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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
 
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Andrea Taylor and Piran White

 

 
 
 

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Published online 12 May 2016
Comparative efficacy of levonorgestrel and deslorelin contraceptive implants in free-ranging eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) 
Michelle E. Wilson and Graeme Coulson

Lethal control of wildlife populations is often controversial, particularly in peri-urban areas, but fertility control offers an acceptable, non-lethal alternative. We tested implants of two different contraceptives in a wild kangaroos: one implant (deslorelin) was ineffective but the other (levonorgestrel) successfully stopped breeding for at least 5 years. Long-term fertility control is now a realistic option for managing kangaroo populations. Photograph by Graeme Coulson.

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Published online 12 May 2016
Survival of translocated sharp-tailed grouse: temporal threshold and age effects 
Steven R. Mathews, Peter S. Coates and David J. Delehanty

An important technique for restoring grouse populations to their former range is to transport grouse from strong populations and into restored historic range. Unfortunately, re-establishment fails when translocated grouse perish in their new location. We showed that Columbian sharp-tailed grouse are especially vulnerable for 50 days following release but that yearling grouse survive at significantly higher rates than adult grouse. Photograph by Chris Tulimiero, 2014.

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Published online 12 May 2016
Diagnosing species decline: a contextual review of threats,causes and future directions for management and conservation of the eastern quoll 
Bronwyn A. Fancourt

Diagnosing the cause of a species’ decline is one of the most challenging tasks faced by conservation practitioners. Here I adopt a methodical diagnostic framework to comprehensively evaluate potential causal factors and propose a hypothesis as to the cause of decline of the eastern quoll in Tasmania. This case study illustrates an approach by which practical species conservation problems might be solved and recovery strategies may be better informed. Photograph by Bronwyn Fancourt.

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Published online 06 May 2016
Effects of culling on vigilance behaviour and endogenous stress response of female fallow deer 
I. Pecorella, F. Ferretti, A. Sforzi and E. Macchi

Information on effects of culling on behaviour and stress of ungulates is scarce. We studied the effects of culling on behaviour and stress response of female fallow deer and we found that culling determined an increase of vigilance and a decrease of feeding rates. Only a short-term (24 h) increase of hormonal stress response occurred, which suggests that culling did not trigger long-term physiological effects. Photo by Francesco Ferretti.

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blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 43 Number 2 2016

 
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Successional changes in feeding activity by threatened cockatoos in revegetated mine sites 
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Tim S. Doherty , Briana N. Wingfield , Vicki L. Stokes , Michael D. Craig , Jessica G. H. Lee , Hugh C. Finn and Michael C. Calver
pp. 93-104

Threatened cockatoos in the jarrah forest of Western Australia have a wide range, so their conservation requires support from all land tenures, not just reserves. We surveyed cockatoo feeding activity in revegetation at three mine sites and found that the food species used by cockatoos changed with revegetation age. Monitoring fauna recolonisation over appropriate time scales is essential to understanding how successional processes influence population persistence of fauna in production landscapes. Photograph by Tim Doherty.

 
    | Supplementary Material (47 KB)
 

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Priorities for management of chytridiomycosis in Australia: saving frogs from extinction 
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Lee F. Skerratt , Lee Berger , Nick Clemann , Dave A. Hunter , Gerry Marantelli , David A. Newell , Annie Philips , Michael McFadden , Harry B. Hines , Ben C. Scheele , Laura A. Brannelly , Rick Speare , Stephanie Versteegen , Scott D. Cashins and Matt West
pp. 105-120

Frog populations crashed after the arrival of the amphibian chytrid fungus in Australia in the late 1970s, and six species are likely to be extinct. Six other frog species that have persisted despite high rates of death are now on the brink, and a seventh species is predicted to collapse. Increased resources and urgent action could save these seven species, but amphibian conservation is being neglected in Australia. Photograph: critically endangered Pseudophryne pengilleyi (northern corroboree frog) from alpine NSW, by Michael McFadden, Taronga Zoo.

 
 

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Fire and grass cover influence occupancy patterns of rare rodents and feral cats in a mountain refuge: implications for management 
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Peter J. McDonald , Alistair Stewart , Andrew T. Schubert , Catherine E. M. Nano , Chris R. Dickman and Gary W. Luck
pp. 121-129

Feral cats (Felis catus) are implicated in the decline of Australian mammals and new research suggests that predation risk from feral cats could be managed by manipulating fire regimes. We investigated the role of fire history in the occurrence of feral cats and rare rodents, including the critically endangered central rock-rat (Zyzomys pedunculatus), in a mountain refuge in central Australia. Our results suggest that fire management could be used as a tool for rodent conservation in arid Australia.

 
    | Supplementary Material (1.2 MB)
 

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Identification of kill sites from GPS clusters for jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southern Pantanal, Brazil 
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Eric M. Gese , Patricia A. Terletzky and Sandra M. C. Cavalcanti
pp. 130-139

Understanding predation patterns of jaguars is needed for their future conservation. We examined variables influencing the ability to categorise GPS location clusters of jaguars into kills and non-kill sites; the dispersion of points around the cluster, the number of nights at the cluster and the time spent at the cluster were most influential. This analysis should assist field studies of jaguar predation in Central and South America. Photograph by Sandra Cavalcanti.

