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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


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Published online 20 March 2015
Recovery of small rodent populations after population collapse 
S. Hein and J. Jacob

Understanding recovery mechanisms of small rodents is important to improve strategies for pest management and conservation based on the target species’ ecology. Published information indicates that population recovery after sudden collapse strongly depends on factors such as life-history strategy, social behaviour, and density-dependent processes. Findings suggest to make case-by-case decisions for small scale conservation issues and to manage r-selection strategist pest rodents on a large spatial scale, including refuge areas, and to monitor for survivors after a couple of months. Photograph of a common vole (Microtus arvalis) by Jens Jacob.

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Published online 13 March 2015
Anthropogenic stressors influence small mammal communities in tropical East African savanna at multiple spatial scales 
Andrea E. Byrom, Ally J. K. Nkwabi, Kristine Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, Guy J. Forrester, Wendy A. Ruscoe, Denné N. Reed, John Bukombe, John Mchetto and A. R. E. Sinclair

Ecosystems are under threat from global stressors that reduce their resilience. We investigated how land use and climate change (two such stressors) could impact the diversity and resilience of a small mammal community in East African savanna ecosystems. Agro-ecosystems were less likely to contain specialist species compared to protected natural ecosystems, with the consequence that land use intensification and projected changes in climate may compromise the future resilience of the small mammal community in this tropical savanna ecosystem. Photograph by Andrea Byrom.

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Published online 11 March 2015
Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens 
Aaron Vines and Alan Lill

To successfully inhabit cities, birds must be inherently able or learn to cope with high volumes of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. This study showed that urban little ravens were much more tolerant of approaches by pedestrians than their exurban counterparts, but urban individuals living in high- and low-volume traffic areas varied little in their tolerance of human proximity and a simulated vehicle sound. A high level of boldness appears to be important in facilitating urban-living by native little ravens and may be genetically and/or learning-based.

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Published online 04 March 2015
Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management 
Steven R. Belmain, Nyo Me Htwe, Nazira Q. Kamal and Grant R. Singleton

Globally, rats and mice annually eat and spoil cereals that could feed ~280 million people in developing countries alone. This figure is based mainly on pre-harvest losses. Our paper reports post-harvest losses of rice in rural households of 2.5% in Bangladesh and 17% in Myanmar; losses that were reduced to 0.5% and 5%, respectively, through community level control and improved hygiene of granaries. Large post-harvest losses by rats and mice are of significant concern for food security and are preventable.

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Published online 03 December 2014
Evaluation of short-, mid- and long-term effects of toe clipping on a wild rodent 
Benny Borremans, Vincent Sluydts, Rhodes H. Makundi and Herwig Leirs

Toe clipping is a cheap and efficient method for marking rodents, yet its effect is not well known. Using a 17-year capture–mark–recapture dataset in which mice were individually marked using toe clipping, we found no evidence for a biologically significant effect of clipping. We did observe that when mice were trapped for the first time, there was an effect on body condition and a scare effect, where they moved further away from the trap location.

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    | Supplementary Material (37 KB)
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blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 41 Number 7 2014

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Survival and cause-specific mortality of the female eastern wild turkey at its northern range edge 
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Britney Niedzielski and Jeff Bowman
pp. 545-551

Once extirpated from most of its historical range in North America, the wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is now thriving, and despite potentially severe limiting factors has expanded its range northwards. We evaluated survival of female wild turkeys at the species’ new northern range edge in Ontario, Canada, and found low annual survival and high predation. An improved understanding of whether these populations exist due to high productivity or a source–sink dynamic is important for informing management strategies.


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Recovery of South Australian rabbit populations from the impact of rabbit haemorrhagic disease 
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G. Mutze , P. Bird , S. Jennings , D. Peacock , N. de Preu , J. Kovaliski , B. Cooke and L. Capucci
pp. 552-559

Two wild rabbit populations in South Australia that were suppressed by rabbit haemorrhagic disease from 1996 to 2002 recovered rapidly between 2003 and 2010. During the recovery, the disease continued to affect all wild rabbits born each year, rainfall was below average and rabbits were not unusually long-lived. This indicates that the underlying cause of recovery is likely to have been increased annual survival rates of infected rabbits.


