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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Stan Boutin, Andrea Taylor and Piran White


blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 41 Number 6 2014

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Behavioural responses of wintering black-faced spoonbills (Platalea minor) to disturbance 
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Chang-Yong Choi , Hyun-Young Nam and Woo-Shin Lee
pp. 465-472

Disturbance can have diverse negative impacts on wildlife, and understanding behavioural responses to disturbance is important in developing sound conservation and management strategies. Endangered black-faced spoonbills (Platalea minor) in a non-breeding area demonstrated strong behavioural responses to human approach, especially at roosting areas in the presence of other waterbirds. Our study suggests that a buffer area for humans should be planned as part of wildlife management plans based on the tolerance of target and non-target species to disturbance.


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How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates 
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Jim Hone and Tony Buckmaster
pp. 473-479

The scientific basis of published continental-scale estimates of individuals in Australia of feral cats, feral pigs and red kangaroos is reviewed. We do not know currently how many feral cats or feral pigs are in Australia. Our knowledge of red kangaroo abundance is stronger at the state than the continental scale, and is also out-of-date at the continental scale. We recommend greater consideration be given to the use, and not misuse, of abundance estimates in wildlife management. Photograph by Tony Buckmaster.


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Responses of two sympatric sand lizards to exotic forestations in the coastal dunes of Argentina: some implications for conservation 
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Oscar Aníbal Stellatelli , Carolina Block , Laura Estela Vega and Félix Benjamín Cruz
pp. 480-489

The planting of non-native trees may modify habitat quality with deleterious consequences on its associated fauna. We determined whether exotic forestations could affect native lizard fauna; our results showed that abundances and health of the lizards were negatively associated with the replacement of the native grassland by exotic forestations. The formation of continuous forest patches should be avoided in order to maintain the structural heterogeneity of the habitat that lizards need to survive.


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A recovering flagship: giant otters, communities and tourism in northern Peru 
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Maribel Recharte , Ian G. Bride and Mark Bowler
pp. 490-498

Giant otter populations are repopulating areas near communities, leading to increased contact with fishermen. We investigate attitudes towards giant otters in rural northern Peru, to see whether negative perceptions are mitigated by involvement in tourism. Positive and negative opinions occur, with only limited changes in the perceptions of giant otters with respect to their involvement with tourism. Photograph by Maribel Recharte.


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Using digital data collection tools to improve overall cost-efficiency and provide timely analysis for decision making during invasive species eradication campaigns 
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David J. Will , Karl J. Campbell and Nick D. Holmes
pp. 499-509

Invasive vertebrate eradications are increasing in size and complexity. Managers can complete eradications more efficiently by utilising digital data collection tools to reduce cost and inform decision making. Through two case studies, we review how we used these tools to reduce data collection and processing effort, reducing the total project cost. Additionally, these systems increased eradication efficiency by allowing for the timely evaluation of operational tactics and analysis of strategic decisions.


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Spatial analysis of limiting resources on an island: diet and shelter use reveal sites of conservation importance for the Rottnest Island quokka 
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Holly L. Poole , Laily Mukaromah , Halina T. Kobryn and Patricia A. Fleming
pp. 510-521

Even the most prickly or unappealing plants can provide important food and shelter resources for animals, especially in our hot, drying climate. Identifying plants required by conservation significant animals, such as the quokka, enables us to manage and protect their habitat. Such studies aid conservation of these iconic marsupials by identifying sites that can benefit from additional protection or re-planting. Photograph by Shannon Dundas.

    | Supplementary Material (127 KB)

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Assessing potential effects of land use and climate change on mammal distributions in northern Thailand 
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Yongyut Trisurat , Budsabong Kanchanasaka and Holger Kreft
pp. 522-536

Studies on the combined effects of deforestation and climate change on tropical ecosystems are limited. This research aimed to model current and future distributions of 17 medium- to large-sized mammal species in northern Thailand and to quantify the predicted effects of these two major threats on their distributions. The results indicated that the predicted effects of deforestation were stronger than the effects of climate change and the predicted impacts were more severe when the two major threats were combined. Photograph of gaur (Bos gaurus C.H. Smith, 1827) by Kwanchai Waitanyakaran.


