CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Emu   
  A Journal of BirdLife Australia
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Rowley Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Awards and Prizes
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

red arrow Complete Archive
blank image
With the complete digital archive of Emu now online, we have selected some of the most interesting and significant papers for readers to access freely.

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with BirdLife
blank image
facebook TwitterIcon LinkedIn

red arrow Connect with CP
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 113(2)

Use of terrestrial habitats by burrow-nesting seabirds in south-eastern Australia

Nicole Schumann A C, Peter Dann B and John P. Y. Arnould A

A School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Vic. 3125, Australia.
B Research Department, Phillip Island Nature Parks, PO Box 97, Cowes, Vic. 3922, Australia.
C Corresponding author. Email: nschumann@gmail.com

Emu 113(2) 135-144 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MU12088
Submitted: 30 September 2012  Accepted: 29 January 2013   Published: 7 May 2013

PDF (361 KB) $25
 Supplementary Material
 Export Citation

The size and growth of seabird populations are believed to be regulated, in part, by the availability and quality of suitable breeding habitat. Global climate change is predicted to affect coastal habitats and may, therefore, have important consequences for the terrestrial breeding habitat of seabirds and hence seabird populations. The present study assessed use of breeding habitat in the four most abundant species of seabird breeding in south-eastern Australia using a generalised additive mixed-modelling approach. Habitat characteristics were measured on 13 islands in winter and summer, 2008–11. Burrows of the four species were associated with one or more habitat parameters, potentially explained by predator avoidance, physical requirements and possibly by interspecific competition. Whereas the habitat characteristics used by each species showed broad interspecific overlap, there was strong divergence, and the four species typically occupied different nesting sites within breeding areas. Information on the proportion of available habitat used and the influence of breeding habitat on reproductive success would enhance current understanding of what constitutes optimal breeding habitat as well as the role of interspecific competition in this assemblage of seabirds.

Additional keywords: breeding habitat, GAMM.


Baird, R. W. (1996). Yellow-footed Gull (Larus livens) preys on a Black Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma melania). Colonial Waterbirds 19, 260–261.
CrossRef |

Birkhead, T. R., and Nettleship, D. N. (1987). Ecological relationships between Common Murres, Uria aalge, and Thick-billed Murres, Uria lomvia, at the Gannet Islands, Labrador. II. Breeding success and site characteristics. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65, 1630–1637.
CrossRef |

Birkhead, T. R., Greene, E., Biggins, J. D., and Nettleship, D. N. (1985). Breeding site characteristics and breeding success in Thick-billed Murres. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63, 1880–1884.
CrossRef |

Brandt, C. A., Parrish, J. K., and Hodges, C. N. (1995). Predictive approaches to habitat quantification: Dark-rumped Petrels on Haleakala, Maui. Auk 112, 571–579.

Brooke, M. (2004). ‘Albatrosses and Petrels across the World.’ (Oxford University Press: New York.)

Brothers, N. P. (1983a). Seabird Islands: Sterile Island, Tasmania. Corella 137, 91–92.

Brothers, N. P. (1983b). Seabird Islands: The Thumbs, Tasmania. Corella 7, 83–84.

Brothers, N. P. (1984). Breeding, distribution and status of burrow-nesting petrels at Macquarie Island. Australian Wildlife Research 11, 113–131.
CrossRef |

Brothers, N., Pemberton, D., Pryor, H., and Halley, V. (2001). ‘Tasmania’s Offshore Islands: Seabirds and Other Natural Features.’ (Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery: Hobart, Tas.)

Byrd, G. V., Renner, H. M., and Renner, M. (2005). Distribution patterns and population trends of breeding seabirds in the Aleutian Islands. Fisheries Oceanography 14, 139–159.
CrossRef |

Carter, J. (1997). Nest-site selection and breeding success of Wedge-tailed Shearwaters Puffinus pacificus at Heron Island. Australian Geographical Studies 35, 153–167.
CrossRef |

Catry, P., Campos, A., Segurado, P., Silva, M., and Strange, I. (2003). Population census and nesting habitat selection of Thin-billed Prion Pachyptila belcheri on New Island, Falkland Islands. Polar Biology 26, 202–207.

