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Health Promotion Journal of Australia
  Journal of the Australian Health Promotion Association
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The results of the Second Australian Study of Health and Relationships are published in a special issue of Sexual Health.


Health Promotion Journal of Australia facilitates communication between researchers, practitioners and policy makers involved in health promotion activities. More

Editor-in-Chief: Jonine Jancey


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Published online 01 February 2016
The relationship between alcohol consumption and related harm among young university students 
Ellen Hart and Sharyn Burns

Young university students drink more than the general population and more than other young adults. Due to high levels of binge drinking, young university students experience significant drinking-related harm. This paper explores the relationship between drinking and harm among young university students. Uniquely, it separates harm into categories: Criminal and Aggressive Behaviour, Health and Emotional Harms and Sexual Harms.

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Published online 18 January 2016
The case of national health promotion policy in Australia: where to now? 
James A. Smith, Gemma Crawford and Louise Signal
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Published online 05 January 2016
Developing a guide for community-based groups to reduce alcohol-related harm among African migrants 
Alison Jaworski, Tony Brown, Catherine Norman, Kiri Hata, Mark Toohey, Dubravka Vasiljevic and Rachel Rowe

Until now, practical guidance on how to reduce alcohol-related harms in partnership with African communities has been scarce. This paper describes the results of a three-step process undertaken to create a guide to assist community groups and workers develop effective and culturally appropriate health promotion strategies. Topics and strategies discussed in this paper and the guide may also be useful for health promotion coalitions working in partnership with other CALD communities to address AOD-related harm.

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Published online 10 December 2015
Exploring Australian health promotion and environmental sustainability initiatives 
Rebecca Patrick and Jonathan Kingsley

Australian health promoters have important roles in tackling environmental sustainability challenges within the community. This study provides a snapshot of current practice, highlighting programs that focus on healthy and sustainable food, active transport, energy efficiency and contact with nature. It is promising that health promoters, with the help of new partners and techniques, are dealing with complex health and sustainability issues.

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Published online 10 December 2015
Satisfaction with transport and enjoyment of the commute by commuting mode in inner Sydney 
Chris Rissel, Melanie Crane, Li Ming Wen, Stephen Greaves and Chris Standen

Being satisfied with your transport, and enjoying the way you travel, are very different concepts and vary considerably by transport mode. This study compared satisfaction with transport and enjoyment of the commute by commute mode in inner Sydney, Australia, where transport mode choices are readily available. People who walked or cycled to work or study reported higher levels of enjoyment from their commute compared with those who drove, highlighting a benefit of active travel.

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Published online 25 November 2015
Risky business or not? FIFOs, sexual risk taking and the Australian mining industry 
Cathy O'Mullan, Joseph Debattista and Matthew Browne

Despite lack of evidence, there is speculation that FIFO and DIDO models of mining contribute to higher levels of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV in Australia. This study explored differences in sexual risk taking between two groups (FIFO/DIDO miners and residential miners); our results found little difference in sexual risk taking between the groups. These findings are important for intervention planning aimed at reducing STI transmission.

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Published online 16 November 2015
Diet quality and six-year risk of overweight and obesity among mid-age Australian women who were initially in the healthy weight range 
Haya M. Aljadani, Amanda J. Patterson, David Sibbritt and Clare E. Collins

Maintaining a healthy body weight is crucial, especially for women during menopause transition. This paper examines the relationship between dietary quality and the risk of becoming overweight or obese during 6-year follow-up study. Poor diet was common among mid-age women. While it is important to optimise the nutrition quality of women’s diets, this strategy alone will not address the rising incidence of overweight and obesity.

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Published online 29 October 2015
Inside the black box of food safety: a qualitative study of ‘non-compliance' among food businesses 
Mark Brough, Belinda Davies and Eleesa Johnstone

Although the science of food safety regulation is critical to good public health practice, it tells us little about the circumstances surrounding non-compliance. This research qualitatively explored the meanings and practices of 29 ‘non-compliant’ food businesses in order to understand their ‘insider’ perspectives of food safety regulation. The findings demonstrate the value of developing collaborative partnerships that can complement the food safety regulatory framework.

