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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


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Published online 30 March 2015
Progress on research on rodents and rodent-borne zoonoses in South-east Asia 
Kim Blasdell, Frédéric Bordes, Kittipong Chaisiri, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Jean-François Cosson, Alice Latinne, Johan Michaux, Serge Morand, Marie Pagès and Annelise Tran

Rodents are major crop pests and they are also hosts of important rodent-borne diseases in South-east Asia, for which infection risks to humans are affected by ongoing land use changes. Improvement of rodent taxonomy, thanks to molecular tools, and phylogenetic reconstruction allow a better description of the distribution of major rodents and their associated rodent-borne diseases among habitats. Our review shows that the structure of landscape affects the likely presence of rodent-borne diseases.

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Published online 20 March 2015
Recovery of small rodent populations after population collapse 
S. Hein and J. Jacob

Understanding recovery mechanisms of small rodents is important to improve strategies for pest management and conservation based on the target species’ ecology. Published information indicates that population recovery after sudden collapse strongly depends on factors such as life-history strategy, social behaviour, and density-dependent processes. Findings suggest to make case-by-case decisions for small scale conservation issues and to manage r-selection strategist pest rodents on a large spatial scale, including refuge areas, and to monitor for survivors after a couple of months. Photograph of a common vole (Microtus arvalis) by Jens Jacob.

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Published online 13 March 2015
Anthropogenic stressors influence small mammal communities in tropical East African savanna at multiple spatial scales 
Andrea E. Byrom, Ally J. K. Nkwabi, Kristine Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, Guy J. Forrester, Wendy A. Ruscoe, Denné N. Reed, John Bukombe, John Mchetto and A. R. E. Sinclair

Ecosystems are under threat from global stressors that reduce their resilience. We investigated how land use and climate change (two such stressors) could impact the diversity and resilience of a small mammal community in East African savanna ecosystems. Agro-ecosystems were less likely to contain specialist species compared to protected natural ecosystems, with the consequence that land use intensification and projected changes in climate may compromise the future resilience of the small mammal community in this tropical savanna ecosystem. Photograph by Andrea Byrom.

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Published online 11 March 2015
Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens 
Aaron Vines and Alan Lill

To successfully inhabit cities, birds must be inherently able or learn to cope with high volumes of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. This study showed that urban little ravens were much more tolerant of approaches by pedestrians than their exurban counterparts, but urban individuals living in high- and low-volume traffic areas varied little in their tolerance of human proximity and a simulated vehicle sound. A high level of boldness appears to be important in facilitating urban-living by native little ravens and may be genetically and/or learning-based.

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Published online 04 March 2015
Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management 
Steven R. Belmain, Nyo Me Htwe, Nazira Q. Kamal and Grant R. Singleton

Globally, rats and mice annually eat and spoil cereals that could feed ~280 million people in developing countries alone. This figure is based mainly on pre-harvest losses. Our paper reports post-harvest losses of rice in rural households of 2.5% in Bangladesh and 17% in Myanmar; losses that were reduced to 0.5% and 5%, respectively, through community level control and improved hygiene of granaries. Large post-harvest losses by rats and mice are of significant concern for food security and are preventable.

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Published online 03 December 2014
Evaluation of short-, mid- and long-term effects of toe clipping on a wild rodent 
Benny Borremans, Vincent Sluydts, Rhodes H. Makundi and Herwig Leirs

Toe clipping is a cheap and efficient method for marking rodents, yet its effect is not well known. Using a 17-year capture–mark–recapture dataset in which mice were individually marked using toe clipping, we found no evidence for a biologically significant effect of clipping. We did observe that when mice were trapped for the first time, there was an effect on body condition and a scare effect, where they moved further away from the trap location.

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    | Supplementary Material (37 KB)
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blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 41 Number 8 2014

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Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia 
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J. M. Potts, N. J. Beeton, D. M. J. S. Bowman, G. J. Williamson, E. C. Lefroy and C. N. Johnson
pp. 633-640

Fallow deer are currently uncommon in Tasmania, but the population is evidently growing and the species could have significant impacts on agriculture and the environment in the future. We developed a model of the Tasmanian fallow deer population which included components describing both the potential distribution of the species and spatial variation in abundance. The model predicts a potential population of more than one million deer if managers do not take steps to control population growth.


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The effect of research activities and winter precipitation on voiding behaviour of Agassiz’s desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) 
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Mickey Agha, Mason O. Murphy, Jeffrey E. Lovich, Joshua R. Ennen, Christian R. Oldham, Kathie Meyer, Curtis Bjurlin, Meaghan Austin, Sheila Madrak, Caleb Loughran, Laura Tennant and Steven J. Price
pp. 641-649

Understanding stress responses in wildlife to common research practices is an important area of focus for wildlife management. This study demonstrated that both research activities and abiotic conditions influence the probability of voiding, a possible sign of stress, in desert tortoises. Desert tortoises also displayed a reduced likelihood of voiding as the number of captures increased, which may suggest habituation to handling by researchers. Photograph by Jeffrey Lovich.


