Emu Emu Society
Journal of BirdLife Australia
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Bird use of revegetated sites along a creek connecting rainforest remnants

Amanda N. D. Freeman A B D , Alastair B. Freeman A B C and Simon Burchill B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Birds Australia North Queensland Group, PO Box 37, Belgian Gardens, Qld 4810, Australia.

B Trees for the Evelyn and Atherton Tablelands Inc., PO Box 1119, Atherton, Qld 4883, Australia.

C Threatened Species Group, Department of Environment and Resource Management, PO Box 975, Atherton, Qld 4883, Australia.

D Corresponding author. Email: northernnature@bigpond.com.au

Emu 109(4) 331-338 https://doi.org/10.1071/MU09089
Submitted: 4 September 2009  Accepted: 27 October 2009   Published: 4 December 2009

Abstract

The success of the Peterson Creek Revegetation Project, near Yungaburra, Queensland, in providing habitat for rainforest-associated birds was monitored for the first seven years of the project from 1999. Regular 20-min area surveys showed that small and large remnants and plantings all differed in their avian communities. Major contributors to these differences were a suite of rainforest-associated birds that were more abundant in the remnants. Ordination showed that avian communities in plantings 4–7 years after their establishment were generally more similar to those in remnants than were the bird communities of younger plantings. Avian communities in the oldest of the planted sites all changed markedly through time and became more similar to the avian communities in the closest remnant sites. Rainforest-associated birds were observed in plantings as early as 1–3 years after their establishment and some rainforest dependent species were observed as early as 3–4 years after establishment. Of the rainforest-associated bird species observed in the remnants, 55% were also recorded in the plantings at some stage during the study. These results suggest that the project will be successful in providing a corridor between formerly isolated forest patches, at least for some species.

Additional keywords: colonisation, revegetation, restoration.


Acknowledgements

The authors thank all the TREAT and Birds Australia (North Queensland) volunteers and former SFS staff and students who were involved in this project, particularly Mike McGuire, Ben Constable, Peter Lloyd, Barbara Lanskey, Michael Craig, Leah Seabrook and Daniel Hinnebusch, and the Peterson Creek landowners for access to the corridor. Carla Catterall and another, anonymous, referee suggested many improvements to the data analysis and manuscript, which we appreciate. Amanda Freeman acknowledges the logistical and financial support of The School for Field Studies, Centre for Rainforest Studies (Yungaburra, Qld, see www.fieldstudies.org), for a portion of the surveys.


References

Barrett G. , Silcocks A. , Barry S. , Cunningham R. , and Poulter R. (2003). ‘The New Atlas of Australian Birds.’ (Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union: Melbourne.)

Bennett A. , Kimber S. , and Ryan P. (2000). Revegetation and Wildlife. A Guide to Enhancing Revegetated Habitats for Wildlife Conservation in Rural Environments. Bushcare National Research and Development Program Research Report 2/00. (Environment Australia: Canberra.)

Catterall C. P. , Kanowski J. , Wardell-Johnson G. W. , Proctor H. , Reis T. , Harrison D. , and Tucker N. I. J. (2004). Quantifying the biodiversity values of reforestation: perspectives, design issues and outcomes in Australian rainforest landscapes. In ‘Conservation of Australia’s Forest Fauna. Vol. 2’. (Ed. D. Lunney.) pp. 359–393. (Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales: Sydney.)

Catterall C. P. , Kanowski J. , and Wardell-Johnson J. (2008). Biodiversity and new forests: interacting processes, prospects and pitfalls of rainforest restoration. In ‘Living in a Dynamic Tropical Forest Landscape’. (Eds N. Stork and S. Turton.) pp. 510–525. (Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.)

Christidis L. , and Boles W. E. (2008). ‘Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Crome, F. , Isaacs, J. , and Moore, L. (1994). The utility to birds and mammals of remnant riparian vegetation and associated windbreaks in the tropical Queensland uplands. Pacific Conservation Biology 1, 328–343.


