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Invertebrate Systematics publishes significant contributions and reviews on the systematics, phylogeny and biogeography of all invertebrate taxa. More

Editor-in-Chief: Gonzalo Giribet


blank image Invertebrate Systematics
Volume 30 Number 3 2016

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Morphological cladistic analysis resolves the generic limits of the Neotropical potter wasp genera Minixi Giordani Soika and Pachyminixi Giordani Soika (Hymenoptera : Vespidae : Eumeninae) 
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Marcel G. Hermes and Letícia A. de Oliveira
pp. 187-200

The phylogenetic relationships among species of the potter wasp genera Minixi and Pachyminixi were investigated. As a result, Pachyminixi was synonymised under Minixi, corroborating hypotheses previously addressed elsewhere. This contribution is an addition to the continued systematic revision of the Neotropical Eumeninae, whose generic classification progresses onto a natural one.

    | Supplementary Material (135 KB)

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Integrative taxonomic revision of the polymorphic flat-millipede genera Oncocladosoma and Somethus in South Australia (Diplopoda : Polydesmida : Paradoxosomatidae) 
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Peter Decker
pp. 201-218

This is the first comprehensive morphological and molecular revision of millipedes in Australia. Clarification of the status of two similar genera in South Australia revealed high genetic and morphological variability and highlights the Mount Lofty Ranges as a biodiversity hotspot for short-range endemic millipedes. One of the rare phylogenetic studies on invertebrates with low dispersal ability in Southern Australia is provided here, indicating multiple glacial refugia.

    | Supplementary Material (22 KB)

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Genetic and morphological evidence for a new mountain-living freshwater crab species (Decapoda : Potamonautidae : Potamonautes) from the Western Cape province of South Africa 
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Louisa E. Wood and Savel R. Daniels
pp. 219-230

Recent studies have indicated that mountainous regions within southern Africa harbour a wealth of undiscovered freshwater crab diversity. In this study, morphological and genetic analyses were used to explore relationships between two sister mountain- living freshwater crab species, revealing the presence of a new species. These results indicate the continued importance of sampling mountain habitats to document aquatic invertebrate diversity.

    | Supplementary Material (105 KB)

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Congruence between male upper lip morphology and molecular phylogeny in Parapolycope (Ostracoda), with two new species from Korea 
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Ivana Karanovic , Hayato Tanaka and Akira Tsukagoshi
pp. 231-254

Among crustaceans, sexual dimorphism in the upper lip is only known in a group of ostracods where males use it during the courtship. Strong sexual selection posed on this structure results in a variety of forms. Comparative morphology and molecular markers show that genetically closely related species develop the lip in a similar manner, indicating speciation events, and that the most impacted part is the area which first comes into the contact with females.


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Two recently discovered species of Apiomorpha (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae) feeding on eudesmid eucalypts in Western Australia reaffirm host conservatism in this gall-inducing scale insect genus 
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Penelope J. Mills , Thomas L. Semple , Kathleen L. S. Garland and Lyn G. Cook
pp. 255-273

The south-west of Western Australia is a globally recognised hotspot of plant biodiversity, but the insects that rely on these plants are little understood. Here, we name and describe new species of insects that induce galls on eucalypts in this region. The insects are host specific, suggesting that there are likely to be more species yet to be discovered by scientists.

    | Supplementary Material (107 KB)

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Redefining the generic limits of Winthemia (Diptera : Tachinidae) 
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Diego J. Inclán , John O. Stireman and Pierfilippo Cerretti
pp. 274-289

Parasitic flies in the family Tachinidae have rapidly diversified, making it difficult to define taxonomic groups. We used information from external form and gene sequences to redefine and characterise one particularly problematic group of tachinid flies, the genus Winthemia and its relatives. This work establishes an evolutionary framework that will aid in future taxonomic work and our understanding of this important and widespread group of insect parasites.


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Transoceanic dispersal and cryptic diversity in a cosmopolitan rafting nudibranch 
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Jennifer S. Trickey , Martin Thiel and Jonathan M. Waters
pp. 290-301

The nudibranch Fiona pinnata occurs only on floating objects and is found globally throughout temperate and tropical waters. Historically it has been considered a single cosmopolitan species, but this study was the first to examine this invertebrate using molecular techniques. DNA sequence data from specimens collected worldwide revealed a cryptic species complex composed of three distinct lineages, which were distributed in concordance with oceanic currents and temperature.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    IS16042  Accepted 15 August 2016
    Placing the forgotten: On the positions of Euenchytraeus and Chamaedrilus in an updated enchytraeid phylogeny (Clitellata: Enchytraeidae)
    Svante Martinsson, Klára Dózsa-Farkas, Emilia Rota, Christer Erséus

    IS16032  Accepted 15 August 2016
    A new phoronid species, Phoronis embryolabi, with a novel type of development, and consideration of phoronid taxonomy and DNA barcoding
    Elena Temereva, Anton Chichvarkhin

