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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


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Published online 16 December 2014
Effects of capturing and collaring on polar bears: findings from long-term research on the southern Beaufort Sea population 
Karyn D. Rode, Anthony M. Pagano, Jeffrey F. Bromaghin, Todd C. Atwood, George M. Durner, Kristin S. Simac and Steven C. Amstrup

Capture-based research is an effective technique for studying polar bears, but there is a need to better understand the potential for capture to adversely affect bears. In this study, we found no adverse effects of capture or collaring on polar bear body condition, reproduction, or cub survival during a 40-year capture program. Our results suggest that capture is a safe and effective means of monitoring polar bear populations, which is becoming increasingly important as sea ice declines.

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Published online 03 December 2014
Testing the regional genetic representativeness of captive koala populations in South-East Queensland 
Jennifer M. Seddon, Kristen E. Lee, Stephen D. Johnston, Vere N. Nicolson, Michael Pyne, Frank N. Carrick and William A. H. Ellis

As wildlife populations decline, supplementation of wild populations with captive individuals becomes a viable conservation strategy. As a case study, captive koala populations in South-East Queensland were tested and found to have nuclear but limited mitochondrial genetic variation as a potential genetic source for local wild populations. Measuring genetic representativeness is complex and population processes have likely led to genetic separation of populations.

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Published online 03 December 2014
The influence of basic beliefs and object-specific attitudes on behavioural intentions towards a rare and little-known amphibian 
Rebecca Perry-Hill, Jordan W. Smith, Adam Reimer, Amber S. Mase, Nathan Mullendore, Kate K. Mulvaney and Linda S. Prokopy

Understanding determinants of positive and negative human behaviour towards threatened and endangered species is critical for ensuring species survival. Attitudes towards wildlife are not usually measured in regards to a specific species; measuring species-specific attitudes helps explain behaviour more than general wildlife attitudes. Efforts to conserve species that are negatively impacted by human behaviour should focus on fostering positive attitudes towards these species.

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Published online 03 December 2014
A survey of livestock losses caused by Asiatic wild dogs, leopards and tigers, and of the impact of predation on the livelihood of farmers in Bhutan 
Om N. Katel, Saran Pradhan and Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt

Human–wildlife conflict is a serious issue in Bhutan and careful management is required if the dual goals of wildlife conservation and economic livelihoods of farmers are to be met. In Toebesa Gewog, dholes, leopards and tigers constitute a significant threat to farmers’ livelihood. Dholes caused maximum livestock depredation resulting into farmers’ loss of income. Reducing human wildlife conflict through public awareness on livestock and wildlife management may serve to achieve conservation goals in Bhutan and elsewhere.

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Published online 03 December 2014
Evaluation of short-, mid- and long-term effects of toe clipping on a wild rodent 
Benny Borremans, Vincent Sluydts, Rhodes H. Makundi and Herwig Leirs

Toe clipping is a cheap and efficient method for marking rodents, yet its effect is not well known. Using a 17-year capture–mark–recapture dataset in which mice were individually marked using toe clipping, we found no evidence for a biologically significant effect of clipping. We did observe that when mice were trapped for the first time, there was an effect on body condition and a scare effect, where they moved further away from the trap location.

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Volume 41 Number 3 2014

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Effects of a GnRH vaccine on the movement and activity of free-living wild boar (Sus scrofa) 
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Roger J. Quy , Giovanna Massei , Mark S. Lambert , Julia Coats , Lowell A. Miller and David P. Cowan
pp. 185-193

Overabundant wild boar and feral pigs are associated with disease transmission and negative impacts on agriculture, native wildlife and, particularly where they occur around urban areas, public safety. Fertility control through immunocontraception could offer an alternative approach to population management in situations where lethal control is undesirable or impractical. In a field-based pilot trial we found that wild boar responded to fertility control and that immunocontraception had no adverse effects on behaviour or welfare. The results suggest that immunocontraception should be more widely evaluated in wild boar and feral pig populations. Photograph by NWMC/AHVLA.

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Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations 
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Andrew Bengsen
pp. 194-202

Coordinated poison baiting programs are widely used for reducing fox predation on livestock in Australia, but the effects of these programs on fox populations have rarely been tested. I used animal-triggered cameras and GPS tracking collars to monitor two fox populations subjected to coordinated baiting programs and found that many foxes survived baiting. Maximising landholder participation in baiting programs is important, but participants should also strive to maximise the number of foxes on their property that consume baits. Photograph by Andrew Bengsen.


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Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia 
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Daniel T. Nugent , Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke
pp. 203-211

Superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) foraging is likely to affect Eucalyptus forest vegetation and fuel loads and hence fire behaviour. In turn, fire is likely to reduce the abundance and influence the distribution of lyrebirds. We found lyrebird foraging was concentrated in unburnt forest patches, where they reduced litter fuel loads by 25%. Alternative stable states may emerge in forests as a result of feedback mechanisms among lyrebirds, vegetation and fuel accumulation, with implications for conservation and fire management.


