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Soil Research (continuing Australian Journal of Soil Research) is an international journal for publishing research relating to soils in primary production, land and water management, environmental pollution, and remediation. More

Editors-in-Chief: Balwant Singh and Mark Tibbett


blank image Soil Research
Volume 52 Number 7 2014

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A review of nitrogen losses due to leaching and surface runoff under intensive pasture management in Australia 
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Lucy L. Burkitt
pp. 621-636

This paper reviews the literature on nitrate leaching and nitrogen runoff under intensive dairy pasture systems in Australia and highlights that nitrate leaching loads are generally lower than those measured in New Zealand. However, few data are available, particularly following urine application, to make a thorough comparison. Similarly, more research is needed to quantify surface N runoff and leaching following effluent application and dissolved organic forms of N loss, particularly with the continued intensification of the Australian dairy industry.


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Coarse woody debris reduces the rate of moisture loss from surface soils of cleared temperate Australian woodlands 
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Sarah R. Goldin and Michael F. Hutchinson
pp. 637-644

Tree removal and agricultural practices have exposed the surface soils of Australian temperate woodlands to high rates of moisture loss.  Returning missing coarse woody debris (fallen trees and branches) is shown to reduce soil moisture loss by increasing drying times by around 40% in soil adjacent to the coarse woody debris.  Such reduced rates of soil moisture loss would be advantageous for organisms, especially during extended dry periods.


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Testing a new method for sequential silicon extraction on soils of a temperate–humid climate 
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Anna Georgiadis , Daniela Sauer , Ludger Herrmann , Jörn Breuer , Mehdi Zarei and Karl Stahr
pp. 645-657

Despite the importance of silicon for biogeochemical processes in soils, quantitative data on non-crystalline Si phases in soils are still fairly rare. For the first time, the recently developed method for sequential Si extraction from soils was tested on six different soil types of temperate-humid climate. The tests proved that the new method enables the quantification of important Si phases in soils. Furthermore, they revealed that the most abundant non-crystalline phase in the topsoils is biogenic origin.


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Fate of urine nitrogen through a volcanic vadose zone 
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G. F. Barkle , R. Stenger and Th. Wöhling
pp. 658-670

Little is known about the fate of nitrogen leaching from urine patches out of the root zone, through the unsaturated zone, and into the saturated zone (groundwater). Despite laboratory studies having indicated significant potential for nitrate removal in the unsaturated zone, this study showed that this potential is not realised under field conditions. Accordingly, reduction of leached nitrogen is only likely to occur where suitable conditions exist in the saturated zone.


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Coastal acid sulfate soils in the Saloum River basin, Senegal 
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Aïdara C. A. Lamine Fall , Jean-Pierre Montoroi and Karl Stahr
pp. 671-684

Acid sulfate soils (ASS) occur in coastal and inland environments in Senegal and West Africa and represent a major threat for sustainable land use. This work investigated the genesis and mineralogy of coastal ASS in the Saloum River basin, west central of Senegal and demonstrated the importance of environmental factors (topography, hydrology, soil acidity and salinity) on ASS formation and distribution. Such knowledge may help develop sound soil-management strategies, including optimising water management, at local and regional level.


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Soil fertility, physical and chemical organic matter fractions, natural 13C and 15N abundance in biogenic and physicogenic aggregates in areas under different land use systems 
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Arcângelo Loss , Marcos Gervasio Pereira , Elias Mendes Costa and Sidinei Julio Beutler
pp. 685-697

Information regarding topsoil biogenic and physicogenic aggregates formation is a simple indicator of soil quality. Biogenic aggregates were more sensitive to impacts caused by natural and anthropogenic processes, and also more efficient in increasing soil fertility and carbon content of soil organic matter fractions than were physicogenic aggregates. This was confirmed by the absence of biogenic aggregates in the conventional tillage system than a no-till system, forest and pasture areas.


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Soil fertility changes following conversion of grassland to oil palm 
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P. N. Nelson , M. Banabas , S. Nake , I. Goodrick , M. J. Webb and E. Gabriel
pp. 698-705

Oil palm plantations are expanding rapidly throughout the humid tropics. To conserve biodiversity and limit greenhouse gas emissions, conversion of grasslands is preferable to conversion of forests, but the effects on soil fertility were unknown. We found that soil structure and fertility were maintained in the desirable range after 25 years of oil palm cultivation on former grasslands. Slight acidification and loss of exchangeable magnesium occurred but this can be readily managed to ensure long-term sustainability of soil fertility.


