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Open Access Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 29(4)

The Dark Matter Crisis: Falsification of the Current Standard Model of Cosmology

P. Kroupa

Argelander Institute for Astronomy, University of Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany. Email: pavel@astro.uni-bonn.de

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia 29(4) 395-433 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AS12005
Submitted: 13 January 2012  Accepted: 21 March 2012   Published: 20 June 2012


 
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Abstract

The current standard model of cosmology (SMoC) requires The Dual Dwarf Galaxy Theorem to be true according to which two types of dwarf galaxies must exist: primordial dark-matter (DM) dominated (type A) dwarf galaxies, and tidal-dwarf and ram-pressure-dwarf (type B) galaxies void of DM. Type A dwarfs surround the host approximately spherically, while type B dwarfs are typically correlated in phase-space. Type B dwarfs must exist in any cosmological theory in which galaxies interact. Only one type of dwarf galaxy is observed to exist on the baryonic Tully-Fisher plot and in the radius-mass plane. The Milky Way satellite system forms a vast phase-space-correlated structure that includes globular clusters and stellar and gaseous streams. Other galaxies also have phase-space correlated satellite systems. Therefore, The Dual Dwarf Galaxy Theorem is falsified by observation and dynamically relevant cold or warm DM cannot exist. It is shown that the SMoC is incompatible with a large set of other extragalactic observations. Other theoretical solutions to cosmological observations exist. In particular, alone the empirical mass-discrepancy—acceleration correlation constitutes convincing evidence that galactic-scale dynamics must be Milgromian. Major problems with inflationary big bang cosmologies remain unresolved.

Keywords: cosmology: theory — dark energy — dark matter — Galaxy: evolution — galaxies: interactions — Local Group


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