Chambers, L. E., Devney, C. A., Congdon, B. C., Dunlop, N., Woehler, E. J., and Dann, P. (2011). Observed and predicted effects of climate on Australian seabirds. Emu 111, 235–251.
CrossRef |

Dann, P., and Norman, F. I. (2006). Population regulation in Little Penguins (Eudyptula minor): the role of intraspecific competition for nesting sites and food during breeding. Emu 106, 289–296.
CrossRef |

Dann, P., Cullen, J. M., and Jessop, R. (1995). Cost of reproduction in Little Penguins. In ‘The Penguins: Ecology and Management’. (Eds P. Dann, I. Norman and P. Reilly.) pp. 39–55. (Surrey Beatty: Sydney.)

Eckert, J. (1971). Birds of the Franklin Islands and Eyre Island, South Australia. Emu 71, 61–64.
CrossRef |

Elith, J., Leathwick, J. R., and Hastie, T. (2008). A working guide to boosted regression trees. Journal of Animal Ecology 77, 802–813.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Fielding, A. H., and Bell, J. F. (1997). A review of methods for the assessment of prediction errors in conservation presence/absence models. Environmental Conservation 24, 38–49.
CrossRef |

Fullagar, P. J., and Heyligers, P. C. (1992). Montagu Island penguin census, November 1992. M I Partners Report Number 1, December 1992, Moruya, NSW.

Gaston, A. J., and Scofield, P. (1995). Birds and Tuatara on North Brother Island, Cook Strait, New Zealand. Notornis 42, 27–41.

Gillham, M. E. (1961). Plants and seabirds of granite islands in south-east Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 74, 21–36.

Gillham, M. E. (1962). Granite islands of south-east Victoria as a seabird habitat. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 75, 45–63.

Harris, S. W. (1974). Status, chronology, and ecology of nesting storm petrels in northwestern California. Condor 76, 249–261.
CrossRef |

Harris, M. P. (1979) The seabirds of the Victorian islands. A report to the Ministry for Conservation, Victoria. ITE Project Report Number 588. Institute for Terrestrial Ecology, Banchory, Scotland.

Harris, M. P., and Deerson, D. M. (1980). Seabird Islands No. 84: Cliffy Island, Seal Islands Group, Victoria. Corella 4, 73–74.

Harris, M. P., and Norman, F. I. (1981). Distribution and status of coastal colonies of seabirds in Victoria. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 42, 89–106.

Imber, M. J. (1983). The lesser petrels of Antipodes Islands, with notes from Prince Edward and Gough Islands. Notornis 30, 283–298.

Jenness, J. (2005). Random Point Generator for ArcView 3.x, version 1.3. (Jenness Enterprises: Flagstaff, AZ.) Available at http://www.jennessent.com/arcview/random_points.htm [Verified 21 September 2012].

Jenness, J. (2007). Nearest Features, with distances and bearings, version 3.8b. (Jenness Enterprises: Flagstaff, AZ.) Available at http://www.jennessent.com/arcview/nearest _features.htm [Verified 24 September 2012].

Kaiser, G. W., and Forbes, L. S. (1992). Climatic and oceanographic influences on island use in four burrow-nesting alcids. Ornis Scandinavica 23, 1–6.
CrossRef |

Kelly, L. T., Nimmo, D. G., Spence-Bailey, L. M., Haslem, A., Watson, S. J., Clarke, M. F., and Bennett, A. F. (2011). Influence of fire history on small mammal distributions: insights from a 100-year post-fire chronosequence. Diversity & Distributions 17, 462–473.
CrossRef |

Klomp, N. I., Meathrel, C. E., Wienecke, B. C., and Wooller, R. D. (1991). Surface nesting by Little Penguins on Penguin Island, Western Australia. Emu 91, 190–193.
CrossRef |

Kokko, H., Harris, M. P., and Wanless, S. (2004). Competition for breeding sites and site-dependent population regulation in a highly colonial seabird, the Common Guillemot Uria aalge. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 367–376.
CrossRef |

Lawton, K., Robertson, G., Kirkwood, R., Valencia, J., Schlatter, R., and Smith, D. (2006). An estimate of population sizes of burrowing seabirds at the Diego Ramirez Archipelago, Chile, using distance sampling and burrow-scoping. Polar Biology 29, 229–238.
CrossRef |

Leitch, T. N. (2010). The diet of breeding Pacific Gulls (Larus pacificus) in northern Bass Strait. BEnvSci(Hons) Thesis, Deakin University, Burwood.

