Australian Mammalogy Australian Mammalogy Society
Journal of the Australian Mammal Society
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Allocating sex in road-killed possums using PCR

Tracey C. Russell A D , Linda E. Neaves A B and Catherine A. Herbert C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia.

B Royal Botanic Garden, 20A Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, EH3 5LR, UK.

C Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

D Corresponding author. Email: trus3855@uni.sydney.edu.au

Australian Mammalogy 33(1) 1-4 https://doi.org/10.1071/AM09028
Submitted: 16 October 2009  Accepted: 7 August 2010   Published: 4 January 2011

Abstract

Road-killed animals are a readily available but often overlooked source of specimens and data. Determining the sex of road-killed possums is often difficult due to the severe damage carcasses sustain on impact with vehicles. Consequently, valuable information is lost. To assess the potential application of genetic techniques to address this problem, tissue biopsies (n = 47) taken from road-killed possums were sexed via PCR, through the simultaneous use of W- (G6PD) and Y-linked (SRY) primers. Comparisons with animals of known sex were used to validate the accuracy of this method, with 100% (n = 19) of samples correctly identified in a blind test. This methodology can provide researchers with valuable, additional data for road-kill studies where assigning sex in the field is not possible.


Acknowledgements

Invaluable help in both the laboratory and the field was provided by Belinda Bowman and Emma Laxton. We also thank three anonymous reviewers for their comments, which have improved this manuscript.


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