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Australian Journal of Zoology is an international journal covering the evolutionary, molecular and comparative zoology of Australasian fauna. More

Editor-in-Chief: Paul Cooper

 

 
 
 

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Published online 24 February 2015
Piles of scats for piles of DNA: deriving DNA of lizards from their faeces 
S. K. Pearson, S. S. Tobe, D. A. Fusco, C. M. Bull and M. G. Gardner

Non-invasive genetic sampling using scats has a well established role in conservation biology, but has rarely been applied to reptiles. We evaluated various storage and DNA-extraction methods and identified a reliable method of deriving genotypes and sequences from gidgee skink, Egernia stokesii, scats. Results highlight the opportunity for using scat-derived DNA in lizard studies, particularly for species that deposit scats in piles.
Photo by Dale Burzacott.

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Published online 19 February 2015
New approaches to cataloguing and understanding evolutionary diversity: a perspective from Australian herpetology 
Paul Oliver, J. Scott Keogh and Craig Moritz

The ongoing accumulation of genetically divergent lineages that remain of uncertain taxonomic status and evolutionary significance is a major issue in evolutionary biology and conservation. Improved frameworks to systematically capture taxonomically unrecognised lineage diversity, increasing dissemination of biodiversity metadata, and emerging genomic technologies provide new opportunities to address this issue.
Photo by Paul Oliver.

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Published online 17 February 2015
Random non-coding fragments of lizard DNA: anonymous nuclear loci for the Australian skink, Tiliqua rugosa, and their utility in other Egernia-group species 
Talat Hojat Ansari, Terry Bertozzi, Jessica Hacking, Steven J. B. Cooper and Michael G. Gardner

We developed 48 anonymous nuclear loci from the Australian skink, Tiliqua rugosa. These loci amplified across three lineages of T. rugosa (47 loci), in T. adelaidensis (37 loci) and in Egernia stokesii (34 loci). The loci showed variability within T. rugosa (22 loci) and among the three species (27 loci).
Photo by Mike Gardner.

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Published online 17 February 2015
Biology of the invasive delicate skink (Lampropholis delicata) on Lord Howe Island 
David G. Chapple, Kimberly A. Miller, Kirilee Chaplin, Louise Barnett, Michael B. Thompson and Rebecca D. Bray

We conducted the first detailed investigation of the invasive delicate skink (Lampropholis delicata) on Lord Howe Island (LHI), and examined its potential impact on the native biota. We conclude that, based on its distribution and abundance, the delicate skink has the potential to impact the diverse endemic invertebrate fauna on LHI.
Photo by Nick Clemann.

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Published online 16 February 2015
From lineages to webs: a history of the Australian Society of Herpetologists 
Glenn M. Shea

The Australian Society of Herpetologists was founded in 1964 as Australian herpetology changed through the spread of university-based herpetological workers and students, together with a new generation of museum scientists. Over half a century, it has grown with and nurtured herpetological research in Australia.

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Published online 10 February 2015
A thermal profile of metabolic performance in the rare Australian chelid, Pseudemydura umbrina 
Sophie G. Arnall, Gerald Kuchling and Nicola J. Mitchell

To help understand how future climates might impact the critically endangered western swamp turtle (Pseudemydura umbrina), we produced a thermal response curve for the species by measuring standard metabolic rates. Our curve predicts a decline in performance beyond approximately 30°C, which is consistent with observations in the field and laboratory.
Photo by Gerald Kuchling.

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Published online 06 February 2015
Mating behaviour in pygmy bluetongue lizards: do females ‘attract' male lizards? 
Mehregan Ebrahimi, Stephanie S. Godfrey, Aaron L. Fenner and C. Michael Bull

Male lizards usually play an important role in mating behaviour. We discovered that female Australian pygmy bluetongue lizards (Tiliqua adelaidensis) moved around burrows when fewer male lizards visited them during the breeding season. We confirm that there are two mating strategies – selective and opportunistic – for this species as previously reported.
Photo by Aaron Fenner.

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Published online 06 February 2015
Reproduction and population ecology of the vulnerable western sawshelled turtle, Myuchelys bellii, in the Murray–Darling Basin, Australia 
Darren P. Fielder, Duncan J. Limpus and Colin J. Limpus

The biology and life-history traits of the vulnerable western sawshelled turtle, Myuchelys bellii, are presented for the first time. The long-term study (2002–2010) revealed delayed age at first breeding (males: 10 years, females: 20 years), low reproductive effort (14.3 eggs per female) and high survivorship (lifespan of over 40 years). Current threats and management actions are discussed.
Photo by Robert Ashdown.

