Model-based prediction of lithology, pore fluid, and porosity
Kyle T. Spikes and Jack P. Dvorkin
ASEG Extended Abstracts
2004(1) 1 - 4
We present a deterministic methodology for mapping the lithology, pore fluid, and porosity from seismic data. The input is the P- and S-wave data volumes that may come, e.g., from acoustic and elastic impedance inversion or cross-well measurements. The output is the pore fluid type (hydrocarbon versus water), total porosity, and clay content. The key element of this methodology is a site-specific rock physics model that provides the needed transforms from the elastic rock properties to the reservoir properties. The model is established by comparing model-based predictions, such as impedance versus porosity, to the relations present in well log data. Once selected, the model is used to identify the presence of hydrocarbons from a combination of the P-wave impedance and Poisson?s ratio. Then the P-wave impedance is used to map porosity and clay content assuming that a deterministic relation exists between the latter two properties. All deterministic equations are calibrated at a well. These equations subsequently are applied to upscaled well log data to confirm their validity at the seismic scale.
Full text doi:10.1071/ASEG2004ab138
© ASEG 2004