Hydrolysis of amides. II. Substituent effects in dilute acid and alkali
Australian Journal of Chemistry
19(6) 1013 - 1021
Energies and entropies of activation for the hydrolysis in dilute acid of six aliphatic amides are reported. These results, in conjunction with those of other workers, indicate the dilute acid hydrolysis of primary aliphatic amides to be governed by a combination of steric and hyperconjugative substituent effects and to be independent of polar effects. The reaction series is well correlated by the Taft-type equation logk = 0.858 EC/S-0.493(n-3)+logk0 in which EC/S denotes a pure steric substituent parameter and n is the number of α-hydrogens in the substituent. The alkaline hydrolysis of a similar series of amides is well correlated by the equation log k = 2.05ø*+ 1.08 EC/S -O.743(n-3)+ log ko.
Full text doi:10.1071/CH9661013
© CSIRO 1966