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Australian Journal of Botany
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  Southern hemisphere botanical ecosystems
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Author Instructions

All manuscripts should be submitted via ScholarOne Manuscripts.

Licence to publish
For details regarding copyright, please see Copyright/Licence to Publish.

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Open access
Authors may choose to publish their paper Open Access on payment of a publication fee. See Open Access for more details.

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Journal policy and notes
Papers of relevance to Southern Hemisphere ecosystems will be considered for publication in the Journal in the fields of ecology and ecophysiology; conservation biology and biodiversity; forest biology and management; cell biology and tissue culture; paleobotany; reproductive biology and genetics; mycology and pathology; and structure and development. Review articles will also be considered. Authors interested in publishing a review article are invited to contact the Editor or an appropriate member of the Editorial Board. Australian Journal of Botany does not publish the results of biological surveys if the main body of the results is only the results of a biological survey. However, the Journal will publish papers that present survey data in comparative and ecological contexts. All papers are refereed. Please be aware that the acceptance rate of papers is about 33%.

Submission of a paper implies that the results have not been published and are not being considered for publication elsewhere. It also implies that all coauthors of the paper have consented to its submission. Authors of multi-authored papers may wish to assign relative values to their contributions, or to indicate that two or more authors contributed equally to a paper. This can be done in a note at the end of the address field on the paper. The Journal will use its best endeavours to ensure that work published is that of the named authors except where acknowledged and, through its reviewing procedures, that any published results and conclusions are consistent with the primary data. It takes no responsibility for fraud or innaccuracy on the part of the contributors. There are no page charges.

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Distribution information and lodging specimens
In cooperation with other botanical institutions, distributional data for rare and threatened plant taxa will be masked. Precise distributional data are not published for species that are listed as known only from the type locality, or whose conservation status is given as E or V by Briggs and Leigh (1988). Where specimen citations for rare taxa have been deliberately abbreviated to achieve less precision in order to protect the taxa, this should be stated. The Wildlife Protection (Regulation) of Exports and Imports Act of 1982 (amended in 1986) states that all type material and unicates collected in Australia must be lodged in an appropriate national or state institution. Consequently, Journal policy requires that type material of all of the taxa collected in Australia after 1982, and discussed by the author of a manuscript, be lodged in a suitable Australian herbarium.

For all papers, whether presenting morphological, cytological or molecular data, voucher specimens must be cited, along with the herbarium where lodged. For population studies where large series of specimens of one taxon are examined, citation of exemplar specimens is acceptable. In tables that list material examined, the voucher specimen (collection) and the herbarium where lodged are to be listed for each entry. If there are one or few herbaria involved, this can be indicated instead of in the materials and methods, or in the table caption.

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Online publication
Papers are published online immediately after final corrections are completed. No corrections are allowed after this time.

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Turner Review Series
The Journal continues to publish the series of papers known as the Turner Reviews, which aims to provide critical, state-of-the-art evaluations that advance our knowledge in current, key areas of botanical research. This series will be commissioned by invitation, and is numbered in sequence. We would greatly appreciate advice and suggestions on prospective reviews for this important series.

The Journal reserves the right to fast-track excellent papers, including those of the Turner Review Series.

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Supplementary material
Supplementary material of a detailed nature that may be useful to other workers, but which is not essential to the printed paper, may be lodged with the Editor, provided that it is submitted with the manuscript for inspection by the referees. Such material will be made available on request and a note to this effect should be included in the paper. Where practicable and appropriate this material will also be made available online.

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General presentation
The works should be presented concisely and clearly in English. Introductory material, including a review of the literature, should not exceed what is necessary to indicate the reason for the work and the essential background. All pages of the manuscript should contain line numbering to aid the referees in their task. Authors are advised to note the typographical conventions and the layout of headings, tables, and illustrations exemplified in recent issues of the Journal. Observance of these and the following requirements will shorten the interval between submission and publication.

Corresponding authors will be sent a free PDF of their paper upon publication. The conditions under which the paper is distributed is as follows:
Authors may

  • Print out the PDF
  • Store the PDF on their personal hard disk
  • Send copies to individual colleagues for non-commercial purposes
  • Include the PDF in a course pack, subject to the usual copyright licencing agency fees
  • Post the PDF on their personal website.

Authors may not

  • Aggregate the PDF with other papers on related topics (other than the author´s own papers).

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Submission and preparation of manuscripts
To submit your paper, please use our online journal management system ScholarOne Manuscripts, which can be reached directly through this link or from the link on the journal´s homepage. If a first-time user, register via the ´Register here´ link, or use your existing username and password to log in. Then click on the ´Author Centre´ link and proceed.

