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Australian Journal of Zoology
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  Evolutionary, Molecular and Comparative Zoology
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Australian Journal of Zoology is an international journal covering the evolutionary, molecular and comparative zoology of Australasian fauna. More

Editor-in-Chief: Paul Cooper



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Published online 13 August 2014
Regional seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in feral and stray cats (Felis catus) from Tasmania 
Bronwyn A. Fancourt and Robert B. Jackson

A high seroprevalence (84.2%) of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies is reported from feral and stray cat populations in Tasmania. Results were higher than serosurveys from most other Australian localities and nearly all other countries. This indicates a high risk of infection for a range of intermediate host species, with significant implications for wildlife conservation, livestock production and public health.
Photo by Bronwyn Fancourt.

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Published online 08 August 2014
The population genetics of the western purple-crowned fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus), a declining riparian passerine 
Anja Skroblin, Andrew Cockburn and Sarah Legge

Population genetic analysis indicates that the declining western subspecies of the purple-crowned fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus) occurs as five genetically distinct populations within the Fitzroy, Durack, Drysdale, Victoria and Pentecost catchments. A regional approach to conservation, focusing on prevention of degradation, is needed to safeguard the persistence of these populations.
Photo by Anja Skroblin.

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Published online 05 August 2014
Significant population genetic structuring but a lack of phylogeographic structuring in the endemic Tasmanian tree frog (Litoria burrowsae) 
Z. Y. Zhang, S. Cashins, A. Philips and C. P. Burridge

Knowledge of intraspecific genetic variation is desirable for the identification of management units. We surveyed mitochondrial DNA sequences in the Tasmanian endemic frog Litoria burrowsae. Although phylogeographic structure was absent, populations were highly differentiated in haplotype frequencies, with a signature of ‘isolation by distance’. Three putative management units were identified.
Photo by Michael Driessen.

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Published online 31 July 2014
New host records for ticks (Ixodidae) from the northern quoll (Dasyurus hallucatus) in north Queensland 
Haylee J. Weaver

Ticks (Ixodidae) were collected from northern quolls (Dasyurus hallucatus) from the Atherton Tableland, north Queensland. Four species of ticks were collected, with three (Ixodes fecialis, I. holocyclus and I. tasmani) representing new host records for D. hallucatus. These records add new details to the ecology of the parasite fauna of an endangered marsupial.
Photo by Haylee J. Weaver.

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Published online 31 July 2014
Improving genetic monitoring of the northern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus krefftii) 
Lauren C. White, Alan Horsup, Andrea C. Taylor and Jeremy J. Austin

The endangered northern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus krefftii) has been monitored via remote sampling and genetic techniques since 2000, thus avoiding the detrimental effects on the animals of trapping. We have developed eight new microsatellite markers, specifically designed to reduce the time, cost and error rates of future northern hairy-nosed wombat hair censuses.
Photo by Alan Horsup.

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Published online 30 June 2014
Twenty microsatellite loci for population and conservation genetic studies of the wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax) 
J. J. Austin, L. Olivier, D. Nankervis, W. E. Brown, M. G. Gardner and C. P. Burridge

Twenty di- to pentanucleotide microsatellites are reported for the wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax), a large raptor from Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. These markers will be used to assess population structure and conservation genetics of this species, focusing on population differentiation and gene flow between Tasmanian and mainland populations and conservation genetics of the endangered Tasmanian population.

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Published online 26 June 2014
Variation in platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) life-history attributes and population trajectories in urban streams 
M. Serena, G. A. Williams, A. R. Weeks and J. Griffiths

Platypus population size, sex ratio, reproductive success, juvenile recruitment and longevity are described in three stream systems near Melbourne. Population size varied asynchronously among the systems, which also differed with respect to stream flow, spatial isolation and degree of urbanisation; rainfall patterns accounted for much of the variation in annual reproductive success.
Photo courtesy of the Australian Platypus Conservancy.

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Published online 10 June 2014
Assessment of temporal genetic variability of two epibenthic amphipod species in an eastern Australian estuarine environment and their suitability as biological monitors 
Pann Pann Chung, Ida Chu and J. William O. Ballard

Population studies often assume temporally stable patterns of genetic variability; this is not always the case. We assessed mitochondrial variation in two amphipod species from an Australian waterway over 24 months. One species was more genetically variable than the other, although no temporal trends were identified in either species.
Photo by Pann Pann Chung.

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Published online 05 June 2014
The diet of Pacific gulls (Larus pacificus) breeding at Seal Island in northern Bass Strait 
Tamara N. Leitch, Peter Dann and John P. Y. Arnould

This study describes the diet of Pacific gulls breeding at Seal Island, in northern Bass Strait. Examination of regurgitate pellets, collected from the colony over nine years, revealed the importance of avian prey in the gulls’ diet, and this is discussed in relation to their behaviour and bill morphology.
Photo by Tamara Leitch.