    IS16020  Accepted 17 July 2016
    Carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) from the Drake Passage (Southern Ocean) with a description of eight new species and a review of the family Cladorhizidae in the Southern Ocean.
    Claire Goodwin, Jade Berman, Rachel Downey, Katharine Hendry

    IS15062  Accepted 17 June 2016
    Finding hot singles: matching males to females in dimorphic spiders (Araneidae: Micrathena) using phylogenetic placement and DNA barcoding
    Ivan Magalhaes, Pedro Martins, André Nogueira, Adalberto Santos

    IS15045  Accepted 30 May 2016
    Genetic diversity and biogeography of the south polar water bear Acutuncus antarcticus (Eutardigrada, Hypsibiidae) evidence that it is a truly pan-Antarctic species
    Michele Cesari, Sandra McInnes, Roberto Bertolani, Lorena Rebecchi, Roberto Guidetti

    IS15040  Accepted 26 May 2016
    Diversity, phylogenetic relationships, and host associations of Calliobothrium and Symcallio (Cestoda: “Tetraphyllidea”) parasitizing triakid sharks.
    James Bernot, Janine Caira, Maria Pickering

    IS16025  Accepted 20 May 2016
    Porcelain crabs of the genera Pachycheles (Stimpson 1858) and Neopisosoma Haig 1960 (Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae): new premises based on molecular data and comments on phylogenetic relationships in the family
    Ivana Miranda, Fernando Mantelatto

    IS16010  Accepted 16 May 2016
    Redescription of Pelagia benovici into a new jellyfish genus: Mavia gen. nov., and its phylogenetic position within Pelagiidae (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Semaeostomeae)
    Massimo Avian, Andreja RamÅ¡ak, Valentina Tirelli, Isabella D'Ambra, Alenka Malej

    IS16005  Accepted 27 April 2016
    Dental scales could occur in all scaled subfamilies of Entomobryidae (Collembola): new definition of Entomobryinae with description of a new genus and three new species
    Feng Zhang, Zhixiang Pan, Jun Wu, Yinhuan Ding, Daoyuan Yu, Beinxin Wang

    IS15043  Accepted 25 April 2016
    Exploring high-mountain limnic faunas: discovery of a novel endemic bivalve species (Sphaeriidae: Pisidium) in the Nepal Himalaya
    Ulrich Bößneck, Catharina Clewing, Christian Albrecht

    IS16002  Accepted 19 April 2016
    Molecular phylogenetic analysis and comparative morphology resolve two new species of dagger nematodes of the genus Xiphinema (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae) from Spain
    A.J. Archidona-Yuste, J.A. Navas-Cortés, C. Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, J.E. Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo

    IS16013  Accepted 27 April 2016
    Pseudoscorpions of the family Feaellidae (Pseudoscorpiones: Feaelloidea) from the Pilbara region of Western Australia show extreme short-range endemism
    Mark Harvey, Kym Abrams, Amber Beavis, Mia Hillyer, Joel Huey

    IS16024  Accepted 22 April 2016
    Phylogeny of Stenopodidea (Crustacea: Decapoda) shrimps inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial genes reveals non-monophyly of the families Spongicolidae and Stenopididae, and most of their composite genera
    Chien-Lin Chen, Joseph Goy, Heather Bracken, Darryl Felder, Ling Ming Tsang, Tin-Yam Chan

    IS16017  Accepted 20 April 2016
    Unexpected diversity in the relictual European spiders of the genus Pimoa (Araneae, Pimoidae)
    Stefano Mammola, Gustavo Hormiga, Miquel Arnedo, Marco Isaia

    IS16007  Accepted 13 April 2016
    Molecules and morphology unite Sarcophaga (Stackelbergeola) Rohdendorf and S. (Rohdendorfisca) Grunin within megadiverse Sarcophaga Meigen (sensu lato) (Diptera, Sarcophagidae)
    Ming Zhang, Eliana Buenaventura, Thomas Pape, Dong Zhang

    IS14059  Accepted 01 April 2016
    Taxonomy and systematics of the South American species of Cylindrostethus Mayr, 1865 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Gerridae), with description of a recently discovered species from Amazonian Brazil and Peru
    Carla Floriano, Andressa Paladini, Rodney Cavichioli

    IS15064  Accepted 31 March 2016
    Reevaluation of the systematic status of two deep water recorded Periclimenes species (Decapoda: Palaemonidae), with a preliminary analysis on the evolution of certain echinoid-associated palaemonid shrimps and related taxa
    Qi Kou, Xinzheng Li, Zhibin Gan


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 22 December 2015
Refugia within refugia: in situ speciation and conservation of threatened Bertmainius (Araneae : Migidae), a new genus of relictual trapdoor spiders endemic to the mesic zone of south-western Australia

