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  Ecology, Management and Conservation in Natural and Modified Habitats
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Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. More

Editors: Andrea Taylor and Piran White



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Published online 03 August 2015
The fancy city life: Kuhl's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus kuhlii, benefits from urbanisation 
Leonardo Ancillotto, Alessandra Tomassini and Danilo Russo

Understanding why some species benefit from urbanisation is central for appropriate wildlife management in human-dominated ecosystems. We found that the bat Pipistrellus kuhlii, increasing its range across Europe, obtains major reproductive advantages in urban areas. Although this fitness advantage may help explain the observed increase in geographical distribution, a positive effect of climate change on this warm-adapted bat cannot be ruled out. Photograph by Jens Rydell.

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Published online 03 August 2015
A cross-continental look at the patterns of avian species diversity and composition across an urbanisation gradient 
Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff

As the world becomes more urban, the importance of protecting wildlife in urban areas increases. We found that certain bird species do better in human-dominated areas, in particular those that use bird feeders. In order to conserve the greatest bird diversity in urban areas, urban planners and residents should provide a variety of habitats, supplemental natural foods and nesting places for birds. Photograph by Jacob Clifford.

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Published online 17 July 2015
Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) concentrate around urban waste dumps across Tigray, northern Ethiopia 
Gidey Yirga, Herwig Leirs, Hans H. De Iongh, Tsehaye Asmelash, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Jozef Deckers and Hans Bauer

The spotted hyena lives in remarkably close proximity to humans in the degraded and prey-depleted landscapes in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. We sought to provide an estimate of hyena abundance at garbage dumps and open agricultural areas. A very large hyena population persists in unprotected areas of Tigray, where they concentrate around urban waste dumps at night for scavengeable food resources. Photograph by Gidey Yirga.

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Published online 01 July 2015
Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities 
Carl D. Soulsbury and Piran C. L. White

There is a pressing need to understand the type and nature of human–wildlife interactions within urban environments, to help manage, mitigate or even promote these interactions. There is an inherent bias in the literature towards quantifying and assessing human–wildlife conflict, whereas the benefit wildlife brings to urban areas is poorly characterised, but includes benefits such as ecosystem services and through to health and wellbeing. Research is critically needed to improve our understanding in this area, requiring wildlife biologists to work with other research disciplines.

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Published online 10 June 2015
Good neighbours: distribution of black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment 
Bruno Teixeira, Andre Hirsch, Vinicius D. L. R. Goulart, Luiza Passos, Camila P. Teixeira, Philip James and Robert Young

The increasing growth of human urban populations leads to complex alterations of landscapes, the effects of which on wildlife are not fully understood. The way wildlife responds to such impacts is an important aspect to be considered in urban planning and management. We found that marmoset groups were found in green areas surrounded by highly populated areas; however, socioeconomical factors were significantly related to the occurrence of primate groups.

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Published online 11 March 2015
Boldness and urban dwelling in little ravens 
Aaron Vines and Alan Lill

To successfully inhabit cities, birds must be inherently able or learn to cope with high volumes of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. This study showed that urban little ravens were much more tolerant of approaches by pedestrians than their exurban counterparts, but urban individuals living in high- and low-volume traffic areas varied little in their tolerance of human proximity and a simulated vehicle sound. A high level of boldness appears to be important in facilitating urban-living by native little ravens and may be genetically and/or learning-based.

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blank image Wildlife Research
Volume 42 Number 6 2015

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Space use by resident and transient coyotes in an urban–rural landscape mosaic 
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Numi Mitchell , Michael W. Strohbach , Ralph Pratt , Wendy C. Finn and Eric G. Strauss
pp. 461-469

Coyotes in urban areas cause concern about human–wildlife conflicts. Space use by coyotes shows avoidance of humans, but also intraspecific competition between territorial resident coyotes and transient coyotes. Coexistence strategies can build on the tendency of coyotes to avoid humans, but must consider that transient coyotes show a tendency to occupy less desirable habitats including land cover with high human activity. Photograph by Dave Hornoff, The Conservation Agency.

