The South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences The South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences Society
Research and review papers in the area of science, engineering and mathematics

Author Instructions


Publishing Policies
The South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences insists on high standards of ethical behaviour throughout the publication process. Our journal editors work within the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Further information on our policies can be found at http://www.publish.csiro.au/sp/PublishingPolicies.

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Peer review
The South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences is a peer-reviewed journal that uses a single-blind peer-review. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible to maintain high-quality peer-review of papers submitted to the journal and work together with Associate Editors to ensure a thorough and fair peer-review and the highest scientific publishing standards. All submissions undergo preliminary assessment by an Editor, who may reject a paper before peer review when it is outside the journal’s scope or is of insufficient quality. Associate Editors select reviewers and after at least two review reports are received, they make the decision whether to accept/reject or send a manuscript for revision. The final decision is made by the Associate Editor.

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Authorship
The conditions around authorship for The South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences should follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), for more information see http://www.publish.csiro.au/sp/PublishingPolicies.

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Licence to publish
A Licence to Publish form, signed by all authors (where possible), should accompany the manuscript.

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Scope
The journal publishes original articles in all areas of natural science, engineering and mathematics. The normal focus of interest is work carried out in the South Pacific region. However, any work of specific or general interest and implications to the Pacific will be considered for publication, and authors based in countries outside the region are encouraged to submit manuscripts.

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Types of paper published
The journal has four sections: original research papers (up to 8 pages), review articles (up to 12 pages), short communications (up to 3 pages) and book reviews. Authors are required to indicate the section to which the paper is submitted. Reviews may be commissioned or may be submitted as unsolicited manuscripts. Original research papers must report unpublished findings. Short communications take the form abstracts or summaries of work in progress. We expect that the work submitted for publication has not been published before, except in the form of an abstract and it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

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Submission of manuscripts
The journal extends an invitation to would-be authors to submit manuscripts for peer review. Manuscripts should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief.

Submitted manuscripts must be clear, concise, and written in English in double-spaced with 2.5 cm margins all round. Further precise text formatting is not required at the manuscript submission stage. Please note that page limits apply.

Original research papers must adopt the following general structure: Title; Authors´ names and addresses (including email, if any); Abstract (not more than 200 words); Introduction; Methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion; Conflicts of Interest; References. Review articles may adopt any reasonable structure suited to the subject covered, but must commence with an abstract. Short communications should be in the form of continuous text with a title but minimal headings.

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Keywords
Authors are requested to provide 4 keywords.

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Sections
The headings of all sections, including introduction, results, discussions or summary must be numbered. Three levels of sectioning are allowed, e.g. 2, 2.1 and 2.1.1.

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Mathematical symbols and equations
Mathematical symbols are typeset in italics, scalars in italics and vectors in bold face normal. Chemical formulae and physical units, which are all typeset with the normal (upright) font. Equations should be numbered sequentially with arabic numerals in parentheses on the right hand side, i.e. (1), (2), etc.

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Appendices
Appendices should be labeled with capital letters: Appendix A, Appendix B etc.

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Tables
Tables should appear on separate sheets after the references and be numbered sequentially (e.g. Table 1) and include a brief descriptive title. Headings should precede tables. Minimal use of vertical lines is preferable and formatting should be consistent across all tables. Tables that do not fit into 1 column width should be placed either at the beginning (before any text) or at the end (after all text) of the page in question, and can be justified across the entire page. Horizontal lines are needed at the top and bottom of tables, and may also appear in the body of tables when clarity requires their use.

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Figures
Figures should be labeled in consecutive Arabic numerals (e.g. Figure 1) and should appear on separate sheets after the references and tables (if any). All illustrations, whether these are photographs, maps, graphs, diagrams, line drawings, etc. should be referred to as ´Figures´. Figures must be submitted as separate files and not inserted in the document. Electronic figures must only be submitted as JPEG or TIFF files at high resolution, i.e. 300 dpi or greater. Other formats are not acceptable. If other programs were originally used for constructing charts, graphs or line diagrams (e.g. Excel, SPSS, Corel, Harvard Graphics), then each figure must be ´exported´ or ´saved as´ a JPEG or TIFF file.

The journal does not print colour figures - high contrast grey tone figures only are accepted.

Hardcopy submission: if figures are submitted as paper copies, then they must appear in black ink on white paper and must be of a high quality suitable for direct reproduction. Photographs should likewise be printed in black and white.

Captions: figure numbers and captions must not be embedded in the figures. These should be provided in a separate list at the end of the text of the main manuscript.

Size: figures should be of a size that will either fit in one or double column width of the paper.

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Conflicts of Interest
A ´Conflicts of Interest´ section should be included at the end of the manuscript. It should identify any financial or non-financial (political, personal, professional) interests/relationships that may be interpreted to have influenced the manuscript. If there is no conflict of interest, please include the statement "The authors declare no conflicts of interest".

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References
Manuscripts must be adequately supported by reference citations. In the text, citations should be in the standard form of: Zann et al. (1990), or (Zann et al. 1990) as appropriate. Multiple references should be separated by semi-colons, e.g. (Adams and Jones 1992; Masters 1993).

The reference list should be ordered alphabetically and not contain blank lines. Indent by 2.5 mm the second and following lines of each reference. Journal names and book titles should be italicised, and journal volume numbers should be in bold figures. The style and format of the following examples should be adopted:

  • Nunn, P.D. 1994. Oceanic Islands. Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 413pp.
  • Terry, J.P. 1994. Soil loss from erosion plots of differing post-burn forest cover, Portugal. In: Soil Erosion as a Consequence of Forest Fires. M. Sala and J.L. Rubio (Eds), Geoforma Ediciones, Logroño, Spain, 133-147.
  • Zann, L., Brodie, J.E. and Vuki, V. 1990. History and dynamics of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci (L.) in the Suva area, Fiji. Coral Reefs 9, 135-144.

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Ethics Approval
For papers reporting work with animals, Editors should ensure that peer reviewers consider ethical and welfare issues raised by the research they are reviewing, and to request additional information from authors where needed. In situations where there is doubt as to the adherence to appropriate procedures or approval by the relevant ethics committee, editors are required to reject these papers.

CSIRO Publishing also follows CSIRO’s own guidelines on animal welfare.

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Review
The papers will be reviewed by two referees. Associate editors are responsible for the peer-review process and will inform the author about the outcome of this process respectively. Supplementary material, such as data sets, animated visualisation, etc. should be submitted together with the manuscript for peer-reviewed publication. Author(s) are obliged to suggest 3-4 potential referees who are not closely associated (i.e. at different institutes and who have not collaborated significantly in past research) with any of the authors. After peer review, required revision and formal acceptance of papers, Associate editors will submit the final articles, to the chief editor for publication.

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Reprints
The journal does not provide reprints, but a PDF of the published paper will be sent to every contributor.

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