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Effects of amendment of different biochars on soil enzyme activities related to carbon mineralisation 
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Lei Ouyang , Qian Tang , Liuqian Yu and Renduo Zhang
pp. 706-716

Biochar addition can affect soil biological properties. This study showed that biochar addition increased soil carbon mineralization rates and soil enzyme activities at the early incubation stage. The results should be useful to better understand biochar’s effects on soil carbon mineralization and sequestration from the biological point of view.


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How much soil organic carbon sequestration is due to conservation agriculture reducing soil erosion? 
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Yong Li , Hanqing Yu , Adrian Chappell , Na Zhou and Roger Funk
pp. 717-726

Widespread land use change and conservation agriculture has reduced wind erosion but few SOC sequestration studies have separated the effects. Here we show that SOC sequestration in conservation agriculture trials was over-estimated relative to conventional tillage without considering SOC redistribution. We conclude that reduced SOC erosion and/or SOC dust accumulation by vegetation–crop cover must be included when considering SOC sequestration induced by changes in land use and management.


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Interactive effects of clay and polyacrylamide properties on flocculation of pure and subsoil clays 
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Xiaoqian Yan and Xunjiang Zhang
pp. 727-737

Sediments, especially fine particles such as clay, are major surface water pollutants. Interactive effects between polyacrylamides (PAMs) and clays on clay flocculation and PAM adsorption were studied using various types of clays and PAMs. Results showed that PAMs were effective in flocculating clay particles and clarifying water. Widespread use of PAMs in surface water treatment and clarification of runoff water has great potential in improving surface water quality and therefore the wellbeing of aquatic organisms.


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Published online 17 October 2014
Tolerance of young seedlings of different tree species and a cereal to poor soil aeration 
Gausul Azam, Robert S. Murray, Cameron D. Grant and Ian K. Nuberg

Young plants that tolerate poor soil aeration are more likely to establish and survive under variously waterlogged conditions. The sensitivity to waterlogging of seedlings of different tree species and a reference crop was evaluated in terms of their root and shoot growth and soil water use, and we found significant variation in species performance. The findings suggest there is plenty of scope for genetic improvement of both native and domestic plants grown on soils that experience extended periods of waterlogging.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    SR13339  Accepted 07 October 2014
    Eucalyptus reforestation induces soil water repellency
    Lewis Walden, Richard Harper, Daniel Mendham, David Henry, Joseph Fontaine

    SR14060  Accepted 02 October 2014
    Carbon dynamics from carbonate dissolution in Australian agricultural soils
    Waqar Ahmad, Balwant Singh, Ram Dalal, Feike Dijkstra

    SR14162  Accepted 29 September 2014
    Soil aeration affects the degradation rate of the nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide
    Nimlesh Balaine, Tim Clough, Francis Kelliher, Chikako vanKoten

    SR14151  Accepted 29 September 2014
    Soil organic carbon and nitrogen losses due to soil erosion and cropping in a sloping terrace landscape
    Jianhui Zhang, Yong Wang, Fucheng Li

    SR14185  Accepted 19 September 2014
    Spatial decoupling of soil nitrogen cycling in an arid chenopod pattern ground
    Bennett Macdonald, Soren Warneke, Gordon McLachlan, Eloise Mason, Mark Farrell

    SR14147  Accepted 17 September 2014
    A landscape scale survey of indicators of soil health in grazing systems
    Kimberly Damsma, Michael Rose, Timothy Cavagnaro

    SR14053  Accepted 17 September 2014
    Binding of water extractable organic carbon to clay subsoil - effects of clay subsoil properties
    Shinhuey Lim, Trung Nguyen, Petra Marschner

    SR14210  Accepted 16 September 2014
    Chemical forms of cadmium in a calcareous soil treated with different levels of phosphorus-containing acidifying agents
    Chunfa Wu, Shihong Yan, Haibo Zhang, Yongming Luo