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Population recovery of the yellow-footed rock-wallaby following fox control in New South Wales and South Australia 
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Andy Sharp , Melinda Norton , Chris Havelberg , Wendy Cliff and Adam Marks
pp. 560-570

The identification of factors leading to a species’ decline is a fundamental step in the threatened species recovery process. We examined the role of fox predation as a factor limiting the recovery of yellow-footed rock-wallaby populations in New South Wales and South Australia. Following extensive fox-control programs, wallaby numbers were observed to increase significantly, with juvenile and subadult wallabies identified as the most vulnerable age classes. Fox-control programs should form the basis of management programs for southern wallaby populations.


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Attachment and performance of Argos satellite tracking devices fitted to black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.) 
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Christine Groom , Kris Warren , Anna Le Souef and Rick Dawson
pp. 571-583

Studying the interactions between an animal and its spatial environment can enable a deeper understanding of its ecology and lead to insights to assist the conservation of threatened species. It is difficult to study the spatial ecology of highly mobile species such as black cockatoos, Calyptorhychus spp., but through the development of a method for attaching satellite tracking devices and assessment of the performance of those tracking devices, it is now possible to study their movement patterns, identify roost locations, determine foraging areas around roosts and assess short-term survival. The ability to attach tracking devices to black cockatoos opens the possibility to study aspects of their ecology, and that of other similar species, that was not previously possible.


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Landscape predictors of wolf attacks on bear-hunting dogs in Wisconsin, USA 
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Erik R. Olson , Adrian Treves , Adrian P. Wydeven and Stephen J. Ventura
pp. 584-597

Human–wildlife conflict can undermine wildlife conservation efforts. Wolf attacks on hound dogs used for hunting black bears and other large carnivores can be predicted in terms of both space and time. Our analysis can help bear hunters avoid high-risk areas, and help wildlife managers protect wildlife and recreational use of public lands, and reduce public costs of predator recovery.


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Nest caging as a conservation tool for threatened songbirds 
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Richard E. Major , Michael B. Ashcroft and Adrian Davis
pp. 598-605

Endangered populations are vulnerable to extinction from chance events and so increasing recruitment rates by reducing the intensity of predation can be an important last-ditch conservation action. This study measured the costs and benefits of caging nests of an endangered population of the white-fronted chat, finding that cages excluded nest predators and did not lead to parental desertion of nests. The installation of nest cages appeared to benefit this population and has the potential to assist other endangered songbird species.


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Weighed down by science: do collar-mounted devices affect domestic cat behaviour and movement? 
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Cayley E. Coughlin and Yolanda van Heezik
pp. 606-614

Domestic cats are often tracked to determine the extent of their impact on prey populations, but we know little about the impact of the tracking device on the cats’ movements. We measured home ranges of cats wearing devices that weighed between 1% and 3% of their body mass and found that their home ranges were smaller when wearing the heaviest devices. Studies following the rule-of-thumb where 5% body mass is acceptable therefore likely under-estimate the full spatial extent of the impact of cats, and the temptation to load cats with an array of small devices should be resisted if the overall weight is greater than 3% body mass.

    | Supplementary Material (13 KB)

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Assessing the efficacy of medetomidine and tiletamine–zolazepam for remote immobilisation of feral horses (Equus caballus) 
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Magdalena A. Zabek , John Wright , David M. Berman , Jordan O. Hampton and Christina W. Collins
pp. 615-622

Remote immobilisation of feral horses in the field is indisputably difficult. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of remote chemical immobilisation of feral horses with medetomidine and tiletamine–zolazepam, which provided adequate anaesthesia for GPS collar placement. The results signified the need for continued research into alternative drug combinations for effective and safe field anaesthesia in feral equids. Photograph by Magdalena Zabek.


