Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Phylogenetic evaluation of systematics and biogeography of the leech family Glossiphoniidae

Mark E. Siddall A B , Rebecca B. Budinoff A and Elizabeth Borda A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, New York 10024, USA.

B Corresponding author. Email: siddall@amnh.org

Invertebrate Systematics 19(2) 105-112 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS04034
Submitted: 24 November 2004  Accepted: 14 April 2005   Published: 28 June 2005

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of Glossiphoniidae, a leech family characterised by its high degree of parental care, were investigated with the combined use of morphological data and three molecular datasets. There was strong support for monophyly of most accepted genera in the group, many of which are consistent with eyespot morphology. The genera Desserobdella Barta & Sawyer, 1990 and Oligobdella Moore, 1918 are suppressed as junior synonyms of Placobdella Blanchard, 1893 and thus recognising each of Placobdella picta (Verrill, 1872) Moore, 1906, Placobdella phalera (Graf, 1899) Moore, 1906, and Placobdella biannulata (Moore, 1900), comb. nov. The species Glossiphonia elegans (Verrill, 1872) Castle, 1900 and Helobdella modesta (Verrill, 1872), comb. nov. are resurrected for the North American counterparts to European non-sanguivorous species. Glossphonia baicalensis (Stschegolew, 1922), comb. nov. is removed from the genus Torix Blanchard 1898 and Alboglossiphonia quadrata (Moore, 1949) Sawyer, 1986 is removed from the genus Hemiclepsis Vejdovsky, 1884. The biogeographic implications of the phylogenetic hypothesis are evaluated in the context of what is already known for vertebrate hosts and Tertiary continental arrangements.


Acknowledgments

Thanks to: Johan Coetze, Adrian Armstrong, Jérémy Bouyer, Rodolphe Rougerie, Gene Burreson, Elizabeth and Lorenzo Prendini, Ann and Dorian Harcourt-Baldwin, Lai Yetai, Paola Magnetti, Renato Bacchetta, Patricio and Ani Torres, Wojt Wodzicki, Kate Gregory-Wodzicki, Jeff Boundy and Jessica Light for their invaluable assistance in the acquisition of various species newly included in these studies. We thank Louise Crowley, Kenneth Macdonald and Megan Harrison for their comments on drafts of the manuscript. This work was supported by a Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxomony (PEET) Grant from the National Science Foundation (BIO-DEB 0119329) by award DEB 0108163 from the National Science Foundation as well as by the Louis and Dorothy Cullman Program in Molecular Systematic Studies, the Ambrose Monell Foundation and the Richard Lounsbery Foundation.


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