Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology


B. P. Carvalho A , M. R. B. Mello B , J. M. Baldrighi C , J. S. Campanati B , R. R. C. Mello B and A. J. B. Dias A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A North Fluminense State University, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;

B Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropedica, Brazil;

C University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22(1) 359-360
Published: 8 December 2009


The use of bovine embryo transfer to increase the reproductive potential of animals with high genetic merit is unquestionable. However, studies that evaluate the response to exogenous FSH stimulation in Red Sindhi cows are rare. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the superovulatory response of Red Sindhi cows treated with 3 different doses of FSH (Folltropin®-V, Bioniche Animal Health, Belleville, Ontario, Canada). The animals used had body condition scores ranging from 3.5 to 4.0 (1-5 scale), were between 6 and 10 years of age, and were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups. Three doses of FSH were administered: 100 mg (n = 16); 133 mg (n = 13), and 200 mg (n = 14). The treatments were initiated on random days of the estrous cycle. On Day 0, animals received 2 mg of estradiol benzoate i.m. (Estrogin®, Farmavet, Jaboticabal, Brazil) and an intravaginal device (CIDR; InterAg, Hamilton, New Zealand) with 1.9 g of progesterone. On Day 4, donors received FSH in 8 i.m. injections that decreased in dose during 4 consecutive days. A dose of 265 μg of cloprostenol (Ciosin®, Schering-Plough, Cotia, Brazil) was given i.m. concomitantly with the fifth FSH injection. Twelve hours after the last FSH injection, donors received 25 μg of lecirelin i.m. (GnRH; Gestran Plus®, ARSA SRL, Buenos Aires, Argentina). TheAI were performed 12 and 24 h after GnRH. Seven days after the first AI, embryos were recovered and classified as described in the IETS manual. Data were evaluated using KruskalWallis test at a 5% level of significance. Ovarian ultrasonography was also performed to count the number of CL present at the time of ova/embryo collection. Results are summarized in Table 1. The number of CL and total ova/embryos was higher in donors receiving 200 mg of FSH than in those in the other groups. However, the number of transferable or cryopreserved embryos did not differ among groups. In conclusion, the dosage of 200 mg of Folltropin®-V seemed to be the more adequate dosage for this breed of cattle.

Financial support provided by FAPERJ (E26-170.529/2007).

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