Marchant, S., and Higgins, P. J. (Eds) (1990). ‘Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Vol. 1: Ratites to Ducks.’ (Oxford University Press: Melbourne.)

McCallum, J. (1981). Birds of Tawhiti Rahi Island, Poor Knights Group, Northland, New Zealand. Tane 27, 59–66.

Norman, F. I., and Harris, M. P. (1981). Some recent changes in the flora and avifauna of Rabbit Island, Wilsons Promontory, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 92, 209–213.

Norman, F. I., Harris, M. P., Corrick, A. H., and Carr, G. W. (1980). The flora and avifauna of Lady Julia Percy Island, Victoria, Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 91, 135–154.

Norman, F. I., Dann, P., and Menkhorst, P. W. (1996). The status of seabirds in Victoria. In ‘The Status of Australia’s Seabirds. Proceedings of the National Seabird Workshop, Canberra, 1–2 November 1993’. (Eds G. Ross, K. Weaver and J. Greig.) pp. 185–200. (Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia: Canberra.)

Norman, F. I., Dann, P., Montague, T., Unthank, S., and Thoday, R. (2010). Long-term changes in the flora and avifauna of Rabbit Island, Wilsons Promontory, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 127, 160–167.

Pinshow, B., Fedak, M. A., and Schmidt-Nielsen, K. (1977). Terrestrial locomotion in penguins: it costs more to waddle. Science 195, 592–594.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Podolsky, R., and Kress, S. W. (1992). Attraction of the endangered Dark-rumped Petrel to recorded vocalizations in the Galápagos Islands. Condor 94, 448–453.
CrossRef |

R Development Core Team (2011). ‘R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Version 2.12.2.’ (R Foundation for Statistical Computing: Vienna.) Available at http://www.cran.r-project.org/ [Verified 5 March 2013].

Ramos, J. A., Monteiro, L. R., Encarnacion, S., and Moniz, Z. (1997). Characteristics and competition for nest cavities in burrowing procellariiformes. Condor 99, 634–641.
CrossRef |

Rayner, M. J., Hauber, M. E., and Clout, M. N. (2007). Breeding habitat of the Cook’s Petrel (Pterodroma cookii) on Little Barrier Island (Hauturu): implications for the conservation of a New Zealand endemic. Emu 107, 59–68.
CrossRef |

Richdale, L. E. (1943). The Kuaka or Diving Petrel, Pelecanoides urinatrix. Emu 43, 24–48, 97–107.
CrossRef |

Richdale, L. E. (1965). Biology of the birds of Whero Island, New Zealand, with special reference to the Diving Petrel and the White-faced Storm Petrel. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 31, 1–86.
CrossRef |

Ross, G. J. B., Burbidge, A. A., Brothers, N., Canty, P., Dann, P., Fuller, P. J., Kerry, K. R., Norman, F. I., Menkhorst, P. W., Pemberton, D., Shaughnessy, G., Shaughnessy, P. D., Smith, G. C., Stokes, T., and Tranter, J. (2001). The status of Australia’s seabirds. In ‘The State of the Marine Environment Report for Australia Technical Annex: 1 The Marine Environment’. (Eds L. P. Zann and P. Kailola.) pp. 167–182. (Ocean Rescue 2000, Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories: Canberra.)

