Environmental Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Society
Environmental problems - Chemical approaches
REVIEW (Open Access)

Mass spectrometric approaches for chemical characterisation of atmospheric aerosols: critical review of the most recent advances

Alexander Laskin A D , Julia Laskin B and Sergey A. Nizkorodov C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.

B Chemical and Materials Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA. Email: julia.laskin@pnnl.gov

C Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. Email: nizkorod@uci.edu

D Corresponding author. Email: alexander.laskin@pnnl.gov




Alexander Laskin is a Senior Research Scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). He received his M.Sc. degree (physics) in 1991 from the Leningrad Polytechnical Institute, Russia, and Ph.D. degree (physical chemistry) in 1998 from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Following postdoctoral research appointments at the University of Delaware (1998–99) and PNNL (1999–2001), he became a permanent PNNL scientist in 2001. His present and past research interests include: physical and analytical chemistry of environmental aerosols, environmental and atmospheric effects of aerosols, combustion-related aerosols, combustion chemistry and chemical kinetics.



Julia Laskin is a Laboratory Fellow at PNNL. She received her M.Sc. degree in physics from the Leningrad Polytechnical Institute (1990) and her Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1998). She was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Delaware (1998–99) and PNNL (2000–2002). She became a research scientist at PNNL in 2002. Her research is focussed on understanding activation and dissociation following collisions of complex ions with surfaces, selective surface modification using ion beams and developing new approaches for characterisation of the chemical composition of organic aerosols and biological materials.



Sergey A. Nizkorodov is an Associate Professor at the University of California, Irvine. He received his M.Sc. degree in biochemistry from Novosibirsk State University, Russia (1993) and Ph.D. degree in chemical physics from Basel University, Switzerland (1997). After doing his postdoctoral research in chemical kinetics and reaction dynamics at the University of Colorado at Boulder and in atmospheric chemistry at the California Institute of Technology, he joined the faculty at the University of California, Irvine Chemistry Department in 2002. His current research interests include atmospheric photochemistry, air pollution in the outdoor and indoor environments and aerosol science.

Environmental Chemistry 9(3) 163-189 https://doi.org/10.1071/EN12052
Submitted: 4 April 2012  Accepted: 16 May 2012   Published: 29 June 2012

Environmental context. Atmospheric aerosols have profound effects on the environment through several physicochemical processes, such as absorption and scattering of sunlight, heterogeneous gas–particle reactions and adverse effects on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Understanding aerosol atmospheric chemistry and its environmental impact requires comprehensive characterisation of the physical and chemical properties of particles. Results from mass spectrometry provide important new insights into the origin of atmospheric aerosols, the evolution of their physicochemical properties, their reactivity and their effect on the environment.

Abstract. This manuscript presents an overview of the most recent instrument developments for the field and laboratory applications of mass spectrometry (MS) to investigate the chemistry and physics of atmospheric aerosols. A range of MS instruments, employing different sample introduction methods, ionisation and mass detection techniques are used both for ‘online’ and ‘offline’ characterisation of aerosols. Online MS techniques enable detection of individual particles with simultaneous measurement of particle size distributions and aerodynamic characteristics and are ideally suited for field studies that require high temporal resolution. Offline MS techniques provide a means for detailed molecular-level analysis of aerosol samples, which is essential to gain fundamental knowledge regarding aerosol chemistry, mechanisms of particle formation and atmospheric aging. Combined, complementary MS techniques provide comprehensive information on the chemical composition, size, morphology and phase of aerosols – data of key importance for evaluating hygroscopic and optical properties of particles, their health effects, understanding their origins and atmospheric evolution. Over the last few years, developments and applications of MS techniques in aerosol research have expanded remarkably as evident by skyrocketing publication statistics. The goal of this review is to present the most recent developments in the field of aerosol mass spectrometry for the time period of late 2010 to early 2012, which have not been conveyed in previous reviews.


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