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Published online 20 October 2015
Challenges to translating new media interventions in community practice: a sexual health SMS program case study 
Cassandra J. C. Wright, Kaytlyn Leinberger and Megan S. C. Lim

While evidence grows to support new media interventions for promoting health behaviours, challenges exist in implementation outside of research settings. This work aims to describe translational barriers using a case study sexual health SMS program; key challenges related to under-resourcing, and finding appropriate recruitment settings/methods. These factors must be considered to maximise the potential of new media interventions to reach large populations, while researchers must also consider translation and scalability of their work.

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Published online 01 September 2015
Diabetes foot care education movies for Aboriginal people: Bran nue leg 
Deborah E. Schoen and Sandra C. Thompson
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Published online 03 August 2015
Smoking among Aboriginal adults in Sydney, Australia 
Punitha Arjunan, Natasha Poder, Kerry Welsh, LaVerne Bellear, Jeremy Heathcote, Darryl Wright, Elizabeth Millen, Mark Spinks, Mandy Williams and Li Ming Wen

Contextual data is crucial to inform the development of health promotion programs in reducing tobacco consumption among Aboriginal Australians. This paper aimed to determine smoking status and associated factors among Aboriginal adults, and found that a high smoking rate was associated with age, work status and attitudes towards smoke-free homes. Targeted promotions for socio-demographic subgroups should be considered for future cessation strategies.

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Volume 26 Number 3 2015
Ethics and Health Promotion

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Table of Contents 
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Ethics and health promotion: research, theory, policy and practice 
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Annette Braunack-Mayer and Stacy M. Carter
pp. 165-166

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Health promotion practice, research ethics and publishing in the Health Promotion Journal of Australia 
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Stacy M. Carter , Annette Braunack-Mayer and Jonine Jancey
pp. 167-169

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Why should ethics approval be required prior to publication of health promotion research? 
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Ainsley J. Newson and Wendy Lipworth
pp. 170-175

Should research be published without prior ethics approval? This paper gives four reasons why it should not. This is important for publication ethics.

   |        Open Access Article

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Development and oversight of ethical health promotion quality assurance and evaluation activities involving human participants 
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Peter Sainsbury
pp. 176-181

Quality assurance and evaluation, by seeking to improve policies, programs and outcomes, are essential health promotion activities. This paper highlights the importance the NHMRC’s National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research for the development of ethical health promotion quality assurance and evaluation projects involving human participants. Application of the National Statement’s guidance when developing a project proposal will increase the likelihood of the proposal receiving formal ethics committee approval.

   |        Open Access Article

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Evaluation in health promotion: thoughts from inside a human research ethics committee 
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Judy Allen and Felicity Flack
pp. 182-185

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Beyond Chapter 4.7 
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Lilon Gretl Bandler
pp. 186-190

In 2015, it is essential that research with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians is ethical. Guidance is provided by the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research. Could the Statement’s principles be extended to other research work?


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Using Indigenist and Indigenous methodologies to connect to deeper understandings of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ quality of life 
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Elaine Kite and Carol Davy
pp. 191-194

Tools for measuring QoL in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations are often derived from research methodologies shaped by Western cultural viewpoints. The use of Indigenist or Indigenous methodologies that are more culturally acceptable and more likely to facilitate the articulation of social and emotional perspectives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may be more appropriate for the development of QoL tools.


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‘We don’t tell people what to do’: ethical practice and Indigenous health promotion 
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Karen McPhail-Bell , Chelsea Bond , Mark Brough and Bronwyn Fredericks
pp. 195-199

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Operating from different premises: the ethics of inter-disciplinarity in health promotion 
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Alan Cribb
pp. 200-204

Health promotion involves alliances that require ethical compromise. This is because it brings together people with different values and emphases. Any consideration of health promotion ethics needs to acknowledge and address this challenge to the integrity of health promoters.


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‘Troubling’ moments in health promotion: unpacking the ethics of empowerment 
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Grace Spencer
pp. 205-209

This paper aims to unpack the ethics of empowerment in health promotion. The paper draws on insights from a qualitative study examining young people’s perspectives on health and priorities for health promotion. Study findings revealed young people’s different priorities for health and health promotion. The analysis here highlights how these alternative perspectives raise some tricky questions about the ethics of empowerment.


