Despite evidence of the harm that land clearing causes to individual animals, such harm is either ignored or considered only indirectly in environmental decision-making. The clearing of native vegetation kills many of the animals present and causes injuries and other conditions that are physically painful and psychologically stressful. Environmental decision-makers should identify and evaluate the harm that proposed clearing actions will cause.
Volume 44 Number 5 2017
It is vital to understand what times and places are important to animals, but determining these can be challenging to research and conservation efforts. We show that the SaTScan is effective for quickly identifying peaks in bat activity. SaTScan is a valuable tool for understanding and studying bat activity and has potential for many more uses in ecology.
WR16199Spatiotemporal distribution of large- and medium-sized mammals and humans in the Lar Protected Area, Iran
One-fifth of mammal species are at risk of extinction in the wild, and more research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of protected areas in achieving conservation objectives. Therefore, I evaluated the effectiveness of conservation objectives in the Lar Protected Area (LPA) in northern Iran by documenting the spatial and temporal distribution of seven large- and medium-sized mammals and humans with camera traps and determined the areas and seasons most used by poachers that will definitely be useful for improving the conservation of focal species in the LPA. Photograph by Jamshid Parchizadeh.
WR17027The importance of seasonal resource selection when managing a threatened species: targeting conservation actions within critical habitat designations for the Gunnison sage-grouse
Identifying high-quality Gunnison sage-grouse habitat is critical to successful conservation and recovery of this threatened species. We identified seasonal habitat preferred by Gunnison sage-grouse and found our more refined models more accurately reflected reality than the critical habitat designation currently being used for species recovery. Using a hierarchical approach to identify critical habitat with higher quality data when available may provide a better alternative to generalizations for threatened and endangered species.
WR16159Capturing the cryptic: a comparison of detection methods for stoats (Mustela erminea) in alpine habitats
Stoats are a serious conservation pest in New Zealand, but current monitoring methods are often not sensitive enough to detect them. We compared the effectiveness of the established footprint-tracking tunnel method with two alternative methods, camera traps and artificial nests and found that both were more efficient at detecting stoats in alpine habitat during spring, when they are known to be difficult to detect. Our study demonstrates the importance of calibration among different monitoring methods, particularly when the target species is difficult to detect.
WR16203Home range, den selection and habitat use of Carolina northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus)
The Carolina northern flying squirrel is an endangered subspecies that occurs in the southern Appalachian Mountains. To better conserve and manage this species, we conducted a study using radio-telemetry to determine habitat selection across the range of this species. We found Carolina northern flying squirrels preferentially select high-elevation spruce-fir forests over northern hardwood forests.
We investigated the behaviour and survival of translocated ratsnakes. Even if snakes were held captive in complex, naturalistic enclosures (environmental enrichment) before release, the longer they had been in captivity, the less likely they were to survive. Our results suggest that translocation programs should minimize the amount of time animals are in captivity before release when possible.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
WR17012Elliott traps found to be ineffective for the survey of swamp skink (Lissolepis coventryi): a cautionary tale of outdated survey guidelines
Robust and efficient survey methods are essential for the conservation of cryptic and threatened species. This study aimed to review the current recommended survey guidelines for the swamp skink (Lissolepis coventryi). Our findings emphasise the importance of such a review and suggest alternative detection methods for future monitoring.
In many areas of Australia, koalas are under threat from a loss of habitat and disease. Climate change will exacerbate these processes, as well as affect the quality of remaining habitat. Modelling the effects of climate change on koalas will help guide conservation strategies for long-term survival of the species.
Since their introduction into Australia, cane toads have spread to over 1 million square kilometres, causing significant disturbance to native ecosystems. The Australian invasion has also had a toll on the cane toads themselves, and we show that cane toads introduced into Australia have very little immune gene diversity. This chink in the cane toad armour could represent low immune health within the population and could be exploited for control management.