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Observations on effects of feral pig (Sus scrofa) age and sex on diet 
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Jason Wishart , Steven Lapidge , Michael Braysher , Stephen D. Sarre and Jim Hone
pp. 470-474

We investigated whether age and sex influenced feral pig diet. Juveniles had less grass and crop material and more forbs in their diet than adult feral pigs. No differences in dietary animal items were found. Biodiversity and feral pig management should recognise such differences. Photograph by Jason Wishart.


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More famine than feast: pattern and variation in a potentially degenerating mammal fauna on Cape York Peninsula 
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Justin J. Perry , Eric P. Vanderduys and Alex S. Kutt
pp. 475-487

Cape York Peninsula is a significant conservation landscape and knowledge of the patterns and composition of the mammal fauna is required for effective contemporary management. We sampled 202 sites systematically between 2009 and 2012, and the mammal fauna was species rich yet sparse, dissipated and largely absent from Eucalyptus woodlands. Vegetation complexity and fire history were key predictors of mammals although responses varied between species. In this context, fire management strategies need to be tailored to promote the elements of mammal fauna that are declining. Photograph: Planigale maculata at Pormpuraaw, Cape York Peninsula, Australia, by Eric Vanderduys.


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Mixed stock analysis of a resident green turtle, Chelonia mydas, population in New Caledonia links rookeries in the South Pacific 
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Tyffen C. Read , Nancy N. FitzSimmons , Laurent Wantiez , Michael P. Jensen , Florent Keller , Olivier Chateau , Richard Farman , Jonathan Werry , Kenneth T. MacKay , George Petro and Colin J. Limpus
pp. 488-499

To effectively protect threatened species like sea turtles, it is important to identify the connectivity between specific rookeries and foraging grounds. We investigated the recruitment patterns of Chelonia mydas in the south of New Caledonia and by doing so we have linked the studied foraging ground to 7 rookeries scattered across 6 different countries of the South Pacific. These results have important management ramifications: a shared resource means shared responsibility.


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Home range, habitat use and movements by the little raven (Corvus mellori) in a coastal peri-urban landscape 
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Desley A. Whisson , Michael A. Weston and Kelly Shannon
pp. 500-508

Little ravens are a voracious and superabundant predator, yet little is known of their use of habitats in space and time. Twenty ravens were radio-tracked in peri-urban Melbourne, and they used large home ranges, a variety of habitats from natural to highly developed, and some exhibited preferences for particular habitat types. Management of raven predation will have to deal with the difficulties of large, open populations of these highly adaptable and intelligent predators.


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Out of sight but not out of mind: corvids prey extensively on eggs of burrow-nesting penguins 
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Kasun B. Ekanayake , Duncan R. Sutherland , Peter Dann and Michael A. Weston
pp. 509-517

Corvids are common egg predators of surface and tree-nesting birds but not of burrow-nesting birds. We found that the corvid little raven (Corvus mellori) preyed intensively on eggs of a burrow-nesting little penguin (Eudyptula minor) colony in south-eastern Australia. This discovery may have implications for burrow-nesting species worldwide because many corvid populations are increasing, and adopt new foraging strategies to exploit novel prey.


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Intense predation of non-colonial, ground-nesting bird eggs by corvid and mammalian predators 
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Kasun B. Ekanayake , Desley A. Whisson , Laura X. L. Tan and Michael A. Weston
pp. 518-528

Identification of egg predators is critical in managing the impact on prey species that are subject to high egg predation rates. We found that the native corvid little raven (Corvus mellori) was the major egg predator, preying intensively on eggs of a ground-nesting red-capped plover (Charadrius ruficapillus) population in Australia. As corvid populations increase worldwide, their impact as egg predators especially on threatened prey species needs to be thoroughly investigated. Photograph: remote-sensing image of a little raven preying on a red-capped plover egg.