 
  
 

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Assessment of non-target risks from sodium fluoroacetate (1080), para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) and sodium cyanide (NaCN) for fox-incursion response in Tasmania 
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Stephen Mallick , Matthew Pauza , Charles Eason , Nick Mooney , Robbie Gaffney and Stephen Harris
pp. 140-152

Control techniques that target red foxes will be required in the event of future red fox incursions into Tasmania. To understand the efficacy of future control and eradication strategies we assessed the theoretical risk of current and emerging fox control techniques on non-target species in Tasmania. Our findings clarified the risk and highlighted the need for further research into the susceptibility of non-target species to existing and emerging control techniques. Photograph by Matthew Pauza.

 
  
 

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Subtle use of a disturbance mosaic by the south-eastern long-eared bat (Nyctophilus corbeni): an extinction-prone, narrow-space bat 
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Bradley Law , Leroy Gonsalves , Mark Chidel and Traecey Brassil
pp. 153-168

Studies of habitat suitability in disturbed landscapes comparing species traits can improve the management of threatened species. We radio-tracked Nyctophilus corbeni to small maternity colonies in hollows and fissures of typically small, dead trees. Areas of high stem density, especially those containing dead trees, provided key roosting habitat and is likely to be a significant factor explaining the species rarity.

 
  
 

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Control of the red fox in remnant forest habitats 
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Alison L. Towerton , Christopher R. Dickman , Rodney P. Kavanagh and Trent D. Penman
pp. 169-177

Foxes need to be controlled to protect native and domestic species, and this comes at great cost to private and public land managers. Assessments of baiting programs can assist in improving their effectiveness and long-term outcomes. Here, we describe spatial and temporal patterns in bait uptake by foxes that suggest high levels of caching, and recommend larger distances between baits and longer periods of baiting to improve control outcomes.

 
  
 

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Brown hyaena population explosion: rapid population growth in a small, fenced system 
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Rebecca J. Welch and Daniel M. Parker
pp. 178-187

Fenced reserves commonly reintroduce charismatic fauna such as brown hyaena for ecotourism purposes, however the monitoring of elusive reintroduced species is often sporadic. Through the use of an intensive camera trapping survey, we determined the brown hyaena population at Kwandwe Private Game Reserve had increased by at least 367% in 10 years since reintroduction, and currently represents the highest density recorded for this species in southern Africa. If this pattern is consistent across fenced reserves, they may provide surplus animals to support reintroductions and provide protected populations to buffer the risk of species extinction.

 
  
 

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR16045  Accepted 25 May 2016
    Dietary overlap and co-existence of sympatric wild yak, Tibetan wild ass and Tibetan antelope in Arjin Shan National Nature Reserve of Xinjiang Province, China
    Jianbin Shi, Feiying Lu, Xiaowen Li, Zihui Zhang, Xukun Su, Shikui Dong, Donghua Xu, Xiang Zhang
    Abstract


    WR15216  Accepted 15 May 2016
    Effective field-based methods to quantify personality in brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula)
    Valentina Mella, Jordan Krucler, Lakshmi Sunderasan, Jason Hawkins, Anushika Herath, Kyla Johnstone, Sandra Troxell-Smith, Peter Banks, Clare McArthur
    Abstract


    WR15134  Accepted 11 May 2016
    Live-capture of feral cats using tracking dogs and darting, with comparisons to leg-hold trapping
    Hugh McGregor, Jordan Hampton, Danielle Lisle, Sarah Legge
    Abstract


    WR16001  Accepted 11 May 2016
    Space use by female agile antechinus: are teat number and home range size linked?
    Alan Lill, Juliey Beckman
    Abstract


    WR15223  Accepted 21 April 2016
    The role of non-declining amphibian species as reservoirs for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in an amphibian community
    Michelle Stockwell, Deborah Bower, John Clulow, Michael Mahony
    Abstract


    WR15147  Accepted 09 April 2016
    Complex demographic responses of a common small mammal to a plant invasion
    Andrea Litt, Robert Steidl
    Abstract


    WR15198  Accepted 07 April 2016
    Reducing the primary exposure risk of Henderson crakes (Porzana atra) during aerial broadcast eradication by selecting appropriate bait colour
    Steffen Oppel, Jennifer Lavers, Alexander Bond, Gavin Harrison
    Abstract


    WR15194  Accepted 26 March 2016
    Incubating snowy plovers (Charadrius nivosus) exhibit site-specific patterns of disturbance from human activities
    Cara Faillace, Bradley Smith
    Abstract


    WR16030  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Soil phosphorous predicts feral pig (Sus scrofa) occupancy, detection probability and feeding activity in a temperate montane rainforest
    Dave Forsyth, Robert Allen, Roy Allen, Kathrin Affeld, Darryl MacKenzie
    Abstract