Explorers didn’t see koalas when forests were managed by Aborigines using firesticks. Disruption of burning created thick forests of sick trees with nutritious and palatable foliage, feeding irruptions of koalas, followed by declines as trees were cleared by settlers or died during the Federation Drought. Sustainable populations should be reinstated using traditional knowledge underpinned by modern ecological and forestry science.
We tested mythology that presents pumas as competitors for antlered elk and deer prized by the hunting community, in the Rocky Mountains, USA. We found that pumas killed few antlered ungulates, avoided antlered elk, and only slightly selected for antlered deer. Our results highlight that killing large carnivores over competition for antlered ungulates is unfounded.
WR16198Assisted colonisation trial of the eastern barred bandicoot (Perameles gunnii) to a fox-free island
Conservation of threatened species will increasingly rely on innovative strategies and research. This trial assisted colonisation of the eastern barred bandicoot showed this technique could allow the establishment of a self-sustaining population of this endangered species. Pursuing novel management and research avenues is necessary to safeguard vulnerable species and ecosystems.
WR16160Living on the edge: characteristics of human–wildlife conflict in a traditional livestock community in Botswana
Lethal control of predators related to livestock depredation is a major driver of declines in large predator populations globally. We investigated the perceptions and actions of a livestock farming community in Botswana, and found that lethal control was commonly used, especially in households previously denied compensation for losses, but that its use was unrelated to past livestock losses to predation and the benefits the household derived directly from wildlife. We suggest that efforts must be made to connect the financial costs incurred by farming alongside wildlife with the financial benefits derived from their presence and that greater efforts must be made to ensure timely compensation payments.
WR16185Can owls be used to monitor the impacts of urbanisation? A cautionary tale of variable detection
Owls have great potential as surrogates to monitor how systems change through time however our understanding of survey approaches is limited. This research assesses our capacity to detect three Australian owl species and demonstrates that species, season and temperature impact on survey success. We suggest that owls can be used to assess change in systems through time but survey approaches need to be tailored and adapted for each individual target species.
WR17042Multiple warren use by subadult wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus, and its implications for disease transmission
Subadult rabbits in a population that had been heavily suppressed by rabbit haemorrhagic disease used an average of four warrens each in an overlapping, irregular array. This type of movement among warrens could play a critical role in disease transmission. It may be particularly important during periods of low population density when other density-dependent modes of transmission are suppressed.
WR16232Alpine landscape and canopy cover from 1973 to 2011: are roe and red deer population dynamics linked?
Land-use change may represent a major driver for wildlife population trends in most ecosystems. In Central Eastern Alps (Italy), the increase in canopy cover and a general landscape simplification during 1973–2011 period facilitated red deer range expansion and density increase. Land use change and red deer growth rate impacted on roe deer population dynamics. These results may help managers to apply an effective adaptive-management planning technique for target locations to keep the ecosystem balanced.
WR17017The efficacy of monitoring techniques for detecting small mammals and reptiles in arid environments
The ability of ecologists to measure species diversity and abundance levels is greatly dependent on selecting the most optimal survey technique. We compared the efficacy of three popular monitoring techniques used in the spinifex sand-plain habitat in Central Australia. Our results provide a clear analysis of the benefits and cost of each technique and offers recommendations for ecologist conducting surveys within arid environment.Introduction
Information regarding the movement patterns of wildlife is crucial for development of appropriate management actions. We conducted a field test of SPOT Trace GPS receivers on feral black swans near Auckland Airport and found that the units provided a highly effective means of describing the birds’ locations in relation to the potential for aircraft strike. Such knowledge can help mitigate human-wildlife conflicts.
WR17063Temporal variation in the population characteristics of harvested wolverine (Gulo gulo) in northwestern Canada
Understanding the vulnerability and variability of different sex and age cohorts to harvest may have implications to harvest sustainability of wolverine. We examined the temporal variability of wolverine sex and age composition, and evaluated the impact of the harvest season length on breeding wolverines. Late winter harvest likely has a more significant impact on wolverine populations than early winter harvest, because of increased harvest of adults and breeding females.