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Influence of the yellow-throated miner (Manorina flavigula) on bird communities and tree health in a fragmented landscape 
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Thea O’Loughlin , Luke S. O’Loughlin and Michael F. Clarke
pp. 537-544

Habitat fragmentation and the impact of aggressive honeyeaters from the genus Manorina are key threats to bird diversity across Australia. This study primarily investigated if yellow-throated miner (Manorina flavigula) colonies impact local bird populations in the fragmented Mallee and found that bird abundance and diversity was lower in colonies; in particular, small insect eating birds were most affected. Our findings suggest that management of these miners is likely required to prevent further loss of bird biodiversity in the fragmented landscape.


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Published online 04 March 2015
Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management 
Steven R. Belmain, Nyo Me Htwe, Nazira Q. Kamal and Grant R. Singleton

Globally, rats and mice annually eat and spoil cereals that could feed ~280 million people in developing countries alone. This figure is based mainly on pre-harvest losses. Our paper reports post-harvest losses of rice in rural households of 2.5% in Bangladesh and 17% in Myanmar; losses that were reduced to 0.5% and 5%, respectively, through community level control and improved hygiene of granaries. Large post-harvest losses by rats and mice are of significant concern for food security and are preventable.

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Published online 03 December 2014
Evaluation of short-, mid- and long-term effects of toe clipping on a wild rodent 
Benny Borremans, Vincent Sluydts, Rhodes H. Makundi and Herwig Leirs

Toe clipping is a cheap and efficient method for marking rodents, yet its effect is not well known. Using a 17-year capture–mark–recapture dataset in which mice were individually marked using toe clipping, we found no evidence for a biologically significant effect of clipping. We did observe that when mice were trapped for the first time, there was an effect on body condition and a scare effect, where they moved further away from the trap location.

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    | Supplementary Material (37 KB)
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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR14126  Accepted 27 February 2015
    Food base of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in Ethiopia
    Gidey Yirga, Hans De Iongh, Herwig Leirs, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Hans Bauer

    WR14225  Accepted 21 February 2015
    Nest location influences hatching success in the Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) on Siniya Island, United Arab Emirates
    Sabir Muzaffar, Rob Gubiani, Sonya Benjamin

    WR14193  Accepted 21 February 2015
    How to snap your cat. Optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia
    John Read, Andrew Bengsen, Katherine Moseby, Paul Meek

    WR14168  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests
    Christopher Owers, Rodney Kavanagh, Eleanor Bruce

    WR14063  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Camera-trapping as a methodology to assess the persistence of wildlife carcasses resulting from collisions with human-made structures
    João Paula, Regina Bispo, Andreia Leite, Pedro Pereira, Hugo Costa, Carlos Fonseca, Miguel Mascarenhas, Joana Bernardino

    WR14134  Accepted 17 February 2015
    Mule deer-cattle interactions in managed coniferous forests during seasonal grazing periods in southern British Columbia, Canada
    Tom Sullivan, Pontus Lindgren

    WR14223  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Anthropogenic stressors influence small mammal communities in tropical east African savanna at multiple spatial scales
    Andrea Byrom, Ally Nkwabi, Kristine Metzger, Simon Mduma, Guy Forrester, Wendy Ruscoe, Denne Reed, John Bukombe, John Mchetto, A (Tony) Sinclair

    WR14152  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Degradation and detection of fox (Vulpes vulpes) scats in Tasmania – evidence from field trials
    Bill (William) Brown, David Ramsey, Robbie Gaffney

    WR14220  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Giant anteater road-kills in southeastern Brazil: 10 years monitoring spatial and temporal determinants
    Carlos de Freitas, Carla Justino, Eleonore Setz

