Australian Journal of Zoology Australian Journal of Zoology Society
Evolutionary, molecular and comparative zoology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Molar crests and body mass as dietary indicators in marsupials

Aaron S. Hogue A B and Shakila ZiaShakeri A

A Salisbury University, Department of Biological Sciences, 1101 Camden Avenue, Salisbury, MD 21801, USA.

B Corresponding author. Email: ashogue@salisbury.edu

Australian Journal of Zoology 58(1) 56-68 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/ZO09084
Submitted: 13 August 2009  Accepted: 27 February 2010   Published: 7 April 2010

Abstract

The discovery of ecomorphological relationships in mammals is important not only in its own right, but also for its potential in shedding light on the ecology of extinct and poorly known species. Two such potential relationships are the proposed connection between molar shear crests and body mass to diet. Research on primates suggests that, owing to the digestive challenges of structural carbohydrates (in foliage and insects), folivores and insectivores differ from other species in needing relatively long molar shear crests. These studies also suggest that metabolic constraints force folivores to be consistently larger than insectivores, with 500–700 g being the proposed body mass boundary between the two. This study tests these proposed ecomorphological links in a diverse sample of 64 marsupial species. As predicted, folivores and insectivores have significantly relatively longer molar shear crests than other species. Similarly, folivores are significantly larger than insectivores, as predicted, though the proposed body mass boundary was not supported. These results suggest that shear crest length and body mass are indeed linked to diet in the proposed manner. It may now be possible to use these findings to gain a greater understanding of the feeding behaviours of a variety of extinct marsupials and other therians.


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