Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE (Open Access)

Peri-conception and first trimester diet modifies reproductive development in bulls

K. J. Copping A F , M. D. Ruiz-Diaz B F , C. S. Rutland B , N. P. Mongan B , M. J. Callaghan C , I. C. McMillen D , R. J. Rodgers A and V. E. A. Perry B E
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

B School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK.

C Ridley Agriproducts, Suite 4 Level 1, 49 Sherwood Road, Toowong, Qld 4066, Australia.

D The Chancellery, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia.

E Corresponding author. Email: viv.perry@nottingham.ac.uk

F Denotes joint first authorship.

Reproduction, Fertility and Development - https://doi.org/10.1071/RD17102
Submitted: 17 March 2017  Accepted: 19 September 2017   Published online: 16 November 2017

Journal compilation © CSIRO 2017 Open Access CC BY-NC-ND

Abstract

Nutritional perturbation during gestation alters male reproductive development in rodents and sheep. In cattle both the developmental trajectory of the feto–placental unit and its response to dietary perturbations is dissimilar to that of these species. This study examined the effects of dietary protein perturbation during the peri-conception and first trimester periods upon reproductive development in bulls. Nulliparous heifers (n = 360) were individually fed a high- or low-protein diet (HPeri and LPeri) from 60 days before conception. From 24 until 98 days post conception, half of each treatment group changed to the alternative post-conception high- or low-protein diet (HPost and LPost) yielding four treatment groups in a 2 × 2 factorial design. A subset of male fetuses (n = 25) was excised at 98 days post conception and fetal testis development was assessed. Reproductive development of singleton male progeny (n = 40) was assessed until slaughter at 598 days of age, when adult testicular cytology was evaluated. Low peri-conception diet delayed reproductive development: sperm quality was lowered during pubertal development with a concomitant delay in reaching puberty. These effects were subsequent to lower FSH concentrations at 330 and 438 days of age. In the fetus, the low peri-conception diet increased the proportion of seminiferous tubules and decreased blood vessel area in the testis, whereas low first trimester diet increased blood vessel number in the adult testis. We conclude that maternal dietary protein perturbation during conception and early gestation may alter male testis development and delay puberty in bulls.

Additional keywords: fetal programming, morphology, puberty, testis.


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