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Empowerment in healthcare policy making: three domains of substantive controversy 
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Luca Chiapperino and Per-Anders Tengland
pp. 210-215

The notion of empowerment is central to proposals of healthcare reforms across Europe and worldwide, and has attracted several ethical criticisms. Building upon the identification of two historically distinct understandings of empowerment (i.e. radical and new wave empowerment), the paper identifies three ethical issues in need of scrutiny: one regarding the role of paternalistic interferences in empowerment, a second related to the value of health-related goals in empowerment strategies; and a third concerning the unwanted consequences of the emphasis on responsibility for health in recent uses of the concept.


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A missing ethical competency? A review of critical reflection in health promotion 
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Rebecca Tretheway , Jane Taylor , Lily O’Hara and Nikki Percival
pp. 216-221

Critical practice is an ethical imperative for health promotion. This narrative literature review identifies the extent to which critical reflection has been explored in health promotion, and critiques relevant critical reflection models. Critical reflection has not been thoroughly explored in health promotion and is missing from Australian and international competencies. A critical reflection model for health promotion needs to be developed and articulated as a core health promotion competency.


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Building workforce capacity for ethical reflection in health promotion: a practitioner’s experience 
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Annabel Axford and Drew Carter
pp. 222-230

Ethical reflection is integral to good health promotion practice and never simply the province of theorists. This article describes the capacity-building activities that were undertaken to prompt and guide ethical reflection amongst health promotion practitioners in rural South Australia from 2006 to 2014. It also presents a framework that health promotion practitioners can use to structure their ethical reflection, especially in the current absence of a formal code of ethics.


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Ethics and health promotion within policy and practice contexts in a small jurisdiction: perspectives from the Northern Territory 
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James A. Smith , Dagmar Schmitt , Lisa Fereday and Jason Bonson
pp. 231-234

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Navigating the ethics of cross-cultural health promotion research 
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Greer Lamaro Haintz , Melissa Graham and Hayley McKenzie
pp. 235-240

This paper discusses examples from cross-cultural health promotion research in Australian and international settings where negotiation was required to address the needs of institutional ethics requirements and governing bodies, and the communities in which the studies were carried out. It highlights issues for consideration to advance more culturally appropriate practice in research ethics and suggests ways a stronger anthropological lens can be applied to research ethics to address these challenges.


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Ethical considerations in investigating youth alcohol norms and behaviours: a case for mature minor consent 
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J. Hildebrand , B. Maycock , J. Comfort , S. Burns , E. Adams and P. Howat
pp. 241-245

Ethically, not all research with youth requires parental consent. This paper describes the process used to determine and obtain mature minor consent from 14–17-year-old male and female participants to enable then to provide data on their alcohol use, beliefs, attitudes and harms. Other researchers should consider the potential risks and benefits of this method in relation to their own research.


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The extent to which the public health ‘war on obesity’ reflects the ethical values and principles of critical health promotion: a multimedia critical discourse analysis 
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Lily O’Hara , Jane Taylor and Margaret Barnes
pp. 246-254

Health promotion practitioners are responsible for implementing public health initiatives in the ‘war on obesity’, but questions have been raised about the extent to which such initiatives are consistent with ethical practice. We examined 10 Australian initiatives and found that they did not reflect the ethical values and principles of critical health promotion.


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An ethical approach to health promotion in physiotherapy practice 
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Clare Delany , Caroline Fryer and Gisela van Kessel
pp. 255-262

Bringing public health promotion messages into the individual treatment encounter is a growing part of physiotherapy practice. This paper proposes ethical principles for incorporating health promotion ideas into communication and treatment approaches with individual clients. A key message is that in primary practice situations, health professionals need to be mindful of each client’s unique circumstances, and their ability and readiness to adjust and respond to public health promotion ideals.


