Despite evidence of the harm that land clearing causes to individual animals, such harm is either ignored or considered only indirectly in environmental decision-making. The clearing of native vegetation kills many of the animals present and causes injuries and other conditions that are physically painful and psychologically stressful. Environmental decision-makers should identify and evaluate the harm that proposed clearing actions will cause.
Volume 44 Number 5 2017
It is vital to understand what times and places are important to animals, but determining these can be challenging to research and conservation efforts. We show that the SaTScan is effective for quickly identifying peaks in bat activity. SaTScan is a valuable tool for understanding and studying bat activity and has potential for many more uses in ecology.
WR16199Spatiotemporal distribution of large- and medium-sized mammals and humans in the Lar Protected Area, Iran
One-fifth of mammal species are at risk of extinction in the wild, and more research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of protected areas in achieving conservation objectives. Therefore, I evaluated the effectiveness of conservation objectives in the Lar Protected Area (LPA) in northern Iran by documenting the spatial and temporal distribution of seven large- and medium-sized mammals and humans with camera traps and determined the areas and seasons most used by poachers that will definitely be useful for improving the conservation of focal species in the LPA. Photograph by Jamshid Parchizadeh.
WR17027The importance of seasonal resource selection when managing a threatened species: targeting conservation actions within critical habitat designations for the Gunnison sage-grouse
Identifying high-quality Gunnison sage-grouse habitat is critical to successful conservation and recovery of this threatened species. We identified seasonal habitat preferred by Gunnison sage-grouse and found our more refined models more accurately reflected reality than the critical habitat designation currently being used for species recovery. Using a hierarchical approach to identify critical habitat with higher quality data when available may provide a better alternative to generalizations for threatened and endangered species.
WR16159Capturing the cryptic: a comparison of detection methods for stoats (Mustela erminea) in alpine habitats
Stoats are a serious conservation pest in New Zealand, but current monitoring methods are often not sensitive enough to detect them. We compared the effectiveness of the established footprint-tracking tunnel method with two alternative methods, camera traps and artificial nests and found that both were more efficient at detecting stoats in alpine habitat during spring, when they are known to be difficult to detect. Our study demonstrates the importance of calibration among different monitoring methods, particularly when the target species is difficult to detect.
WR16203Home range, den selection and habitat use of Carolina northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus)
The Carolina northern flying squirrel is an endangered subspecies that occurs in the southern Appalachian Mountains. To better conserve and manage this species, we conducted a study using radio-telemetry to determine habitat selection across the range of this species. We found Carolina northern flying squirrels preferentially select high-elevation spruce-fir forests over northern hardwood forests.
We investigated the behaviour and survival of translocated ratsnakes. Even if snakes were held captive in complex, naturalistic enclosures (environmental enrichment) before release, the longer they had been in captivity, the less likely they were to survive. Our results suggest that translocation programs should minimize the amount of time animals are in captivity before release when possible.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
WR16232Alpine landscape and canopy cover from 1973 to 2011: are roe and red deer population dynamics linked?
Land-use change may represent a major driver for wildlife population trends in most ecosystems. In Central Eastern Alps (Italy), the increase in canopy cover and a general landscape simplification during 1973–2011 period facilitated red deer range expansion and density increase. Land use change and red deer growth rate impacted on roe deer population dynamics. These results may help managers to apply an effective adaptive-management planning technique for target locations to keep the ecosystem balanced.
WR17017The efficacy of monitoring techniques for detecting small mammals and reptiles in arid environments
The ability of ecologists to measure species diversity and abundance levels is greatly dependent on selecting the most optimal survey technique. We compared the efficacy of three popular monitoring techniques used in the spinifex sand-plain habitat in Central Australia. Our results provide a clear analysis of the benefits and cost of each technique and offers recommendations for ecologist conducting surveys within arid environment.Introduction
Information regarding the movement patterns of wildlife is crucial for development of appropriate management actions. We conducted a field test of SPOT Trace GPS receivers on feral black swans near Auckland Airport and found that the units provided a highly effective means of describing the birds’ locations in relation to the potential for aircraft strike. Such knowledge can help mitigate human-wildlife conflicts.
WR17063Temporal variation in the population characteristics of harvested wolverine (Gulo gulo) in northwestern Canada
Understanding the vulnerability and variability of different sex and age cohorts to harvest may have implications to harvest sustainability of wolverine. We examined the temporal variability of wolverine sex and age composition, and evaluated the impact of the harvest season length on breeding wolverines. Late winter harvest likely has a more significant impact on wolverine populations than early winter harvest, because of increased harvest of adults and breeding females.
