CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Environmental Chemistry   
Environmental Chemistry
Journal Banner
  Environmental problems - Chemical approaches
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Boards
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Virtual Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 
 

Environmental Chemistry publishes papers reporting chemistry that enhances our understanding of the environment including air, water, soil, sediments, and biota. More

Editor-in-Chief: Kevin Francesconi

 
 
 

blank image The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue. blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 08 December 2014
Chemical and bioanalytical assessment of coal seam gas associated water 
Janet Y. M. Tang, Mauricio Taulis, Jacinta Edebeli, Frederic D. L. Leusch, Paul Jagals, Gregory P. Jackson and Beate I. Escher

Environmental context. Water associated with coal seam gas is generally of poor quality and thus its management and potential further usage is a subject of concern. In a comprehensive study involving chemical and bioanalytical assessments of coal seam gas associated water, we found that less than 5 % of the biological effects could be explained by chemical analysis. The use of bioanalytical tools to complement chemical analysis is recommended for monitoring the quality of water associated with coal seam gas.

blank image
 
    | Supplementary Material (471 KB)
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 05 December 2014
FeIIaq–FeIIIoxide electron transfer and Fe exchange: effect of organic carbon 
Timothy Pasakarnis, Michael L. McCormick, Gene F. Parkin, Aaron Thompson and Michelle M. Scherer

Environmental context. Concerns about carbon-driven climate change make it critical to better understand how carbon interacts with soils. We examined whether carbon compounds commonly found in soils affect the behaviour of soil iron minerals, and found that iron minerals remain dynamic and mix with the surrounding water, despite the presence of carbon in the water. Our findings suggest that both carbon and trace elements in the minerals may be more mobile and less stable than we previously thought.

blank image
 
    | Supplementary Material (392 KB)
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 05 December 2014
Interpretation of diffusion gradients in thin films (DGT) measurements: a systematic approach 
Josep Galceran and Jaume Puy

Environmental context. Dynamic speciation of an element in a natural medium is essential for understanding its availability. The technique of diffusion gradients in thin films (DGT) has become a widely used tool for in situ environmental studies, being applied to determine fluxes of metal cations, anions, organics and nanoparticles. The interpretation of the measurements with suitable physicochemical models gives valuable insights into the behaviour of the system.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 10 November 2014
Geochemical reaction mechanism discovery from molecular simulation 
Andrew G. Stack and Paul R. C. Kent

Environmental context. Computational simulations are providing an increasingly useful way to isolate specific geochemical and environmental reactions and to test how important they are to the overall rate. In this review, we summarise a few ways that one can simulate a reaction and discuss each technique’s overall strengths and weaknesses. Selected case studies illustrate how these techniques have helped to improve our understanding for geochemical and environmental problems.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 27 October 2014
Oxidation of CrIII aminocarboxylate complexes by hydrous manganese oxide: products and time course behaviour 
Richard F. Carbonaro and Alan T. Stone

Environmental context. Oxidation of CrIII (trivalent chromium) to CrVI (hexavalent chromium) is of environmental concern because CrVI is a known mutagen and carcinogen. Our results show that hydrous manganese oxide (HMO) is capable of oxidising soluble CrIII complexed with iminodiacetic acid and nitrilotriacetic acid to CrVI at appreciable rates. CrVI production from soluble CrIII organic complexes is therefore expected to occur in natural and engineered systems that contain HMO.

blank image
 
    | Supplementary Material (271 KB)
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 15 September 2014
Dissolution of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles under natural freshwater conditions 
Niksa Odzak, David Kistler, Renata Behra and Laura Sigg

Environmental context. Engineered nanomaterials (e.g. silver, zinc oxide and copper oxide) are being widely used in many consumer products such are cosmetics, food packaging and textiles. During their usage and treatment, they will be released to natural waters and partly dissolve, depending on the water type and nanomaterial characteristics. These nanomaterials may thus have some toxic effects to aquatic organisms and indirectly to humans because of higher concentrations of dissolved silver, zinc and copper in natural waters.

