CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Emu   
Emu
http://www.birdlife.org.au
  A Journal of BirdLife Australia
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Rowley Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

red arrow Complete Archive
blank image
With the complete digital archive of Emu now online, we have selected some of the most interesting and significant papers for readers to access freely.

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with BirdLife
blank image
facebook TwitterIcon LinkedIn

red arrow Connect with CP
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 

Article << Previous     |         Contents Vol 113(3)

The conservation status of Australian malurids and their value as models in understanding land-management issues

A. Skroblin A B D and S. A. Murphy C

A Research School of Biology, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia.
B Australian Wildlife Conservancy, Mornington Wildlife Sanctuary, PMB 925, Derby, WA 6728, Australia.
C Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Land Management, PMB 227 Alice Springs, NT 0872, Australia.
D Corresponding author. Email: anjaskroblin@yahoo.com

Emu 113(3) 309-318 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MU12075
Submitted: 1 September 2012  Accepted: 22 February 2013   Published: 15 August 2013


 
PDF (280 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

The conservation status of many birds in Australia has been deteriorating in response to human activities. Changes to land-management practices are required to halt declines but, in many cases, the causal mechanisms of declines are poorly known and so it is difficult to provide appropriate management directives. Of the 23 Australian species of Maluridae, 12 have infrataxa that meet the criteria for inclusion within an IUCN Red List category. The family possesses characteristics that make it ideal for research relevant to improving conservation outcomes for the Maluridae and other threatened taxa: the family is widely distributed, has been exposed to the varying pressures that operate in diverse habitats across Australia, and infrataxa have broadly similar ecologies and yet disparate conservation listings. Here we describe the conservation status of the taxa within the Maluridae and outline how the family can be used as models to test mechanisms associated with declines and for developing concepts to enhance conservation management. We argue that disparate responses of sympatric malurids to the same land-management regimes can be used to identify characteristics that make species vulnerable to environmental pressures. Quantitative insights into how malurids respond to threatening processes may provide directives for management of a range of threatened species.

Additional keywords: Amytornis, fairy-wren, emu-wren, grasswren, land management, Maluridae, Malurus, Stipiturus.


References

Barrett, G., Silcocks, A., Barry, S., Cunningham, R., and Poulter, R. (2003). ‘The New Atlas of Australian Birds.’ (Royal Australian Ornithologists Union: Melbourne.)

BirdLife International (2013) ‘State of the World’s Birds: Indicators for our Changing World.’ (BirdLife International: Cambridge, UK.)

Black, A. (2011a). Western Australia, home of the Grass-Wren (Amytornis textilis). Western Australian Journal of Ornithology 3, 1–12.

Black, A. B. (2011b). Subspecies of the Thick-billed Grasswren Amytornis modestus (Aves–Maluridae). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 135, 26–38.

Black, A. B., Carpenter, G. A., and Pedler, L. P. (2009). Distribution and habitats of the Thick-billed Grasswren Amytornis textilis subspecies myall. South Australian Ornithologist 35, 161–177.

Black, A., Joseph, L., Pedler, L. P., and Carpenter, G. A. (2010). A taxonomic framework for interpreting evolution within the Amytornis textilis–modestus complex of grasswrens. Emu 110, 358–363.
CrossRef |

Brooke, M. L., Butchart, S. H. M., Garnett, S. T., Crowley, G. M., Mantilla-Beniers, N. B., and Stattersfield, A. J. (2008). Rates of movement of threatened bird species between IUCN Red List categories and toward extinction. Conservation Biology 22, 417–427.
CrossRef |

Brooker, B. (2000). The range and habitat characteristics of the Thick-billed Grasswren (Amytornis textilis) in the Shark Bay region, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 27, 245–256.
CrossRef |

Brooker, L. C., and Brooker, M. G. (1994). A model for the effects of fire and fragmentation on the population viability of the Splendid Fairy-wren. Pacific Conservation Biology 1, 344–358.

Brooker, M. G., and Brooker, L. C. (1997). Dispersal of the Blue-breasted Fairy-wren in fragmented habitat in the wheatbelt of Western Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology 3, 295–300.

Brooker, M., and Brooker, L. (2001). Breeding biology, reproductive success and survival of Blue-breasted Fairy-wrens in fragmented habitat in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Wildlife Research 28, 205–214.
CrossRef |

Brooker, L., and Brooker, M. (2002). Dispersal and population dynamics of the Blue-breasted Fairy-wren, Malurus pulcherrimus, in fragmented habitat in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Wildlife Research 29, 225–233.
CrossRef |

Brooker, L., and Brooker, M. (2003a). Local distribution, metapopulation viability and conservation of the Blue-breasted Fairy-wren in fragmented habitat in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Emu 103, 185–198.
CrossRef |

Brooker, M., and Brooker, L. (2003b). Brood parasitism by Horsfield’s Bronze-Cukoo in a fragmented agricultural landscape in Western Australia. Emu 103, 357–361.
CrossRef |

Brooker, L. C., Brooker, M. G., and Cale, P. (1999). Animal dispersal in fragmented habitat: measuring habitat connectivity, corridor use, and dispersal mortality. Conservation Ecology 3, 4.

