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Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry publishes papers reporting chemistry that enhances our understanding of the environment including air, water, soil, sediments, and biota. Read more about the journalMore

Editor-in-Chief: Kevin Francesconi

Current Issue

Environmental Chemistry

Volume 14 Number 6 2017

EN16198Synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals antimony sequestration by reduced sulfur in a freshwater wetland sediment

William W. Bennett, Kerstin Hockmann, Scott G. Johnston and Edward D. Burton
pp. 345-349

Environmental context. Antimony is an environmental contaminant of increasing concern, due to its growing industrial usage in flame retardants, lead alloys, glass, ceramics and plastics. Here we show, using X-ray absorption spectroscopy, that antimony may be trapped in wetland sediments by reduced sulfur. This finding has implications for the management and remediation of wetlands contaminated with antimony.

EN16188An adsorption and thermodynamic study of ofloxacin on marine sediments

Wen-Qing Cao, Jun Song and Gui-Peng Yang
pp. 350-360

Environmental context. Ofloxacin, a widely used fluorinated antibiotic, is resistant to biodegradation and hence can accumulate in the environment. A systematic investigation of ofloxacin on marine sediments showed that sediment organic carbon and heterogeneous sites on sediments play important roles in sorption processes. The results help our understanding of the environmental behaviour and fate of ofloxacin in marine systems.

Environmental context. Norfloxacin is widely used as a human and veterinary medicine for its broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. It is chemically stable, rendering it difficult to remove from water using the traditional water and wastewater treatment techniques. We investigate the use of iron oxide catalysts for the degradation of norfloxacin in water prior to its release into the environment.

EN17082Comparative ecotoxicity study of glycerol-biobased solvents

Eduardo Perales, Cristina Belén García, Laura Lomba, José Ignacio García, Elísabet Pires, Mari Carmen Sancho, Enrique Navarro and Beatriz Giner
pp. 370-377

Environmental context. The search for alternative solvents to prevent environmental damage is one of the main interests in ‘green’ sciences. Five of these new substances from biodiesel production were evaluated to assess their negative environmental effects. The results obtained showed that three of these chemicals may be harmless for short exposure in aquatic biomodels. Although more tests are required, this family of compounds promises to be safe and useful for industrial purposes.

EN17091Electroantennogram responses of six Bactrocera and Zeugodacus species to raspberry ketone analogues

Matthew S. Siderhurst, Soo J. Park, Ian M. Jamie and Stefano G. De Faveri
pp. 378-384

Environmental context. Queensland fruit fly is a major pest of fruits and vegetables in eastern Australia, sometimes causing complete loss of unprotected crops. Odours that attract fruit flies can help control these pests and this study investigated how six fruit fly species smell these chemicals. The strength of fly responses to tested odours gives insight into the way flies smell and provides information for making better attractants, potentially reducing insecticide use.

EN17081Gold nanoparticle-dotted, ionic liquid-functionalised, carbon hybrid material for ultra-sensitive detection of bisphenol A

Yu Tian, Jianbo Li, Yanhui Wang, Chaofan Ding, Yuanling Sun, Weiyan Sun, Yanna Lin and Chuannan Luo
pp. 385-393

Environmental context. Bisphenol A, an important industrial material widely used as a plasticiser, fire retardant and resin polymer material, can cause endocrine disorders and precocious puberty. We developed a portable and efficient method for determining bisphenol A, and apply it to the detection of bisphenol A in bottles for infants and young children.

EN17064Contaminant release from aged microplastic

Nicole Bandow, Verena Will, Volker Wachtendorf and Franz-Georg Simon
pp. 394-405

Environmental context Increasing global plastic production adds plastic debris to the environment. We show that potentially harmful additives present in plastic particles are released to water at an increased rate when material properties change by aging due to exposure to high temperature and especially to UV radiation. For risk assessment of such plastic additives, more information on their degradation products and their toxicity is needed.

Online Early

The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue

Published online 22 January 2018

EN17073Kinetics of mercury accumulation by freshwater biofilms

Perrine Dranguet, Vera I. Slaveykova and Séverine Le Faucheur

Environmental context. Mercury (Hg) is a major environmental contaminant due to its toxicity, accumulation and biomagnification along the food chain. We demonstrate that Hg accumulation by biofilms, one possible entry point for Hg into food webs, is rapid and depends on biofilm structure and composition. These findings have important implications for the understanding of Hg bioavailability and effects towards aquatic microorganisms.

Just Accepted

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Research Front

We are publishing an upcoming Research Front from the Goldschmidt2016 conference. More