The use of an active drill bit for inverse VSP measurements
J.W. Rector III, B.P. Marion and R.A. Hardage
20(2) 343 - 346
Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP) is often used to provide high resolution seismic images near a wellbore. A new borehole seismic technique, the TOMEX® survey (Rector, et al., 1988), uses the vibrations produced by a drill bit as a downhole seismic energy source to produce inverse VSP data. No downhole instrumentation is required to acquire the data, and the data recording does not interfere with or delay the drilling process. Hence, there is no loss of rig time in performing the survey. These characteristics offer a method to acquire SWD (seismic-while-drilling) borehole seismic surveys. In addition, 3-D imaging around a well can be obtained at significant savings compared to conventional offset VSP imaging. The continuous signals generated by the bit during drilling are monitored with a reference sensor attached to the top of the drillstring, and the reference sensor signals are crosscorrelated with signals from surface-positioned geophones to produce inverse VSP data. Deconvolution and time shifts are then performed to remove the effects of recording the source reference trace at a location that is a considerable distance from the source. Results from tests demonstrate that these processed drill-bit source data are virtually identical to conventional forward VSP data. In using the drill bit as a downhole seismic source for inverse VSP, many of the limitations of conventional VSP are overcome. Several applications for VSP that were previously considered to be prohibitively expensive are now feasible. Furthermore, this seismic-while-drilling technique offers the potential for the explorationist to make real-time drilling decisions at the well site.
Full text doi:10.1071/EG989343
© ASEG 1989