Brown, S., Clarke, M., and Clarke, R. (2009). Fire is a key element in the landscape-scale habitat requirements and global population status of a threatened bird: the Mallee Emu-wren (Stipiturus mallee). Biological Conservation 142, 432–445.
CrossRef |

Caughley, G. (1994). Directions in conservation biology. Journal of Animal Ecology 63, 215–244.
CrossRef |

Christidis, L., Rheindt, F. E., Boles, W., and Norman, J. A. (2010). Plumage patterns are good indicators of taxonomic diversity, but not of phylogenetic affinities, in Australian grasswrens Amytornis (Aves : Maluridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57, 868–877.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Cockburn, A., Osmond, H. L., Mulder, R. A., Green, D. J., and Double, M. C. (2003). Divorce, dispersal and incest avoidance in the cooperatively breeding Superb Fairy-wren Malurus cyaneus. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 189–202.
CrossRef |

Crates, R. A., French, K., and McLean, C. M. (2011). The abundance and distribution of two species of fairy-wren in suburban and natural habitats. Emu 111, 341–349.
CrossRef |

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (2012). Stipiturus malachurus parimeda – Southern Emu-wren (Eyre Peninsula). Available at http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=26006 [Verified 30 August 2012].

Donnellan, S. C., Armstrong, J., Pickett, M., Milne, T., and Baulderstone, J. (2009). Systematic and conservation implications of mitochondrial DNA diversity in emu-wrens, Stipiturus (Aves : Maluridae). Emu 109, 143–152.
CrossRef | CAS |

Driskell, A. C., Norman, J. A., Pruett-Jones, S. G., Mangall, E., Sonsthagen, S., and Christidis, L. (2011). A multigene phylogeny examining evolutionary and ecological relationships in the Australo-Papuan wrens of the subfamily Malurinae (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60, 480–485.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Ford, H. A., Barrett, G. W., Saunders, D. A., and Recher, H. F. (2001). Why have birds in the woodlands of southern Australia declined? Biological Conservation 97, 71–88.
CrossRef |

Garnett, S. T., Szabo, J. K., and Dutson, G. (2011). ‘The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Hardy, J. W. (2002). A banding study of the Grey Grasswren Amytornis brabatus barbatus in the Caryapundy Swamp of south-western Queensland. Corella 26, 106–109.

Hardy, J. W. (2010). Distribution, status and options for the future management of the Grey Grasswren Amytornis barbatus barbatus in New South Wales. Corella 34, 25–35.

Harrington, G., Perry, J., Forsyth, R., and Venables, B. (2009). A tale of two grasswrens. Wingspan 19, 23–25.
| CAS |

Higgins, P. J., Peter, J. M., and Steele, W. K. (Eds) (2001). ‘Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Vol. 5: Tyrant-flycatchers to Chats.’ (Oxford University Press: Melbourne.)

Joseph, L., Edwards, S. V., and McLean, A. J. (2013). The Maluridae: inferring avian biology and evolutionary history from DNA sequences. Emu 113, 195–207.
CrossRef |

Karubian, J. (2001). The social organization and mating system of the Striated Grasswren. Condor 103, 412–417.
CrossRef |

Kingma, S. A., Hall, M. L., and Peters, A. (2011). No evidence for offspring sex-ratio adjustment to social or environmental conditions in cooperatively breeding Purple-crowned Fairy-wrens. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65, 1203–1213.
CrossRef |

Lee, J. Y., Joseph, L., and Edwards, S. V. (2012). A species tree for the Australo-Papuan fairy-wrens and allies (Aves : Maluridae). Systematic Biology 61, 253–271.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Legge, S., Murphy, S., Kingswood, R., Maher, B., and Swan, D. (2011). EcoFire: restoring the biodiversity of values of the Kimberley region by managing fire. Ecological Management & Restoration 12, 84–92.
CrossRef |

Maguire, G. S. (2006a). Fine-scale habitat use by the Southern Emu-wren (Stipiturus malachurus). Wildlife Research 33, 137–148.
CrossRef |

Maguire, G. S. (2006b). Territory quality, survival and reproductive success in Southern Emu-wrens Stipiturus malachurus. Journal of Avian Biology 37, 579–593.
CrossRef |

Maguire, G. S., and Mulder, R. A. (2004). Breeding biology and demography of the Southern Emu-wren (Stipiturus malachurus). Australian Journal of Zoology 52, 583–604.
CrossRef |

Murphy, S. A., Heathcote, J., Garcia, S., and Legge, S. M. (2009). Time partitioning and substrate use of Red-backed Fairy-wrens Malurus melanocephalus. Corella 33, 39–42.