blank image
 
    | Supplementary Material (508 KB)
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 05 September 2014
Voltammetric study of an FeS layer on a Hg electrode in supersaturated FeS chloride solution 
D. Krznarić and I. Ciglenečki

Environmental context. During the electrochemical analysis of natural waters, the Hg electrode could become the site for surface metal sulfide formation, such as FeS, which can have significant influence on the voltammetric determination of FeII. Reduction of FeII in such conditions can occur both on the bare Hg surface and on the FeS-modified Hg surface. Until recently, measurements of FeII have considered only the signal obtained from reduction on the bare Hg surface, and hence may have underdetermined the true FeII content of natural samples.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 08 August 2014
In vitro cytotoxicity assessment of a hydraulic fracturing fluid 
Madeleine E. Payne, Heather F. Chapman, Janet Cumming and Frederic D. L. Leusch

Environmental context. Hydraulic fracturing fluids, used in large volumes by the coal seam gas mining industry, are potentially present in the environment either in underground formations or in mine wastewater (produced water). Previous studies of the human health and environmental effects of this practice have been limited because they use only desktop methods and have not considered combined mixture toxicity. We use a novel in vitro method for toxicity assessment, and describe the toxicity of a hydraulic fracturing fluid on a human gastrointestinal cell line.

blank image
 
    | Supplementary Material (149 KB)
blank image

blank image blank image blank image

 
Published online 20 June 2014
Microbial fuel cells under extreme salinity: performance and microbial analysis 
Oihane Monzon, Yu Yang, Cong Yu, Qilin Li and Pedro J. J. Alvarez

Environmental context. The treatment of extremely saline, high-strength wastewaters while producing electricity represents a great opportunity to mitigate environmental effects and recover resources associated with wastes from shale oil and gas production. This paper demonstrates that extreme halophilic microbes can produce electricity at salinity up to 3- to 7-fold higher than sea water.

blank image
 
  
blank image

blank image blank image blank image


blank image Environmental Chemistry
Volume 11 Number 6 2014

 
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
 
A critical review of nanohybrids: synthesis, applications and environmental implications 
blank image
Nirupam Aich , Jaime Plazas-Tuttle , Jamie R. Lead and Navid B. Saleh
pp. 609-623

Environmental context. Recent developments in nanotechnology have focussed towards innovation and usage of multifunctional and superior hybrid nanomaterials. Possible exposure of these novel nanohybrids can lead to unpredicted environmental fate, transport, transformation and toxicity scenarios. Environmentally relevant emerging properties and potential environmental implications of these newer materials need to be systematically studied to prevent harmful effects towards the aquatic environment and ecology.

   | Supplementary Material (1.1 MB)  |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Antimony leaching from contaminated soil under manganese- and iron-reducing conditions: column experiments 
blank image
Kerstin Hockmann , Susan Tandy , Markus Lenz and Rainer Schulin
pp. 624-631

Environmental context. Contamination of shooting range soils by antimony (Sb) released from corroding ammunition has become an issue of public environmental concern. Because many of these sites are subject to waterlogging and consequently limited aeration, we performed column experiments with contaminated shooting range soil to investigate Sb mobility under such conditions. The results are important for our understanding of the risks arising from Sb-contaminated soils, and also for the derivation of appropriate management strategies for such sites.

   | Supplementary Material (643 KB)  |        Open Access Article
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis of arsenic chemical speciation in human nail clippings 
blank image
Olena Ponomarenko , Mihai R. Gherase , Mark S. LeBlanc , Chang-Yong Kim , Elstan D. Desouza , Michael J. Farquharson , Fiona E. McNeill , Susan Nehzati , Ingrid J. Pickering , Graham N. George and David E. B. Fleming
pp. 632-643

