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A molecular phylogeny of the crab genus Metopograpsus H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (Decapoda; Brachyura; Grapsidae) reveals high intraspecific genetic variation and distinct evolutionary significant units
The Indo-Pacific genus Metopograpsus belongs to the family Grapsidae and comprises six species of intertidal crabs inhabiting sheltered rocky shores and mangrove forests. All species are opportunistic feeders and four of them are associated with roots and mangrove trunks. So far, no comprehensive molecular phylogenetic study has been conducted on this genus, despite the fact that some species are not easily separable from a morphological point of view. We performed a phylogenetic and phylogeographic investigation based on sequences corresponding to both ribosomal mitochondrial DNA genes from 44 samples of Metopograpsus spp., covering the distribution ranges of each species. Our main aims were to validate species identification across their respective distribution ranges and depict the phylogeographic patterns within each species. Our phylogenetic inference reconstructions confirmed monophyly of the six species. We also recorded a high intraspecific genetic variation and strong phylogeographic structure within M. thukuhar and M. quadridentatus. This indicates the occurrence of distinct evolutionarily significant units within these two taxa, possibly corresponding to undescribed species of Metopograpsus. Further nuclear DNA-based phylogeographic analyses as well as morphological investigations will be necessary to assign a taxonomic value to the recorded evolutionarily significant units.
IS17034 Accepted 05 July 2017
© CSIRO 2017