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  Ecology, management and conservation in natural and modified habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Andrea Taylor and Piran White



blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 43 Number 5 2016

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Using complementary remote detection methods for retrofitted eco-passages: a case study for monitoring individual koalas in south-east Queensland 
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C. E. Dexter , R. G. Appleby , J. P. Edgar , J. Scott and D. N. Jones
pp. 369-379

Koala mortality from road strike is recognised as a major threatening process for this iconic species. Using complementary monitoring technologies, we investigated whether retrofitted road structures (e.g. augmented water management structures) were utilised by koalas to safely cross roads. Our results, while encouraging, showed that only a small proportion of koalas actually utilised structures which may have conservation and management implications. Photograph by Griffith University Applied Road Ecology.


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Roads, routes and rams: does sexual segregation contribute to anthropogenic risk in a desert-dwelling ungulate? 
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Vernon C. Bleich , Jericho C. Whiting , John G. Kie and R. Terry Bowyer
pp. 380-388

Sexual segregation is seldom considered in the context of the effects of anthropogenic features on bighorn sheep or other mountain ungulates. We evaluated the propensity of males and females to cross a paved two-lane road and a single-lane dirt route as a function of sexual segregation. Failure to consider sexual segregation when assessing potential impacts of roadways on movements could result in missed opportunities to develop mitigation measures.


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Burrow fumigation versus trapping for pocket gopher (Thomomys spp.) management: a comparison of efficacy and cost effectiveness 
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Roger A. Baldwin , Ryan Meinerz and Steve B. Orloff
pp. 389-397

Several tools are available to manage pocket gophers, but data are often lacking on their efficacy and cost effectiveness. Our study determined that trapping was generally the most practical approach, although burrow fumigants are effective tools in some situations as well. These techniques can be combined into an integrated pest management program to effectively manage pocket gophers in a variety of landscapes.


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Tigers (Panthera tigris) respond to fine spatial-scale habitat factors: occupancy-based habitat association of tigers in Chitwan National Park, Nepal 
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Hemanta Kafley , Matthew E. Gompper , Mandira Sharma , Babu R. Lamichane and Rupak Maharjan
pp. 398-410

Appropriate management of wide-ranging species like tiger in isolated small protected areas warrants understanding of fine-scale use of habitat. We assessed habitat use by tigers and found that their fine-scale habitat use was best predicted by preferred habitat features such as local prey availability, habitat types, distance to human settlements, and access to water. In small protected areas, wide-ranging species like tiger may persist at high population density by intensively focusing their activity on small, highly suitable portions of their home ranges. Photograph by Hemanta Kafley.


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Modelling survival and breeding dispersal to unobservable nest sites 
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Giacomo Tavecchia , Ana Sanz-Aguilar and Belinda Cannell
pp. 411-417

When studying natural populations, typically only a proportion of the nests is monitored. This leads to an underestimation of demographic parameters due to animal moving to unobservable or unmonitored nests. We illustrated a new modelling approach merging capture–recapture data of little penguin taken at artificial nests with those taken at night on the arriving beaches. Survival was 8% higher than when recaptures at artificial nests were analysed alone. The merging of different source of data can be used in any study in which only a portion of the breeding sites are monitored to obtained unbiased estimates of demographic parameters. Photograph by Leighton De Barros.


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Birth-site selection and timing of births in American bison: effects of habitat and proximity to anthropogenic features 
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Joshua Kaze , Jericho C. Whiting , Eric D. Freeman , Steven B. Bates and Randy T. Larsen
pp. 418-428

Human activities can affect habitat selection by ungulates during parturition. We investigated timing of births and birth-site selection of bison to determine the relative influence of vegetation, topography, and distance to trails, roads, or structures on selection of birthing habitat. Bison selected areas for birthing with concave topography and increased elevation that were away from trails, roads, or structures.