    WR14190  Accepted 02 February 2015
    How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs
    Linda van Bommel, Chris Johnson

    WR14234  Accepted 30 January 2015
    Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and alternative localised prey
    Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, Maria Latham, Andrew Latham, Roger Pech, Dean Anderson

    WR14165  Accepted 30 January 2015
    Recovery of small rodent populations after population collapse
    Susanne Hein, Jens Jacob

    WR14201  Accepted 27 January 2015
    Progress on research on rodents and rodent-borne zoonoses in Southeast Asia
    Kim Blasdell, Frédéric Bordes, Kittipong Chaisiri, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Jean-François Cosson, Alice Latinne, Johan Michaux, Serge Morand, Marie Pagès, Annelise Tran

    WR14196  Accepted 27 January 2015
    The effect of research activities and winter precipitation on voiding behavior of Agassiz’s desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
    Mickey Agha, Mason Murphy, Jeffrey Lovich, Joshua Ennen, Christian Oldham, Kathie Meyer, Curtis Bjurlin, Meaghan Austin, Sheila Madrak, Caleb Loughran, Laura Tennant, Steven Price

    WR14240  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Arctic Ground Squirrel Population Collapse in the Boreal Forests of the Southern Yukon
    Jeffery Werner, Charles Krebs, Scott Donker, Michael Sheriff, Rudy Boonstra

    WR14061  Accepted 16 January 2015
    Survival and cause-specific mortality of the female eastern wild turkey at its northern range edge
    Britney Niedzielski, Jeffrey Bowman

    WR14195  Accepted 13 January 2015
    The population ecology of the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi) in complex lowland agro-ecosystems in the Philippines
    Alexander Stuart, Grant Singleton, Colin Prescott

    WR14108  Accepted 14 January 2015
    Assessing the efficacy of medetomidine and tiletamine-zolazepam for remote immobilisation of feral horses (Equus caballus)
    Magdalena Zabek, John Wright, David Berman, Jordan Hampton, Christina Collins

    WR14121  Accepted 27 December 2014
    Reproduction and survival of rodents in crop fields; the effects of rainfall, crop stage and stone bund density
    Yonas Meheretu, Kiros Welegerima, Vincent Sluydts, Hans Bauer, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Seppe Deckers, Rhodes Makundi, Herwig Leirs

    WR14160  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Weighed down by science: do collar-mounted tags affect domestic cat behaviour?
    Cayley Coughlin, Yolanda van Heezik

    WR14136  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Nest caging as a conservation tool for threatened songbirds
    Richard Major, Michael Ashcroft, Adrian Davis

    WR14043  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Landscape predictors of wolf attacks on bear-hunting dogs in Wisconsin, USA
    Erik Olson, Adrian Treves, Adrian Wydeven, Stephen Ventura

    WR14138  Accepted 09 December 2014
    Attachment and performance of Argos satellite tracking devices fitted to black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.)
    Christine Groom, Kris Warren, Anna Le Souef, Rick Dawson

    WR14104  Accepted 03 December 2014
    Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens
    Aaron Vines, Alan Lill

    WR14211  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Mutualistic and predatory interactions are driven by rodent body size and seed traits in a rodent-seed system in warm-temperate forest in northern China
    Hongmao Zhang, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghuan Zeng, Gang Chang, Zhenyu Wang, Zhibin Zhang

    WR14151  Accepted 01 December 2014
    Yellow-footed rock-wallaby population recovery following fox control, in New South Wales and South Australia
    Andy Sharp, Melinda Norton, Chris Havelberg, Wendy Cliff, Adam Marks

    WR14107  Accepted 11 November 2014
    Recovery of South Australian rabbit populations from the impact of rabbit haemorrhagic disease
    Greg Mutze, Peter Bird, Scott Jennings, Nicki de Preu, Brian Cooke, Lorenzo Capucci, David Peacock, John Kovaliski

