management, The University of Western Australia, PO Box 5771, Albany, WA 6330, Australia.
B Freshwater Fish Group and Fish Health Unit, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.
C Western Australian Fisheries and Marine Research Laboratories, Department of Fisheries, Hillarys, WA 6025, Australia.
D Corresponding author. Email: paul.close@uwa.edu.au

Australian Journal of Zoology 62(2) 175-179 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/ZO14004
Submitted: 4 February 2014  Accepted: 26 March 2014   Published: 17 April 2014


 
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Abstract

Upstream migration of juvenile stages of temperate Australian amphidromous fish typically coincides with seasonally low river discharge when hydraulic (e.g. cascades) and physical (e.g. rock bars) barriers may be common. The ability to ‘climb’ or ‘jump’ may be expected to assist in negotiating low-flow barriers; however, it is presumed to be limited to a few native Australian freshwater fishes. Juvenile stages of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes, 1846 were observed ‘climbing’ and ‘jumping’ to successfully negotiate a low, vertical weir wall during their upstream recruitment migrations in south-western Australia. Based on this observation, we propose initial definitions for ‘climbing’ and ‘jumping’ to describe locomotory strategies employed by fishes to negotiate obstacles that would otherwise prevent free passage by normal swimming behaviour. Greater knowledge of the climbing, jumping and swimming performance, especially for small-bodied species and early life stages, will help improve the management of instream barriers for this critically endangered species and other freshwater fishes of southern Australia.



Additional keywords: amphidromy, definition, diadromous, fishway, instream barriers, locomotory, migration.


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