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Physical and Chemical Techniques for Discharge Studies - Part 1

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Physical and Chemical Techniques for Discharge Studies - Part 1

Basics of Recharge and Discharge Series 1

Edited by:
RB Salama   CSIRO Land and Water

26 pages
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing

This book is no longer available in print.

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Groundwater discharge is associated with salinity and pollution problems. The widespread presence of millions of saline lakes in North America, Africa and Australia, shows that across the geological record, most salinity and desertification problems have been caused by saline groundwater discharge. In recent times, dryland salinity has spread widely in southern Australia, resulting in the loss of more than 50% of the fresh streams in Western Australia and causing major salinity problems in the Murray River in South Australia.


  • Defines the discharge mechanisms that occur in nature
  • Explains how and where discharge takes place, and the effects of soil, water table and vegetation on discharge
  • Introduces the mechanisms of biological discharge (plants, etc.) and the critical role it has in controlling groundwater recharge
  • Presents the various physical, chemical and isotope techniques used for determining discharge rates
  • Discusses the various options available for enhancing groundwater discharge.



Groundwater Discharge

Techniques for Discharge Determination

Diffuse Discharge

Estimation of Diffuse Discharge from Shallow Water Tables

Methods of Determining Source of Plant Water

Point Discharge

Techniques for Discharge Enhancement

Biological Techniques

Engineering Methods



 Landholders, integrated catchment management groups, landcare groups, extension officers, hydrologists, agronomists, hydrogeologists, local government engineers and planners, soil and agricultural scientists, academics and students. 

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