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Tensions between the conduct of randomised controlled trials in health promotion research and the role of autonomy in human health and well being 
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David R. Buchanan
pp. 263-268

This paper describes problems with reliance on randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to identify effective health promotion interventions because the achievement of effectiveness comes at the cost of sacrificing human autonomy. The paper argues that human autonomy must be one of the most important and overriding goals of health promotion because it is intrinsic to the definition and meaning of human well being.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    HE15113  Accepted 01 February 2016
    A cross-sectional study examining the extent of unwanted sexual attention and unhealthy intimate relationships among female students aged 18-25 in an Australian university
    Kelly Hayden, Melissa Graham, Greer Lamaro

    HE15095  Accepted 26 January 2016
    Online Canteens: Awareness, use, barriers to use, and the acceptability of potential online strategies to improve public health nutrition in primary schools.
    Rebecca Wyse, Sze Lin Yoong, Pennie Dodds, Libby Campbell, Tessa Delaney, Nicole Nathan, Lisa Janssen, Kathryn Reilly, Rachel Sutherland, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden

    HE15089  Accepted 08 January 2016
    Implementation of a driver licensing support program in three Aboriginal communities: A brief report from a pilot program
    Patricia Cullen, Kathleen Clapham, Jake Byrne, Kate Hunter, Kris Rogers, Teresa Senserrick, Lisa Keay, Rebecca Ivers

    HE15078  Accepted 07 January 2016
    Reorientation of health services: A literature review of the enablers and barriers organisations faced when increasing their health promotion capacity
    Kathryn McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Sue Devine, Kerrianne Watt

    HE15100  Accepted 21 December 2015
    Assessing the Potential to Combine Attitude Tracking and Campaign Evaluation Surveys
    Lauren Hollier, Simone Pettigrew, Carolyn Minto, Terry Slevin, Mark Strickland

    HE15028  Accepted 16 December 2015
    Cultural Experiences of Student and New Graduate Dietitians in the Gomeroi gaaynggal ArtsHealth Program: A Quality Project
    Kym Rae, Emma Bohringer, Amy Ashman, Leanne Brown, Clare Collins

    HE15042  Accepted 01 December 2015
    The influence of population mobility on changing patterns of HIV acquisition: lessons for and from Australia
    Gemma Crawford, Roanna Lobo, Graham Brown, Bruce Maycock

    HE15084  Accepted 29 November 2015
    Tick Tock: Time for a Change?
    Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Bruce Neal

    HE15119  Accepted 27 November 2015
    Using a competition model to help rural communities become healthier: lessons from the NSW Healthy Town Challenge quality assurance process
    Santosh Khanal, Chris Rissel, Bev Lloyd

    HE15124  Accepted 27 November 2015
    The impact of implementing alcohol management practices on sports club membership and revenue: Findings from a randomised controlled trial
    Luke Wolfenden, Melanie Kingsland, Bosco Rowland, Pennie Dodds, Maree Sidey, Shauna Sherker, John Wiggers

    HE15021  Accepted 19 November 2015
    Primary caregivers of young children are unaware of food neophobia and food preference development
    Julie Norton, Maria Raciti

    HE15092  Accepted 06 November 2015
    Promoting physical activity among children and youth in disadvantaged South Australian CALD communities through alternative community sport opportunities.
    Edoardo Rosso, Richard McGrath

    HE15056  Accepted 05 November 2015
    Evaluating a Diabetic Eye Health Video
    Joos Meyer, Karim Johnson, Joshua Bowyer, Josephine Muir, Angus Turner

    HE15029  Accepted 04 November 2015
    A picture says a thousand words: A food selection observational method
    Julia Carins, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Joy Parkinson

    HE15026  Accepted 04 November 2015
    A qualitative investigation of factors influencing participation in bowel screening in New South Wales
    Greer Dawson, Melanie Crane, Claudine Lyons, Anna Burnham, Tara Bowman, Joanne Travaglia

    HE15065  Accepted 02 October 2015
    Planning for the next generation of public health advocates: Evaluation of an online advocacy mentoring program
    Emily O'Connell, Melissa Stoneham, Julie Saunders

    HE15069  Accepted 14 September 2015
    ‘Hero to Healing’ drink driving program for Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland
    Michelle Fitts, Gavan Palk


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 9 April 2015
Evaluation of the pilot phase of the ‘Give up smokes for good’ social marketing campaign