    WR15181  Accepted 22 March 2016
    Land cover patterns surrounding Caucasian grouse leks in Arasbaran region, East Azerbaijan, Iran
    Nader Habibzadeh, Omid Rafieyan
    Abstract


    WR16023  Accepted 22 March 2016
    An assessment of animal welfare for the culling of peri-urban kangaroos
    Jordan Hampton, Dave Forsyth
    Abstract


    WR15008  Accepted 13 March 2016
    Do indirect bite count surveys accurately represent diet selection of white-tailed deer in a forested environment?
    Marcus Lashley, M Chitwood, Garrett Street, Chris Moorman, Christopher DePerno
    Abstract


    WR15132  Accepted 10 March 2016
    A review of biodiversity outcomes from possum-focused pest control in New Zealand
    Andrea Byrom, John Innes, Rachelle Binny
    Abstract


    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert
    Abstract


14


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Rank Paper Details
1. Published 15 July 2015
Monitoring the use of road-crossing structures by arboreal marsupials: insights gained from motion-triggered cameras and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags

Kylie Soanes, Peter A. Vesk and Rodney van der Ree

2. Published 18 September 2015
The effectiveness and cost of camera traps for surveying small reptiles and critical weight range mammals: a comparison with labour-intensive complementary methods

Dustin J. Welbourne, Christopher MacGregor, David Paull and David B. Lindenmayer

3. Published 15 July 2015
Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia

Hugh W. McGregor, Sarah Legge, Joanne Potts, Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson

4. Published 22 May 2015
How to snap your cat: optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia

J. L. Read, A. J. Bengsen, P. D. Meek and K. E. Moseby

5. Published 4 January 2016
Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities

Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White

6. Published 17 February 2016
Multiple cameras required to reliably detect feral cats in northern Australian tropical savanna: an evaluation of sampling design when using camera traps

Danielle Stokeld, Anke S. K. Frank, Brydie Hill, Jenni Low Choy, Terry Mahney, Alys Stevens, Stuart Young, Djelk Rangers, Warddeken Rangers and Graeme R. Gillespie

7. Published 17 February 2016
Toxic Trojans: can feral cat predation be mitigated by making their prey poisonous?

J. L. Read, D. Peacock, A. F. Wayne and K. E. Moseby

8. Published 22 May 2015
Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas

Adriana E. S. Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders and Piran C. L. White

9. Published 15 July 2015
What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

Edith MacDonald, Taciano Milfont and Michael Gavin

10. Published 15 July 2015
Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei, a nationally listed threatened skink?

Danae Moore, Michael Ray Kearney, Rachel Paltridge, Steve McAlpin and Adam Stow

11. Published 17 February 2016
Precision, accuracy and bias of walked line-transect distance sampling to estimate eastern grey kangaroo population size

Ruth Glass, David M. Forsyth, Graeme Coulson and Marco Festa-Bianchet

12. Published 9 November 2015
Dingo interactions with exotic mesopredators: spatiotemporal dynamics in an Australian arid-zone study

T. Schroeder, M. M. Lewis, A. D. Kilpatrick and K. E. Moseby

13. Published 12 June 2015
The ecological impacts of commensal species: black rats, Rattus rattus, at the urban–bushland interface

Peter B. Banks and Helen M. Smith

14. Published 24 August 2015
The influence of urban encroachment on squirrel gliders (Petaurus norfolcensis): effects of road density, light and noise pollution

Mitchell J. Francis, Peter G. Spooner and Alison Matthews

15. Published 18 September 2015
Spatially explicit capture–recapture analysis of bobcat (Lynx rufus) density: implications for mesocarnivore monitoring

Daniel H. Thornton and Charles E. Pekins

16. Published 4 January 2016
A cross-continental look at the patterns of avian species diversity and composition across an urbanisation gradient

Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff

17. Published 24 August 2015
Feral cat diet and predation on endangered endemic mammals on a biodiversity hot spot (Amami–Ohshima Island, Japan)

Kazumi Shionosaki, Fumio Yamada, Takuya Ishikawa and Shozo Shibata

18. Published 18 September 2015
Assessing capture and tagging methods for brolgas, Antigone rubicunda (Gruidae)

Inka Veltheim, Felipe Chavez-Ramirez, Richard Hill and Simon Cook

19. Published 9 November 2015
Space use by resident and transient coyotes in an urban–rural landscape mosaic

Numi Mitchell, Michael W. Strohbach, Ralph Pratt, Wendy C. Finn and Eric G. Strauss

20. Published 11 May 2016
Priorities for management of chytridiomycosis in Australia: saving frogs from extinction

Lee F. Skerratt, Lee Berger, Nick Clemann, Dave A. Hunter, Gerry Marantelli, David A. Newell, Annie Philips, Michael McFadden, Harry B. Hines, Ben C. Scheele, Laura A. Brannelly, Rick Speare, Stephanie Versteegen, Scott D. Cashins and Matt West


      
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