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Australian Journal of Zoology
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Australian Journal of Zoology is an international journal covering the evolutionary, molecular and comparative zoology of Australasian fauna. More

Editor-in-Chief: Paul Cooper



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Published online 21 January 2015
Cats (Felis catus) are more abundant and are the dominant predator of woylies (Bettongia penicillata) after sustained fox (Vulpes vulpes) control 
Nicola J. Marlow, Neil D. Thomas, Andrew A. E. Williams, Brian Macmahon, John Lawson, Yvette Hitchen, John Angus and Oliver Berry

Cat abundance was significantly higher in two mesic sites that were baited for fox control for two decades than in two unbaited sites. Cat predation on a threatened species, the woylie (Bettongia penicillata), in the baited sites exceeded fox predation by more than 300%. Increased cat predation may become an unintended consequence of fox control for fauna protection elsewhere in Australia.
Photo by Neil Thomas.

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Published online 21 January 2015
Daily changes in food availability, but not long-term unpredictability, determine daily torpor-bout occurrences and frequency in stripe-faced dunnarts (Sminthopsis macroura) 
Alexandra M. Leslie, Mathew Stewart, Elizabeth Price and Adam J. Munn

We investigated the effect of unpredictable food availability on torpor use by stripe-faced dunnarts (Sminthopsis macroura). Long-term unpredictability in food supplies did not affect torpor-bout frequency compared to predictable food restriction. Instead, dunnarts appeared to adjust torpor frequency in response to the amount of food offered on each day.
Photo by Alex Leslie.

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Published online 21 January 2015
Ecology of the rare but irruptive Pilliga mouse, Pseudomys pilligaensis. IV. Habitat ecology 
Hideyuki Tokushima and Peter J. Jarman

We determined preferences of the Pilliga mouse, Pseudomys pilligaensis, for habitat attributes through phases of a population irruption, and characterised refuge sites. Its habitat selection changed with phases of the irruption. Mice preferred ground cover with higher proportions of sand and shrubs in the Low phase of the irruption.
Photo by Hideyuki Tokushima.

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Published online 15 January 2015
Prevalence of beak and feather disease virus in wild Platycercus elegans: comparison of three tissue types using a probe-based real-time qPCR test 
Justin R. Eastwood, Mathew L. Berg, Briana Spolding, Katherine L. Buchanan, Andrew T. D. Bennett and Ken Walder

Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is a serious threat to parrot populations globally. Here, we show that BFDV is a prevalent and widespread infection in wild populations of crimson rosellas (Platycercus elegans). In addition, we highlight the importance of sample type when conducting viral testing in wild birds.
Photo by Raoul Ribot.

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Published online 15 January 2015
Reconstructed paternal genotypes reveal variable rates of multiple paternity at three rookeries of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Western Australia 
J. N. Tedeschi, N. J. Mitchell, O. Berry, S. Whiting, M. Meekan and W. J. Kennington

We investigated levels of multiple paternity in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) from three rookeries in Western Australia. We found highly variable rates unrelated to female population size (25% at Bungelup Beach, 86% at Gnaraloo Bay and 36% at Dirk Hartog Island).
Photo by Kasey Darts.

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Published online 15 January 2015
Predation of two common native frog species (Litoria ewingi and Crinia signifera) by freshwater invertebrates 
Natasha J. Wilson, Jamie E. Seymour and Craig R. Williams

Invertebrates can be important predators of amphibian eggs and tadpoles, but have been less well-studied than vertebrate predators. To determine the rate of consumption, common invertebrate predators (identified through field site surveys) were offered frog eggs and tadpoles in feeding trials. Freshwater crayfish and notonectids were identified as significant predators.
Photo by Natasha J. Wilson.

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Published online 24 December 2014
Foraging behaviour of the endangered Australian skink (Liopholis slateri) 
Megan A. McKinney, Christine A. Schlesinger and Chris R. Pavey

Slater’s skinks (Liopholis slateri), observed over a 7-month period, exhibited predominantly ambush predation. Juveniles foraged more frequently and further from burrows than adults. Ants were the most common prey item and juveniles targeted small ants more often than adults, moving further to capture these prey.
Photo by Megan McKinney.

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Published online 24 December 2014
Increased lyrebird presence in a post-fire landscape 
Anna Doty, Clare Stawski, Julia Nowack, Artiom Bondarenco and Fritz Geiser

We observed a marked increase in superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) numbers after a controlled burn in Guy Fawkes River National Park, New South Wales. The low-intensity fire cleared brush and low-level vegetation, and therefore may have attracted superb lyrebirds immediately after the fire due to ease of movement and foraging effort.
Photo by Gerhard Körtner.