Lauren Maksimovic, Damien Shen, Mark Bandick, Kerry Ettridge and Marion Eckert

2. Published 10 August 2015
How big is a food portion? A pilot study in Australian families

Clare E Collins, Tamara Bucher, Aimee Taylor, Kristine Pezdirc, Hannah Lucas, Jane Watson, Megan Rollo, Kerith Duncanson, Melinda J Hutchesson and Tracy Burrows

3. Published 10 August 2015
Improvement in primary school adherence to the NSW Healthy School Canteen Strategy in 2007 and 2010

Anne Hills, Nicole Nathan, Keira Robinson, Danushka Fox and Luke Wolfenden

4. Published 9 April 2015
Evaluation of health promotion training for the Western Australian Aboriginal maternal and child health sector

Alexa Wilkins, Roanna C. Lobo, Denese M. Griffin and Heather A. Woods

5. Published 9 April 2015
Food for thought: edible gardens in New Zealand primary and secondary schools

C. Collins, R. Richards, A. I. Reeder and A. R. Gray

6. Published 10 August 2015
Assessing the real world effectiveness of the Healthy Eating Activity and Lifestyle (HEAL™) program

Sharon A. Hetherington, Jerrad A. Borodzicz and Cecilia M. Shing

7. Published 10 August 2015
Men’s Sheds function and philosophy: towards a framework for future research and men’s health promotion

Nathan J. Wilson, Reinie Cordier, Kenji Doma, Gary Misan and Sharmila Vaz

8. Published 9 April 2015
Key beliefs of hospital nurses’ hand-hygiene behaviour: protecting your peers and needing effective reminders

Katherine M. White, Nerina L. Jimmieson, Nicholas Graves, Adrian Barnett, Wendell Cockshaw, Phillip Gee, Katie Page, Megan Campbell, Elizabeth Martin, David Brain and David Paterson

9. Published 9 April 2015
Prevention of postnatal mental health problems in women: knowledge exchange in primary care in Victoria, Australia

Heather J. Rowe and Jane R. W. Fisher

10. Published 10 August 2015
Local government capacity to deliver health promotion initiatives: a case study

Gwyn Jolley and Elsa Barton

11. Published 9 April 2015
Challenges to establishing successful partnerships in community health promotion programs: local experiences from the national implementation of healthy eating activity and lifestyle (HEAL™) program

Sarah Dennis, Sharon A. Hetherington, Jerrad A. Borodzicz, Oshana Hermiz and Nicholas A. Zwar

12. Published 10 August 2015
Environmental barriers and enablers to physical activity participation among rural adults: a qualitative study

Verity Cleland, Clarissa Hughes, Lukar Thornton, Kathryn Squibb, Alison Venn and Kylie Ball

13. Published 10 August 2015
‘Kids in the Kitchen’ impact evaluation: engaging primary school students in preparing fruit and vegetables for their own consumption

Barbara Ritchie, Lily O'Hara and Jane Taylor

14. Published 9 April 2015
Unhealthy product sponsorship of Australian national and state sports organisations

Rona Macniven, Bridget Kelly and Lesley King

15. Published 10 August 2015
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour among Asian and Anglo-Australian adolescents

Claudia Strugnell, Andre M. N. Renzaho, Kate Ridley and Cate Burns

16. Published 9 April 2015
Using rap music to promote adolescent health: pilot study of VoxBox

Ernesta Paukste and Neil Harris

17. Published 9 April 2015
Prevalence of FOB testing in eastern-Australian general practice patients: what has a national bowel cancer screening program delivered?

Christine L. Paul, Mariko L. Carey, Grant Russell, Cate D'Este, Rob W. Sanson-Fisher and Nicholas Zwar

18. Published 10 August 2015
Does a corporate worksite physical activity program reach those who are inactive? Findings from an evaluation of the Global Corporate Challenge

Rona Macniven, Lina Engelen, Mia J. Kacen and Adrian Bauman

19. Published 10 August 2015
Culturally appropriate flipcharts improve the knowledge of common respiratory conditions among Northern Territory Indigenous families

Clare C. Mckay, Anne B. Chang, Lesley A. Versteegh and Gabrielle B. McCallum

20. Published 9 April 2015
Love Bugs: promoting sexual health among young people in Samoa

Emma Heard, Leveti Auvaa and Charlotte Pickering

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