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Published online 21 January 2015
Cats (Felis catus) are more abundant and are the dominant predator of woylies (Bettongia penicillata) after sustained fox (Vulpes vulpes) control 
Nicola J. Marlow, Neil D. Thomas, Andrew A. E. Williams, Brian Macmahon, John Lawson, Yvette Hitchen, John Angus and Oliver Berry

Cat abundance was significantly higher in two mesic sites that were baited for fox control for two decades than in two unbaited sites. Cat predation on a threatened species, the woylie (Bettongia penicillata), in the baited sites exceeded fox predation by more than 300%. Increased cat predation may become an unintended consequence of fox control for fauna protection elsewhere in Australia.
Photo by Neil Thomas.

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Published online 21 January 2015
Daily changes in food availability, but not long-term unpredictability, determine daily torpor-bout occurrences and frequency in stripe-faced dunnarts (Sminthopsis macroura) 
Alexandra M. Leslie, Mathew Stewart, Elizabeth Price and Adam J. Munn

We investigated the effect of unpredictable food availability on torpor use by stripe-faced dunnarts (Sminthopsis macroura). Long-term unpredictability in food supplies did not affect torpor-bout frequency compared to predictable food restriction. Instead, dunnarts appeared to adjust torpor frequency in response to the amount of food offered on each day.
Photo by Alex Leslie.

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Published online 21 January 2015
Ecology of the rare but irruptive Pilliga mouse, Pseudomys pilligaensis. IV. Habitat ecology 
Hideyuki Tokushima and Peter J. Jarman

We determined preferences of the Pilliga mouse, Pseudomys pilligaensis, for habitat attributes through phases of a population irruption, and characterised refuge sites. Its habitat selection changed with phases of the irruption. Mice preferred ground cover with higher proportions of sand and shrubs in the Low phase of the irruption.
Photo by Hideyuki Tokushima.

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Published online 15 January 2015
Prevalence of beak and feather disease virus in wild Platycercus elegans: comparison of three tissue types using a probe-based real-time qPCR test 
Justin R. Eastwood, Mathew L. Berg, Briana Spolding, Katherine L. Buchanan, Andrew T. D. Bennett and Ken Walder

Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is a serious threat to parrot populations globally. Here, we show that BFDV is a prevalent and widespread infection in wild populations of crimson rosellas (Platycercus elegans). In addition, we highlight the importance of sample type when conducting viral testing in wild birds.
Photo by Raoul Ribot.

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Published online 15 January 2015
Reconstructed paternal genotypes reveal variable rates of multiple paternity at three rookeries of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Western Australia 
J. N. Tedeschi, N. J. Mitchell, O. Berry, S. Whiting, M. Meekan and W. J. Kennington

We investigated levels of multiple paternity in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) from three rookeries in Western Australia. We found highly variable rates unrelated to female population size (25% at Bungelup Beach, 86% at Gnaraloo Bay and 36% at Dirk Hartog Island).
Photo by Kasey Darts.

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Published online 15 January 2015
Predation of two common native frog species (Litoria ewingi and Crinia signifera) by freshwater invertebrates 
Natasha J. Wilson, Jamie E. Seymour and Craig R. Williams

Invertebrates can be important predators of amphibian eggs and tadpoles, but have been less well-studied than vertebrate predators. To determine the rate of consumption, common invertebrate predators (identified through field site surveys) were offered frog eggs and tadpoles in feeding trials. Freshwater crayfish and notonectids were identified as significant predators.
Photo by Natasha J. Wilson.

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Published online 24 December 2014
Foraging behaviour of the endangered Australian skink (Liopholis slateri) 
Megan A. McKinney, Christine A. Schlesinger and Chris R. Pavey

Slater’s skinks (Liopholis slateri), observed over a 7-month period, exhibited predominantly ambush predation. Juveniles foraged more frequently and further from burrows than adults. Ants were the most common prey item and juveniles targeted small ants more often than adults, moving further to capture these prey.
Photo by Megan McKinney.

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Published online 24 December 2014
Increased lyrebird presence in a post-fire landscape 
Anna Doty, Clare Stawski, Julia Nowack, Artiom Bondarenco and Fritz Geiser

We observed a marked increase in superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) numbers after a controlled burn in Guy Fawkes River National Park, New South Wales. The low-intensity fire cleared brush and low-level vegetation, and therefore may have attracted superb lyrebirds immediately after the fire due to ease of movement and foraging effort.
Photo by Gerhard Körtner.