    SR13306  Accepted 15 September 2014
    Pragmatic models for the prediction and digital mapping of soil properties in eastern Australia
    Jonathan Gray, Thomas Bishop, Xihua Yang

    SR14126  Accepted 14 September 2014
    The use of handheld mid-infrared spectroscopy and partial least-squares regression for the prediction of the phosphorus buffering index in Australian soils
    SEAN FORRESTER, Leslie Janik, JOSE SORIANO DISLA, Sean Mason, Lucy Burkitt, PHIL MOODY, Cameron Gourley, Mike McLaughlin

    SR13188  Accepted 10 September 2014
    Caiena Bezerra, Tiago Ferreira, Ricardo Romero, Jaedson Mota, Juliana Vieira, Lilian Rafaelly Duarte, Miguel Cooper

    SR14020  Accepted 08 September 2014
    Development and calibration of a soil carbon inventory model for New Zealand
    Stephen McNeill, Nancy Golubiewski, James Barringer

    SR13312  Accepted 08 September 2014
    Evidence of pre-historical wind erosion of the Mackenzie Basin, South Island, New Zealand: An assessment based on 137Cs and Kawakawa-Oruanui tephra
    Hannah Leckie, Peter Almond

    SR13170  Accepted 08 September 2014
    Wildfire effects on soil carbon and water repellency under Eucalyptus forest in eastern Australia
    Jessica Heath, Chris Chafer, Thomas Bishop, Floris Van Ogtrop

    SR14076  Accepted 07 September 2014
    Temporal variability in rill erodibility for two types of grasslands
    Guang-hui Zhang, Ke-ming Tang, Zhen-ling Sun, Xun-chang Zhang

    SR14112  Accepted 25 August 2014
    Opportunities and constraints for biochar technology in Australian agriculture: looking beyond carbon sequestration
    Balwant Singh, Lynne Macdonald, Rai Kookana, Lukas Van Zwieten, Greg Buttler, Stephen Joseph, Anthony Weatherley, Bhawana Kaudal, Andrew Regan, Julie Cattle, Feike Dijkstra, Mark Boersma, Stephen Kimber, Alexandra Keith, Maryam Esfandbod

    SR14111  Accepted 25 August 2014
    Transport of Arsenic in some affected soils of Indian Sub-tropics
    Indranil Das, Koushik Ghosh, Dilip Das, Saroj Sanyal

    SR14103  Accepted 25 August 2014
    Using XRF core scanning to assess acid sulphate soils
    Ulrike Proske, Henk Heijnis, Patricia Gadd

    SR14129  Accepted 15 August 2014
    Nitrous oxide emission from two acidic soils as affected by dolomite application
    Muhammad Shaaban, Qian Peng, Shan Lin, Yupeng Wu, ZHAO Jinsong, Ronggui Hu

    SR14090  Accepted 15 August 2014
    Salinity-induced differences in soil microbial communities around the hypersaline Lake Urmia
    Mohsen Barin, Nasser Aliasgharzad, Pal-Axel Olsson, MirHassan Rasouli- Sadeghiani

    SR14107  Accepted 13 August 2014
    Ammonia volatilisation from nitrogen fertilisers surface-applied to bare fallows, wheat crops and perennial grass-based pastures on Vertosols.
    Graeme Schwenke, Bruce Haigh, William Manning

    SR13311  Accepted 11 August 2014
    Quantification of NOx and NH3 emissions from two sugarcane fields.
    Bennett Macdonald, Tom Denmead, Ian White

    SR13305  Accepted 22 July 2014
    Seasonal monitoring of soil salinity by electromagnetic conductivity in irrigated sandy soils from a Saharan oasis.
    Ismaiel BERKAL, Christian Walter, Didier Michot, Kaddour Djili

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 9 April 2014
The biochar dilemma

A. Mukherjee and R. Lal

2. Published 20 December 2013
Quantifying the allocation of soil organic carbon to biologically significant fractions

J. A. Baldock, J. Sanderman, L. M. Macdonald, A. Puccini, B. Hawke, S. Szarvas and J. McGowan

3. Published 20 December 2013
Predicting contents of carbon and its component fractions in Australian soils from diffuse reflectance mid-infrared spectra