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blank image Australian Journal of Zoology
Volume 62 Number 5 2014

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Delineation of conservation units in an endangered marsupial, the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus obesulus), in South Australia/western Victoria, Australia 
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You Li , Melanie L. Lancaster , Susan M. Carthew , Jasmin G. Packer and Steven J. B. Cooper
pp. 345-359

The southern brown bandicoot, Isoodon obesulus obesulus, has experienced a dramatic decline in Australia and is listed as nationally endangered. Using genetic analyses of the subspecies from South Australia and south-western Victoria, we show this subspecies comprises multiple evolutionarily significant units and management units that are important for its conservation management.
Photo by Casey O’Brien.

    | Supplementary Material (1.4 MB)

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Age-dependent changes in gross and histological morphology of the thyroid gland in South Australian koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) 
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C. Graham , L. Woolford , L. Johnson and K. N. Speight
pp. 360-365

This study examined the gross and histological structure of thyroid glands in South Australian koalas. It was found that thyroid glands of adult koalas were atypical compared with those of juveniles and characterised by large colloidal macrofollicles lined by flattened epithelium. This age-dependent change may be associated with the low metabolic rate of this species.
Photo by Natasha Speight.


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Cane toads (Rhinella marina) in south-western Queensland: invasion front, spread and how Cooper Creek geomorphology could enable invasion into north-eastern South Australia 
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David Peacock , Gresley A. Wakelin-King and Ben Shepherd
pp. 366-373

There is little recognition that cane toads are spreading into south-western Queensland. Utilising local knowledge, a limited survey was undertaken within the Cooper Creek catchment, finding toads as far south as Jundah. We conclude that there is no reason why cane toads cannot penetrate further down the Cooper Creek, threatening wetlands in north-eastern South Australia.
Photo by David Peacock.


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Prey selection and diet overlap of native golden perch and alien redfin perch under contrasting hydrological conditions 
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S. D. Wedderburn , C. M. Bice and T. C. Barnes
pp. 374-381

Alien redfin perch and native golden perch are predatory fishes. We identified dietary differences during drought that imply resource partitioning occurred between the perches, whereas the promotion of pelagic prey fishes during flooding apparently facilitated resource sharing. The findings suggest redfin perch can directly compete with native piscivores for prey.
Photo by Scotte Wedderburn.


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Conservation genetics of the water mouse, Xeromys myoides Thomas, 1889 
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David Benfer , Andrew M. Baker , Tina Ball , Ian Gynther , Heather Janetzki and Susan Fuller
pp. 382-392

We examined historical and contemporary influences on the genetic structure of the threatened water mouse, Xeromys myoides, across its disjunct Australian distribution. We found very low genetic diversity, suggesting that the species consists of a single evolutionarily significant unit and has undergone a recent range expansion in Australia.
Photo by Ian Gynther.

    | Supplementary Material (250 KB)

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Feeding and the salivary gland response in free-ranging yellow-winged grasshoppers (Gastrimargus musicus) 
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O. Nurul Wahida and Paul D. Cooper
pp. 393-400

Free-ranging Gastrimargus muscicus (yellow-winged grasshopper) were captured in the field to determine effects of feeding on salivary gland function. Salivary glands increased in size with food in the crop, and the staining pattern for serotonin within the salivary glands suggested that food consumption stimulated gland activity.
Photo courtesy of Dr David Rentz.


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Taxonomy of rock-wallabies, Petrogale (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). IV. Multifaceted study of the brachyotis group identifies additional taxa 
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Sally Potter , Robert L. Close , David A. Taggart , Steven J. B. Cooper and Mark D. B. Eldridge
pp. 401-414

Morphological and genetic data indicate that the short-eared rock-wallaby Petrogale brachyotis represents at least two separate species: P. brachyotis (sensu stricto) from the Kimberley and western Northern Territory (NT), and P. wilkinsi from the northern and eastern NT. Additionally, P. brachyotis (sensu stricto) can be separated into two subspecies.
Photo by Emily Miller.

    | Supplementary Material (468 KB)

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    ZO14093  Accepted 21 January 2015
    Searching behaviour of Dolichogenidea tasmanica in response to susceptible instars of Epiphyas postvittana
    Maryam Yazdani, Richard Glatz, Michael Keller

    ZO14091  Accepted 14 January 2015
    New approaches to cataloguing and understanding evolutionary diversity; a perspective from Australian herpetology
    Paul Oliver, Scott Keogh, Craig Moritz

    ZO14065  Accepted 14 January 2015
    A thermal profile of metabolic performance in the rare Australian chelid, Pseudemydura umbrina
    Sophie Arnall, Gerald Kuchling, Nicola Mitchell

    ZO14055  Accepted 14 January 2015
    Mating behaviour in pygmy bluetongue lizards: do females “attract” male lizards?
    Mehregan Ebrahimi, S S Godfrey, Aaron Fenner, Michael Bull