Environmental context. Chronic ingestion of arsenic leads to its accumulation in keratinous tissues, which can represent a risk factor for developing cancer. We use synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy to investigate chemical bonding of arsenic in the keratins from nail clippings of volunteers from areas in Atlantic Canada with low-to-moderate arsenic contamination of drinking water. The study helps our understanding of arsenic metabolism and its role in cancer development.

 
    | Supplementary Material (149 KB)
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Long term PM2.5 trends in the Australian industrial city of Newcastle: a 15-year study from 1998 to 2013 
blank image
Eduard Stelcer , David D. Cohen and Armand J. Atanacio
pp. 644-652

Environmental context. Long-term exposure to fine particle air pollution has significant implications for human health. At a mixed urban–industrial site in Newcastle, Australia, we identified contributions from individual industrial aerosol sources in addition to the more common aerosol sources such as soil, sea and smoke. These results are significant for the assessment and management of fine particulate air pollution in the Newcastle air shed.

 
  
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Comparative analyses of cadmium and zinc uptake correlated with changes in natural resistance-associated macrophage protein (NRAMP) expression in Solanum nigrum L. and Brassica rapa 
blank image
Y. Song , L. Hudek , D. Freestone , J. Puhui , A. A. Michalczyk , Z. Senlin and M. L. Ackland
pp. 653-660

Environmental context. Soils contaminated with metals can pose both environmental and human health risks. This study showed that a common crop vegetable grown in the presence of cadmium and zinc readily accumulated these metals, and thus could be a source of toxicity when eaten. The work highlights potential health risks from consuming crops grown on contaminated soils.

 
    | Supplementary Material (983 KB)
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Two dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction methods coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry for the determination of organophosphorus pesticides in field water 
blank image
Shang-Ping Chu , Chun-Kai Huang , Pai-Shan Chen and Shang-Da Huang
pp. 661-672

Environmental context. Conventional sample pretreatment for the determination of pesticides in environmental samples is time consuming and labour intensive. We report two dispersive liquid–liquid micro-extraction methods that provide rapid homogeneous emulsification in aqueous samples within 2 min. These simple and environmentally friendly extraction methods are particularly suitable for the measurement of organophosphorus pesticides in field water.

 
    | Supplementary Material (301 KB)
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Seasonal distributions and sources of low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids, ω-oxocarboxylic acids, pyruvic acid, α-dicarbonyls and fatty acids in ambient aerosols from subtropical Okinawa in the western Pacific Rim 
blank image
Bhagawati Kunwar and Kimitaka Kawamura
pp. 673-689

Environmental context. Water-soluble dicarboxylic acids and related compounds are ubiquitous in atmospheric aerosols. They are abundantly emitted from Asian countries and transported to the Pacific Ocean. During the long-range transport, photochemical processing modifies organic aerosols. We conducted a 1-year observation of diacids and related compounds at Okinawa Island, an outflow region of the Asian Continent, to clarify their sources and photochemical aging.

 
    | Supplementary Material (1 MB)
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Lability of Pb in soil: effects of soil properties and contaminant source 
blank image
Lingchen Mao , Elizabeth H. Bailey , Jonathan Chester , Joseph Dean , E. Louise Ander , Simon R. Chenery and Scott D. Young
pp. 690-701

Environmental context. There is growing concern that lead in the environment may cause adverse health effects in human populations. We investigated the combined use of isotopic abundance and isotopic dilution to show how the origins of soil Pb and soil characteristics affect lability. Soil pH and soil Pb content are the dominant controls on Pb lability; the lability of recent petrol-derived Pb is similar to that of other sources in urban soils but greater than geogenic Pb in rural roadside topsoils.

 
    | Supplementary Material (621 KB)
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Quantification of individual polysulfides in lab-scale and full-scale desulfurisation bioreactors 
blank image
Pawel Roman , Martijn F. M. Bijmans and Albert J. H. Janssen
pp. 702-708

Environmental context. Emission into the atmosphere of gaseous streams containing sulfur compounds, such as H2S and SOx, will lead to the unwanted formation of acid rain. In order to prevent this, biological processes can be employed to treat sulfur-containing gas streams. In this study, we describe a way to investigate the speciation of polysulfide anions in biodesulfurisation systems, which might enable further understanding and development of these processes.