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blank image Australian Journal of Zoology
Volume 62 Number 5 2014

 
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Delineation of conservation units in an endangered marsupial, the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus obesulus), in South Australia/western Victoria, Australia 
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You Li , Melanie L. Lancaster , Susan M. Carthew , Jasmin G. Packer and Steven J. B. Cooper
pp. 345-359

The southern brown bandicoot, Isoodon obesulus obesulus, has experienced a dramatic decline in Australia and is listed as nationally endangered. Using genetic analyses of the subspecies from South Australia and south-western Victoria, we show this subspecies comprises multiple evolutionarily significant units and management units that are important for its conservation management.
Photo by Casey O’Brien.

 
    | Supplementary Material (1.4 MB)
 

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Age-dependent changes in gross and histological morphology of the thyroid gland in South Australian koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) 
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C. Graham , L. Woolford , L. Johnson and K. N. Speight
pp. 360-365

This study examined the gross and histological structure of thyroid glands in South Australian koalas. It was found that thyroid glands of adult koalas were atypical compared with those of juveniles and characterised by large colloidal macrofollicles lined by flattened epithelium. This age-dependent change may be associated with the low metabolic rate of this species.
Photo by Natasha Speight.

 
  
 

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Cane toads (Rhinella marina) in south-western Queensland: invasion front, spread and how Cooper Creek geomorphology could enable invasion into north-eastern South Australia 
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David Peacock , Gresley A. Wakelin-King and Ben Shepherd
pp. 366-373

There is little recognition that cane toads are spreading into south-western Queensland. Utilising local knowledge, a limited survey was undertaken within the Cooper Creek catchment, finding toads as far south as Jundah. We conclude that there is no reason why cane toads cannot penetrate further down the Cooper Creek, threatening wetlands in north-eastern South Australia.
Photo by David Peacock.

 
  
 

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Prey selection and diet overlap of native golden perch and alien redfin perch under contrasting hydrological conditions 
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S. D. Wedderburn , C. M. Bice and T. C. Barnes
pp. 374-381

Alien redfin perch and native golden perch are predatory fishes. We identified dietary differences during drought that imply resource partitioning occurred between the perches, whereas the promotion of pelagic prey fishes during flooding apparently facilitated resource sharing. The findings suggest redfin perch can directly compete with native piscivores for prey.
Photo by Scotte Wedderburn.

 
  
 

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Conservation genetics of the water mouse, Xeromys myoides Thomas, 1889 
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David Benfer , Andrew M. Baker , Tina Ball , Ian Gynther , Heather Janetzki and Susan Fuller
pp. 382-392

We examined historical and contemporary influences on the genetic structure of the threatened water mouse, Xeromys myoides, across its disjunct Australian distribution. We found very low genetic diversity, suggesting that the species consists of a single evolutionarily significant unit and has undergone a recent range expansion in Australia.
Photo by Ian Gynther.

 
    | Supplementary Material (250 KB)
 

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Feeding and the salivary gland response in free-ranging yellow-winged grasshoppers (Gastrimargus musicus) 
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O. Nurul Wahida and Paul D. Cooper
pp. 393-400

Free-ranging Gastrimargus muscicus (yellow-winged grasshopper) were captured in the field to determine effects of feeding on salivary gland function. Salivary glands increased in size with food in the crop, and the staining pattern for serotonin within the salivary glands suggested that food consumption stimulated gland activity.
Photo courtesy of Dr David Rentz.

 
  
 

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Taxonomy of rock-wallabies, Petrogale (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). IV. Multifaceted study of the brachyotis group identifies additional taxa 
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Sally Potter , Robert L. Close , David A. Taggart , Steven J. B. Cooper and Mark D. B. Eldridge
pp. 401-414

Morphological and genetic data indicate that the short-eared rock-wallaby Petrogale brachyotis represents at least two separate species: P. brachyotis (sensu stricto) from the Kimberley and western Northern Territory (NT), and P. wilkinsi from the northern and eastern NT. Additionally, P. brachyotis (sensu stricto) can be separated into two subspecies.
Photo by Emily Miller.

 
    | Supplementary Material (468 KB)
 

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    ZO14037  Accepted 11 February 2015
    Factors influencing the importation and establishment in Australia of the European hare Lepus europaeus
    Philip Stott
    Abstract


    ZO14009  Accepted 30 January 2015
    Population structure and genetic diversity of the black-footed rock-wallaby (Petrogale lateralis MacDonnell Ranges race).
    Laura Ruykys, Melanie Lancaster
    Abstract


    ZO14088  Accepted 29 January 2015
    The Endoparasites of Liasis fuscus (Serpentes: Pythonidae) from the Adelaide River floodplain, Northern Territory, Australia
    Eridani Mulder, Lesley Warner
    Abstract


