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RESEARCH ARTICLE

79 Effect of Polydatin on Development and Cryotolerance of In Vitro-Produced Bovine Embryos

C. M. Owen A , M. Barceló-Fimbres B , J. L. Altermatt A and L. F. Campos-Chillon A
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A Department of Animal Sciences, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA;

B AniCell Biotech LLC, Chandler, AZ, USA

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 30(1) 178-178 https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv30n1Ab79
Published: 4 December 2017

Abstract

In vitro-produced (IVP) cattle embryos have high reactive oxygen species levels resulting in poor development and cryotolerance. Polydatin, a naturally occurring antioxidant, improves embryonic metabolism when added to maturation media; however, it has not been evaluated at other stages of embryo production. We hypothesised that embryos cultured with polydatin during maturation and fertilization would have increased development and cryotolerance. Therefore, IVP embryos were produced in 8 treatment groups supplemented with 1 µM polydatin during in vitro maturation, fertilization, and culture, or a combination of the different production stages, and each assigned a letter (Table 1). Embryos were produced in 7 replicates by oocytes (n = 3320) aspirated from abattoir ovaries, matured for 23 h in TCM-199 plus 10% fetal bovine serum and gonadotropins, fertilized with semen from 1 of 3 bulls, and cultured in SCF1 (SOF for Conventional Freezing 1; Owen et al. 2017 Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 29, 129-130) in 38.5°C in 5% O2, 5% CO2, and 90% N2. Stage 7 blastocysts were stained with 1 µg mL−1 Nile Red for lipid content or 300 nM Mitotracker Red CMX-Rosamine (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA) for mitochondrial activity. Ten images per embryo were acquired using confocal microscopy at 5 µM step size at 40× magnification, and fluorescence was measured by Image Pro software (Media Cybernetics, Rockville, MD, USA). Remaining blastocysts were slow frozen following a 20-min equilibration in conventional freezing medium (1.5 M ethylene glycol and 0.5 M sucrose in holding medium) with 1 mm l-ascorbic acid. Embryos were thawed and assessed for re-expansion at 48 h. Blastocyst rate, Nile Red, Mitotracker, and re-expansion data were analysed by one-way ANOVA and means separated by least significant difference. Results indicate that treatment B had a higher blastocyst rate than treatment H (P < 0.01), lower lipid content than all other treatment groups (P < 0.01 or 0.05), and higher level of mitochondrial polarity than treatments A, D, E, and G (P < 0.01 or 0.05), suggesting enhanced metabolic activity. Additionally, this treatment enhanced cryotolerance compared with treatment H (P < 0.01). These results suggest that adding polydatin to maturation media has the most effect on embryo developmental competence and cryotolerance.


Table 1.  Effect of polydatin addition during in vitro maturation (IVM), fertilization (IVF), and culture (IVC) on blastocyst rate, lipid content, Mitotracker, and cryotolerance (± SEM)
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