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Responses of red-backed voles (Myodes gapperi) to windrows of woody debris along forest–clearcut edges 
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Thomas P. Sullivan and Druscilla S. Sullivan
pp. 212-221

Southern red-backed voles disappear from coniferous and mixed forests of western North America that have been harvested by clearcutting. Post-harvest woody debris arranged in large piles and windrows supports populations of this vole and they may potentially use these paths of connectivity to cross clearcuts. If the prey base is present, windrow connectivity may enhance these open areas for small weasels and other carnivores and help maintain abundance and diversity of some forest mammals on clearcuts. Photograph by Dru Sullivan.


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Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox 
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Roger Kirkwood , Duncan R. Sutherland , Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann
pp. 222-232

We distil the key lessons learned from a long-term campaign to control predation of seabirds by foxes. Foxes on Phillip Island, Australia, have been targeted for more than 58 years, but control was effective only after employing a dedicated team and implementing island-wide baiting. Critical to adopting the best management strategy was determining the relationship between predator numbers and impacts on prey populations, and evaluating the efficacy of control methods independently of personal and public biases. Photograph by Phillip Island Nature Parks.


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Use by small mammals of a chronosequence of tropical rainforest revegetation 
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Tegan Whitehead , Miriam Goosem and Noel D. Preece
pp. 233-242

Reforesting fragmented landscapes through ecological restoration enhances conservation of tropical rainforest small mammals. Small-mammal use of tropical rainforest restoration can increase species persistence within the landscape. By assessing small-mammal community composition within revegetated habitats, we determined that the small-mammal community progressed towards that of a rainforest as habitat aged, becoming similar to rainforest 16-years after planting. Commencing revegetation without delay is vital to prevent further population declines and maximise the conservation of small rainforest mammals. Photograph by Tegan Whitehead.


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Using multiple methods to assess detection probabilities of riparian-zone anurans: implications for monitoring 
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Jacquelyn C. Guzy , Steven J. Price and Michael E. Dorcas
pp. 243-257


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At home in a new range: wild red deer in south-eastern Queensland 
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Matt Amos , Greg Baxter , Neal Finch and Peter Murray
pp. 258-265

Deer are increasing worldwide, yet little research has been published on introduced deer in Australia. We found that some important home range and movement parameters of GPS-collared wild red deer in south-eastern Queensland differed from reports for red deer in Europe. This research will allow better targeted management of this introduced species. Photograph by Matt Amos.


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Limbless geckoes hanging on? Lessons in exploiting arid-zone unpredictability from an elusive habitat-specialist pygopod 
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Reece Pedler , Robert Brandle , Aaron Fenner and Shontelle Lennon
pp. 266-274

The bronzeback legless lizard is an endemic and vulnerable reptile that is poorly understood due to cryptic fossorial behaviour in the remote stony deserts of inland Australia. Local community volunteers used non-standard methods to gather 30 new distributional records of the species, revealing a less fragmented distribution than previously thought, yet a reliance on discreet microhabitats that are prone to severe and long-lasting disturbance. This study highlights the value of using multiple, innovative data sources in the study of rare and cryptic species. Photograph by Aaron Fenner.


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Corrigendum to: Effectiveness of commercial harvesting in controlling feral-pig populations 
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Matthew Gentle and Anthony Pople
pp. 275-275
 |    Corrigendum PDF (629 KB) - $25.00  

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14138  Accepted 09 December 2014
    Attachment and performance of Argos satellite tracking devices fitted to black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.)
    Christine Groom, Kris Warren, Anna Le Souef, Rick Dawson

    WR14104  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens
    Aaron Vines, Alan Lill

    WR14171  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Assessing potential effects of land-use and climate change on mammal distributions in northern Thailand
    Yongyut Trisurat, Budsabong Kanchanasaka, Holger Kreft

    WR14211  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Mutualistic and predatory interactions are driven by rodent body size and seed traits in a rodent-seed system in warm-temperate forest in northern China
    Hongmao Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghuan Zeng, Gang Chang, Zhenyu Wang, Zhibin Zhang

    WR14151  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Yellow-footed rock-wallaby population recovery following fox control, in New South Wales and South Australia
    Andy Sharp, Melinda Norton, Chris Havelberg, Wendy Cliff, Adam Marks

    WR14083  Accepted 17 November 2014
    Spatial analysis of limiting resources on an island: diet and shelter use reveal sites of conservation importance for the Rottnest Island quokka
    Holly Poole, Laily Mukarromah, Halina Kobryn, Patricia Fleming

    WR13178  Accepted 15 November 2014
    Using digital data collection tools to improve overall cost-efficiency and provide timely analysis for decision making during invasive species eradication campaigns
    David Will, Karl Campbell, Nick Holmes

    WR14107  Accepted 11 November 2014
    Recovery of South Australian rabbit populations from the impact of rabbit haemorrhagic disease
    Greg Mutze, Peter Bird, Scott Jennings, Nicki de Preu, Brian Cooke, Lorenzo Capucci, David Peacock, John Kovaliski

    WR14032  Accepted 11 November 2014
    A recovering flagship: giant otters, communities and tourism in Northern Peru
    Maribel Recharte, Ian Bride, Mark Bowler