Koalas are virtually invisible in forests because they are solitary animals in large home ranges containing thousands of trees. Radiotracking studies at Eden showed that lack of sightings should not necessarily cause concern. However, sightings are rapidly increasing in an area of declining forest where further tracking would improve our understanding of historic irruptions and declines throughout the koala’s range.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
Spiders as potential bioindicators of mountain grasslands health: the Argentine tarantula Grammostola vachoni (Araneae, Theraphosidae)
Rodent management issues in South Pacific islands – a review with case studies from Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu
Predation pressure on the hatching of the Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus in clutch protection projects: a case study in north Portugal
Establishing baseline estimates of blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) abundance and density to sustain populations of the vulnerable snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in Western Bhutan
Multiple warren use by sub-adult wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus, and its implications for disease transmission
Promoting human-dingo co-existence in Australia: Moving toward more innovative methods of protecting livestock rather than killing dingoes (Canis dingo).
No population is “safe”? Unexpected reproductive decline in a DFTD-free population of Tasmanian devils
How dependent are Bell Miners (Manorina melanophrys) on Lantana (Lantana camara) as part of their habitat?
Assessing host response to disease treatment: how chytrid-susceptible frogs react to increased water salinity
Living on the edge: Characteristics of human-wildlife conflict in a traditional livestock community in Botswana
Bearded pig (Sus barbatus) utilisation of a fragmented forest-oil palm landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo
Camera traps and pitfalls: An evaluation of two methods for surveying reptiles in a semi-arid ecosystem.
Elliott traps found to be ineffective for the survey of swamp skink (Lissolepis coventryi): a cautionary tale of outdated survey guidelines
A management experiment reveals the difficulty of altering seedling growth and palatable plant biomass by culling invasive deer
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Patterns of human–crocodile conflict in Queensland: a review of historical estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) managementWildlife Research 44 (4)M. L. Brien, C. M. Gienger, C. A. Browne, M. A. Read, M. J. Joyce, S. Sullivan
The importance of seasonal resource selection when managing a threatened species: targeting conservation actions within critical habitat designations for the Gunnison sage-grouseWildlife Research 44 (5)M. B. Rice, A. D. Apa, L. A. Wiechman
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Wildlife Research 44 (5)Amanda M. Adams, M. Brock Fenton
Wildlife Research 44 (2)Zoe Truscott, David T. Booth, Colin J. Limpus
Wildlife Research 44 (4)A. Whiteman, G. Passoni, J. M. Rowcliffe, D. Ugarković, J. Kusak, S. Reljić, D. Huber
Habitat characteristics of a threatened arboreal marsupial and its resource use in a degraded landscape: the brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa tapoatafa) in central Victoria, AustraliaWildlife Research 44 (2)C. Mansfield, A. H. Arnold, T. L. Bell, A. York
Capturing the cryptic: a comparison of detection methods for stoats (Mustela erminea) in alpine habitatsWildlife Research 44 (5)Des H. V. Smith, Kerry A. Weston
Home range, den selection and habitat use of Carolina northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus)Wildlife Research 44 (5)Corinne A. Diggins, Alexander Silvis, Christine A. Kelly, W. Mark Ford
Wildlife Research 44 (2)Jordan O. Hampton, Glenn P. Edwards, Brendan D. Cowled, David M. Forsyth, Timothy H. Hyndman, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Peter J. Adams, Teresa Collins
Falling apart? Insights and lessons from three recent studies documenting rapid and severe decline in terrestrial mammal assemblages of northern, south-eastern and south-western AustraliaWildlife Research 44 (2)A. F. Wayne, B. A. Wilson, J. C. Z. Woinarski
Wildlife Research 44 (4)C. Cleguer, C. Garrigue, M. M. P. B. Fuentes, Y. Everingham, R. Hagihara, M. Hamann, C. Payri, H. Marsh
Wildlife Research 44 (3)Mellesa Schroder, Chloe F. Sato
Providing perches for predatory and aggressive birds appears to reduce the negative impact of frugivorous birds in vineyardsWildlife Research 44 (4)Rebecca K. Peisley, Manu E. Saunders, Gary W. Luck
Spatiotemporal distribution of large- and medium-sized mammals and humans in the Lar Protected Area, IranWildlife Research 44 (5)Jamshid Parchizadeh
Visual lures increase camera-trap detection of the southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius johnsonii)Wildlife Research 44 (3)Wren R. McLean, Ross L. Goldingay, David A. Westcott
Wildlife Research 43 (8)Hugh W. McGregor, Hannah B. Cliff, John Kanowski
Temporal variation in the population characteristics of harvested wolverine (Gulo gulo) in northwestern CanadaWildlife Research (Online Early)Piia M. Kukka, Thomas S. Jung, Jean-François Robitaille, Fiona K. A. Schmiegelow