    WR13206  Accepted 08 November 2014
    Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia
    Joanne Potts, Nicholas Beeton, David Bowman, Grant Williamson, Edward Lefroy, Chris Johnson

    WR14094  Accepted 06 November 2014
    Evaluation of a spring-powered captive bolt gun for killing kangaroo pouch young
    Trudy Sharp, Steve McLeod, Keith Leggett, Troy Gibson

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 22 May 2014
Extinction in Eden: identifying the role of climate change in the decline of the koala in south-eastern NSW

Daniel Lunney, Eleanor Stalenberg, Truly Santika and Jonathan R. Rhodes

2. Published 13 August 2014
First in, first served: uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia

Shannon J. Dundas, Peter J. Adams and Patricia A. Fleming

3. Published 22 May 2014
Fertility control to mitigate human–wildlife conflicts: a review

Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan

4. Published 25 March 2014
Continuous monitoring of feeding by koalas highlights diurnal differences in tree preferences

Karen J. Marsh, Ben D. Moore, Ian R. Wallis and William J. Foley

5. Published 6 October 2014
Lessons from long-term predator control: a case study with the red fox

Roger Kirkwood, Duncan R. Sutherland, Stuart Murphy and Peter Dann

6. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of coordinated poison-baiting programs on survival and abundance in two red fox populations

Andrew Bengsen

7. Published 22 May 2014
Expenditure and motivation of Australian recreational hunters

Neal Finch, Peter Murray, Julia Hoy and Greg Baxter

8. Published 13 August 2014
Is wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax, survival and breeding success closely linked to the abundance of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus?

Jerry Olsen, Brian Cooke, Susan Trost and David Judge

9. Published 13 August 2014
Quantitative analysis of animal-welfare outcomes in helicopter shooting: a case study with feral dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Jordan O. Hampton, Brendan D. Cowled, Andrew L. Perry, Corissa J. Miller, Bidda Jones and Quentin Hart

10. Published 6 October 2014
Interactions between the superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) and fire in south-eastern Australia

Daniel T. Nugent, Steven W. J. Leonard and Michael F. Clarke

11. Published 22 May 2014
Overcoming the challenges of measuring the abundance of a cryptic macropod: is a qualitative approach good enough?

Karlene Bain, Adrian Wayne and Roberta Bencini

12. Published 25 March 2014
Aerially deployed baits in the northern rangelands of Western Australia are available to wild dogs

Malcolm S. Kennedy, Ken Rose and Gary Martin

13. Published 22 May 2014
Recolonisation of rabbit warrens following coordinated ripping programs in Victoria, south-eastern Australia

D. S. L. Ramsey, S. R. McPhee, D. M. Forsyth, I. G. Stuart, M. P. Scroggie, M. Lindeman and J. Matthews

14. Published 25 March 2014
Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland

Paul R. Lintott, Elisa Fuentes-Montemayor, Dave Goulson and Kirsty J. Park

15. Published 13 August 2014
Factors influencing occurrence of a freshwater turtle in an urban landscape: a resilient species?

Danielle Stokeld, Andrew J. Hamer, Rodney van der Ree, Vincent Pettigrove and Graeme Gillespie

16. Published 25 March 2014
Utility of owl pellets for monitoring threatened mammal communities: an Australian case study

Kye McDonald, Scott Burnett and Wayne Robinson

17. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

18. Published 22 May 2014
Estimates of abundance and apparent survival of coastal dolphins in Port Essington harbour, Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Lyndon Brooks, Guido J. Parra, Tracey Rogers, Debra Glasgow and John C. Z. Woinarski

19. Published 6 October 2014
Effects of a GnRH vaccine on the movement and activity of free-living wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Roger J. Quy, Giovanna Massei, Mark S. Lambert, Julia Coats, Lowell A. Miller and David P. Cowan

20. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

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