Australian Journal of Zoology Australian Journal of Zoology Society
Evolutionary, molecular and comparative zoology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

In superb fairy wrens (Malurus cyaneus), nuptial males have more blood parasites and higher haemoglobin concentration than eclipsed males

Diane Colombelli-Négrel A and Sonia Kleindorfer A B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.

B Corresponding author. Email: Sonia.Kleindorfer@flinders.edu.au

Australian Journal of Zoology 56(2) 117-121 https://doi.org/10.1071/ZO07072
Submitted: 14 January 2007  Accepted: 11 July 2008   Published: 13 October 2008

Abstract

Blood parasites rupture mature red blood cells and so reduce haemoglobin concentration and hence the potential activity levels of infected males. We examined blood parasites and haemoglobin concentration in the superb fairy-wren (Malurus cyaneus) across three years and six locations in South Australia. We tested the prediction that males in nuptial plumage have more blood parasites and hence lower haemoglobin concentration than males in eclipsed plumage. Of 188 birds, 20 (10.6%) had blood parasites (Haemaproteus spp). We found that (1) there was an effect of season and sex on haemoglobin concentration; (2) there was no effect of haemoglobin concentration on prevalence of blood parasites or intensity; and (3) males in nuptial plumage had more blood parasites but higher haemoglobin concentration than eclipsed males.


Acknowledgements

We thank the following organisations for financial support: Australian Research Council, Department for Environment and Heritage, Mark Mitchell Foundation, and Wildlife Conservation Fund with awards to Sonia Kleindorfer, and the Holsworth Foundation with awards to Diane Colombelli-Négrel. We thank Kylie Lange for statistical advice, and students from the Bird Laboratory for helpful assistance in the field.


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