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Published online 27 May 2014
Monthly variations in the profile of sex steroids and gonadal development of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis Mitchill) during puberty in Tasmania 
Shafaq Fatima, Mark Adams and Ryan Wilkinson

The present study describes the histological development of gonads and variations in the levels of oestradiol-17β (E2), testosterone (T) and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) during the first year of male and female brook trout (age = 8–15 months). Males attained puberty while females failed to become mature within the study period.
Photo by Shafaq Fatima.

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Published online 28 April 2014
The koala immunological toolkit: sequence identification and comparison of key markers of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) immune response 
Katrina Morris, Peter J. Prentis, Denis O'Meally, Ana Pavasovic, Alyce Taylor Brown, Peter Timms, Katherine Belov and Adam Polkinghorne

Few species-specific immunological reagents are available for the koala, an iconic native species threatened by infectious diseases. The current study employed RNASeq to catalogue and characterise the sequences for a range of key koala immunological markers, providing researchers with tools to begin to understand the koala’s immune system.
Photo by Courtney Waugh.

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    | Supplementary Material (8.5 MB)
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blank image Australian Journal of Zoology
Volume 62 Number 2 2014

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A molecular and morphological investigation of species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in Australian free-tailed bats Mormopterus (Chiroptera : Molossidae) 
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T. B. Reardon , N. L. McKenzie , S. J. B. Cooper , B. Appleton , S. Carthew and M. Adams
pp. 109-136

In this study, we have applied both molecular and morphological methods to resolve the long-recognised taxonomic problems in the Australian free-tailed bat genus Mormopterus. We distinguish nine species, three of which are new, and none conspecific with Indo-Papuan species. We also recognise three subgenera to account for Australian Mormopterus.
Photo by Bruce Thomson.

    | Supplementary Material (4.1 MB)

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Molecular evidence for mid-Pleistocene divergence of populations of three freshwater amphipod species (Talitroidea : Chiltoniidae) on Kangaroo Island, South Australia, with a new spring-associated genus and species 
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Rachael A. King and Remko Leys
pp. 137-156

Species distributional patterns and relationships of freshwater amphipods (Chiltoniidae) from South Australia were analysed. Pleistocene regional climate changes are likely to have driven speciation in this group and the presence of four distinct species at Kangaroo Island indicates that it exists at a likely convergence of species distribution patterns.
Photo by Rachael King.


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Morphology and histology of the uropygial gland in Antarctic birds: relationship with their contact with the aquatic environment? 
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María Cecilia Chiale , Patricia E. Fernández , Eduardo J. Gimeno , Claudio Barbeito and Diego Montalti
pp. 157-165

The morphology and histology of the uropygial gland in Antarctic bird species were studied. Some histological characteristics could be related to the amount of contact with the aquatic environment. Penguins have straight adenomers and absence of a primary storage chamber, whereas storm petrels have more tortuous adenomers and a small storage chamber.
Photo by Diego Montalti.


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Muscular anatomy of the tail of the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus 
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Rebekah Dawson , Nick Milne and Natalie M. Warburton
pp. 166-174

This paper presents the first detailed anatomical description of the caudal musculature in the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus, revealing functional adaptations that reflect the role of the tail in both bipedal hopping and pentapedal locomotion in a large-bodied kangaroo.
Photo by Nick Milne.


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First record of ‘climbing’ and ‘jumping’ by juvenile Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes, 1846 (Galaxiidae) from south-western Australia 
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Paul G. Close , Tom J. Ryan , David L. Morgan , Stephen J. Beatty and Craig S. Lawrence
pp. 175-179

We describe observations of juvenile trout minnow (Galaxias truttaceus) ‘climbing’ and ‘jumping’ over a vertical weir wall in south-western Australia. This observation enhances our knowledge of the migratory capability, and therefore long-term management, of this species and highlights the need for a better understanding of the swimming capabilities of freshwater fishes in general.
Photo by David Morgan.


