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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


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Published online 03 August 2015
How many are there? Multiple-covariate distance sampling for monitoring pampas deer in Corrientes, Argentina 
Talía Zamboni, Alicia Delgado, Ignacio Jiménez-Pérez and Carlos De Angelo

Pampas deer, Ozotoceros bezoarticus, is an endangered species in Argentina, where scarce information exists about one of the four remaining populations. Deer density estimated using a Multiple-covariate Distance Sampling engine determined a larger population than previous studies. Our estimates and methods can be used as a baseline for future population monitoring, considering covariate distance sampling can provide more realistic population estimates, also suggesting the inclusion of additional variables for future analysis. Photograph by Talía Zamboni.

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Published online 03 August 2015
A cross-continental look at the patterns of avian species diversity and composition across an urbanisation gradient 
Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff

As the world becomes more urban, the importance of protecting wildlife in urban areas increases. We found that certain bird species do better in human-dominated areas, in particular those that use bird feeders. In order to conserve the greatest bird diversity in urban areas, urban planners and residents should provide a variety of habitats, supplemental natural foods and nesting places for birds. Photograph by Jacob Clifford.

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Published online 03 August 2015
The fancy city life: Kuhl 
Leonardo Ancillotto, Alessandra Tomassini and Danilo Russo

Understanding why some species benefit from urbanisation is central for appropriate wildlife management in human-dominated ecosystems. We found that the bat Pipistrellus kuhlii, increasing its range across Europe, obtains major reproductive advantages in urban areas. Although this fitness advantage may help explain the observed increase in geographical distribution, a positive effect of climate change on this warm-adapted bat cannot be ruled out. Photograph by Jens Rydell.

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Published online 03 August 2015
Fauna and vegetation responses to fire and invasion by toxic cane toads (Rhinella marina) in an obligate seeder-dominated tropical savanna in the Kimberley, northern Australia 
Ian J. Radford and Richard Fairman

Little is known about fire- or cane toad invasion-responses of biota within fire-sensitive non-riparian savanna vegetation types. This study tested whether fire- and cane toad invasion-responses were greater and lesser respectively in Kimberley pindan woodlands than in savannas generally. Fire management of pindan woodlands needs to reduce frequency of high intensity fires to less than one in five years based on fire-responses; low cane toad impacts to pindan biota suggest non-riparian savannas may provide partial invasion refuge for fauna.

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Published online 17 July 2015
Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) concentrate around urban waste dumps across Tigray, northern Ethiopia 
Gidey Yirga, Herwig Leirs, Hans H. De Iongh, Tsehaye Asmelash, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Jozef Deckers and Hans Bauer

The spotted hyena lives in remarkably close proximity to humans in the degraded and prey-depleted landscapes in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. We sought to provide an estimate of hyena abundance at garbage dumps and open agricultural areas. A very large hyena population persists in unprotected areas of Tigray, where they concentrate around urban waste dumps at night for scavengeable food resources. Photograph by Gidey Yirga.

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Published online 01 July 2015
Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities 
Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White

There is a pressing need to understand the type and nature of human–wildlife interactions within urban environments, to help manage, mitigate or even promote these interactions. There is an inherent bias in the literature towards quantifying and assessing human–wildlife conflict, whereas the benefit wildlife brings to urban areas is poorly characterised, but includes benefits such as ecosystem services and through to health and wellbeing. Research is critically needed to improve our understanding in this area, requiring wildlife biologists to work with other research disciplines.

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Published online 10 June 2015
Good neighbours: distribution of black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment 
Bruno Teixeira, Andre Hirsch, Vinicius D. L. R. Goulart, Luiza Passos, Camila P. Teixeira, Philip James and Robert Young

The increasing growth of human urban populations leads to complex alterations of landscapes, the effects of which on wildlife are not fully understood. The way wildlife responds to such impacts is an important aspect to be considered in urban planning and management. We found that marmoset groups were found in green areas surrounded by highly populated areas; however, socioeconomical factors were significantly related to the occurrence of primate groups.

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Published online 11 March 2015
Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens 
Aaron Vines and Alan Lill

To successfully inhabit cities, birds must be inherently able or learn to cope with high volumes of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. This study showed that urban little ravens were much more tolerant of approaches by pedestrians than their exurban counterparts, but urban individuals living in high- and low-volume traffic areas varied little in their tolerance of human proximity and a simulated vehicle sound. A high level of boldness appears to be important in facilitating urban-living by native little ravens and may be genetically and/or learning-based.