A covering letter must accompany the submission and should include the name, address, fax and telephone numbers, and email address of the corresponding author. The letter should also contain a statement justifying why the work should be considered for publication in the journal, and that the manuscript has not been published or simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere. Suggestions of possible referees are welcome.

If you encounter any difficulties, or you have any queries, please contact:
Australian Journal of Botany
CSIRO Publishing
Locked Bag 10
Clayton South VIC 3169
Telephone +[61 3] 9545 8439
Fax +[61 3] 9545 8578
Email publishing.ajb@csiro.au

Authors are advised to read recent issues of the journal to note details of the scope of papers, headings, tables, illustrations, style, and general form. Observance of these and the following details will shorten the time between submission and publication. Poorly prepared and unnecessarily lengthy manuscripts have less chance of being accepted.

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This should be concise and informative and should contain all keywords necessary to facilitate retrieval by modern searching techniques. Titles including generic or specific names should also contain the name of taxa at higher rank, e.g. Division, Class, Order or Family. Nomenclatural authorities should be omitted from the title. An abridged title that does not exceed 50 characters should also be supplied for use as a running head.

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Summary text for the Table of Contents
This is a three-sentence paragraph of 50 to 80 words written for interested non-experts, such as journalists, teachers, government workers, etc. The text should be free from scientific jargon, and written at the level of an article in a science magazine. Your first sentence should engage the reader, convincing them that this is an important area. The second sentence should introduce the problem addressed in the paper, and state your main discovery. The final sentence should describe how the results fit into the bigger picture (i.e. implications or impact of the discovery).

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This should state concisely, preferably in fewer than 200 words, the scope of the work and the principal findings, and should be suitable for use by abstracting services. Species names mentioned in the abstract should include nomenclatural authorities. Acronyms and references should be avoided.

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This should normally be divided into sections, e.g. Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References. All main headings should be in upper and lower case bold type, aligned at the left. Minor headings should be in light italics. The folllowing also should be adhered to: spell out numbers lower than 10 unless accompanied by a unit, e.g. 2 mm, 15 mm, two plants, 15 plants, but 5 out of 15 plants; leave a space between a numeral and its unit; use the ´ise´ construction, not ´ize´; indicate approximate positions of figures and tables on the manuscript.

Synonymies should be indicated by a smaller font size and the first line of each synonymous species should be indented. Where presented, synonymy should immediately follow taxon headings.

Latin diagnoses for new species should be given in English to allow checking by the referees.

Material examined should be the last section presented in each taxon treatment and should be indicated by a minor heading and a smaller font size. Where presented, Etymology and Illustration sections should immediately precede Material examined. For clarity, authors should provide a minor heading, on a separate line, for each section of a taxon treatment, except for the taxon description. This may appear without a heading.

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In the text, references should be listed in chronological order, separated by semi-colons. Use ´and´ to link the names of two coauthors and ´et al.´ where there are more than two. Do not use a comma between the author´s name and the date. References after names of taxa, e.g. in synonymies, should include the author´s name followed by a comma, the journal name (suitably abbreviated) in roman type, the volume number followed by a colon, then the page numbers, and finally the year in parentheses. References occurring only in synonymy should not be given in the reference list. Make sure that all references in the text (except synonymies) are listed at the end of the paper and vice versa. At the end of the paper, list references in alphabetical order. Give titles of books and names of journals in full.

  • Journal article
    Lucas EJ, Harris SA, Mazine FF, Bellsham SR, Lughadha EMN, Telford A, Gasson PE, Chase MW (2007) Suprageneric phylogenetics of Myrteae, the generically richest tribe in Myrtaceae (Myrtales). Taxon 56, 1105-1128.

  • Book
    Hesse M, Halbritter H, Zetter R, Weber M, Buchner R, Frosch-Radivo A, Ulrich S (2009) ´Pollen terminology: an illustrated handbook.´ (Springer: New York)

  • Book chapter
    Walton TJ (1990) Waxes, cutin and suberin. In ´Methods in plant biochemistry. Vol. 4: lipids, membranes and aspects of photobiology´. (Eds PM Dey, JB Harbone) pp. 105-108. (Academic Press: London)

  • Online reference
    Radcliffe J, Catley M, Fischer T, Perrett K, Sheridan K (2003) ´Review of plant research biosecurity protocols.´ (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry: Canberra) Available at http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/146913/review.pdf [Verified 1 April 2012]

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Use of referencing software
To obtain the style file for this journal, please go to the following websites.

