Environmental issues associated with coal seam gas recovery: managing the fracking boomGraeme E. Batley A C and Rai S. Kookana B
A Centre for Environmental Contaminants Research, CSIRO Land and Water, Locked Bag 2007 Kirrawee NSW 2232, Australia.
B Centre for Environmental Contaminants Research, CSIRO Land and Water, Private Bag 2, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia.
C Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Environmental Chemistry 9(5) 425-428 https://doi.org/10.1071/EN12136
Submitted: 10 September 2012 Accepted: 14 October 2012 Published: 12 November 2012
Abstract. Coal seam gas reserves represent a major contribution to energy needs, however, gas recovery by hydraulic fracturing (fracking or fraccing), requires management to minimise any environmental effects. Although the industry is adapting where possible to more benign fracking chemicals, there is still a lack of information on exposure to natural and added chemicals, and their fate and ecotoxicity in both the discharged produced and flow-back waters. Geogenic contaminants mobilised from the coal seams during fracking may add to the mixture of chemicals with the potential to affect both ground and surface water quality. The research needs to better assess the ecological risks from gas recovery are discussed.
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