 
  
 

blank image blank image blank image

 
Effect of multivalent cations, temperature and aging on soil organic matter interfacial properties 
blank image
Dörte Diehl , Tatjana Schneckenburger , Jaane Krüger , Marc-Oliver Goebel , Susanne K. Woche , Jette Schwarz , Anastasia Shchegolikhina , Friederike Lang , Bernd Marschner , Sören Thiele-Bruhn , Jörg Bachmann and Gabriele E. Schaumann
pp. 709-718

Environmental context. The supramolecular structure and resulting physicochemical properties of soil organic matter (SOM) significantly control storage and buffer functions of soils, e.g. for nutrients, organic molecules and water. Multivalent cations, able to form complexes, are suggested to form inter- and intramolecular cross-links in SOM. At present, specific effects of the valence and type of cation on SOM properties are incompletely understood. We investigated changes in SOM interfacial properties, its ability to release mobile colloids in aqueous solutions and its sorption affinity towards organic chemicals in dependence on cation–SOM interactions, temperature and aging time.

 
  
 

blank image blank image blank image

   
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    EN14182  Accepted 13 December 2014
    Determination of diffusion coefficients of dissolved organic matter in the Churchill River estuary system, Hudson Bay (Canada).
    Jordan Balch, Celine Guéguen
    Abstract


    EN14141  Accepted 09 December 2014
    Pharmaceuticals and personal care products alter growth and function in lentic biofilms
    Lawton Shaw, Chuyen Phung, Michael Grace
    Abstract


    EN14143  Accepted 21 November 2014
    Adsorption of trace metals by microplastic pellets in fresh water
    Andrew Turner, Luke Holmes
    Abstract


    EN14181  Accepted 07 November 2014
    Tl(I) and Tl(III) presence in Suspended Particulate Matter: Speciation analysis of thallium in wastewater
    Natalia Ospina-Alvarez, P. Burakiewicz, M. Sadowska, B KrasnodÄ™bska-OstrÄ™ga
    Abstract


    EN14184  Accepted 05 November 2014
    Free Zn2+ determination in natural freshwater of the Pyrenees: towards on-site measurements with AGNES
    Corinne Parat, Laurent Authier, Alain Castetbon, David Aguilar, Encarna Companys, Jaume Puy, Josep Galceran
    Abstract


    EN14185  Accepted 30 October 2014
    Source identification of atmospheric particle-bound metals at Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica
    Andrea Bazzano, Francesco Soggia, Marco Grotti
    Abstract


    EN14138  Accepted 22 October 2014
    Hydroxyl Radical Initiated Oxidation of Formic Acid on Mineral Aerosols Surface. A Mechanistic, Kinetic and Spectroscopic Study
    Cristina Iuga, Claro SAINZ-DIAZ, Annik Vivier-Bunge
    Abstract


    EN14105  Accepted 22 October 2014
    Use of DGT for studies of chemical speciation and bioavailability
    Hao Zhang, William Davison
    Abstract


    EN14124  Accepted 17 October 2014
    The formation and fate of organoarsenic species in marine ecosystems: Do existing experimental approaches appropriately simulate ecosystem complexity?
    Elliott Duncan, Bill Maher, Simon Foster
    Abstract


    EN14135  Accepted 15 October 2014
    Comparative characterization of two fulvic acids from East lake and Liangzi lake in central China
    Jun Wang, Huijie Li, Yong Chen, Yuan Fang, Zongping Wang, Tao Tao, Yeugang Zuo
    Abstract