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Dingo interactions with exotic mesopredators: spatiotemporal dynamics in an Australian arid-zone study 
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T. Schroeder , M. M. Lewis , A. D. Kilpatrick and K. E. Moseby
pp. 529-539

This study analysed interactions between Dingoes and introduced mesopredators in arid Australia. We applied static (space) and dynamic (time and space) interaction analyses to a large GPS location data set. Our findings indicate that the apex predator creates mesopredators- free space, which manifests on a micro spatial rather than a temporal – spatial level, and therefore may provide refuge areas for threatened mammal and reptile species. Our results have large-scale implications for the conservation of threatened prey species where apex predators can suppress (introduced) mesopredators and therefore potentially benefit those threatened prey species.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WR15011  Accepted 23 November 2015
    Amplified predation after fire suppresses rodent populations in Australia’s tropical savannas
    Lily Leahy, Sarah Legge, Katherine Tuft, Hugh McGregor, Leon Barmuta, Menna Jones, Chris Johnson

    WR14257  Accepted 23 November 2015
    Soft-release versus hard-release for re-introduction of an endangered species: an experimental comparison using eastern barred bandicoots (Perameles gunnii)
    Jasmine de Milliano, Julian Di Stefano, Peter Courtney, Peter Temple-Smith, Graeme Coulson

    WR15096  Accepted 17 November 2015
    Historical resurveys reveal persistence of smoky mouse (Pseudomys fumeus) populations over the long-term and through the short-term impacts of fire
    Phoebe Burns, Karen Rowe, Benjamin Holmes, Kevin Rowe

    WR14184  Accepted 17 November 2015
    Achieving positive social outcomes through participatory urban wildlife conservation projects
    Sarah Hobbs, Piran White

    WR15056  Accepted 12 November 2015
    Importance of reproductive biology of a harvest lizard, Tupinambis merianae, for the management of commercial harvesting
    Sergio Naretto, Gabriela Cardozo, Cecilia Blengini, Margarita Chiaraviglio

    WR15143  Accepted 02 November 2015
    Evaluating patterns of human-reptile conflicts in an urban environment
    Camila Teixeira, Luiza Passos, Vinicius Goulart, Andre Hirsch, Marcos Rodrigues, Robert Young

    WR15125  Accepted 02 November 2015
    Toxic Trojans: Can feral cat predation be mitigated by making their prey poisonous?
    John Read, David Peacock, Adrian Wayne, Katherine Moseby

    WR15120  Accepted 02 November 2015
    Long term survival and reproductive success of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) treated with ivermectin as pups
    Sarah Michael, Barbara Chilvers, Wendi Roe, Brett Gartrell

    WR15082  Accepted 02 November 2015
    Delimiting road-effect zones for threatened species: implications for mitigation fencing
    J Peaden, Tracey Tuberville, Kurt Buhlmann, Melia Nafus, Brian Todd

    WR15083  Accepted 16 October 2015
    Multiple cameras required to reliably detect feral cats in northern Australian tropical savanna: an evaluation of sampling design when using camera traps
    Danielle Stokeld, Anke Frank, Brydie Hill, Jenni Low Choy, Terry Mahney, Alys Stevens, Stuart Young, Graeme Gillespie

    WR15029  Accepted 13 October 2015
    Precision, accuracy and bias of walked line transect distance sampling to estimate eastern grey kangaroo population size
    Ruth Glass, Dave Forsyth, Graeme Coulson, Marco Festa-Bianchet

    WR15068  Accepted 09 October 2015
    Ground penetrating radar as a non-invasive tool to better understand the population dynamics of a fossorial species: mapping the warrens of southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons)
    Michael Swinbourne, David Taggart, Elisa Sparrow, Michael Hatch, Bertram Ostendorf

    WR14209  Accepted 17 September 2015
    Increasing abundance of pups of the long-nosed fur seal Arctocephalus forsteri on Kangaroo Island, South Australia over 26 breeding seasons to 2013-14
    Peter Shaughnessy, Simon Goldsworthy

    WR13220  Accepted 24 February 2014
    Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a twenty two-year case study of an hibernaculum of Pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber).
    Christian Kerbiriou, Jean François Julien, Sophie Monsarrat, Philippe Lustrat, Alexandre Haquart, Alexandre Robert


