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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 10(3)

Trends in HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in China 2003–09: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Xiaojun Meng A , Huachun Zou B E , Jack Beck C , Yan Xu D , Xuan Zhang A , Xiaolan Miao A and Fanfan Xu A

A Wuxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 499 Jincheng Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214023, China.
B Sexual Health Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, 580 Swanston Street, Carlton, Vic. 3053, Australia.
C Global Forum on MSM & HIV, 436 14th Street, Suite 1500, Oakland, CA 94612, USA.
D National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China.
E Corresponding author. Email: rolfe1234@gmail.com

Sexual Health 10(3) 211-219 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH12093
Submitted: 25 June 2012  Accepted: 12 December 2012   Published: 24 April 2013


 
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Abstract

Background: The year-by-year trend of HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China is not well documented. Methods: Published studies on HIV prevalence among MSM in China were reviewed and grouped by year, region and age group. Meta-analysis was used to summarise the estimates of national and regional HIV prevalence rates and trends among MSM from 2003 to 2009. HIV prevalence among MSM in different age groups (<25 years old v. ≥25 years old) was also calculated. Results: Eighty-three publications were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled HIV prevalence among MSM in China increased from 0.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.0–2.1%) in 2003 to 7.4% (95% CI: 5.7–9.2%) in 2009. A yearly increase of 1.1% (95% CI: 0.5–1.5%, P < 0.001) in HIV prevalence was detected. The pooled regional HIV prevalence among MSM ranged from 2.3% (95% CI: 1.7–2.9%) in east China to 11.4% (95% CI: 9.2–13.6%) in south-west China. No difference was detected (χ2 = 0.5160, P = 0.4726) between HIV prevalence in the <25-year-old age group (3.1%, 95% CI: 1.6–4.6%) and that in the ≥25-year-old age group (4.0%, 95% CI: 1.8–6.3%). Conclusion: The HIV prevalence among MSM in China is high and climbing. Effective strategies are required to prevent the epidemic from continuing to spread.

Additional keywords: AIDS, epidemiology, MSM.


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