Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

43 Cryopreservation of Bovine Sperm Using Antifreeze Polyamino-Acid

T. Fujikawa A , S. Imamura B , M. Tokumaru B , T. Ando C , Y. Gen D , S.-H. Hyon E and C. Kubota C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi, Japan;

B Kagoshima Prefectural Cattle Breeding Development Institute, So, Kagoshima, Japan;

C Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Kagoshima, Japan;

D BioVerde Inc., Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan;

E Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 30(1) 161-161 https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv30n1Ab43
Published: 4 December 2017

Abstract

Carboxylated poly-l-lysine (CPLL), an ampholytic polymer compound, is reported to have a cryoprotective property similar to that of antifreeze proteins. We previously reported the effectiveness of CPLL as cryoprotective material for bovine sperm (43rd Annual Conference of International Embryo Technology Society, Austin, TX, USA; http://www.iets.org/2017/IETS_2017_Program_Book_FINAL.pdf). In this research, we investigated additional aspects of CPLL for bovine sperm. The conventional cryopreservation medium used for Control group consisted of 6.5% (v/v) glycerin, and the cryopreservation medium used for the CPLL group consisted of 3.25% (v/v) glycerin and 0.5% CPLL (w/v). In experiment 1, sperm motility was measured 1, 3, and 6 h after thawing. The post-thaw motility was assessed by using Sperm Motility Analysis System (DITECT Corp., Tokyo, Japan). The CPLL treatment yielded better motility rate at 6 h (Control v. CPLL; 23.7% v. 38.5%; P < 0.01), average path velocity (μm s−1) at 1 and 3 h (Control v. CPLL; 49.8 v. 57.7, 35.8 v. 42.8; P < 0.01), straight-line velocity (μm s−1) at 1 h (Control v. CPLL; 35.2 v. 45.7; P < 0.01), and curvilinear velocity (μm/s) at 1 and 3 h (Control v. CPLL; 93.7 v. 106.2, 59.9 v. 68.4; P < 0.01) than the Control. In experiment 2, sperm membrane integrity was assessed by using the LIVE/DEAD Sperm Viability Kit (Thermo Fisher Scientific K.K., Kanagawa, Japan). The CPLL group yielded greater sperm membrane integrity rate than control (Control v. CPLL; 49.6% v. 60.6%; P < 0.01). In experiment 3, AI was carried out on 111 cows (Control v. CPLL; 49 v. 62) and the conception rate of the CPLL group was significantly higher than that of the control group (53.1% v. 79.0%; P < 0.01). Previously, we reported the effectiveness of CPLL for bovine sperm. In this study, we clarified how CPLL works to improve the conception rate of AI: CPLL maintains post-thaw motility and protects the sperm membrane. These results suggest that CPLL has potential as a new cryoprotective material for bovine sperm.


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