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Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and localised alternative prey 
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Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, M. Cecilia Latham, A. David M. Latham, Roger P. Pech and Dean P. Anderson
pp. 650-661

Seasonal and individual variation in predator selection for primary and alternative prey can influence invasive-predator impacts on rare prey and should therefore be considered when designing management programs to protect rare prey. This study highlights individual and seasonal variation in resource selection by feral cats for areas with rabbits and areas surrounding a black-fronted tern colony. Findings support coupled-control of feral cats and rabbits within a 1-km buffer surrounding the tern colony to protect it. Photograph shows a cat preying on an adult tern. Photograph by Department of Conservation.

    | Supplementary Material (8.3 MB)

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How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs 
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Linda van Bommel and Chris N. Johnson
pp. 662-672

Livestock guardian dogs (LGDs) can be highly effective in protecting livestock from predators; however, how they accomplish this, is poorly understood. In this research, we showed experimentally that the response of LGDs to predator incursions is based on territorial behaviour. This has implications for the management of LGDs in order to maximise their effectiveness; if properly managed, LGDs can play a key role in minimising human-predator conflict. Photograph shows one of the Maremma sheepdogs used in the trials.


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Road-kills of the giant anteater in south-eastern Brazil: 10 years monitoring spatial and temporal determinants 
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Carlos H. de Freitas, Carla S. Justino and Eleonore Z. F. Setz
pp. 673-680

Giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) road-kills pose a serious threat to this distinctive South American mammal. Our investigation in south-eastern Brazil documented increased vehicle-caused anteater fatalities in the dry season and kill rates that rose with dense roadside vegetation and road straightness. These findings highlight the importance of vehicle collisions to giant anteater populations and suggest mitigation measures for anteater conservation. Photograph by Samuel C. B. Maciel.


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Degradation and detection of fox (Vulpes vulpes) scats in Tasmania: evidence from field trials 
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W. E. Brown, D. S. L. Ramsey and R. Gaffney
pp. 681-690

The establishment of red fox population in Tasmania has very serious implications for many native species and for agriculture. Understanding the rate at which fox scats degrade within the environment is a key component for estimating the power of scat-monitoring programs for detecting this cryptic predator and will contribute to a broader understanding of the use of scat monitoring for informing eradication programs. Photograph showing the screening of scats by a detector dog by W. E. Brown.


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Mule deer–cattle interactions in managed coniferous forests during seasonal grazing periods in southern British Columbia, Canada 
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Pontus M. F. Lindgren and Thomas P. Sullivan
pp. 691-702

Cattle and deer may interact in young forests used for summer range and in winter range used by mule deer. We investigated habitat use by cattle and mule deer in thinned and fertilised young forests; grazing by both ungulates seemed compatible at least in these managed stands. Fertilisation may result in sufficient forage for these ungulates in stands managed for timber production.


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Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests 
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Christopher J. Owers, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Eleanor Bruce
pp. 703-716

There is a need for forest managers to locate hollow-bearing trees with a high level of accuracy at low cost over large forest areas. This article investigates the effectiveness of remote-sensing techniques for assessing the hollow-bearing status of individual trees across a forest landscape. A proof of concept is demonstrated, with implications for cost-effective forest management.


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Camera-trapping as a methodology to assess the persistence of wildlife carcasses resulting from collisions with human-made structures 
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João J. S. Paula, Regina M. B. Bispo, Andreia H. Leite, Pedro G. S. Pereira, Hugo M. R. G. Costa, Carlos M. M. S. Fonseca, Miguel R. T. Mascarenhas and Joana L. V. Bernardino
pp. 717-725

Camera-trapping has been used in a large number of ecological studies. In this study, we use this methodology to assess the persistence of wildlife carcasses resulting from collisions with human-made structures. Carcass-persistence time was influenced by the scavenger guild and by exposure to rain. Camera traps allowed us to record the exact removal time, reducing the number of visits to the study site about five times. It is important to undertake site-specific carcass-removal trials in order to identify the factors that affect carcass-persistence. When choosing camera-trapping, the main aspect to evaluate is the balance between the investment in equipment purchase and the cost savings through reduced displacement costs. Photograph by João Paula.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14180  Accepted 18 April 2015
    Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia
    Hugh McGregor, Sarah Legge, Joanne Potts, Menna Jones, Chris Johnson