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An animal welfare assessment framework for helicopter darting: a case study with a newly developed method for feral horses 
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Jordan O. Hampton , Hamish Robertson , Peter J. Adams , Timothy H. Hyndman and Teresa Collins
pp. 429-437

Chemical immobilisation can be deployed from a helicopter to capture large wild herbivores, but reporting of animal welfare impacts is inconsistent. We present a quantitative animal welfare framework for standardising assessment of helicopter darting, using Australian feral horses as a case study. Use of this framework could allow refinement of existing and newly developed helicopter darting methods. Photograph by Jordan Hampton.

    | Supplementary Material (23 KB)

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Vegetation management influences habitat use by mammalian herbivores in shrub-encroached grassy woodland 
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Naomi E. Davis , Julian Di Stefano , Graeme Coulson , Jim Whelan and John Wright
pp. 438-447

Vegetation restoration is often a conservation goal in its own right, but may influence habitat use by mammalian herbivores, resulting in unintended consequences for managers. We used a management experiment (mechanical slashing of an encroaching shrub) to show that vegetation management influenced habitat use for four out of five mammalian herbivores studied. Species responses were not always well predicted by prior knowledge of diet and habitat preferences and additional knowledge of the processes underlying their responses is required to improve vegetation management plans. Photograph by Jim Whelan (Parks Victoria).


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Published online 19 September 2016
Density and activity patterns of pumas in hunted and non-hunted areas in central Argentina 
Juan I. Zanón-Martínez, Marcella J. Kelly, J. Bernardo Mesa-Cruz, José H. Sarasola, Clark DeHart and Alejandro Travaini

Sport hunting pressures may affect demography and behaviour of large carnivores. We estimated densities and activity patterns of pumas in two areas and observed a greater density of pumas in a protected area than in a hunting-allowed area where pumas were also mostly nocturnal. Our results indicate that puma sport hunting should be managed at a metapopulation, regional level, and include both no-hunting areas (as potential sources), and hunting areas (as potential sinks). Photograph by Juan I. Zanón-Martínez.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR16065  Accepted 23 September 2016
    Creeping into a wild boar stomach to find traces of supplementary feeding
    MiloÅ¡ Ježek, Michaela Holá, Tomáš KuÅ¡ta, Jaroslav ÄŒervený

    WR16035  Accepted 19 September 2016
    Artificial water ponds and camera trapping of tortoises, and other vertebrates, in a dry Mediterranean landscape
    Jean-Marie Ballouard, Xavier Bonnet, Camille Gravier, Mathieu Ausanneau, Sébastien Caron

    WR16097  Accepted 26 August 2016
    Recent decline of an endangered, endemic rodent: does exclusion of disturbance play a role for Hastings River Mouse Pseudomys oralis?
    Bradley Law, Traecey Brassil, Leroy Gonsalves

    WR15207  Accepted 22 August 2016
    Drought increases the impact of introduced European foxes on breeding Australian pelicans
    Greg Johnston

    WR16148  Accepted 16 August 2016
    A systematic review of the impacts and management of introduced deer (Family: Cervidae) in Australia
    Naomi Davis, Ami Bennett, Dave Forsyth, David Bowman, Edward Lefroy, Samuel Wood, Andrew Woolnough, Peter West, Jordan Hampton, Chris Johnson

    WR16006  Accepted 16 August 2016
    Double observer evaluation of pronghorn aerial line transect surveys
    Timothy Smyser, Richard Guenzel, Christopher Jacques, Edward Garton

    WR16047  Accepted 10 August 2016
    Nesting ecology of hawksbill turtles at a rookery of international significance in Australia's Northern Territory
    Xavier Hoenner, Scott Whiting, Gavin Enever, Keith Lambert, Mark Hindell, Clive McMahon

    WR15203  Accepted 24 July 2016
    Ranging behaviour and movements of the red fox in remnant forest habitats
    Alison Towerton, Rodney Kavanagh, Trent Penman, Christopher Dickman


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 18 September 2015
The effectiveness and cost of camera traps for surveying small reptiles and critical weight range mammals: a comparison with labour-intensive complementary methods

Dustin J. Welbourne, Christopher MacGregor, David Paull and David B. Lindenmayer

2. Published 3 June 2016
Diagnosing species decline: a contextual review of threats,causes and future directions for management and conservation of the eastern quoll