J. A. Baldock, B. Hawke, J. Sanderman and L. M. Macdonald

4. Published 20 December 2013
Organic carbon stocks in cropping soils of Queensland, Australia, as affected by tillage management, climate, and soil characteristics

K. L. Page, R. C. Dalal, M. J. Pringle, M. Bell, Y. P. Dang, B. Radford and K. Bailey

5. Published 20 December 2013
Variations in soil organic carbon for two soil types and six land uses in the Murray Catchment, New South Wales, Australia

M. C. Davy and T. B. Koen

6. Published 20 December 2013
Changes in total soil organic carbon stocks and carbon fractions in sugarcane systems as affected by tillage and trash management in Queensland, Australia

K. L. Page, M. Bell and R. C. Dalal

7. Published 20 December 2013
Capacity for increasing soil organic carbon stocks in dryland agricultural systems

F. C. Hoyle, M. D'Antuono, T. Overheu and D. V. Murphy

8. Published 1 May 2014
Estimating change in soil organic carbon using legacy data as the baseline: issues, approaches and lessons to learn

S. B. Karunaratne, T. F. A. Bishop, I. O. A. Odeh, J. A. Baldock and B. P. Marchant

9. Published 20 December 2013
Land use and management influences on surface soil organic carbon in Tasmania

W. E. Cotching, G. Oliver, M. Downie, R. Corkrey and R. B. Doyle

10. Published 20 December 2013
What determines soil organic carbon stocks in the grazing lands of north-eastern Australia?

D. E. Allen, M. J. Pringle, S. Bray, T. J. Hall, P. O. O'Reagain, D. Phelps, D. H. Cobon, P. M. Bloesch and R. C. Dalal

11. Published 20 December 2013
Impact of carbon farming practices on soil carbon in northern New South Wales

Annette L. Cowie, Vanessa E. Lonergan, S. M. Fazle Rabbi, Flavio Fornasier, Catriona Macdonald, Steven Harden, Akitomo Kawasaki and Brajesh K. Singh

12. Published 1 May 2014
Amending soil with sludge, manure, humic acid, orthophosphate and phytic acid: effects on aggregate stability

A. I. Mamedov, B. Bar-Yosef, I. Levkovich, R. Rosenberg, A. Silber, P. Fine and G. J. Levy

13. Published 20 December 2013
Relationship between environmental and land-use variables on soil carbon levels at the regional scale in central New South Wales, Australia

Warwick B. Badgery, Aaron T. Simmons, Brian M. Murphy, Andrew Rawson, Karl O. Andersson, Vanessa E. Lonergan and Remy van de Ven

14. Published 21 March 2014
Influence of lime and gypsum on long-term rehabilitation of a Red Sodosol, in a semi-arid environment of New South Wales

J. McL. Bennett, R. S. B. Greene, B. W. Murphy, P. Hocking and D. Tongway

15. Published 21 March 2014
Digital mapping of a soil drainage index for irrigated enterprise suitability in Tasmania, Australia

D. B. Kidd, B. P. Malone, A. B. McBratney, B. Minasny and M. A. Webb

16. Published 5 February 2014
Effects of amendment of different biochars on soil carbon mineralisation and sequestration

Lei Ouyang, Liuqian Yu and Renduo Zhang

17. Published 19 November 2013
Impact of biochar on nitrate accumulation in an alkaline soil

Qing-Zhong Zhang, Xia-Hui Wang, Zhang-Liu Du, Xin-Ren Liu and Yi-Ding Wang

18. Published 26 June 2014
Potential soil organic carbon stock and its uncertainty under various cropping systems in Australian cropland

Zhongkui Luo, Enli Wang, Jeff Baldock and Hongtao Xing

19. Published 20 December 2013
Carbon sequestration under subtropical perennial pastures I: Overall trends

Jonathan Sanderman, I. R. P. Fillery, R. Jongepier, A. Massalsky, M. M. Roper, L. M. Macdonald, T. Maddern, D. V. Murphy, B. R. Wilson and J. A. Baldock

20. Published 20 December 2013
Land-use and historical management effects on soil organic carbon in grazing systems on the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales

Brian R. Wilson and Vanessa E. Lonergan

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Volume 52 (7)

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