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Evaluation of a spring-powered captive bolt gun for killing kangaroo pouch young 
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T. M. Sharp , S. R. McLeod , K. E. A. Leggett and T. J. Gibson
pp. 623-632

During commercial harvesting or non-commercial kangaroo culling programs, dependent young of shot female kangaroos are required to be euthanased to prevent suffering and because they would be unlikely to survive. However, the current method for killing pouch young, namely a single, forceful blow to the base of the skull, is applied inconsistently by operators and perceived by the public to be inhumane. Our study tested an alternative method for killing pouch young, namely a spring-operated captive bolt gun, and found that it is only effective at causing immediate insensibility in 62% of cases, well below the 95% minimum acceptable threshold for captive bolt devices in domestic abbatoirs. Cartridge-powered devices deliver 20 times more kinetic energy and should be trialled as an alternative bolt propelling method. Photograph by Trudy Sharp.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14194  Accepted 23 March 2015
    Current insecticide treatments used in locust control have less of a short-term impact on Australian arid zone reptile communities than temporal variation
    Kimberly Maute , Kristine French, Michael Bull, Paul Story, Grant Hose

    WR14122  Accepted 23 March 2015
    Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas
    Adriana Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders, Piran White

    WR14148  Accepted 20 March 2015
    Good neighbours: Distribution of black tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment
    Bruno Teixeira, Andre Hirsch, Vinicius Goulart, Luiza Passos, Camila Teixeira, Philip James, Robert Young

    WR14097  Accepted 20 March 2015
    Low humidity is a failed treatment option for chytridiomycosis in the critically endangered southern corroboree frog
    Laura Brannelly, Lee Berger, Gerry Marantelli, Lee Skerratt

    WR14197  Accepted 11 March 2015
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of a Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber) hibernaculum
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert

    WR15015  Accepted 09 March 2015
    A model for assessing mammal contribution of Escherichia coli to a Texas floodplain
    Israel Parker, Roel Lopez, Raghupathy Karthikeyan, Nova Silvy, Donald Davis, James Cathey

    WR14227  Accepted 03 March 2015
    Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei—a nationally listed threatened skink?
    Danae Moore, Michael Kearney, Rachael Paltridge, Steve McAlpin, Adam Stow

    WR14060  Accepted 03 March 2015
    Road and traffic factors correlated to wildlife-vehicle collisions in Galicia (Spain)
    Enrique Valero, Juan Picos, Xana Álvarez

    WR14126  Accepted 27 February 2015
    Food base of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in Ethiopia
    Gidey Yirga, Hans De Iongh, Herwig Leirs, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Hans Bauer

    WR14225  Accepted 21 February 2015
    Nest location influences hatching success in the Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) on Siniya Island, United Arab Emirates
    Sabir Muzaffar, Rob Gubiani, Sonya Benjamin

    WR14193  Accepted 21 February 2015
    How to snap your cat. Optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia
    John Read, Andrew Bengsen, Katherine Moseby, Paul Meek

    WR14168  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests
    Christopher Owers, Rodney Kavanagh, Eleanor Bruce

    WR14063  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Camera-trapping as a methodology to assess the persistence of wildlife carcasses resulting from collisions with human-made structures
    João Paula, Regina Bispo, Andreia Leite, Pedro Pereira, Hugo Costa, Carlos Fonseca, Miguel Mascarenhas, Joana Bernardino

    WR14134  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Mule deer-cattle interactions in managed coniferous forests during seasonal grazing periods in southern British Columbia, Canada
    Tom Sullivan, Pontus Lindgren

    WR14152  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Degradation and detection of fox (Vulpes vulpes) scats in Tasmania – evidence from field trials
    Bill (William) Brown, David Ramsey, Robbie Gaffney

    WR14220  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Giant anteater road-kills in southeastern Brazil: 10 years monitoring spatial and temporal determinants
    Carlos de Freitas, Carla Justino, Eleonore Setz