Schramm, M. (1986). Burrow densities and nest site preferences of petrels (Procellariidae) at the Prince Edward Islands. Polar Biology 6, 63–70.
CrossRef |

Schulz, M., Robinson, S., and Gales, R. (2005). Breeding of the Grey Petrel (Procellaria cinerea) on Macquarie Island: population size and nesting habitat. Emu 105, 323–329.
CrossRef |

Serventy, D. L., and Curry, P. J. (1984). Observations on colony size, breeding success, recruitment and inter-colony dispersal in a Tasmanian colony of Short-tailed Shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris over a 30-year period. Emu 84, 71–79.
CrossRef |

Skira, I. J., Brothers, N. P., and Pemberton, D. (1996). Distribution, abundance and conservation status of Short-tailed Shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris in Tasmania, Australia. Marine Ornithology 24, 1–14.

Smith, J. L., Mulder, C. P. H., and Ellis, J. C. (2011). Seabirds as ecosystem engineers: nutrient inputs and physical disturbance. In ‘Seabird Islands: Ecology, Invasion, and Restoration’. (Eds C. P. H. Mulder, W. B. Anderson, D. R. Towns and P. J. Bellingham.) pp. 27–55. (Oxford University Press: New York.)

Springer, A. M., Piatt, J. F., Shuntov, V. P., Van Vliet, G. B., Vladimirov, V. L., Kuzin, A. E., and Perlov, A. S. (1999). Marine birds and mammals of the Pacific Subarctic Gyres. Progress in Oceanography 43, 443–487.
CrossRef |

Stokes, D. L., and Boersma, P. D. (1991). Effects of substrate on the distribution of Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) burrows. Auk 108, 923–933.

Sullivan, W., and Wilson, K.-J. (2001). Differences in habitat selection between Chatham Petrels (Pterodroma axillaris) and Broad-billed Prions (Pachyptila vittata): implications for management of burrow competition. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 25, 65–69.

Sullivan, W. J., Wilson, K.-J., and Paterson, A. (2000). Influence of artificial burrows and microhabitat on burrow competition between Chatham Petrels Pterodroma axillaris and Broad-billed Prions Pachyptila vittata. Emu 100, 329–333.
CrossRef |

Thompson, K. R., and Furness, R. W. (1991). The influence of rainfall and nest-site quality on the population dynamics of the Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus on Rhum. Journal of Zoology 225, 427–437.
CrossRef |

Warham, J. (1960). Some aspects of breeding behaviour in the Short-tailed Shearwater. Emu 60, 75–87.
CrossRef |

Warham, J. (1977). Wing loadings, wing shapes, and flight capabilities of procellariiformes. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4, 73–83.
CrossRef |

Warham, J. (1990). ‘The Petrels: Their Ecology and Breeding Systems.’ (Academic Press: London.)

Weerheim, M. S., Klomp, N. I., Brunstig, A. M. H., and Komdeur, J. (2003). Population size, breeding habitat and nest site distribution of Little Penguins (Eudyptula minor) on Montague Island, New South Wales. Wildlife Research 30, 151–157.
CrossRef |

Weimerskirch, H., Zotier, R., and Jouventin, P. (1989). The avifauna of the Kerguelen Islands. Emu 89, 15–29.
CrossRef |

White, G. (1979a). Seabird Islands: Flat Witch Island. Corella 77, 65–66.

White, G. (1979b). Seabird Islands: Louisa Island, Tasmania. Corella 75, 61–62.

White, G. (1981). Seabird Islands: Ile du Golfe, Tasmania. Corella 103, 53–55.

Wolfe, S. A., and Nickling, W. G. (1993). The protective role of sparse vegetation in wind erosion. Progress in Physical Geography 17, 50–68.
CrossRef |

Wood, S. N. (2006). ‘Generalised Additive Models: An Introduction with R.’ (Chapman & Hall/CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL.)

Wood, S. N. (2010). The gamm4 package, version 0.1–0. Supplementary package for the R statistical program. Available at http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/g amm4/index.html [Verified 24 September 2012].

Zuur, A. F., Ieno, E. N., Walker, N. J., Saveliev, A. A., and Smith, G. M. (2009). ‘Mixed Effects Models and Extensions in Ecology with R.’ (Springer: New York.)

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2015