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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology

 

Article << Previous     |         Contents Vol 41(4)

Differential physiological responses of different rice (Oryza sativa) cultivars to elevated night temperature during vegetative growth

Ulrike Glaubitz A , Xia Li A , Karin I. Köhl A , Joost T. van Dongen A B , Dirk K. Hincha A and Ellen Zuther A C

A Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.
B Present address: Institute for Biology 1, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen, Germany.
C Corresponding author. Email: zuther@mpimp-golm.mpg.de

Functional Plant Biology 41(4) 437-448 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP13132
Submitted: 8 May 2013  Accepted: 15 November 2013   Published: 20 December 2013


 
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Abstract

Global climate change is leading to asymmetric atmospheric warming with reduced temperature differences between day and night. This has an increasing influence on crop plants. However, little is known about the physiology of high night temperature (HNT) effects and natural variation in HNT susceptibility. Twelve rice cultivars were investigated under HNT (30°C day/28°C night) and control (28°C day/21°C night) conditions. Chlorosis was observed under HNT and used to classify relative sensitivity of cultivars. The resulting mean sensitivity rank correlated significantly with seed yield under HNT (r = –0.547). Wide variability in HNT tolerance led to an increase in shoot FW and DW in tolerant, but decreased plant growth in sensitive cultivars. Growth parameters correlated negatively with HNT sensitivity. Respiration rate was significantly increased under HNT at the end of night for several cultivars 34 DAS and 41 DAS and for all cultivars 66 DAS whereas photosynthetic quantum yield was not influenced. Negative correlations of sensitivity rank with respiration rate at two time points under HNT (r = –0.305; r = –0.265) exclude higher respiration rates in sensitive cultivars as a primary cause for HNT sensitivity. Monosaccharide and starch concentrations of leaves were increased after 16 days of HNT, while sucrose was not affected. Additionally tolerant cultivars showed a higher increase of monosaccharide concentrations during the day under HNT compared with control conditions. While HNT did not lead to carbon depletion in rice leaves, tolerant cultivars coped better with HNT, enabling them to accumulate more carbohydrates than sensitive cultivars with leaves affected by chlorosis.

Additional keywords: asymmetric global warming, carbohydrates, high night temperature, natural variation, respiration, stress tolerance.


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