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Volume 42 Number 3 2015

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Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei, a nationally listed threatened skink? 
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Danae Moore , Michael Ray Kearney , Rachel Paltridge , Steve McAlpin and Adam Stow
pp. 207-216

The great desert skink, Liopholis kintorei, is a large, social, burrow constructing skink that has recently experienced population declines and local extinctions. We examined the effect of fire on burrow-system occupancy and breeding success at different spatial and temporal scales and found that fire adversely affects L. kintorei. We recommend prescribed-burning practices that aim to maximise ground cover by reducing the frequency, intensity and size of fires within L. kintorie habitat. Photograph by Josef Schofield/AWC.

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A model for assessing mammal contribution of Escherichia coli to a Texas floodplain 
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Israel D. Parker , Roel R. Lopez , Raghupathy Karthikeyan , Nova J. Silvy , Donald S. Davis and James C. Cathey
pp. 217-222

We constructed a model based upon study area- and literature-derived data in order to provide insight into free-ranging mammal impacts on water quality in Texas, USA. We found that raccoons and Virginia opossums were the largest impactors on projected E. coli loads in study floodplains. Changes in E. coli survival, E. coli concentration in raccoon faecal material, and defaecation rates were critically important; thus, emphasizing the need for additional research of these variables.


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Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia 
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Hugh W. McGregor , Sarah Legge , Joanne Potts , Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson
pp. 223-231

We provide estimates of density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia. We used infrared camera arrays with spatial mark–recapture, and GPS collars deployed on 32 cats. Photograph by Hugh McGregor.


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The temporal multimodal influence of optical and auditory cues on the repellent behavior of ring-billed gulls (Larus delewarensis) 
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Caitlin A. Lecker , Michael H. Parsons , Daniel R. Lecker , Ronald J. Sarno and Faith E. Parsons
pp. 232-240

Most pest animals quickly habituate (learn to ignore) to repellents. Therefore, we investigated whether combination-repellents such as lasers and distress calls could be combined into a single repellent to which ring-billed gulls would not quickly habituate. Our results showed that gulls habituated less quickly to combination repellents than to either type of single repellent used on its own. This multi-modal approach may be useful in repelling other pest-species. Photograph by Caitlin Lecker.


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Monitoring the use of road-crossing structures by arboreal marsupials: insights gained from motion-triggered cameras and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags 
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Kylie Soanes , Peter A. Vesk and Rodney van der Ree
pp. 241-256

Wildlife crossing structures aim to reduce the negative effects of roads and traffic on wildlife by providing safe crossing locations. We monitored crossing structures for arboreal marsupials, canopy bridges and glider poles, to see how often animals crossed and how many individuals used the structure. We found five species crossing the structures, with some individuals crossing almost every night to access resources on either side of the freeway. Methods that identify the individuals using a crossing structure can offer insights into the likely effects on wildlife populations and should be widely adopted in future research. Photograph by Kylie Soanes.


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What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife 
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Edith MacDonald , Taciano Milfont and Michael Gavin
pp. 257-265

Reducing the impact of domestic cats on native wildlife is important for conservation gains. Based on a theoretical framework, we identified the key beliefs of cat owners that may facilitate owners to keep cats inside at night. We suggest future advocacy campaigns should use veterinarians as advocates and emphasise the benefits to the cat and the owner of being inside.


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Assessment of habitat fragmentation caused by traffic networks and identifying key affected areas to facilitate rare wildlife conservation in China 
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Lu Zhang , Tian Dong , Weihua Xu and Zhiyun Ouyang
pp. 266-279

The extremely high rate of road construction in China during the last decade has intensified the confliction between traffic network development and biodiversity conservation. Therefore, we measured habitat fragmentation of 21 umbrella species caused by traffic networks using three landscape matrices and identified 17 unit sets as key traffic-affected areas, including 40 highways, 62 national roads and 51 railway sections by a spatially optimal method. Our results can be used to allocate highly limited conservation resources in a more efficient and effective manner, to facilitate wildlife protection in China. Photograph by Weihua Xu.


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What does hunting market price reflect? The role of species, landscape and management 
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M. Martinez-Jauregui , A. C. Herruzo and P. Campos
pp. 280-289

The knowledge of the various attributes included in the market hunting transactions is relevant to manage game-species populations. The present study identifies the values given by hunters to species, landscape and management in the pricing of the hunter’s bag. Our results indicate a possible conflict among hunters’ preferences, long-term game-management decisions and ecological goals.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14233  Accepted 29 July 2015
    The role of the bandwidth matrix in influencing kernel home range estimates for snakes using VHF telemetry data
    Javan Bauder, David Breininger, M. Bolt, Mike Legare, Christopher Jenkins, Kevin McGarigal

    WR14199  Accepted 29 July 2015
    Intra-annual patterns in adult band-tailed pigeon survival estimates
    Michael Casazza, Peter Coates, Cory Overton, Kristy Howe

