Wildlife Research Wildlife Research Society
Ecology, management and conservation in natural and modified habitats
Table of Contents
Wildlife Research

Wildlife Research

Volume 42 Number 1 2015

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Monitoring and managing feral cats is challenging because they are typically wary or disinterested in meat baits used for luring, baiting or trapping foxes and wild dogs. Camera-trap detection rates of cats was higher on roads and near resource points than through use of olfactory, audial and visual lures at other locations. Lures can, however, change cat behaviour to increase their vulnerability to automated control techniques.

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Factors affecting nest location can determine successful breeding in colonial seabirds. We assessed how nest location influenced breeding Socotra Cormorants and found that pairs in nests occurring close to areas with high predator activity were least successful in producing chicks. Thus, conservation of this declining seabird with a restricted geographic distribution may require management of predators to improve breeding success. Photograph by Sabir Bin Muzaffar.

WR14126Food base of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in Ethiopia

Gidey Yirga, Hans H. De Iongh, Herwig Leirs, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Jozef Deckers and Hans Bauer
pp. 19-24
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Spotted hyenas have adapted to human-dominated habitats across Ethiopia and benefit from waste disposal. The aim of this study was to investigate the food base of the spotted hyena and livestock depredation across Ethiopia. Survival of hyenas in Ethiopia is largely and widely dependent on management of livestock conflict and waste. Photograph by Karine Aigner.

WR14060Road and traffic factors correlated to wildlife–vehicle collisions in Galicia (Spain)

Enrique Valero, Juan Picos, Laura Lagos and Xana Álvarez
pp. 25-34
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Traffic accidents related to wildlife usually occur spatially clustered in certain roads and in a specific section of them. A methodology based on GIS to identify the sections of the roads with higher density of accidents and to select the variables of roads and traffic that influence on the probability of an accident. Through a hotspot analysis the sections of Galician roads with higher density of accidents were identified.

WR14197Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a 22-year case study of a pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber) hibernaculum

Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart and Alexandre Robert
pp. 35-43
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According to the current trend of biodiversity loss, information on population trends at large temporal and spatial scales is necessary. We purpose a pragmatic approach to analyse count data of bats in hibernaculum, using combinations of population-dynamics modelling using demographic parameters from the literature and statistical analyses. This approach helps with identifying factors underlying the dynamics observed in census analyses. Photograph by Laurent Arthur.

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The effect of locust control on reptiles is unknown, despite high diversity of reptile species in Australian arid ecosystems where locust control is commonly undertaken. Neither reptile abundance nor community composition changed after barrier application of fipronil (pesticide) or blanket application of Metarhizium acridium (biopesticide), suggesting that these locust-control methods pose a relatively insignificant hazard to reptile populations. Photograph by K. Maute.

WR14122Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas

Adriana E. S. Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders and Piran C. L. White
pp. 60-74
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Managing invasive species can be a challenging endeavour, made more complex by the different perceptions that people have towards them. We assessed local attitudes towards non-native deer in the Royal National Park, Australia, identifying three key dimensions to these attitudes (broadly grouped as stakeholder, wildlife, and management dimensions) as well as key issues of conflict. Our study, including the framework we developed, has the potential to help facilitate conflict mitigation in invasive species management. Photograph by Brian Boyle, provided by Invasive Animals CRC.

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Collecting and counting faeces deposited by wildlife species on roads has become a common way of estimating population sizes, which guides management and conservation decisions. The issue of faeces detectability on roads has previously been ignored, but we found that the ability of human observers to detect faeces on roads is influenced by species of origin, road width and road type. Our findings suggest that failure to acknowledge and account for faeces detection rates can lead to biased study findings, which in turn could lead to inappropriate management and conservation recommendations.

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