CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Emu   
Emu
http://www.birdlife.org.au
  A Journal of BirdLife Australia
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Rowley Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Awards and Prizes
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

red arrow Complete Archive
blank image
With the complete digital archive of Emu now online, we have selected some of the most interesting and significant papers for readers to access freely.

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with BirdLife
blank image
facebook TwitterIcon LinkedIn

red arrow Connect with CP
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 114(1)

Temporal change of the song of a local population of the Grey Warbler (Gerygone igata): has its song changed over time?

Joseph F. Azar A C , Ben D. Bell A and Marta Borowiec B

A Centre for Biodiversity & Restoration Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6041, New Zealand.
B Museum of Natural History, University of Wroclaw, Sienkiewicza 21, PL-50-335 Wroclaw, Poland.
C Corresponding author. Email: azar.joseph@gmail.com

Emu 114(1) 80-85 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MU13039
Submitted: 20 March 2013  Accepted: 17 July 2013   Published: 10 October 2013


 
PDF (308 KB) $25
 Supplementary Material
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

The songs of bird species can vary from place to place and such variation may reflect ecological heterogeneity within the habitat. However, there is little understanding of how this process occurs over time within the same population. Here, change in song over time in a local population of the New Zealand Grey Warbler (Gerygone igata) was investigated. Spectral and temporal aspects of the song were compared in the same population at an interval of 7 years (2002 and 2009). There was a significant shift in the song syllables to a higher frequency but no difference in the temporal structure of the song. The frequency difference in song suggests that interspecific interactions may have led to song-frequency displacement, which in turn may be caused by the reintroduction of other native species to the study area.

Additional keyword: bird song.


References

Andersen, J. C. (1926). ‘Bird-song and New Zealand Song Birds.’ (Whitcombe and Tombs: Auckland.)

Azar, J. F. (2012). Vocal communication within a forest bird community. Ph.D. Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington.

Bell, B. D. (2008). The birds of the south Wellington region. In ‘The Taputeranga Marine Reserve’. (Ed. J. P. A. Gardner.) pp. 424–458. (First Edition Publishers: Wellington.)

Brumm, H. (2006). Signalling through acoustic windows: Nightingales avoid interspecific competition by short-term adjustment of song timing. Journal of Comparative Physiology 192, 1279–1285.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Buller, W. L. (1888). ‘A History of the Birds New Zealand’, 2nd edn. (W. L. Buller: London.)

Byers, B. E., Belinsky, K. L., and Bentley, R. A. (2010). Independent cultural evolution of two song traditions in the Chestnut-sided Warbler. American Naturalist 176, 476–489.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Campbell, D. J., and Atkinson, I. A. E. (2002). Depression of tree recruitment by the Pacific Rat (Rattus exulans Peale) on New Zealand’s northern offshore islands. Biological Conservation 107, 19–35.
CrossRef |

Catchpole, C. K., and Slater, P. J. B. (2008). ‘Bird Song: Biological Themes and Variations’, 2nd edn. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.)

Doutrelant, C., and Lambrechts, M. M. (2001). Macrogeographic variation in song: a test of competition and habitat effects in Blue Tits. Ethology 107, 533–544.
CrossRef |

Fernandez-Juricic, E., Poston, R., De Collibus, K., Morgan, T., Bastain, B., Martin, C., Jones, K., and Treminio, R. (2005). Microhabitat selection and singing behavior patterns of male House Finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) in urban parks in a heavily urbanized landscape in the western US. Urban Habitats 3, 49–69.

Ficken, R. W., Ficken, M. S., and Hailman, J. P. (1974). Temporal pattern shifts to avoid acoustic interference in singing birds. Science 183, 762–763.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Gill, B. J. (1982). Breeding of the Grey Warbler, Geryone igata, at Kaikoura, New Zealandia. Ibis 124, 123–147.
CrossRef |

Goretskaia, M. I. (2004). Song structure and singing behaviour of Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus acredula in populations of low and high density. Bioacoustics 14, 183–195.
CrossRef |

Grant, B. R., and Grant, P. R. (2010). Songs of Darwin’s Finches diverge when a new species enters the community. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107, 20 156–20 163.
CrossRef | CAS |

Greene, E., Muehter, V. R., and Davison, W. (1997). Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena). In ‘The Birds of North America’. (Eds A. Poole and F. Gill.) Number 232. (Academy of Natural Sciences and the American Union of Ornithologists: Washington, DC.)