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Physalopterine nematodes in Australian reptiles: interactions and patterns of infection 
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Hugh I. Jones
pp. 180-194

Physalopterine nematodes are widespread in the gastrointestinal tract of many species of reptiles in Australia. At least 15 species of nematode are involved, and this paper examines factors which might limit interspecific competition between them; these include host-specificity, geographic distribution, climate, and feeding organ morphology.
Photo by Hugh Jones.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    ZO13072  Accepted 31 July 2014
    Weight watching in burrows: variation in body condition in pygmy bluetongue lizards
    Leili Shamiminoori, Aaron Fenner, Michael Bull

    ZO14016  Accepted 05 July 2014
    Changes in the abundance and distribution of the New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) in Western Australia: Are they approaching carrying capacity?
    Richard Campbell, David Holley, Peter Collins, Shannon Armstrong

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 6 September 2013
The role of quoll (Dasyurus) predation in the outcome of pre-1900 introductions of rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) to the mainland and islands of Australia

David Peacock and Ian Abbott

2. Published 14 October 2013
Past and present distribution of Dasycercus: toward a better understanding of the identity of specimens in cave deposits and the conservation status of the currently recognised species D. blythi and D. cristicauda (Marsupialia : Dasyuridae)

P. A. Woolley, A. Haslem and M. Westerman

3. Published 19 June 2014
A molecular and morphological investigation of species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in Australian free-tailed bats Mormopterus (Chiroptera : Molossidae)

T. B. Reardon, N. L. McKenzie, S. J. B. Cooper, B. Appleton, S. Carthew and M. Adams

4. Published 7 January 2014
Regional population structuring and conservation units in the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)

Stephen H. Kolomyjec, Tom R. Grant, Christopher N. Johnson and David Blair

5. Published 14 October 2013
Individual variation in vigilance in female eastern grey kangaroos

R. J. Dannock, S. P. Blomberg and A. W. Goldizen

6. Published 14 October 2013
Individual traits influence vigilance in wild female eastern grey kangaroos

A. M. Edwards, E. C. Best, S. P. Blomberg and A. W. Goldizen

7. Published 6 September 2013
Do woodland birds prefer to forage in healthy Eucalyptus wandoo trees?

T. L. Moore, L. E. Valentine, M. D. Craig, G. E. StJ. Hardy and P. A. Fleming

8. Published 7 January 2014
Geographic variation in the diet of the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) at a local scale

Rohan J. Bilney

9. Published 7 January 2014
Effects of natural weathering conditions on faecal cortisol metabolite measurements in the greater bilby (Macrotis lagotis)

Nicole Evans, Edward J. Narayan and Jean-Marc Hero

10. Published 14 October 2013
Behaviour of free-ranging short-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in Gulf St Vincent, South Australia

Nicole E. Filby, Mike Bossley and Karen A. Stockin

11. Published 7 January 2014
Leaf oxalate content of Eucalyptus spp. and its implications for koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) with oxalate nephrosis

K. N. Speight, W. G. Breed, W. Boardman, D. A. Taggart, C. Leigh, B. Rich and J. I. Haynes

12. Published 6 September 2013
Intra- and interspecific agonistic behaviour in hatchling Australian freshwater crocodiles (Crocodylus johnstoni) and saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus)

Matthew L. Brien, Grahame J. Webb, Jeffrey W. Lang and Keith A. Christian

13. Published 16 April 2014
Does artificial light influence the activity of vertebrates beneath rural buildings?

Philip Borchard and David J. Eldridge

14. Published 16 April 2014
Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite loci in the bush stone-curlew (Burhinus grallarius), a declining Australian bird

Robert A. B. Mason, Catherine Price, Walter E. Boles, Karen-Anne Gray, Edwina Rickard, Mark D. B. Eldridge and Rebecca N. Johnson

15. Published 7 January 2014
Adaptations for digging in the forelimb muscle anatomy of the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus) and bilby (Macrotis lagotis)

Natalie M. Warburton, Lea Grégoire, Sandra Jacques and Camille Flandrin

16. Published 26 May 2014
Abnormal development in embryos and hatchlings of the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, from two reservoirs in south-east Queensland

Anne Kemp

17. Published 16 April 2014
Predicting impacts of global climate change on intraspecific genetic diversity benefits from realistic dispersal estimates

Paul E. Duckett and Adam J. Stow

18. Published 7 January 2014
Spawning season movements of Macquarie perch (Macquaria australasica) in the Yarra River, Victoria

W. M. Koster, D. R. Dawson, J. R. Morrongiello and D. A. Crook

19. Published 14 October 2013
Using phytohaemagglutinin to determine immune responsiveness in saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus)

John W. Finger Jr, Amanda L. Adams, Peter C. Thomson, Cathy M. Shilton, Greg P. Brown, Christopher Moran, Lee G. Miles, Travis C. Glenn and Sally R. Isberg

20. Published 16 April 2014
A virological investigation into declining woylie populations

Carlo Pacioni, Cheryl A. Johansen, Timothy J. Mahony, Mark A. O'Dea, Ian D. Robertson, Adrian F. Wayne and Trevor Ellis

Current Issue
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Volume 62 (2)

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Matthew Brien has been awarded the AJZ Best Student Paper Award for 2013.


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