Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

112 EFFECT OF EGG YOLK CONCENTRATION IN TEST BUFFERED EXTENDER ON SURVIVAL AND IN VITRO FUNCTIONALITY OF DOMESTIC CAT EPIDIDYMAL SPERMATOZOA FOLLOWING CRYOPRESERVATION

J. R. Saenz A , C. Dumas B , B. L. Dresser B , M. C. Gómez B , R. A. Godke A and C. E. Pope B

A Louisiana State University Agriculture Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA;

B Audubon Center for Research of Endangered Species, New Orleans, LA, USA;

C University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22(1) 214-215 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RDv22n1Ab112
Published: 8 December 2009

Abstract

Our purpose was to examine the effect of egg yolk concentration (EY; 2, 5, or 10%) on in vitro survivability and functionality of cat epididymal spermatozoa cryopreserved in TEST-buffered extender (TYB). Testes were transported in HEPES saline; epididymes were dissected in HEPES 199 medium (He199) and repeatedly sliced. The sperm suspension was filtered (40 μ), layered onto a density gradient column (Isolate®, Irving Scientific, Santa Ana, CA, USA), and centrifuged at 650 g for 20 min. Aliquots of the sperm pellet were extended in TYB containing 2, 5, or 10% EY. After cooling to 4°C, samples were diluted 1:1 with TYB containing 2, 5, or 10% EY + 12% glycerol in 4 steps as modified from Gao DY et al. Hum. Reprod. 1995 10, 1109-1122. Then, samples were loaded into 0.25-mL straws, sealed, and frozen on a dry ice block (-80°C) for 20 min before storage in LN2. Straws were thawed by exposure to air (˜22°C) for 5 s and immersion in a 60°C water bath for 5 s. Samples were diluted by addition of He199 in 7 steps as modified from Gao DY et al. Hum. Reprod. 1995 10, 1109-1122 centrifuged at 200g for 10 min, and pellets resuspended in He199. Motility (Mot, phase contrast, 37°C), membrane integrity (M.I., SYBR 14-PI), and acrosomal status (A.S., FITC-PNA) were evaluated at 0 h, after gradual cooling to 4°C and after freezing at 0 and 3 h post-thaw (37°C). Ten replicates were done. Cumulus oocyte complexes (COC) were placed in modified TCM-199 and cultured for 24 h in 5% O2, 5% CO2, and 90% N2 at 38°C (IVM). For IVF, COC were co-incubated with spermatozoa frozen in TYB + 2% egg yolk or HSPM (no egg yolk) in droplets (1 million sperm/mL) of IVF medium under 5% CO2 in air at 38°C. After 18 h, oocytes were rinsed and cultured until blastocyst development was evaluated (Day 8). There were no treatment differences at any time or temperature point for the 3 sperm characteristics evaluated (one-way ANOVA; P > 0.05). As shown in the Table 1, at 0 h post-thawing, sperm in each group retained ˜70% of their initial pre-freeze motility. After 3 h of post-thaw incubation, motility decreased to ˜50% of the pre-freeze value. Cooling to 4°C did not affect membrane integrity or acrosomal status, but post-thaw values were reduced by 30-35% as compared with pre-freeze. Cleavage frequency and blastocyst development of 284 IVM oocytes after IVF using sperm frozen in TYB + 2% EY and HSPM were 53 v. 52% and 42 v. 38%, respectively (P > 0.05). In summary, we have shown that cat epididymal spermatozoa can be frozen successfully in a cryoprotectant solution containing minimal egg yolk (2%).


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