Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Volume 28 Number 2 2017
Social media use is on the rise, but we have little understanding of its impact on sitting time and body mass index (BMI). Our findings demonstrate that computer sitting in leisure time and total sitting on non-workdays increase with social media use. Social media use may therefore be negatively affecting health.
Infrequent monitoring has led to uncertainty about trends in childhood obesity prevalence. Our aim was to establish a sustainable childhood obesity monitoring system in regional Australia using a passive (opt-out) consent process and employing a census-style sampling technique. This system has the potential to provide sustainable monitoring of childhood obesity, which is vital to understanding the problem of childhood obesity in this region.
The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. Participation in the Challenge was associated with increased physical activity and decreased screen time. Students and teachers also reported positive social and educational outcomes. The findings demonstrate that school-based physical activity programs can be engaging for classes with high proportions of Aboriginal students.
Parents of young children need opportunities to build community connections and social support networks where they live. Parents who participated in locally placed playgroups were more connected to their local community than parents who participated in playgroups outside their local residential area. Locally placed playgroups have the potential to foster local community connectedness for families with young children.
HE16019Does on-site chaplaincy enhance the health and well being of fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) personnel?
Fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) work can be associated with mental-health, personal and family-related issues, challenging the well being of workers. This study evaluated whether a 24/7 onsite chaplaincy service can mitigate some of the adverse effects of FIFO work. We found that the proactive outreach approach of chaplains offered effective support, benefitting the health and well being of FIFO employees
HE15130Going up, going down: the experience, control and management of gestational diabetes mellitus among Southeast Asian migrant women living in urban Australia
The rate of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) for Asian-born women is higher than for other groups. A qualitative interpretive design was used to explore Southeast Asian migrant women’s experience and management of GDM at two Sydney hospitals. They likened their experience of GDM to an elevator ride, which was modulated by ‘insulin’ and ‘information’ to control the disease and manage blood glucose levels, dietary levels, exercise levels and anxiety levels. Better understanding of cultural interpretations may help health professionals support women with GDM.
HE16015The Strong Family Program: an innovative model to engage Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth and Elders with reproductive and sexual health community education
Aboriginal young people may experience high rates of family violence and poorer reproductive and sexual health than their non-Aboriginal counterparts. To address some of the disparities, the Strong Family Program was developed, based on an extensive consultation process with Aboriginal communities, to deliver reproductive and sexual health promotion and education to Aboriginal communities in New South Wales. Participation increased reproductive and sexual health knowledge and positive attitudes. Health promotion and education with Aboriginal communities should be based on community consultations and carried out within a culturally appropriate framework to promote greatest success.
HE16054Sitting ducks face chronic disease: an analysis of newspaper coverage of sedentary behaviour as a health issue in Australia 2000–2012
This study examines how sedentary behaviour was covered as a health issue in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage. Adults who sat a lot were portrayed as ‘sitting ducks’ for ill health. Benefits of physical activity independent of sedentary behaviour were neglected. It is important that the entire ‘move more, sit less, every day!’ message is communicated.
There is a potential for food labels to influence portion size selection of foods, and therefore affect weight status. This study aimed to examine whether two food labels (a kJ/100 g label and the Health Star Rating label) influenced portion size selection of young adults and found that neither label had an effect. These results indicate that current food labels may not be effective in assisting young people to make appropriate portion size selections. This, in turn, could affect weight status, nutrient intake and overall health.
Local governments are uniquely placed to influence the food environment of their communities through healthy eating policies (HEPs) but few have done so. Using a community-based participatory approach, the capacity of 31 South Australian local governments to develop and implement a HEP was increased with 14 endorsed policies. HEPs provide important structural mechanisms to enable local governments to facilitate healthy eating.
HE16013Acceptability of alcohol supply to children – associations with adults' own age of initiation and social norms
The age at which adults started drinking alcohol is strongly associated with the age at which they believe it is acceptable to introduce children to alcohol at home. This phenomenon has the potential to perpetuate a cycle of early initiation and risk of alcohol-related problems.
HE16070Behaviours and attitudes of recreational fishers toward safety at a ‘blackspot’ for fishing fatalities in Western Australia
Fishers in Western Australia were surveyed to investigate differences in behaviours and attitudes towards personal safety while fishing. Fishers born in Asia were poorer swimmers than other groups yet were more likely to have fished from rocks than those born elsewhere. Although most respondents agreed that wearing a life jacket would make fishing safer, 78% ‘never’ wore a life jacket while fishing. Activities aimed at reducing rock fishing fatalities need to be directed towards improving survivability when a fisher is unexpectedly washed into the sea. These could include making the wearing of life jackets mandatory while rock fishing.
HE15102Underestimation of homeless clients’ interest in quitting smoking: a case for routine tobacco assessment
The incidence of smoking among clients using homeless services is extraordinarily high. While nurses from an Australian homeless program were aware of their clients’ smoking habits, they underestimated the interest in quitting, which was expressed by many clients. With some simple organisational system changes to homeless services, appropriate cessation assistance could be provided to this vulnerable population.