Koalas are virtually invisible in forests because they are solitary animals in large home ranges containing thousands of trees. Radiotracking studies at Eden showed that lack of sightings should not necessarily cause concern. However, sightings are rapidly increasing in an area of declining forest where further tracking would improve our understanding of historic irruptions and declines throughout the koala’s range.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
Green-tree retention and recovery of an old-forest specialist, the southern red-backed vole Myodes gapperi, 20 years after harvest
Distribution and relative abundance of forest duikers in Dassioko Sud forest reserve (coastal Côte d’Ivoire)
Spiders as potential bioindicators of mountain grasslands health: the Argentine tarantula Grammostola vachoni (Araneae, Theraphosidae)
Rodent management issues in South Pacific islands – a review with case studies from Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu
Predation pressure on the hatching of the Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus in clutch protection projects: a case study in north Portugal
Establishing baseline estimates of blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) abundance and density to sustain populations of the vulnerable snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in Western Bhutan
Promoting human-dingo co-existence in Australia: Moving toward more innovative methods of protecting livestock rather than killing dingoes (Canis dingo).
No population is “safe”? Unexpected reproductive decline in a DFTD-free population of Tasmanian devils
How dependent are Bell Miners (Manorina melanophrys) on Lantana (Lantana camara) as part of their habitat?
Assessing host response to disease treatment: how chytrid-susceptible frogs react to increased water salinity
Bearded pig (Sus barbatus) utilisation of a fragmented forest-oil palm landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo
Camera traps and pitfalls: An evaluation of two methods for surveying reptiles in a semi-arid ecosystem.
Elliott traps found to be ineffective for the survey of swamp skink (Lissolepis coventryi): a cautionary tale of outdated survey guidelines
A management experiment reveals the difficulty of altering seedling growth and palatable plant biomass by culling invasive deer
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The importance of seasonal resource selection when managing a threatened species: targeting conservation actions within critical habitat designations for the Gunnison sage-grouseWildlife Research 44 (5)M. B. Rice, A. D. Apa, L. A. Wiechman
Patterns of human–crocodile conflict in Queensland: a review of historical estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) managementWildlife Research 44 (4)M. L. Brien, C. M. Gienger, C. A. Browne, M. A. Read, M. J. Joyce, S. Sullivan
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Capturing the cryptic: a comparison of detection methods for stoats (Mustela erminea) in alpine habitatsWildlife Research 44 (5)Des H. V. Smith, Kerry A. Weston
Wildlife Research 44 (4)Michael M. Driessen, Peter J. Jarman, Shannon Troy, Sophia Callander
Home range, den selection and habitat use of Carolina northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus)Wildlife Research 44 (5)Corinne A. Diggins, Alexander Silvis, Christine A. Kelly, W. Mark Ford
Spatiotemporal distribution of large- and medium-sized mammals and humans in the Lar Protected Area, IranWildlife Research 44 (5)Jamshid Parchizadeh
Wildlife Research (Online Early)J. Molyneux, C. R. Pavey, A. I. James, S. M. Carthew
Wildlife Research 44 (2)Zoe Truscott, David T. Booth, Colin J. Limpus
Habitat characteristics of a threatened arboreal marsupial and its resource use in a degraded landscape: the brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa tapoatafa) in central Victoria, AustraliaWildlife Research 44 (2)C. Mansfield, A. H. Arnold, T. L. Bell, A. York
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Temporal variation in the population characteristics of harvested wolverine (Gulo gulo) in northwestern CanadaWildlife Research (Online Early)Piia M. Kukka, Thomas S. Jung, Jean-François Robitaille, Fiona K. A. Schmiegelow
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Wildlife Research 44 (2)Jordan O. Hampton, Glenn P. Edwards, Brendan D. Cowled, David M. Forsyth, Timothy H. Hyndman, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Peter J. Adams, Teresa Collins
Testing the potential for supplementary water to support the recovery and reintroduction of the black-footed rock-wallabyWildlife Research 44 (3)Rebecca West, Matthew J. Ward, Wendy K. Foster, David A. Taggart
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