CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Australian Journal of Chemistry   
Australian Journal of Chemistry
Journal Banner
  An international journal for chemical science
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
For Advertisers
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Virtual Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

Affiliated with RACI

Royal Australian Chemical Institute
Royal Australian
Chemical Institute


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 66(2)

Electrospun Poly(vinylidene fluoride)-Lithium Bistrifluoromethanesulfonamide Separators for Applications in Ionic Liquid Batteries

Yen Bach Truong A C , Pon Kao B , Ilias Louis Kyratzis A , Chi Huynh A , Florian H. M. Graichen A , Anand I. Bhatt B and Adam S. Best B

A CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Private Bag 10, Clayton South, Vic. 3169, Australia.
B CSIRO Energy Technology, Box 312, Clayton South, Vic. 3169, Australia.
C Corresponding author. Email: Yen.Truong@csiro.au

Australian Journal of Chemistry 66(2) 252-261 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CH12392
Submitted: 22 August 2012  Accepted: 26 October 2012   Published: 11 December 2012

PDF (807 KB) $25
 Export Citation

In batteries the separator plays a crucial role within the cell. Commercially available separators, e.g. polyolefins, glass fibres, or polyolefins with ceramic coatings, do not have ideal compatibility with ionic liquid (IL) electrolytes. In this study, we report on the use of electrospinning to fabricate poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes for use with IL electrolyte based batteries. Four electrospun membranes have been prepared; a neat PVDF, PVDF doped with lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI), and two LiTFSI-doped membranes based on either thermal or UV cross-linking. The membranes were characterised by a number of techniques and the key characteristics of all electrospun membranes included small fibre sizes and high porosity. The tensile strengths of the cross-linked membranes approached those of commercial membranes. Electrochemical performance was measured using coin cell cycling and the thermally cross-linked membrane gave the lowest cell overpotential as well as the lowest cell resistance.


[1]  B. Scrosati, J. Garche, J. Power Sources 2010, 195, 2419.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[2]  R. Bhattacharyya, B. Key, H. Chen, A. S. Best, A. F. Hollenkamp, C. P. Grey, Nat. Mater. 2010, 9, 504.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[3]  A. I. Bhatt, G. A. Snook, G. H. Lane, R. J. Rees, A. S. Best, Application of Room Temperature Ionic Liquids in Battery Technology, in Electrochemical Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids (Eds A. A. J. Torriero, M. J. A. Shiddiky) 2011, Ch. 10, pp. 299–324 (Nova Science Publishers: New York, NY).

[4]  A. S. Best, A. I. Bhatt, A. F. Hollenkamp, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2010, 157, A903.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[5]  A. I. Bhatt, A. S. Best, J. Huang, A. F. Hollenkamp, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2010, 157, A66.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[6]  X. Huang, J. Solid State Electr. 2011, 15, 649.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[7]  T. Sugimoto, Y. Atsumia, M. Kikuta, E. Ishiko, M. Kono, M. Ishikawa, J. Power Sources 2009, 189, 802.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[8]  W. J. Schell, Z. Zhang, IEEE 0-7803-4967-9/99 1999.

[9]  P. Arora, Z. Zhang, Chem. Rev. 2004, 104, 4419.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[10]  IEEE Standard 1625TM-2008.

[11]  A. Greiner, J. H. Wendorff, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 5670.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[12]  T. H. Cho, T. Sakai, S. Tanase, K. Kimura, Y. Kondo, T. Tarao, M. Tanak, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 2007, 10, A159.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[13]  L. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Li, J. Zhao, C. Zhao, X. Yuan, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2009, 111, 3104.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[14]  C. Yang, Z. Jia, Z. Guan, L. Wang, J. Power Sources 2009, 189, 716.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[15]  Y. Ding, P. Zhang, Z. Long, Y. Jiang, F. Xu, W. Di, Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 2008, 9, 015005.
         | CrossRef |

[16]  K. U. Jeong, H. D. Chae, C. I. Lim, H. K. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, C. Nah, Polym. Int. 2010, 59, 100.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[17]  M. A. Kader, S. K. Kwak, S. L. Kang, J.-H. Ahn, C. Nah, Polym. Int. 2008, 57, 1199.
         | CrossRef |

[18]  Y.-S. Lee, Y. B. Jeong, D.-W. Kim, J. Power Sources 2010, 195, 6197.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[19]  K. Gao, X. Hu, C. Dai, T. Yi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 2006, 131, 100.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[20]  A. Budi, A. Basile, G. Opletal, A. F. Hollenkamp, A. S. Best, R. J. Rees, A. I. Bhatt, A. P. O’Mullane, S. P. Russo, J. Phys. Chem. C 2012, 116, 19789.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[21]  A. Basile, A. I. Bhatt, A. P. O’Mullane, Aust. J. Chem. 2012, 65, 1534.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[22]  P. C. Howlett, N. Brack, A. F. Hollenkamp, M. Forsyth, D. R. MacFarlane, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2006, 153, A595.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

[23]  P. C. Howlett, D. R. MacFarlane, A. F. Hollenkamp, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 2004, 7, A97.
         | CrossRef | CAS |

Subscriber Login


Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2014