Wildlife Research Wildlife Research Society
Ecology, management and conservation in natural and modified habitats

Wildlife Research

Wildlife Research

Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. Read more about the journalMore

Editors: Andrea Taylor and Piran White


Current Issue

Wildlife Research

Volume 44 Number 4 2017

WR17011Patterns of human–crocodile conflict in Queensland: a review of historical estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) management

M. L. Brien, C. M. Gienger, C. A. Browne, M. A. Read, M. J. Joyce and S. Sullivan
pp. 281-290

Effective management of estuarine crocodiles in Queensland is essential for ensuring public safety. This study aimed to improve our knowledge of human–crocodile conflict in Queensland and how this has changed over time. By understanding historical trends, we provide the basis for improved crocodile management into the future.

WR16228Animal detections vary among commonly used camera trap models

Michael M. Driessen, Peter J. Jarman, Shannon Troy and Sophia Callander
pp. 291-297
Graphical Abstract Image

Camera traps are widely used in wildlife surveys but assessing their limitations is important. We compared the efficacy of four camera models to detect mammals and birds and found that detections varied between models and that all camera models failed to detect a substantial proportion of animal visits. Variation in camera performance needs to be taken into consideration when designing or comparing camera surveys, especially if multiple models are used.

Graphical Abstract Image

Commercial pine plantations in the Mpumalanga region of South Africa are experiencing escalating levels of baboon-caused damage, and no effective control measures have been found to date. The ecological-risk model presented herein indicates that susceptibility to baboon damage is determined by pine stand characteristics and unrelated to the surrounding environment. The present study allows for the quantification of the potential risk posed by baboon damage towards the development of an effective integrated management strategy. Photograph by M. E. Light.

WR16164Identifying key denning habitat to conserve brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Croatia

A. Whiteman, G. Passoni, J. M. Rowcliffe, D. Ugarković, J. Kusak, S. Reljić and D. Huber
pp. 309-315
Graphical Abstract Image

Understanding brown bear denning preferences can be a valuable tool to increase the effectiveness of conservation interventions. Our study found that both environmental and anthropogenic factors predict den habitat suitability in Croatia. The identification of particularly valuable variables can direct management efforts aimed at preserving sensitive habitat.

WR16215Investigating brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) home-range size determinants in a New Zealand native forest

K. S. Richardson, C. Rouco, C. Jewell, N. P. French, B. M. Buddle and D. M. Tompkins
pp. 316-323
Graphical Abstract Image

After more than 50 years of studying brushtail possums in Australia and New Zealand, we still do not have a clear understanding of their home-range dynamics. By using a large trapping dataset in the Orongorongo Valley, we found that in addition to density, age and sex are consistent determinants of possum home-range size. This finding suggests that males, owing to their behaviour, may be the primary drivers of TB transmission in possum wild population.

WR16219Where do Norway rats live? Movement patterns and habitat selection in livestock farms in Argentina

Daniela P. Montes de Oca, Rosario Lovera and Regino Cavia
pp. 324-333
Graphical Abstract Image

Knowledge about the ecological requirements of Norway rats in livestock farms is necessary to improve management actions on this pest and consequently decrease animal and human health risk. We present a fine-scale description of habitat use and movement patterns of this species. Control effort should be placed near animal and food sheds, water sources, and in sites that provide refuge. Photographs by D. P. Montes de Oca and R. Lovera.

Graphical Abstract Image

Bird activity in vineyards can reduce or enhance crop yields. We examined the effectiveness of providing artificial perches to encourage predatory birds into vineyards to scare grape-eating species. Grapevines near perches received >50% less damage than control sites, possibly owing to the presence of Australian magpies (Cracticus tibicen). Therefore, perches are a potentially useful approach to reducing damage to grape crops. Photograph by Rebecca K. Peisley.

WR17004Public willingness to participate in actions for crow management

Natalija Špur, Boštjan Pokorny and Andrej Šorgo
pp. 343-353
Graphical Abstract Image

Public participation in wildlife management is needed for understanding and reducting human–wildlife conflicts. We investigated which factors affect the public willingness to participate in crow management, and found that the moderator variable education had the highest impact. By educating about skills for participation in crow management and about importance to participate, we can change public attitudes and beliefs, and convince public to help in crow management.

WR15177Amphibian reproductive success as a gauge of functional equivalency of created wetlands in the Central Appalachians

Gabriel F. Strain, Philip J. Turk, Jordan Helmick and James T. Anderson
pp. 354-364

Wetland creation is a common tool used to offset wetland losses, but do created wetlands provide natural wetland functions, such as providing habitat for the successful breeding of amphibians? In this study we compared the reproductive success of amphibians in created wetlands and found that it was similar to natural wetlands. These results suggest that created wetlands may provide adequate wildlife habitat and thus may function similar to natural wetlands.