    ZO14095  Accepted 19 December 2014
    From lineages to webs: a history of the Australian Society of Herpetologists
    Glenn Shea

    ZO14070  Accepted 05 December 2014
    Reproduction and population ecology of the vulnerable western sawshelled turtle Myuchelys bellii in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia
    Darren Fielder, Duncan Limpus, Colin Limpus

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 19 June 2014
A molecular and morphological investigation of species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in Australian free-tailed bats Mormopterus (Chiroptera : Molossidae)

T. B. Reardon, N. L. McKenzie, S. J. B. Cooper, B. Appleton, S. Carthew and M. Adams

2. Published 7 November 2014
Regional seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in feral and stray cats (Felis catus) from Tasmania

Bronwyn A. Fancourt and Robert B. Jackson

3. Published 7 January 2014
Regional population structuring and conservation units in the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)

Stephen H. Kolomyjec, Tom R. Grant, Christopher N. Johnson and David Blair

4. Published 21 August 2014
The koala immunological toolkit: sequence identification and comparison of key markers of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) immune response

Katrina Morris, Peter J. Prentis, Denis O'Meally, Ana Pavasovic, Alyce Taylor Brown, Peter Timms, Katherine Belov and Adam Polkinghorne

5. Published 7 November 2014
When the ‘native cat’ would ‘plague’: historical hyperabundance in the quoll (Marsupialia : Dasyuridae) and an assessment of the role of disease, cats and foxes in its curtailment

David Peacock and Ian Abbott

6. Published 22 December 2014
Delineation of conservation units in an endangered marsupial, the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus obesulus), in South Australia/western Victoria, Australia

You Li, Melanie L. Lancaster, Susan M. Carthew, Jasmin G. Packer and Steven J. B. Cooper

7. Published 7 January 2014
Adaptations for digging in the forelimb muscle anatomy of the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus) and bilby (Macrotis lagotis)

Natalie M. Warburton, Lea Grégoire, Sandra Jacques and Camille Flandrin

8. Published 7 January 2014
Geographic variation in the diet of the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) at a local scale

Rohan J. Bilney

9. Published 7 January 2014
Effects of natural weathering conditions on faecal cortisol metabolite measurements in the greater bilby (Macrotis lagotis)

Nicole Evans, Edward J. Narayan and Jean-Marc Hero

10. Published 7 January 2014
Leaf oxalate content of Eucalyptus spp. and its implications for koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) with oxalate nephrosis

K. N. Speight, W. G. Breed, W. Boardman, D. A. Taggart, C. Leigh, B. Rich and J. I. Haynes

11. Published 16 April 2014
Does artificial light influence the activity of vertebrates beneath rural buildings?

Philip Borchard and David J. Eldridge

12. Published 16 April 2014
Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite loci in the bush stone-curlew (Burhinus grallarius), a declining Australian bird

Robert A. B. Mason, Catherine Price, Walter E. Boles, Karen-Anne Gray, Edwina Rickard, Mark D. B. Eldridge and Rebecca N. Johnson

13. Published 19 June 2014
Muscular anatomy of the tail of the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus

Rebekah Dawson, Nick Milne and Natalie M. Warburton

14. Published 21 August 2014
Variation in platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) life-history attributes and population trajectories in urban streams

M. Serena, G. A. Williams, A. R. Weeks and J. Griffiths

15. Published 26 May 2014
The herpetofauna of Kioloa, New South Wales: baseline observational data collected 30 years ago and inspired by R. E. Barwick

Klaus Henle, Will Osborne and Frank Lemckert

16. Published 16 April 2014
Orientation of tawny frogmouth (Podargus strigoides) nests and their position on branches optimises thermoregulation and cryptic concealment

Stuart Rae and Duncan Rae

17. Published 16 April 2014
Long-term persistence and vicariance within the Australian Monsoonal Tropics: the case of the giant cave and tree geckos (Pseudothecadactylus)

Paul M. Oliver, Rebecca J. Laver, Katie L. Smith and Aaron M. Bauer

18. Published 26 May 2014
Abnormal development in embryos and hatchlings of the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, from two reservoirs in south-east Queensland

Anne Kemp

19. Published 7 January 2014
Spawning season movements of Macquarie perch (Macquaria australasica) in the Yarra River, Victoria

W. M. Koster, D. R. Dawson, J. R. Morrongiello and D. A. Crook

20. Published 16 April 2014
A virological investigation into declining woylie populations

Carlo Pacioni, Cheryl A. Johansen, Timothy J. Mahony, Mark A. O'Dea, Ian D. Robertson, Adrian F. Wayne and Trevor Ellis

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Volume 62 (5)

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