    ZO14093  Accepted 21 January 2015
    Searching behaviour of Dolichogenidea tasmanica in response to susceptible instars of Epiphyas postvittana
    Maryam Yazdani, Richard Glatz, Michael Keller
    Abstract


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Rank Paper Details
1. Published 19 June 2014
A molecular and morphological investigation of species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in Australian free-tailed bats Mormopterus (Chiroptera : Molossidae)

T. B. Reardon, N. L. McKenzie, S. J. B. Cooper, B. Appleton, S. Carthew and M. Adams

2. Published 7 November 2014
Regional seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in feral and stray cats (Felis catus) from Tasmania

Bronwyn A. Fancourt and Robert B. Jackson

3. Published 21 August 2014
The koala immunological toolkit: sequence identification and comparison of key markers of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) immune response

Katrina Morris, Peter J. Prentis, Denis O'Meally, Ana Pavasovic, Alyce Taylor Brown, Peter Timms, Katherine Belov and Adam Polkinghorne

4. Published 22 December 2014
Delineation of conservation units in an endangered marsupial, the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus obesulus), in South Australia/western Victoria, Australia

You Li, Melanie L. Lancaster, Susan M. Carthew, Jasmin G. Packer and Steven J. B. Cooper

5. Published 7 November 2014
When the ‘native cat’ would ‘plague’: historical hyperabundance in the quoll (Marsupialia : Dasyuridae) and an assessment of the role of disease, cats and foxes in its curtailment

David Peacock and Ian Abbott

6. Published 16 April 2014
Does artificial light influence the activity of vertebrates beneath rural buildings?

Philip Borchard and David J. Eldridge

7. Published 21 August 2014
Variation in platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) life-history attributes and population trajectories in urban streams

M. Serena, G. A. Williams, A. R. Weeks and J. Griffiths

8. Published 22 December 2014
Taxonomy of rock-wallabies, Petrogale (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). IV. Multifaceted study of the brachyotis group identifies additional taxa

Sally Potter, Robert L. Close, David A. Taggart, Steven J. B. Cooper and Mark D. B. Eldridge

9. Published 16 April 2014
Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite loci in the bush stone-curlew (Burhinus grallarius), a declining Australian bird

Robert A. B. Mason, Catherine Price, Walter E. Boles, Karen-Anne Gray, Edwina Rickard, Mark D. B. Eldridge and Rebecca N. Johnson

10. Published 19 June 2014
Muscular anatomy of the tail of the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus

Rebekah Dawson, Nick Milne and Natalie M. Warburton

11. Published 26 May 2014
The herpetofauna of Kioloa, New South Wales: baseline observational data collected 30 years ago and inspired by R. E. Barwick

Klaus Henle, Will Osborne and Frank Lemckert

12. Published 16 April 2014
Long-term persistence and vicariance within the Australian Monsoonal Tropics: the case of the giant cave and tree geckos (Pseudothecadactylus)

Paul M. Oliver, Rebecca J. Laver, Katie L. Smith and Aaron M. Bauer

13. Published 16 April 2014
Orientation of tawny frogmouth (Podargus strigoides) nests and their position on branches optimises thermoregulation and cryptic concealment

Stuart Rae and Duncan Rae

14. Cats (Felis catus) are more abundant and are the dominant predator of woylies (Bettongia penicillata) after sustained fox (Vulpes vulpes) control

Nicola J. Marlow, Neil D. Thomas, Andrew A. E. Williams, Brian Macmahon, John Lawson, Yvette Hitchen, John Angus and Oliver Berry

15. Published 26 May 2014
Abnormal development in embryos and hatchlings of the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, from two reservoirs in south-east Queensland

Anne Kemp

16. Published 26 May 2014
The evolution of morphogenetic fitness landscapes: conceptualising the interplay between the developmental and ecological drivers of morphological innovation

Charles R. Marshall

17. Published 16 April 2014
A virological investigation into declining woylie populations

Carlo Pacioni, Cheryl A. Johansen, Timothy J. Mahony, Mark A. O'Dea, Ian D. Robertson, Adrian F. Wayne and Trevor Ellis

18. Published 19 June 2014
First record of ‘climbing’ and ‘jumping’ by juvenile Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes, 1846 (Galaxiidae) from south-western Australia

Paul G. Close, Tom J. Ryan, David L. Morgan, Stephen J. Beatty and Craig S. Lawrence

19. Published 21 August 2014
The population genetics of the western purple-crowned fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus), a declining riparian passerine

Anja Skroblin, Andrew Cockburn and Sarah Legge

20. Published 7 November 2014
Weight watching in burrows: variation in body condition in pygmy bluetongue lizards

Leili Shamiminoori, Aaron L. Fenner and C. Michael Bull


      
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