    EN14126  Accepted 08 October 2014
    Characterising sediments of a tropical sediment-starved continental shelf using cluster analysis of physical and geochemical variables
    Lynda Radke, Jin Li, Grant Douglas, Rachel Przeslawski, Scott Nichol, Justy Siwabessy, Zhi Huang, Janice Trafford, Tony Watson, Tanya Whiteway
    Abstract


    EN14042  Accepted 29 September 2014
    Multi-Elemental STXM-NEXAFS Assessment of Organo-Mineral Associations in Soils from Reduced Environments
    Chunmei Chen, Donald Sparks
    Abstract


    EN14129  Accepted 25 September 2014
    Characterization of Oil Contaminated Soils via Comprehensive Multiphase NMR
    Hashim Farooq, Denis Courtier-Murias, Myrna Simpson, Werner Maas, Michael Fey, Brian Andrew, Jochem Struppe, Howard Hutchins, Sridevi Krishnamurthy, Rajeev Kumar, Martine Monette, Henry Stronks, Andre Simpson
    Abstract


    EN14065  Accepted 22 September 2014
    Adsorption of Novel Insensitive Munitions Compounds at Clay Mineral and Metal Oxide Surfaces
    Billy Linker, Raju Khatiwada, Nico Perdrial, Leif Abrell, Reyes Sierra, James Field, Jon Chorover
    Abstract


    EN14093  Accepted 16 September 2014
    Reversible exchange of stable nitroxyl radicals on nanosilver particles
    Mark Chappell, Lesley Miller, Cynthia Price
    Abstract


    EN14116  Accepted 01 September 2014
    Degradation of Oxytetracycline in the Aquatic Environment: A proposed Steady State Kinetic Model that takes into account Hydrolysis, Photolysis, Microbial Degradation and Adsorption by Colloidal and Sediment Particles.
    Mark Zaranyika, Pamhidzai Dzomba, Jameson Kugara
    Abstract


    EN13216  Accepted 30 August 2014
    Interpretation of Heavy Metal Speciation in Sequential Extraction Using Geochemical Modeling
    Yanshan Cui, Liping Weng
    Abstract


    EN14086  Accepted 14 August 2014
    Metal ion complexation by soft nanoparticles: the impact of Ca2+ on electrostatic and chemical contributions to the Eigen-type reaction rate
    Raewyn Town
    Abstract


    EN14047  Accepted 25 July 2014
    Measurement of labile arsenic speciation in water and soil using Diffusive Gradients in Thin-films (DGT) and X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES)
    Trang Huynh, Hugh Harris, Hao Zhang, Barry Noller
    Abstract


    EN14043  Accepted 27 May 2014
    Ligand- and oxygen-isotope-exchange pathways of geochemical interest
    Bill Casey
    Abstract




The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 25 August 2014
Observations and assessment of iron oxide and green rust nanoparticles in metal-polluted mine drainage within a steep redox gradient

Carol A. Johnson, Gina Freyer, Maria Fabisch, Manuel A. Caraballo, Kirsten Küsel and Michael F. Hochella

2. Published 19 December 2013
Organic phosphorus in the aquatic environment

Darren S. Baldwin

3. Published 19 December 2013
Organic fluorine content in aqueous film forming foams (AFFFs) and biodegradation of the foam component 6 : 2 fluorotelomermercaptoalkylamido sulfonate (6 : 2 FTSAS)

Barbara Weiner, Leo W. Y. Yeung, Erin B. Marchington, Lisa A. D'Agostino and Scott A. Mabury

4. Published 19 December 2013
Predicting PbII adsorption on soils: the roles of soil organic matter, cation competition and iron (hydr)oxides

Zhenqing Shi, Herbert E. Allen, Dominic M. Di Toro, Suen-Zone Lee and James B. Harsh

5. Published 24 June 2014
Aquatic toxicity of manufactured nanomaterials: challenges and recommendations for future toxicity testing