    WR15092  Accepted 24 July 2015
    Spatially explicit capture-recapture analysis of bobcat (Lynx rufus) density: implications for mesocarnivore monitoring
    Daniel Thornton, Charles Pekins

    WR14205  Accepted 16 July 2015
    Population regulation of African buffalo in the Mara-Serengeti Ecosystem
    Joseph Ogutu, Holly Dublin

    WR15009  Accepted 08 July 2015
    The preference for yew (Taxus baccata) by a red (Sciurus vulgaris) squirrel population in a mixed woodland.
    Amy Haigh, Ruth O'Riordan, Fidelma Butler

    WR14247  Accepted 08 July 2015
    Risks in extrapolating habitat preferences over the geographical range of threatened taxa: a case study of the quokka (Setonix brachyurus) in the southern forests of Western Australia
    Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne, Roberta Bencini

    WR14182  Accepted 08 July 2015
    The influence of urban encroachment on squirrel gliders (Petaurus norfolcensis): effects of road density, light and noise pollution
    Mitchell Francis, Peter Spooner, Alison Matthews

    WR14183  Accepted 06 July 2015
    Using Site Occupancy Models to Prepare for the Spread of Chytridiomyosis and Identify Factors Affecting Detectability of a Cryptic Susceptible Species, the Tasmanian Tree Frog
    Scott Cashins, Annie Philips, Lee Skerratt

    WR14238  Accepted 18 June 2015
    Assessing capture and tagging methods for brolgas, Antigone rubicunda (Gruidae)
    Inka Veltheim, Felipe Chavez-Ramirez, Richard Hill, Simon Cook

    WR15038  Accepted 15 June 2015
    Performance of GPS collars on free-ranging bison (Bison bison) in northwestern Canada
    Thomas Jung, Kazuhisa Kuba

    WR15019  Accepted 13 June 2015
    Pindone residues in rabbit tissues: implications for secondary hazard and risk to non-target wildlife
    Penny Fisher, Samantha Brown, Jane Arrow

    WR15025  Accepted 10 June 2015
    Ecological effects of game management: does supplemental feeding affect herbivory pressure on native vegetation?
    María Miranda, Ignacio Cristóbal, Leticia Díaz, Marisa Sicilia, Eduarda Molina-Alcaide, Jordi Bartolomé, Yolanda Fierro, Jorge Cassinello

    WR14161  Accepted 05 June 2015
    Feral cat diet and predation on endangered endemic mammals on a biodiversity hot spot (Amami-Ohshima Island, Japan)
    Kazumi Shionosaki, Fumio Yamada, Takuya Ishikawa, Shozo Shibata

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

2. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

3. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

4. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

5. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

6. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

7. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

8. Published 4 March 2015
How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates

Jim Hone and Tony Buckmaster

9. Published 22 May 2015
How to snap your cat: optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia

J. L. Read, A. J. Bengsen, P. D. Meek and K. E. Moseby

10. Published 13 August 2014
Factors influencing occurrence of a freshwater turtle in an urban landscape: a resilient species?

Danielle Stokeld, Andrew J. Hamer, Rodney van der Ree, Vincent Pettigrove and Graeme Gillespie

11. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

12. Published 15 July 2015
Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia

Hugh W. McGregor, Sarah Legge, Joanne Potts, Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson

13. Published 6 October 2014
At home in a new range: wild red deer in south-eastern Queensland

Matt Amos, Greg Baxter, Neal Finch and Peter Murray

14. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of a GnRH vaccine on the movement and activity of free-living wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Roger J. Quy, Giovanna Massei, Mark S. Lambert, Julia Coats, Lowell A. Miller and David P. Cowan

15. Published 17 April 2015
How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs

Linda van Bommel and Chris N. Johnson

16. Published 17 April 2015
Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and localised alternative prey

Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, M. Cecilia Latham, A. David M. Latham, Roger P. Pech and Dean P. Anderson

17. Published 18 December 2014
Testing the regional genetic representativeness of captive koala populations in South-East Queensland

Jennifer M. Seddon, Kristen E. Lee, Stephen D. Johnston, Vere N. Nicolson, Michael Pyne, Frank N. Carrick and William A. H. Ellis

18. Published 13 August 2014
Usefulness of two bioeconomic frameworks for evaluation of community-initiated species conservation projects

Christopher Jones and Les McNamara

19. Published 17 April 2015
Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests

Christopher J. Owers, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Eleanor Bruce

20. Published 6 October 2014
Use by small mammals of a chronosequence of tropical rainforest revegetation

Tegan Whitehead, Miriam Goosem and Noel D. Preece

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