Freeman, A. N. D. (2004). Constraints to community groups monitoring plants and animals in rainforest revegetation sites on the Atherton Tablelands of far north Queensland. Ecological Management & Restoration 5, 199–204.
CrossRef |

Freeman, A. N. D. , and Seabrook, L. S. (2006). Increase in riparian vegetation along Peterson Creek, North Queensland 1938–2004. Ecological Management & Restoration 7, 63–65.
CrossRef |

Goosem S. , and Tucker N. (1995). ‘Repairing the Rainforest.’ (Cassowary Publications: Cairns, Qld.)

Grundon N. , Wright J. , and Irvine T. (2002). ‘Pelican Point Revegetation, Atherton Tableland: An Example of a Community Participatory Project – Establishment and Measuring Post-development Success.’ (Trees for the Evelyn and Atherton Tablelands Inc.: Atherton, Qld.)

Hobbs, R. J. (1993). Can revegetation assist in the conservation of biodiversity in agricultural areas? Pacific Conservation Biology 1, 29–38.


Jansen, A. (2005). Avian use of restoration plantings along a creek linking rainforest patches on the Atherton Tablelands, North Queensland. Restoration Ecology 13, 275–283.
CrossRef |

Kanowski J. , and Catterall C. P. (2006). ‘Monitoring Revegetation Projects for Biodiversity in Rainforest Landscapes. Toolkit Version 1.’ (Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management (Rainforest CRC): Cairns, Qld.)

Kanowski, J. , Winter, J. W. , Simmons, T. , and Tucker, N. I. J. (2003). Conservation strategy for Lumholtz’s tree-kangaroo on the Atherton Tablelands. Ecological Management & Restoration 4, 220–221.
CrossRef |

Laurance W. F. , and Bierregaard R. O. (Eds) (1997). ‘Tropical Forest Remnants. Ecology, Management and Conservation of Fragmented Communities.’ (University of Chicago Press: Chicago.)

Laurance W. F. , Bergen S. , Cochrane M. A. , Fearnside P. M. , Delamonica P. , D’Angelo S. A. , Barber C. , and Fernandes T. (2005). The Future of the Amazon. In ‘Tropical Rainforests’. (Eds E. Bermingham, C. W. Dick and C. Moritz.) pp. 583–609. (University of Chicago Press: Chicago.)

MacKinnon K. (2005). Parks, people and policies: conflicting agendas for forests in southeast Asia. In ‘Tropical Rainforests’. (Eds E. Bermingham, C. W. Dick and C. Moritz.) pp. 558–582. (University of Chicago Press: Chicago.)

Meffe G. K. , and Carroll C. R. (1994). Habitat fragmentation. In ‘Principles of Conservation Biology’. (Eds G. K. Meffe and C. R. Carroll.) pp. 237–264. (Sinauer Associates Inc.: Sunderland, MA, USA.)

Munro, N. T. , Lindenmayer, D. B. , and Fischer, J. (2007). Faunal response to revegetation in agricultural areas of Australia: a review. Ecological Management & Restoration 8, 199–207.
CrossRef |

Saunders, D. A. , Hobbs, R. J. , and Margules, C. R. (1991). Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: a review. Conservation Biology 5, 18–32.
CrossRef |

Seaby R. M. H. , and Henderson P. A. (2004). ‘Community Analysis Package 3.0.’ (Pisces Conservation Ltd: Lymington, UK.)

Tracey J. G. (1982). ‘The Vegetation of the Humid Tropical Region of North Queensland.’ (CSIRO: Melbourne.)

Tucker, N. I. J. (2000). Linkage restoration: interpreting fragmentation theory for the design of a rainforest linkage in the humid Wet Tropics of north-eastern Queensland. Ecological Management & Restoration 1, 35–41.
CrossRef |


Export Citation