If using ´Reference Manager´, visit http://www.refman.com/support/rmoutputstyles.asp.

If using ´ProCite´, visit http://www.procite.com/support/pcoutputstyles.asp.

If using ´EndNote*´ software, visit http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp.

*You will find the style file under the ´Botany´ category, listed as Australian Journal of Botany.

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The International System of Units (Système International d´Unités, SI units) should be used for exact measurement of physical qualities and as far as practical elsewhere. Measurements of radiation should be given as irradiance or photon flux density, or both, and the waveband of the radiation should be specified. Luminous flux density units (e.g. lux) should not be used. Do not use the double solidus in complex groupings of units, e.g.mmol/m2/s; use the negative index system instead, i.e. mmol m-2 s-1.

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Mathematical formulae
Correctly align and adequately space all symbols. Avoid two-line mathematical expressions wherever possible especially in the running text. Display each long formula on a separate line with at least two lines of space above and below it.

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Gene sequences
All sequences used as data must be deposited in one of the international nucleotide sequence databases, preferably GenBank, National Center for Biotechnology Information, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA. Email: gb-sub@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Request information at gsdb@gsdb.ncgr.org. Post-review final manuscript will not be accepted until sequence database accession numbers are included.

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Enzyme nomenclature
Names should conform to Recommendations (1992) of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the Nomenclature and Classification of Enzymes as published in ´Enzyme Nomenclature 1992´ (Academic Press: San Diego). If you wish to use a name other than the recommended name, at the first mention of the alternative name identify it by giving the recommended name and its EC number.

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Chemical nomenclature
The recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature should be followed when naming compounds such as amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids, steroids, vitamins, etc. Refer to other biologically active compounds, such as metabolic inhibitors, plant growth regulators, buffers (in accordance with IUPAC Rules of Chemical Nomenclature), once and then by their most widely accepted common name.

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These should be numbered with arabic numerals and be accompained by a title. The title should be in bold upper and lower case and should be in a separate paragraph from the headnote. Tables should be arranged with regard to the proportions of the printed page (1 column 8.5 cm width, 2 columns 17.5 cm width). Include in the headnote, any information relevant to the table as a whole, and where applicable, the levels of probability attached to statistics in the body of the table. Use *, **, *** only to define probability levels. Use footnotes only to refer to specific items in the body of the table; use A and B etc. for footnotes. Insert horizontal rules above and below the column headings and across the bottom of the table; do not use vertical rules. If using Microsoft Word, use table formatting to prepare tables (i.e. use table cells, not tabs), otherwise use tabs, not spaces to align columns. The first letter only of headings of rows and columns should be capitalised. Include the symbols for the units of measurement in parentheses below the column heading. Each table must be referred to in the text.

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Line diagrams and photographs must be prepared using either a draw or chart/graph program such as MacDraw, Illustrator, CorelDraw, Excel, Sigmaplot, Harvard Graphics or Cricket Graph and files should be saved in one of the following formats: encapsulated PostScript (EPS), Illustrator or Excel (provided the Excel files have been saved with the chart encapsulated in it). The submission of scanned images or illustrations prepared in a paint program, e.g. Photoshop (and PICT and JPEG files) is discouraged, because of the difficulty in making editorial corrections to these files. If illustrations are created in a paint program, save the file as a TIFF or EPS (these files should be 600 dpi for line drawings and 300 dpi for halftone figures).

Refer to each figure in the text, and number each according to the order in which it appears in the text. All lettering must be of a standard suitable for reduction (if necessary) and reproduction. Use a sans-serif typeface (e.g. Helvetica, Univers, Futura) that contrasts with its background, and which will be 1.5-2 mm high when printed. Use hatching not shading in bar graphs.

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Arrange photographs so that they abut each other without gaps, but allow 2-3 mm for the printer to insert a ´gutter´. Figures should be sized to fit either on 1 column (8.5 cm width) or over 2 columns (17.5 cm width). Depth should not exceed 22 cm. Include a scale bar on all micrographs. Important features mentioned in the text should be indicated. Lettering should be in sans-serif type that contrasts with its background. Colour photographs will be accepted, but the cost of production must be borne by the author.

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Line drawings
The following symbols should be avoided: +, x or *. Explain the symbols used in the caption of the figure or in a legend. State on the axes of a graph what is being measured and give the appropriate units in parentheses.

Dense stippling does not reproduce well, and should be avoided. Lettering should be in sans-serif type (Helvetica is ideal) with only the first letter of the first word and any proper names capitalised, and should not be in bold type. Grid marks should point inwards.

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