Universities represent important settings for public health initiatives such as smoke-free policies; however, policy implementation does not necessarily result in a smoke-free environment. University students believe enforcement of smoke-free policies is necessary; however, staff do not see enforcement as part of their role. Explicit enforcement plans, and specific training and support for enforcement roles, are required to avoid pervasive policy non-compliance.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
HE16095Achieving equity in Crunch&Sip®: a pilot intervention of supplementary free fruit and vegetables in NSW classrooms
In NSW primary schools, classroom breaks for children to consume fruit or vegetables and drink water rely on parental provision of produce. This pilot intervention showed that provision of free produce to previously non-participating children was required to ensure equitable reach of the C&S program.
Increasing physical activity will assist older adults to maintain and improve their health. The availability of outdoor gyms in Australia is increasing. This research establishes whether outdoor gyms are an acceptable form of physical activity for older adults. Results indicate that older adults will use outdoor gyms with a variety of equipment and shade.
Posters promoting stair use might be a thing of the past. Stair climbing is a great way to incorporate incidental physical activity into daily life and posters are often used to promote stair use; however, our work suggests that posters are ineffective. These results indicate that more interactive modes of promoting stair use may be required.
HE16085Changes in smoking, drinking, overweight and physical inactivity in young Australian women 1996–2013
Smoking, risky drinking, overweight and obesity, and inadequate physical activity increase the risk of poor health. In the last two decades, only smoking has decreased significantly (but not among less educated women), while overweight and obesity has increased in all groups of young women. Although smoking interventions have been successful, weight control measures among young women have been futile.
HE16119Cyclists’ perceptions of motorist harassment pre- to post-trial of the minimum passing distance road rule amendment in Queensland, Australia
Cyclists’ perceptions of harassment by motorists discourages cycling. This study compared the percentage of cyclists reporting harassment pre- to post-introduction of a minimal passing distance road rule amendment. The study found that cyclists continued to perceive harassment by motorists after the road rule was introduced, which indicates that minimum passing distance rules may not improve cyclists’ perceptions of motorists’ behaviours.
HE16090Are regional and remote Western Australian children eating for good health? An investigation into fruit and vegetable consumption
This study used caregiver–child dyads ((n = 256) and 24-hour dietary diaries ((n = 196) to ascertain Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG) adherence among regional/remote Western Australian children. More children met fruit (65.8%) than vegetable (15.4%) recommendations, which were not impacted by remoteness. Fruit and vegetable types and varieties significantly differed between regional/remote locations.
HE16036A snapshot of physical activity programs targeting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia
Promoting physical activity is a promising strategy to reduce chronic disease and social disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and non-Indigenous Australians. This study identified and documented 13 key aspects of physical activity programs targeting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, finding 110 current and recent programs. Examining current program practice represents an important initial step in informing future directions and evaluation.
HE16052Barriers and facilitators to participation in workplace health promotion (WHP) activities: results from a cross-sectional survey of public-sector employees in Tasmania, Australia
It is important to better understand how organisations can maximise employee engagement in workplace health promotion (WHP). This study identified WHP implementation strategies that were associated with participation in more types of WHP activities, and the barriers associated with less participation. The findings provide evidence from the ‘real-world’ delivery of WHP by a large public-sector organisation across many different work settings.
HE16081Informing health promotion in rural men’s sheds by examination of participant health status, concerns, interests, knowledge and behaviours
Despite the mushrooming of men’s sheds in Australia in recent years, little is known about the health status, knowledge or health behaviours of shed members, particularly in rural areas. This study found that rural sheds in South Australia primarily cater for older, retired, lesser educated men from lower socioeconomic strata with one or more age-related chronic conditions and health knowledge deficits in reproductive and psychological health. GPs are the preferred source of health advice and hands-on formats for health education are preferred.
Smoking has been linked to an increased risk for cancers and cardiovascular disease. This study engaged hospital nurses to find out why routine smoking cessation care was not provided. Nurses did not have confidence in their knowledge and skills in smoking cessation to support patients to quit smoking. Education and training in smoking cessation best practice should be available to all nursing staff.
HE16017A survey of cervical screening among refugee and non-refugee African immigrant women in Brisbane, Australia
Regular cervical screening has lessened the burden of cervical cancer in developed countries; however, access to these practices is not readily available in these countries. This study examined screening practices among refugee and non-refugee women from Africa living in Brisbane. The evidence will help to develop screening interventions that meaningfully engage African immigrant women to enhance screening practices.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
Exercise at an onsite facility with or without direct exercise supervision improves health-related physical fitness and exercise participation: an 8-week randomised controlled trial with 15-month follow-up.
Features of successful sexual health promotion programs for young people: findings from a review of systematic reviews
Australia’s National Partnership Agreement on Preventive Health: Critical reflections from States and Territories
Impact Evaluation of “Have Fun — Be Healthy” Program : A Community based Health Promotion Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity
Not so different? Comparison of risk profile of gay men who acquired HIV while travelling with those who acquired HIV in Australia
Skills, systems and supports: an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service approach to building health promotion evaluation capacity of staff
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