    WR14194  Accepted 23 March 2015
    Current insecticide treatments used in locust control have less of a short-term impact on Australian arid zone reptile communities than temporal variation
    Kimberly Maute , Kristine French, Michael Bull, Paul Story, Grant Hose

    WR14122  Accepted 23 March 2015
    Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas
    Adriana Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders, Piran White

    WR14148  Accepted 20 March 2015
    Good neighbours: Distribution of black tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment
    Bruno Teixeira, Andre Hirsch, Vinicius Goulart, Luiza Passos, Camila Teixeira, Philip James, Robert Young

    WR14097  Accepted 20 March 2015
    Low humidity is a failed treatment option for chytridiomycosis in the critically endangered southern corroboree frog
    Laura Brannelly, Lee Berger, Gerry Marantelli, Lee Skerratt

    WR14197  Accepted 11 March 2015
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of a Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber) hibernaculum
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert

    WR15015  Accepted 09 March 2015
    A model for assessing mammal contribution of Escherichia coli to a Texas floodplain
    Israel Parker, Roel Lopez, Raghupathy Karthikeyan, Nova Silvy, Donald Davis, James Cathey

    WR14227  Accepted 03 March 2015
    Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei—a nationally listed threatened skink?
    Danae Moore, Michael Kearney, Rachael Paltridge, Steve McAlpin, Adam Stow

    WR14060  Accepted 03 March 2015
    Road and traffic factors correlated to wildlife-vehicle collisions in Galicia (Spain)
    Enrique Valero, Juan Picos, Xana Álvarez

    WR14126  Accepted 27 February 2015
    Food base of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in Ethiopia
    Gidey Yirga, Hans De Iongh, Herwig Leirs, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Hans Bauer

    WR14225  Accepted 21 February 2015
    Nest location influences hatching success in the Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) on Siniya Island, United Arab Emirates
    Sabir Muzaffar, Rob Gubiani, Sonya Benjamin

    WR14193  Accepted 21 February 2015
    How to snap your cat. Optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia
    John Read, Andrew Bengsen, Katherine Moseby, Paul Meek

    WR14240  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Arctic Ground Squirrel Population Collapse in the Boreal Forests of the Southern Yukon
    Jeffery Werner, Charles Krebs, Scott Donker, Michael Sheriff, Rudy Boonstra

    WR14195  Accepted 13 January 2015
    The population ecology of the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi) in complex lowland agro-ecosystems in the Philippines
    Alexander Stuart, Grant Singleton, Colin Prescott

    WR14121  Accepted 27 December 2014
    Reproduction and survival of rodents in crop fields; the effects of rainfall, crop stage and stone bund density
    Yonas Meheretu, Kiros Welegerima, Vincent Sluydts, Hans Bauer, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Rhodes Makundi, Herwig Leirs

    WR14211  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Mutualistic and predatory interactions are driven by rodent body size and seed traits in a rodent-seed system in warm-temperate forest in northern China
    Hongmao Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghuan Zeng, Gang Chang, Zhenyu Wang, Zhibin Zhang

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 22 May 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW

Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

2. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

3. Published 22 May 2014
Fertility control to mitigate human–wildlife conflicts: a review

Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan

4. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

5. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

6. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

7. Published 22 May 2014
Expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters

Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy and Greg Baxter

8. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

9. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

10. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

11. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

12. Published 22 May 2014
Overcoming the challenges of measuring the abundance of a cryptic macropod: is a qualitative approach good enough?

Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne and Roberta Bencini

13. Published 22 May 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia

D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

14. Published 4 March 2015
How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates

Jim Hone and Tony Buckmaster

15. Published 13 August 2014
Factors influencing occurrence of a freshwater turtle in an urban landscape: a resilient species?

Danielle Stokeld, Andrew J. Hamer, Rodney van der Ree, Vincent Pettigrove and Graeme Gillespie

16. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of a GnRH vaccine on the movement and activity of free-living wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Roger J. Quy, Giovanna Massei, Mark S. Lambert, Julia Coats, Lowell A. Miller and David P. Cowan

17. Published 22 May 2014
Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido J. Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow and John C. Z. Woinarski

18. Published 6 October 2014
At home in a new range: wild red deer in south-eastern Queensland

Matt Amos, Greg Baxter, Neal Finch and Peter Murray

19. Published 13 August 2014
Usefulness of two bioeconomic frameworks for evaluation of community-initiated species conservation projects

Christopher Jones and Les McNamara

20. Published 13 August 2014
Floodplain amphibian abundance: responses to flooding and habitat type in Barmah Forest, Murray River, Australia

Heather M. McGinness, Anthony D. Arthur, Keith A. Ward and Paula A. Ward

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Volume 41 (8)

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