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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 18(12)

Can the impact on health of a government policy designed to create more liveable neighbourhoods be evaluated? An overview of the RESIDential Environment Project

Billie Giles-Corti A F, Matthew Knuiman A, Terri J. Pikora A, Kimberly Van Neil B, Anna Timperio C, Fiona C. L. Bull D, Trevor Shilton E, Max Bulsara A

A School of Population Health, University of Western Australia
B School of Earth and Geographical Sciences, University of Western Australia
C Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University
D Adjunct Appointment, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia and Reader, School of Exercise & Sports Sciences, Loughborough University
E National Heart Foundation, Subiaco, WA
F Corresponding author: Email: billie.giles-corti@uwa.edu.au
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There is growing interest in the impact of community design on the health of residents. In 1998, the Western Australian Government began a trial of new subdivision design codes (i.e. Liveable Neighbourhoods Community Design Code) aimed at creating pedestrian-friendly neighbourhoods to increase walking, cycling and public transport use. The trial provided a unique opportunity for a natural experiment to evaluate the impact of a government planning policy on residents. Nevertheless, evaluations of this kind present a number of methodological challenges in obtaining the highest quality evidence possible. This paper describes the RESIDential Environment Project’s study design and discusses how various methodological challenges were overcome.

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