Exploration Geophysics Exploration Geophysics Society
Journal of the Australian Society of Exploration Geophysicists
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Compensation for aircraft effects of magnetic gradient tensor measurements in a towed bird

Chunxiao Xiu 1 2 4 Xiaohong Meng 1 2 4 Lianghui Guo 1 2 Sheng Zhang 3 Xingdong Zhang 1 2
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

1 Key Laboratory of Geo-detection (China University of Geosciences, Beijing), Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China.

2 School of Geophysics and Information Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China.

3 Development and Research Center (National Geological Archives of China), Beijing 100037, China.

4 Corresponding authors. Email: xiuchunxiao@163.com; mxh@cugb.edu.cn

Exploration Geophysics - https://doi.org/10.1071/EG16028
Submitted: 10 March 2016  Accepted: 2 August 2017   Published online: 1 September 2017

Abstract

The effect of magnetic interference from the helicopter on full gradient tensor measurements acquired in a towed bird is substantial and must be corrected if airborne data are to be usable. During the actual flight process, the helicopter’s and bird’s attitudes, as well as the relative position between the helicopter and bird, change continuously. Thus the traditional method of compensation for aircraft effects is not suitable for this mode of measurement. For a particularly long towline, magnetic interference from helicopter can be reduced, but the errors introduced by substantial variations in altitude and orientation of the bird may be even greater than the magnetic interference from the helicopter. We have developed a compensation model from the perspective of forward modelling to correct full gradient tensor data measured in a towed bird for the magnetic effects of the helicopter, taking into account variations in attitude of the bird and helicopter. We designed training flight projects that allow compensation parameters to be estimated. The feasibility of the compensation method was verified by modelling and simulated flight tests. Finally, this method was applied to real data and the data quality was improved.

Keyword: aeromagnetic compensation.


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