Bronwyn A. Fancourt

3. Published 4 January 2016
Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities

Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White

4. Published 24 August 2016
Using complementary remote detection methods for retrofitted eco-passages: a case study for monitoring individual koalas in south-east Queensland

C. E. Dexter, R. G. Appleby, J. P. Edgar, J. Scott and D. N. Jones

5. Published 11 May 2016
Priorities for management of chytridiomycosis in Australia: saving frogs from extinction

Lee F. Skerratt, Lee Berger, Nick Clemann, Dave A. Hunter, Gerry Marantelli, David A. Newell, Annie Philips, Michael McFadden, Harry B. Hines, Ben C. Scheele, Laura A. Brannelly, Rick Speare, Stephanie Versteegen, Scott D. Cashins and Matt West

6. Published 17 February 2016
Multiple cameras required to reliably detect feral cats in northern Australian tropical savanna: an evaluation of sampling design when using camera traps

Danielle Stokeld, Anke S. K. Frank, Brydie Hill, Jenni Low Choy, Terry Mahney, Alys Stevens, Stuart Young, Djelk Rangers, Warddeken Rangers and Graeme R. Gillespie

7. Published 17 February 2016
Precision, accuracy and bias of walked line-transect distance sampling to estimate eastern grey kangaroo population size

Ruth Glass, David M. Forsyth, Graeme Coulson and Marco Festa-Bianchet

8. Published 17 February 2016
Toxic Trojans: can feral cat predation be mitigated by making their prey poisonous?

J. L. Read, D. Peacock, A. F. Wayne and K. E. Moseby

9. Published 9 November 2015
Dingo interactions with exotic mesopredators: spatiotemporal dynamics in an Australian arid-zone study

T. Schroeder, M. M. Lewis, A. D. Kilpatrick and K. E. Moseby

10. Published 18 September 2015
Spatially explicit capture–recapture analysis of bobcat (Lynx rufus) density: implications for mesocarnivore monitoring

Daniel H. Thornton and Charles E. Pekins

11. Published 6 July 2016
Live-capture of feral cats using tracking dogs and darting, with comparisons to leg-hold trapping

Hugh W. McGregor, Jordan O. Hampton, Danielle Lisle and Sarah Legge

12. Published 30 March 2016
Soft-release versus hard-release for reintroduction of an endangered species: an experimental comparison using eastern barred bandicoots (Perameles gunnii)

Jasmine de Milliano, Julian Di Stefano, Peter Courtney, Peter Temple-Smith and Graeme Coulson

13. Published 17 February 2016
Amplified predation after fire suppresses rodent populations in Australia’s tropical savannas

Lily Leahy, Sarah M. Legge, Katherine Tuft, Hugh W. McGregor, Leon A. Barmuta, Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson

14. Published 4 January 2016
A cross-continental look at the patterns of avian species diversity and composition across an urbanisation gradient

Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff

15. Published 3 June 2016
A review of biodiversity outcomes from possum-focused pest control in New Zealand

Andrea E. Byrom, John Innes and Rachelle N. Binny

16. Published 17 February 2016
Ground penetrating radar as a non-invasive tool to better understand the population dynamics of a fossorial species: mapping the warrens of southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons)

Michael J. Swinbourne, David A. Taggart, Elisa Sparrow, Michael Hatch and Bertram Ostendorf

17. Published 30 March 2016
Predation by feral cats key to the failure of a long-term reintroduction of the western barred bandicoot (Perameles bougainville)

Jeff Short

18. Published 30 March 2016
The relationship between physiological stress and wildlife disease: consequences for health and conservation

Stephanie Hing, Edward J. Narayan, R. C. Andrew Thompson and Stephanie S. Godfrey

19. Published 18 September 2015
Assessing capture and tagging methods for brolgas, Antigone rubicunda (Gruidae)

Inka Veltheim, Felipe Chavez-Ramirez, Richard Hill and Simon Cook

20. Published 9 November 2015
Space use by resident and transient coyotes in an urban–rural landscape mosaic

Numi Mitchell, Michael W. Strohbach, Ralph Pratt, Wendy C. Finn and Eric G. Strauss

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Volume 43 (5)

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