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International Journal of Wildland Fire International Journal of Wildland Fire Society
Journal of the International Association of Wildland Fire

International Journal of Wildland Fire

International Journal of Wildland Fire

International Journal of Wildland Fire publishes articles on basic and applied aspects of wildland fire science including, but not confined to, ecological impact, modelling fire and its effects, and management of fire. Read more about the journalMore

Editors-in-Chief: Susan G. Conard and Stefan Doerr

Publishing Model: Hybrid. Open Access options available.

Download our Journal Flyer (PDF, 956KB)


These articles are the latest published in the journal. International Journal of Wildland Fire has moved to a continuous publication model. More information is available on our Continuous Publication page.

Published online 05 February 2024

WF23128Resurfacing of underground peat fire: smouldering transition to flaming wildfire on litter surface

Yichao Zhang, Yang Shu, Yunzhu Qin 0000-0001-9704-8630, Yuying Chen, Shaorun Lin 0000-0003-4090-1148, Xinyan Huang 0000-0002-0584-8452 and Mei Zhou

Photos of smoke emerging from smouldering peat and of flames burning surface litter layer after underground peat fire has resurfaced

Smouldering peat fires can survive underground for months, and may re-emerge and start a flame above ground when the dry and hot season arrives. This work demonstrates that the resurfacing of underground peat fire can ignite a flame on the surface litter layer and increase wildfire hazards. Photograph by Yichao Zhang et al.

Published online 01 February 2024

WF23094Impacts of changing fire regimes on hollow-bearing trees in south-eastern Australia

Philip Gibbons, Dejan Stojanovic, David B. Lindenmayer and Giselle Owens

Fire frequency is increasing with climate change in south-eastern Australia. We predicted that hollow-bearing trees will decline in forests where frequent fires co-occur with high rates at which trees collapse or are removed (e.g. due to frequent planned burns or timber harvesting) and/or where there are not a sufficient number of suitable mature trees in which new hollows can be excavated by fire (e.g. where tree regeneration is inhibited).

Published online 01 February 2024

WF23098Spatial and temporal opportunities for forest resilience promoted by burn severity attenuation across a productivity gradient in north western Patagonia

Florencia Tiribelli 0000-0003-4746-1704, Juan Paritsis, Iván Barberá and Thomas Kitzberger

Burn severity is critical to understand fire dynamics. We mapped and modelled burn severity as a function of biophysical variables. Low severity was rare and occurred in small fires during cool and wet summer conditions in areas with sparser fuels or in more productive environments with discontinuous wet fuels.

Published online 25 January 2024

WF23133Ingesting GOES-16 fire radiative power retrievals into Warn-on-Forecast System for Smoke (WoFS-Smoke)

Thomas Jones 0000-0002-4966-5041, Ravan Ahmadov, Eric James, Gabriel Pereira, Saulo Freitas and Georg Grell

This work used high frequency satellite derived wildfire properties to improve short-term (0–6 h) forecasts of smoke plumes. Results show that ingesting high frequency data significantly improves wildfire smoke forecasts compared to current operational systems.

Published online 23 January 2024

WF23042BARA: cellular automata simulation of multidimensional smouldering in peat with horizontally varying moisture contents

Dwi M. J. Purnomo, Eirik G. Christensen, Nieves Fernandez-Anez and Guillermo Rein 0000-0001-7207-2685

This paper presents a cellular automaton to simulate multidimensional spread of smouldering peat with horizontally varying moisture. The model accurately predicted laboratory experiments (below 20% error) on the spread of smouldering under non-uniform moisture conditions and reproduced complex phenomena such as diagonal spread and encirclement of wet peat.

Published online 15 January 2024

WF23127Field-based generic empirical flame length–fireline intensity relationships for wildland surface fires

Carlos G. Rossa 0000-0002-6308-4235, David A. Davim 0000-0001-8682-9917, Ângelo Sil 0000-0003-2074-6558 and Paulo M. Fernandes 0000-0003-0336-4398

We developed empirical relationships linking fireline intensity and flame length, based on a compilation of data collected in field head fires, conducted worldwide in forest, shrubland and grassland. Two relationships emerged, respectively for forest and shrublands and for grasslands, and were deemed suitable for scientific and operational application.

Published online 12 January 2024

WF23129Factors influencing wildfire management decisions after the 2009 US federal policy update

Stephen D. Fillmore 0000-0003-0032-0795, Sarah McCaffrey, Rachel Bean, Alexander M. Evans, Jose Iniguez, Andrea Thode, Alistair M. S. Smith and Matthew P. Thompson

This research expands on previous work exploring the decision making of US Forest Service wildfire managers, using social science methods to elucidate the factors that help drive their decisions to suppress or manage wildfires. We found a complex network of factors that show increasing ambiguity in the wildfire decision environment.