Handford, P. (1988). Trill rate dialects in the Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis, in northwestern Argentina. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66, 2658–2670.
CrossRef |

Hansen, P. (1999). Long-term stability of song elements in the Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella. Bioacoustics 9, 281–295.
CrossRef |

Heather, B., and Robertson, H. (2000). ‘The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand.’ (Viking: Auckland.)

Ince, S. A., Slater, P. J. B., and Weismann, C. (1980). Changes with time in the songs of a population of Chaffinches. Condor 82, 285–290.
CrossRef |

Kirschel, A. N. G., Blumstein, D. T., and Smith, T. B. (2009). Character displacement of song and morphology in African Tinkerbirds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106, 8256–8261.
CrossRef | CAS |

Lengagne, T., Aubin, T., Lauga, J., and Jouventin, P. (1999). How do King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus apply the mathematical theory of information to communicate in windy conditions? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B. Biological Sciences 266, 1623–1628.
CrossRef |

Luther, D., and Baptista, L. (2010). Urban noise and the cultural evolution of bird songs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B. Biological Sciences 277, 469–473.
CrossRef |

MacDougall-Shackleton, S. A. (1997). Sexual selection and the evolution of song repertoires. In ‘Current Ornithology. Vol. 1’. (Eds V. J. Nolan, E. D. Ketterson and C. F. Thompson.) pp. 81–124. (Thompson: New York.)

Nemeth, E., and Brumm, H. (2009). Blackbirds sing higher-pitched songs in cities: adaptation to habitat acoustics or side-effect of urbanization? Animal Behaviour 78, 637–641.
CrossRef |

Paul, R. S., and McKenzie, H. R. (1975). A bushman’s seventeen years of noting birds. Part B – New Zealand Pipit, Grey Warbler, North Island Fantail and Silvereye. Notornis 22, 273–282.

Podos, J., and Warren, P. S. (2007). The evolution of geographic variation in birdsong. In ‘Advances in the Study of Behavior. Vol. 1’. (Eds H. J. Brockmann, T. J. Roper, M. Naguib, J. C. Mitani and L. W. Simmons.) pp. 403–458. (Academic Press: New York.)

Popp, J. W., and Ficken, R. W. (1987). Effects of nonspecific singing on the song of the Ovenbird. Bird Behaviour 7, 22–26.
CrossRef |

Popp, J. W., Ficken, R. W., and Reinartz, J. A. (1985). Short-term temporal avoidance of interspecific acoustic interference among forest birds. Auk 102, 744–748.

Ripmeester, E. A., Kok, J. S., Van Rijssel, J. C., and Slabbekoorn, H. (2010). Habitat-related birdsong divergence: a multi-level study on the influence of territory density and ambient noise in European Blackbirds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64, 409–418.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Skiba, R. (2000). Possible ‘rain call’ selection in the Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) by noise intensity, an investigation of a hypothesis. Journal of Ornithology 141, 160–167.
CrossRef |

Slabbekoorn, H., and den Boer-Visser, A. (2006). Cities change the songs of birds. Current Biology 16, 2326–2331.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Slabbekoorn, H., and Peet, M. (2003). Birds sing at a higher pitch in urban noise. Nature 424, 267.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Slabbekoorn, H., and Smith, T. B. (2002a). Bird song, ecology and speciation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London – B. Biological Sciences 357, 493–503.
CrossRef |

Slabbekoorn, H., and Smith, T. B. (2002b). Habitat-dependent song divergence in the Little Greenbul: an analysis of environmental selection pressures on acoustic signals. Evolution 56, 1849–1858.
| PubMed |

Slabbekoorn, H., Yeh, P., and Hunt, K. (2007). Sound transmission and song divergence: a comparison of urban and forest acoustics. Condor 109, 67–78.
CrossRef |

Trainer, J. M. (1989). Cultural evolution in song dialects of Yellow-rumped Caciques in Panama. Ethology 80, 190–204.
CrossRef |

Warren, P. S. (2002). Geographic variation and dialects in songs of the Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus). Auk 119, 349–361.

Whitney, C. L. (1992). Temporal stability of song in a local population of Wood Thrushes. Wilson Bulletin 104, 516–520.

Wiley, R. H., and Richards, D. G. (1982). Adaptations for acoustic communication in birds: sound transmission and signal detection. In ‘Acoustic Communication in Birds: Production, Perception, and Design Features of Sounds. Vol. 1’. (Eds D. E. Kroodsma and E. H. Miller.) pp. 132–181. (Academic Press: New York.)

Wood, W. E., Yezerinac, S. M., and Dufty, J. A. (2006). Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) song varies with urban noise. Auk 123, 650–659.
CrossRef |


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2015