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 20 February 2015
Effects of low-level culling of feral cats in open populations: a case study from the forests of southern Tasmania

Billie T. Lazenby, Nicholas J. Mooney and Christopher R. Dickman

2. Published 20 February 2015
A critical review of habitat use by feral cats and key directions for future research and management

Tim S. Doherty, Andrew J. Bengsen and Robert A. Davis

3. Published 18 September 2015
The effectiveness and cost of camera traps for surveying small reptiles and critical weight range mammals: a comparison with labour-intensive complementary methods

Dustin J. Welbourne, Christopher MacGregor, David Paull and David B. Lindenmayer

4. Published 15 July 2015
Density and home range of feral cats in north-western Australia

Hugh W. McGregor, Sarah Legge, Joanne Potts, Menna E. Jones and Christopher N. Johnson

5. Published 22 May 2015
How to snap your cat: optimum lures and their placement for attracting mammalian predators in arid Australia

J. L. Read, A. J. Bengsen, P. D. Meek and K. E. Moseby

6. Published 4 March 2015
How many are there? The use and misuse of continental-scale wildlife abundance estimates

Jim Hone and Tony Buckmaster

7. Published 17 April 2015
How guardian dogs protect livestock from predators: territorial enforcement by Maremma sheepdogs

Linda van Bommel and Chris N. Johnson

8. Published 15 July 2015
Is fire a threatening process for Liopholis kintorei, a nationally listed threatened skink?

Danae Moore, Michael Ray Kearney, Rachel Paltridge, Steve McAlpin and Adam Stow

9. Published 17 April 2015
Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and localised alternative prey

Jennyffer Cruz, Chris Woolmore, M. Cecilia Latham, A. David M. Latham, Roger P. Pech and Dean P. Anderson

10. Published 17 April 2015
Predicting the future range and abundance of fallow deer in Tasmania, Australia

J. M. Potts, N. J. Beeton, D. M. J. S. Bowman, G. J. Williamson, E. C. Lefroy and C. N. Johnson

11. Published 18 December 2014
Testing the regional genetic representativeness of captive koala populations in South-East Queensland

Jennifer M. Seddon, Kristen E. Lee, Stephen D. Johnston, Vere N. Nicolson, Michael Pyne, Frank N. Carrick and William A. H. Ellis

12. Published 12 June 2015
The ecological impacts of commensal species: black rats, Rattus rattus, at the urban–bushland interface

Peter B. Banks and Helen M. Smith

13. Published 20 March 2015
Population recovery of the yellow-footed rock-wallaby following fox control in New South Wales and South Australia

Andy Sharp, Melinda Norton, Chris Havelberg, Wendy Cliff and Adam Marks

14. Published 20 February 2015
Influence of industrial light pollution on the sea-finding behaviour of flatback turtle hatchlings

Ruth L. Kamrowski, Col Limpus, Kellie Pendoley and Mark Hamann

15. Published 17 April 2015
Remote sensing can locate and assess the changing abundance of hollow-bearing trees for wildlife in Australian native forests

Christopher J. Owers, Rodney P. Kavanagh and Eleanor Bruce

16. Published 15 July 2015
What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

Edith MacDonald, Taciano Milfont and Michael Gavin

17. Published 20 February 2015
Habitat use and behaviour of birds in areas invaded by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) and in restored habitat

Lauren Young and Christine Schlesinger

18. Published 15 July 2015
Monitoring the use of road-crossing structures by arboreal marsupials: insights gained from motion-triggered cameras and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags

Kylie Soanes, Peter A. Vesk and Rodney van der Ree

19. Published 22 May 2015
Dimensions of local public attitudes towards invasive species management in protected areas

Adriana E. S. Ford-Thompson, Carolyn Snell, Glen Saunders and Piran C. L. White

20. Published 24 August 2015
Feral cat diet and predation on endangered endemic mammals on a biodiversity hot spot (Amami–Ohshima Island, Japan)

Kazumi Shionosaki, Fumio Yamada, Takuya Ishikawa and Shozo Shibata

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