Australian Journal of Botany Australian Journal of Botany Society
Southern hemisphere botanical ecosystems

Biology of Australian seagrasses: Pollen development and submarine pollination in Amphibolis antarctica and Thalassodendron ciliatum (Cymodoceaceae)

SC Ducker, JM Pettitt and RB Knox

Australian Journal of Botany 26(3) 265 - 285
Published: 1978


Development of the filiform pollen of the sea nymph Arnphibolis antarctica (Labill.) Sonder & Aschers. ex Aschers. has been characterized by high resolution light and electron microscopic methods. First pollen mitosis occurs at the end of the young spore period immediately preceding the vacuolate period, in contrast to many terrestrial pollens. Mature pollen is trinucleate, and is spirally coiled within the anther. The mature pollen wall shows a positive reaction for acid phosphatase like the intine of terrestrial pollens but is devoid of the outer exine layer, as judged by light and electron microscopic evidence. Development and arrangement of Thalassodendron ciliatum (Forssk.) Den Hartog pollen are similar. The adaptation of the pollen of aquatic plants for submarine pollination is reviewed in the light of evidence from 18th and 19th century work.

© CSIRO 1978

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