    WR13206  Accepted 08 November 2014
    Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia
    Joanne Potts, Nicholas Beeton, David Bowman, Grant Williamson, Edward Lefroy, Chris Johnson

    WR14094  Accepted 06 November 2014
    Evaluation of a spring-powered captive bolt gun for killing kangaroo pouch young
    Trudy Sharp, Steve McLeod, Keith Leggett, Troy Gibson

    WR14059  Accepted 06 November 2014
    How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates
    Jim Hone, Tony Buckmaster

    WR13185  Accepted 20 October 2014
    Effects of landscape matrix type, patch quality and seasonality on the diet of frugivorous bats in tropical semi-deciduous forest
    Beatriz Bolívar-Cimé, Javier Laborde, M. Cristina MacSwiney G., Vinicio J. Sosa

    WR14159  Accepted 18 October 2014
    A critical review of feral cat habitat use and key directions for future research and management
    Tim Doherty, Andrew Bengsen, Robert Davis

    WR14155  Accepted 18 October 2014
    Influence of industrial light pollution on the sea-finding behaviour of flatback turtle hatchlings
    Ruth Kamrowski, Col Limpus, Kellie Pendoley, Mark Hamann

    WR14069  Accepted 18 October 2014
    Using novel spatial mark-resight techniques to monitor resident Canada geese in a suburban environment
    M. Rutledge, Rahel Sollmann, Brian Washburn, Chris Moorman, Christopher DePerno

    WR14030  Accepted 18 October 2014
    Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania
    Billie Lazenby, Nicholas Mooney, Christopher Dickman

    WR14150  Accepted 16 October 2014
    Behavioural responses of wintering black-faced spoonbills (Platalea minor) to disturbance
    Chang-Yong Choi, Hyun-Young Nam, Woo-Shin Lee

    WR14015  Accepted 16 October 2014
    Measuring connectivity of invasive stoat populations to inform conservation management
    Andrew Veale, Dianne Gleeson, Mick Clout

    WR14022  Accepted 15 October 2014
    Habitat use and behaviour of birds in areas invaded by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) and in restored habitat
    Lauren Young, Christine Schlesinger

    WR13209  Accepted 01 October 2014
    Fertilization, cattle grazing, and voles: Collapse of meadow vole populations in young forests?
    Tom Sullivan, Druscilla Sullivan

    WR14040  Accepted 27 September 2014
    Perceptions of ranchers towards livestock predation by large felids in the Brazilian Pantanal
    R L P Boulhosa, Fernando Azevedo

    WR14002  Accepted 10 September 2014
    Patterns of grassland productivity, composition and seed abundance, and the diet of the flock bronzewing pigeon Phaps histrionica at one site in northern Australia over a period of marked seasonal change.
    Peter Dostine, John Woinarski, Brendan Mackey, Henry Nix

    WR13211  Accepted 12 September 2014
    Reproductive seasonality in African ungulates in relation to rainfall
    Joseph Ogutu, Piepho Hans-Peter, Holly Dublin

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

2. Published 25 March 2014
Continuous monitoring of feeding by koalas highlights diurnal differences in tree preferences

Karen J. Marsh, Ben D. Moore, Ian R. Wallis and William J. Foley

3. Published 22 May 2014
Fertility control to mitigate human–wildlife conflicts: a review

Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan

4. Published 22 May 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW

Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

5. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

6. Published 22 May 2014
Expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters

Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy and Greg Baxter

7. Published 10 February 2014
Slow recruitment in a red-fox population following poison baiting: a non-invasive mark–recapture analysis

Oliver Berry, Jack Tatler, Neil Hamilton, Steffi Hilmer, Yvette Hitchen and Dave Algar

8. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

9. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

10. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

11. Published 25 March 2014
Aerially deployed baits in the northern rangelands of Western Australia are available to wild dogs

Malcolm S. Kennedy, Ken Rose and Gary Martin

12. Published 22 May 2014
Overcoming the challenges of measuring the abundance of a cryptic macropod: is a qualitative approach good enough?

Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne and Roberta Bencini

13. Published 22 May 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia

D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

14. Published 10 February 2014
Differences in brushtail possum home-range characteristics among sites of varying habitat and population density

Belinda I. Whyte, James G. Ross and Helen M. Blackie

15. Published 10 February 2014
Distribution, habitat preferences and management of the yellow-bellied glider, Petaurus australis, on the Bago Plateau, New South Wales: a reassessment of the population and its status

Peter J. Kambouris, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Kelly A. Rowley

16. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

17. Published 10 February 2014
Estimating lizard population density: an empirical comparison between line-transect and capture–recapture methods

J. Ruiz de Infante Anton, A. Rotger, J. M. Igual and G. Tavecchia

18. Published 25 March 2014
Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland

Paul R. Lintott, Elisa Fuentes-Montemayor, Dave Goulson and Kirsty J. Park

19. Published 25 March 2014
Utility of owl pellets for monitoring threatened mammal communities: an Australian case study

Kye McDonald, Scott Burnett and Wayne Robinson

20. Published 22 May 2014
Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido J. Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow and John C. Z. Woinarski

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Volume 41 (3)

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