Arsenic is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic elements in the environment. This book brings together the current knowledge on arsenic contamination worldwide, reviewing the field, highlighting common themes and pointing to key areas needing future research.
Contributions discuss methods for accurate identification and quantification of individual arsenic species in a range of environmental and biological matrices and give an overview of the environmental chemistry of arsenic. Next, chapters deal with the dynamics of arsenic in groundwater and aspects of arsenic in soils and plants, including plant uptake studies, effects on crop quality and yield, and the corresponding food chain and human health issues associated with these exposure pathways. These concerns are coupled with the challenge to develop efficient, cost effective risk management and remediation strategies: recent technological advances are described and assessed, including the use of adsorbants, photo-oxidation, bioremediation and electrokinetic remediation.
The book concludes with eleven detailed regional perspectives of the extent and severity of arsenic contamination from around the world. It will be invaluable for arsenic researchers as well as environmental scientists and environmental chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists, and statutory authorities seeking an in-depth view of the issues surrounding this toxin.
Contains contributions from an international team of key researchers in the field
Includes individual country reviews and recent international case studies, giving a broad perspective on the extent and severity of arsenic contamination and poisoning throughout the Asia-Pacific region, where the majority of research has occurred to date.
Takes a whole of systems approach, providing a comprehensive picture of the transfer of arsenic from ground water to humans, impacts to human health and management strategies
Describes recent technological advances for risk management and remediation
Editors and contributors
Ravi Naidu, Euan Smith, Gary Owens, Prosun Bhattacharya & Peter Nadebaum
Part A. Arsenic in the Asia–Pacific region
1. Arsenic contamination incidents around the world
37. Arsenic in the Australian environment: an overview
E Smith, G Owens & R Naidu
Part J. Conclusion
38. Managing arsenic in the Asia–Pacific region: an overview
R Naidu, E Smith, G Owens, P.Bhattacharya & P Nadebaum
Soil scientists and groundwater specialists, environmental health researchers and officials, toxicologists, environmental geochemists, hydrologists.
"This volume is a valuable compendium of information that provides a broad perspective on arsenic as a public health problem. The editors and contributors are to be commended for their efforts, which will help shape the future research agenda for arsenic." David J. Thomas, Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 3, 2006
"A useful amalgamation of current research and understanding… It merits attention." P.L. Smedley, European Journal of Soil Science, January 2007
Ravi Naidu is foundation professor and the inaugural Director of the Australian Research Centre for Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation. He has researched environmental contaminants, bioavailability, and remediation for over 20 year and has co-authored over 300 technical publications and co-edited 8 books in the field of soil and environmental sciences.
Dr Euan Smith’s main research interest is the behaviour of contaminants at polluted sites and how chemical behaviour relates to contaminant bioavailability and human health. For the past four years he has been involved in characterising the behaviour of arsenic in soil-water-plant environments in Bangladesh.
Dr Gary Owens has been involved in environmental research for the past ten years working successfully on many diverse projects touching all facets of the field. His current interests are development of in-situ remediation technologies and investigation of the water-soil-plant transfer mechanisms of Arsenic from contaminated drinking water in Bangladesh.
Prosun Bhattacharya is an Associate Professor at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden and has authored over 100 international publications in peer reviewed journals, books and conference proceedings and organized a several on natural arsenic in groundwaters. In 1999 he established the KTH-International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group (GARG), collaborating with a number of universities and research organizations in the world.
Dr Peter Nadebaum is Senior Principal in Environment at GHD Pty Ltd, Melbourne. He is a leading specialist in the assessment and remediation of contaminated land and groundwater, hazardous waste management, environmental risk assessment, water treatment, water quality, and environmental management.