Aaron G. Schultz, David Boyle, Danuta Chamot, Kimberly J. Ong, Kevin J. Wilkinson, James C. McGeer, Geoff Sunahara and Greg G. Goss

6. Published 25 February 2014
Hard X-ray synchrotron biogeochemistry: piecing together the increasingly detailed puzzle

Enzo Lombi, Ryo Sekine and Erica Donner

7. Published 28 April 2014
A critical look at the calculation of the binding characteristics and concentration of iron complexing ligands in seawater with suggested improvements

Loes J. A. Gerringa, Micha J. A. Rijkenberg, Charles-Edouard Thuróczy and Leo R. M. Maas

8. Published 28 April 2014
Metal complexation by organic ligands (L) in near-pristine estuarine waters: evidence for the identity of L

Hollydawn Murray, Guillaume Meunier, Dagmar B. Stengel and Rachel Cave

9. Published 25 February 2014
Effect of biogeochemical redox processes on the fate and transport of As and U at an abandoned uranium mine site: an X-ray absorption spectroscopy study

Lyndsay D. Troyer, James J. Stone and Thomas Borch

10. Published 24 June 2014
Speciation mapping of environmental samples using XANES imaging

Barbara E. Etschmann, Erica Donner, Joël Brugger, Daryl L. Howard, Martin D. de Jonge, David Paterson, Ravi Naidu, Kirk G. Scheckel, Chris G. Ryan and Enzo Lombi

11. Published 19 December 2013
Bauxite residue neutralisation precipitate stability in acidic environments

Sara J. Couperthwaite, Sujung Han, Talitha Santini, Gurkiran Kaur, Dean W. Johnstone, Graeme J. Millar and Ray L. Frost

12. Published 25 February 2014
Environmental chemistry: a discipline standing on two shoulders

Montserrat Filella

13. Published 24 June 2014
The influence of particle size and structure on the sorption and oxidation behaviour of birnessite: II. Adsorption and oxidation of four polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Mario Villalobos, Manuel Carrillo-Cárdenas, Richard Gibson, N. Ruth López-Santiago and Jimmy A. Morales

14. Published 25 February 2014
Scaling up: fulfilling the promise of X-ray microprobe for biogeochemical research

Brandy M. Toner, Sarah L. Nicholas and Jill K. Coleman Wasik

15. Published 28 April 2014
Voltammetric characterisation of macroalgae-exuded organic ligands (L) in response to Cu and Zn: a source and stimuli for L

Hollydawn Murray, Guillaume Meunier, Constant M. G. van den Berg, Rachel R. Cave and Dagmar B. Stengel

16. Published 28 April 2014
Labilities of aqueous nanoparticulate metal complexes in environmental speciation analysis

Raewyn M. Town and Herman P. van Leeuwen

17. Published 25 February 2014
Diffusion limitation of zinc fluxes into wheat roots, PLM and DGT devices in the presence of organic ligands

A. Gramlich, S. Tandy, E. Frossard, J. Eikenberg and R. Schulin

18. Published 25 February 2014
Visualising Fe speciation diversity in ocean particulate samples by micro X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy

Matthew A. Marcus and Phoebe J. Lam

19. Published 25 February 2014
A method to determine silver partitioning and lability in soils

Lara Settimio, Mike J. McLaughlin, Jason K. Kirby and Kate A. Langdon

20. Published 24 June 2014
A micro-sized model for the in vivo study of nanoparticle toxicity: what has Caenorhabditis elegans taught us?

Jinhee Choi, Olga V. Tsyusko, Jason M. Unrine, Nivedita Chatterjee, Jeong-Min Ahn, Xinyu Yang, B. Lila Thornton, Ian T. Ryde, Daniel Starnes and Joel N. Meyer


      
Current Issue
Journal Cover
Volume 11 (6)

red arrow Submit Article
blank image
Use the online submission system to send us your paper.

 Advertisement


   
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014