Published online 21 December 2023

WF23124Forest fire progress monitoring using dual-polarisation Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images combined with multi-scale segmentation and unsupervised classification

Age Shama, Rui Zhang 0000-0002-0809-7682, Ting Wang, Anmengyun Liu, Xin Bao, Jichao Lv, Yuchun Zhang and Guoxiang Liu

This paper describes a method to monitor forest fire progress using dual-polarisation Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images combined with multi-scale segmentation and unsupervised classification. We aimed to take full advantage of the many different dimensions of feature parameter changes caused by forest fires, relying on time-series dual-polarised SAR imagery to achieve burned area extraction and forest fire progress monitoring.

Published online 21 December 2023

WF23078Accounting for among-sampler variability improves confidence in fuel moisture content field measurements

Kerryn Little 0000-0002-8303-5297, Laura J. Graham 0000-0002-3611-7281 and Nicholas Kettridge 0000-0003-3995-0305

Citizen science provides an important opportunity for the wildfire community, enabling data collection at broad spatio-temporal scales. Direct fuel moisture measurement campaigns can maximise these benefits by accounting for natural differences in measurements between individuals. We quantify the magnitude and variability of differences during an intensive fuel moisture measurement campaign.

Published online 18 December 2023

WF23044LEF-YOLO: a lightweight method for intelligent detection of four extreme wildfires based on the YOLO framework

Jianwei Li 0000-0002-1486-1421, Huan Tang, Xingdong Li, Hongqiang Dou and Ru Li

We tested a lightweight architecture called LEF-YOLO for detecting four extreme wildfires. We found improved detection accuracy through multi-scale fusion and attention mechanism, and constructed four extreme wildfire datasets and compared these with multiple object detection models and lightweight feature extraction networks. This method is beneficial for the development of extreme wildfire field robots.

Published online 18 December 2023

WF23096Phosphorus chemistry in plant charcoal: interplay between biomass composition and thermal condition

Yudi Wu, Lois M. Pae and Rixiang Huang

Diagram showing fire condition changes phosphorus chemistry and speciation from plant biomass to fire residue.

Soil phosphorus (P) availability in natural ecosystems relies on the returning of P in plant biomass. This study shows how fire conditions and plant species and their parts interact in determining the physical and chemical forms and solubility of P that control its post-fire cycling in the environment.

Published online 15 December 2023

WF23020The role of people, parks and precipitation on the frequency and timing of fires in a sub-Saharan savanna ecosystem

Julius R. Dewald, Jane Southworth and Imelda K. Moise

This study analyses fire regimes in Zambia’s South Luangwa National Park and Lupande Game Management Area. It examines the influence of climate and human activities on burned areas. Findings show differences in burned areas and highlight the significance of soil moisture and rainfall in shaping fire regimes in African savannas.

Published online 13 December 2023

WF23060Associations between Australian climate drivers and extreme weekly fire danger

Rachel Taylor, Andrew G. Marshall, Steven Crimp, Geoffrey J. Cary, Sarah Harris and Samuel Sauvage

This paper explores the relationships between the major forces influencing Australian weather and climate, and the chance of severe fire seasons. The findings could be valuable in decision making and preparation for upcoming fire seasons to avoid more seasons with devastating outcomes such as the 2019–2020 Black Summer.

This article belongs to the Collection Fire and Climate.

Just Accepted

These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

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  1. Drivers of California’s changing wildfires: a state-of-the-knowledge synthesis

    International Journal of Wildland Fire 32 (7)
    Glen MacDonald, Tamara Wall, Carolyn A. F. Enquist, Sarah R. LeRoy, John B. Bradford, David D. Breshears, Timothy Brown, Daniel Cayan, Chunyu Dong, Donald A. Falk 0000-0003-3873-722X, Erica Fleishman, Alexander Gershunov, Molly Hunter, Rachel A. Loehman, Phillip J. van Mantgem, Beth Rose Middleton, Hugh D. Safford, Mark W. Schwartz, Valerie Trouet
  2. Performance of operational fire spread models in California

    International Journal of Wildland Fire 32 (11)
    Adrián Cardil 0000-0002-0185-3959, Santiago Monedero, Phillip SeLegue, Miguel Ángel Navarrete, Sergio de-Miguel, Scott Purdy, Geoff Marshall, Tim Chavez, Kristen Allison, Raúl Quilez, Macarena Ortega 0000-0002-4904-5109, Carlos A. Silva, Joaquin Ramirez

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