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Wildlife Research Wildlife Research Society
Ecology, management and conservation in natural and modified habitats

A review of methods to estimate the abundance of terrestrial carnivores using field signs and observation

Wildlife Research 28(2) 151 - 164
Published: 2001


This paper reviews field methods for estimating and monitoring the abundance of terrestrial carnivores that do not involve capture. Effective methods of monitoring abundance are important tools for the management and conservation of many species. The development of methods for carnivores presents particular challenges, as they are often secretive and widely dispersed. Nevertheless, a variety of approaches based on direct observations and quantification of field signs have been employed. These techniques are described in relation to carnivore ecology and resource implications, and the advantages and deficiencies of each are discussed with reference to case studies.

© CSIRO 2001

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