WR16133Drivers of change in the relative abundance of dugongs in New Caledonia

C. Cleguer, C. Garrigue, M. M. P. B. Fuentes, Y. Everingham, R. Hagihara, M. Hamann, C. Payri and H. Marsh
pp. 365-376
Graphical Abstract Image

Sound understanding of trends in wildlife populations is required for assessing their status and for effective conservation and management. The aim of this study was to update information on the current size of the isolated dugong population of New Caledonia. While the latest estimates show a stabilisation of the dugong population at the low thousand, the study highlights the importance of replicating baseline surveys to enable robust interpretation of temporal variation in population size estimates.

Online Early

The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue

Published online 17 October 2017

WR16203Home range, den selection and habitat use of Carolina northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus)

Corinne A. Diggins, Alexander Silvis, Christine A. Kelly and W. Mark Ford
Graphical Abstract Image

The Carolina northern flying squirrel is an endangered subspecies that occurs in the southern Appalachian Mountains. To better conserve and manage this species, we conducted a study using radio-telemetry to determine habitat selection across the range of this species. We found Carolina northern flying squirrels preferentially select high-elevation spruce-fir forests over northern hardwood forests.

Published online 13 October 2017

WR17016Translocating ratsnakes: does enrichment offset negative effects of time in captivity?

Brett A. DeGregorio, Jinelle H. Sperry, Tracey D. Tuberville and Patrick J. Weatherhead
Graphical Abstract Image

We investigated the behaviour and survival of translocated ratsnakes. Even if snakes were held captive in complex, naturalistic enclosures (environmental enrichment) before release, the longer they had been in captivity, the less likely they were to survive. Our results suggest that translocation programs should minimize the amount of time animals are in captivity before release when possible.

Published online 06 October 2017

WR16159Capturing the cryptic: a comparison of detection methods for stoats (Mustela erminea) in alpine habitats

Des H. V. Smith and Kerry A. Weston
Graphical Abstract Image

Stoats are a serious conservation pest in New Zealand, but current monitoring methods are often not sensitive enough to detect them. We compared the effectiveness of the established footprint-tracking tunnel method with two alternative methods, camera traps and artificial nests and found that both were more efficient at detecting stoats in alpine habitat during spring, when they are known to be difficult to detect. Our study demonstrates the importance of calibration among different monitoring methods, particularly when the target species is difficult to detect.

Graphical Abstract Image

Identifying high-quality Gunnison sage-grouse habitat is critical to successful conservation and recovery of this threatened species. We identified seasonal habitat preferred by Gunnison sage-grouse and found our more refined models more accurately reflected reality than the critical habitat designation currently being used for species recovery. Using a hierarchical approach to identify critical habitat with higher quality data when available may provide a better alternative to generalizations for threatened and endangered species.

Graphical Abstract Image

One-fifth of mammal species are at risk of extinction in the wild, and more research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of protected areas in achieving conservation objectives. Therefore, I evaluated the effectiveness of conservation objectives in the Lar Protected Area (LPA) in northern Iran by documenting the spatial and temporal distribution of seven large- and medium-sized mammals and humans with camera traps and determined the areas and seasons most used by poachers that will definitely be useful for improving the conservation of focal species in the LPA. Photograph by Jamshid Parchizadeh.

Published online 28 June 2017

WR17018The invisible harm: land clearing is an issue of animal welfare

Hugh C. Finn and Nahiid S. Stephens
Graphical Abstract Image

Despite evidence of the harm that land clearing causes to individual animals, such harm is either ignored or considered only indirectly in environmental decision-making. The clearing of native vegetation kills many of the animals present and causes injuries and other conditions that are physically painful and psychologically stressful. Environmental decision-makers should identify and evaluate the harm that proposed clearing actions will cause.

Published online 22 June 2017

WR16194Identifying peaks in bat activity: a new application of SaTScan’s space–time scan statistic

Amanda M. Adams and M. Brock Fenton
Graphical Abstract Image

It is vital to understand what times and places are important to animals, but determining these can be challenging to research and conservation efforts. We show that the SaTScan is effective for quickly identifying peaks in bat activity. SaTScan is a valuable tool for understanding and studying bat activity and has potential for many more uses in ecology.

Published online 15 February 2017

WR16171Mooted extinction of koalas at Eden: improving the information base

Vic Jurskis
Graphical Abstract Image

Koalas are virtually invisible in forests because they are solitary animals in large home ranges containing thousands of trees. Radiotracking studies at Eden showed that lack of sightings should not necessarily cause concern. However, sightings are rapidly increasing in an area of declining forest where further tracking would improve our understanding of historic irruptions and declines throughout the koala’s range.

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