    WR14190  Accepted 02 February 2015
    How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs
    Linda van Bommel, Chris Johnson

    WR14234  Accepted 30 January 2015
    Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and alternative localised prey
    Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, Maria Latham, Andrew Latham, Roger Pech, Dean Anderson

    WR14201  Accepted 27 January 2015
    Progress on research on rodents and rodent-borne zoonoses in Southeast Asia
    Kim Blasdell, Frédéric Bordes, Kittipong Chaisiri, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Jean-François Cosson, Alice Latinne, Johan Michaux, Serge Morand, Marie Pagès, Annelise Tran

    WR14196  Accepted 27 January 2015
    The effect of research activities and winter precipitation on voiding behavior of Agassiz’s desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
    Mickey Agha, Mason Murphy, Jeffrey Lovich, Joshua Ennen, Christian Oldham, Kathie Meyer, Curtis Bjurlin, Meaghan Austin, Sheila Madrak, Caleb Loughran, Laura Tennant, Steven Price

    WR14240  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Arctic Ground Squirrel Population Collapse in the Boreal Forests of the Southern Yukon
    Jeffery Werner, Charles Krebs, Scott Donker, Michael Sheriff, Rudy Boonstra

    WR14195  Accepted 13 January 2015
    The population ecology of the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi) in complex lowland agro-ecosystems in the Philippines
    Alexander Stuart, Grant Singleton, Colin Prescott

    WR14121  Accepted 27 December 2014
    Reproduction and survival of rodents in crop fields; the effects of rainfall, crop stage and stone bund density
    Yonas Meheretu, Kiros Welegerima, Vincent Sluydts, Hans Bauer, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Rhodes Makundi, Herwig Leirs

    WR14211  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Mutualistic and predatory interactions are driven by rodent body size and seed traits in a rodent-seed system in warm-temperate forest in northern China
    Hongmao Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghuan Zeng, Gang Chang, Zhenyu Wang, Zhibin Zhang

    WR13206  Accepted 08 November 2014
    Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia
    Joanne Potts, Nicholas Beeton, David Bowman, Grant Williamson, Edward Lefroy, Chris Johnson

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 22 May 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW

Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

2. Published 22 May 2014
Fertility control to mitigate human–wildlife conflicts: a review

Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan

3. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

4. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

5. Published 25 March 2014
Continuous monitoring of feeding by koalas highlights diurnal differences in tree preferences

Karen J. Marsh, Ben D. Moore, Ian R. Wallis and William J. Foley

6. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

7. Published 22 May 2014
Expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters

Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy and Greg Baxter

8. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

9. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

10. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

11. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

12. Published 22 May 2014
Overcoming the challenges of measuring the abundance of a cryptic macropod: is a qualitative approach good enough?

Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne and Roberta Bencini

13. Published 22 May 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia

D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

14. Published 25 March 2014
Aerially deployed baits in the northern rangelands of Western Australia are available to wild dogs

Malcolm S. Kennedy, Ken Rose and Gary Martin

15. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

16. Published 25 March 2014
Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland

Paul R. Lintott, Elisa Fuentes-Montemayor, Dave Goulson and Kirsty J. Park

17. Published 13 August 2014
Factors influencing occurrence of a freshwater turtle in an urban landscape: a resilient species?

Danielle Stokeld, Andrew J. Hamer, Rodney van der Ree, Vincent Pettigrove and Graeme Gillespie

18. Published 25 March 2014
Utility of owl pellets for monitoring threatened mammal communities: an Australian case study

Kye McDonald, Scott Burnett and Wayne Robinson

19. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of a GnRH vaccine on the movement and activity of free-living wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Roger J. Quy, Giovanna Massei, Mark S. Lambert, Julia Coats, Lowell A. Miller and David P. Cowan

20. Published 22 May 2014
Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido J. Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow and John C. Z. Woinarski

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