Murphy, S. A., Legge, S. M., Heathcote, J., and Mulder, E. (2010). The effects of early and late season fires on mortality, dispersal, physiology and breeding of Red-backed Fairy-wrens, Malurus melanocephalus. Wildlife Research 37, 145–155.
CrossRef |

Nicol, S. C., and Possingham, H. P. (2010). Should metapopulation restoration strategies increase patch area or number of patches? Ecological Applications 20, 566–581.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Noske, R. A. (1992). The status and ecology of the White-throated Grasswren Amytornis woodwardi. Emu 92, 39–51.
CrossRef |

Perry, J., Fisher, A., and Palmer, C. (2011). Status and habitat of the Carpentarian Grasswren (Amytornis dorotheae) in the Northern Territory. Emu 111, 155–161.
CrossRef |

Pimm, S. L., Jones, H. L., and Diamond, J. (1988). On the risk of extinction. American Naturalist 132, 757–785.
CrossRef |

Price, O. F., Russell-Smith, J., and Watt, F. (2012). The influence of prescribed fire on the extent of wildfire in savanna landscapes of western Arnhem Land, Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 21, 297–305.
CrossRef |

Purvis, A., Gittleman, J. L., Cowlishaw, G., and Mace, G. M. (2000). Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 267, 1947–1952.
CrossRef | CAS |

Rowley, I., and Russell, E. (1993). The Purple-crowned Fairy-wren Malurus coronatus. I. History, distribution and present status. Emu 93, 220–234.
CrossRef |

Rowley, I., and Russell, E. (1995). The breeding biology of the White-winged Fairy-wren Malurus leucopterus leuconotus in a Western Australian coastal heathland. Emu 95, 175–184.
CrossRef |

Rowley, I., and Russell, E. (1997). ‘Fairy-wrens and Grasswrens.’ (Oxford University Press: New York.)

Rowley, I., Russell, E., Brown, R., and Brown, M. (1988). The ecology and breeding biology of the Red-winged Fairy-wren Malurus elegans. Emu 88, 161–176.
CrossRef |

Russell, E., and Rowley, I. (1993). Philopatry or dispersal: competition for territory vacancies in the Splendid Fairy-wren, Malurus splendens. Animal Behaviour 45, 519–539.
CrossRef |

Russell, E., and Rowley, I. (1998). The effects of fire on a population of Red-winged Fairy-wrens Malurus elegans in Karri forest in southwestern Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology 4, 197–208.

Russell-Smith, J., Yates, C., Edwards, A., Allan, G. E., Cook, G. D., Cooke, P., Craig, R., Heath, B., and Smith, R. (2003). Contemporary fire regimes of northern Australia, 1997–2001: change since Aboriginal occupancy, challenges for sustainable management. International Journal of Wildland Fire 12, 283–297.
CrossRef |

Russell-Smith, J., Yates, C. P., Whitehead, P. J., Smith, R., Craig, R., Allan, G. E., Thackway, R., Frakes, I., Cridland, S., Meyer, M. C. P., and Gill, A. M. (2007). Bushfires ‘down under’: patterns and implications of contemporary Australian landscape burning. International Journal of Wildland Fire 16, 361–377.
CrossRef |

Schodde, R. (1982). ‘The Fairy-wrens: A Monograph of the Maluridae.’ (Landsdowne Editions: Melbourne.)

Schodde, R., and Mason, I. J. (1999). ‘The Directory of Australian Birds: Passerines.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Skroblin, A., and Legge, S. (2010). The distribution and status of the western subspecies of the Purple-crowned Fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus). Emu 110, 339–347.
CrossRef |

Skroblin, A., and Legge, S. (2012). The influence of fine-scale habitat requirements and riparian degradation on the distribution of the Purple-crowned Fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus) in northern Australia. Austral Ecology 37, 874–884.
CrossRef |

Szabo, J. K., Vesk, P. A., Baxter, P. W. J., and Possingham, H. P. (2011). Paying the extinction debt: woodland birds in the Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia. Emu 111, 59–70.
CrossRef |

Turner, D., Ostendorf, B., and Lewis, M. (2008). An introduction to patterns of fire in arid and semi-arid Australia, 1998–2004. Rangeland Journal 30, 95–107.
CrossRef |

van Doorn, A. (2007). Ecology and conservation of the Purple-crowned Fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus) in the Northern Territory, Australia. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainsville.

Wilson, D., and Paton, D. C. (2004). Habitat use by the Southern Emu-wren, Stipiturus malachurus (Aves : Maluridae), in South Australia, and evaluation of vegetation at a potential translocation site for S. m. intermedius. Emu 104, 37–43.
CrossRef |

Woinarski, J. C. Z., Armstrong, M., Brennan, K., Fisher, A., Griffiths, A. D., Hill, B., Milne, D. J., Palmer, C., Ward, S., Watson, M., Winderlich, S., and Young, S. (2010). Monitoring indicates rapid and severe decline of native small mammals in Kakadu National Park, northern Australia. Wildlife Research 37, 116–126.
CrossRef |


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014