Mark S. Harvey, Barbara York Main, Michael G. Rix and Steven J. B. Cooper

2. Published 22 December 2015
Mitochondrial DNA analyses reveal widespread tardigrade diversity in Antarctica

Alejandro Velasco-Castrillón, Sandra J. McInnes, Mark B. Schultz, María Arróniz-Crespo, Cyrille A. D'Haese, John A. E. Gibson, Byron J. Adams, Timothy J. Page, Andrew D. Austin, Steven J. B. Cooper and Mark I. Stevens

3. Published 30 October 2015
Alternative preservatives of insect DNA for citizen science and other low-cost applications

Sedonia Steininger, Caroline Storer, Jiri Hulcr and Andrea Lucky

4. Published 22 December 2015
Molecular phylogenetic analyses reveal a new southern hemisphere oniscidean family (Crustacea : Isopoda) with a unique water transport system

Mohammad Javidkar, Steven J. B. Cooper, Rachael A. King, William F. Humphreys and Andrew D. Austin

5. Published 30 October 2015
Species, ESUs or populations? Delimiting and describing morphologically cryptic diversity in Australian desert spring amphipods

Nicholas P. Murphy, Rachael A. King and Steven Delean

6. Published 28 August 2015
Phylogenetics and phylogeography of a long-legged harvestman (Arachnida : Opiliones) in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest reveals poor dispersal, low diversity and extensive mitochondrial introgression

Cibele Bragagnolo, Ricardo Pinto-da-Rocha, Manuel Antunes and Ronald M. Clouse

7. Published 28 August 2015
A multigene phylogenetic analysis results in a redefinition of the genus Notonomus Chaudoir (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and descriptions of new species of the subgenus Leiradira Castelnau

Kipling Will

8. Published 11 May 2016
Plant bugs, plant interactions and the radiation of a species rich clade in south-western Australia: Naranjakotta, gen. nov. and eighteen new species (Insecta : Heteroptera : Miridae : Orthotylinae)

Gerasimos Cassis and Celia Symonds

9. Published 16 March 2016
The first troglobitic species of Gymnobisiidae (Pseudoscorpiones : Neobisioidea), from Table Mountain (Western Cape Province, South Africa) and its phylogenetic position

Mark S. Harvey, Joel A. Huey, Mia J. Hillyer, Erin McIntyre and Gonzalo Giribet

10. Published 16 March 2016
Molecular evidence for non-monophyly of the pinnotheroid crabs (Crustacea : Brachyura : Pinnotheroidea), warranting taxonomic reappraisal

Emma Palacios Theil, José A. Cuesta and Darryl L. Felder

11. Published 16 March 2016
Phylogeny and population genetic structure of the ant genus Acropyga (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) in Papua New Guinea

Milan Janda, Pável Matos-Maraví, Michaela Borovanska, Jan Zima, Eric Youngerman and Naomi E. Pierce

12. Published 30 October 2015
Taxonomic revision of the Taractrocera ilia (Waterhouse) complex (Lepidoptera : Hesperiidae) from north-western Australia and mainland New Guinea based on morphological and molecular data

Michael F. Braby and Andreas Zwick

13. Published 16 March 2016
Putting the ‘Indo’ back into the Indo-Pacific: resolving marine phylogeographic gaps

N. G. Wilson and L. A. Kirkendale

14. Published 30 October 2015
Groundwater oligochaetes show complex genetic patterns of distribution in the Pilbara region of Western Australia

Louise Brown, Terrie Finston, Garth Humphreys, Stefan Eberhard and Adrian Pinder

15. Published 30 October 2015
A novel symbiotic relationship between sociable weaver birds (Philetairus socius) and a new cheliferid pseudoscorpion (Pseudoscorpiones : Cheliferidae) in southern Africa

Mark S. Harvey, Patricia C. Lopes, Gregory R. Goldsmith, Ali Halajian, Mia J. Hillyer and Joel A. Huey

16. Published 28 August 2015
Phylogenetic reconstruction of scleraxonian octocorals supports the resurrection of the family Spongiodermidae (Cnidaria, Alcyonacea)

Stephen D. Cairns and Herman H. Wirshing

17. Published 29 June 2016
Morphological cladistic analysis resolves the generic limits of the Neotropical potter wasp genera Minixi Giordani Soika and Pachyminixi Giordani Soika (Hymenoptera : Vespidae : Eumeninae)

Marcel G. Hermes and Letícia A. de Oliveira

18. Published 16 March 2016
Is Hydroides brachyacantha (Serpulidae : Annelida) a widespread species?

Yanan Sun, Eunice Wong, María Ana Tovar-Hernández, Jane E. Williamson and Elena K. Kupriyanova

19. Published 29 June 2016
Integrative taxonomic revision of the polymorphic flat-millipede genera Oncocladosoma and Somethus in South Australia (Diplopoda : Polydesmida : Paradoxosomatidae)

Peter Decker

20. Published 28 August 2015
Microscleres and gemmoscleres as phylogenetic signals in Spongillida: phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Metania Gray, 1867 (Porifera, Metaniidae)

Cristiana Castello-Branco, Adolfo Ricardo Calor and Carla Menegola

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