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Historical Records of Australian Science
  The history of science, pure and applied, in Australia and the southwest Pacific
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Notice to Authors

Licence to publish
It is the author´s responsibility to secure any necessary permission for publication. The journal assumes that all authors of a multi-authored paper agree to its submission. For further details regarding copyright, please see Copyright/Licence to Publish.

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Open access
Authors may choose to publish their paper Open Access on payment of a publication fee. See Open Access for more details.

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Journal policy
HRAS publishes original papers and reviews of books on the history of science, pure and applied, in Australia and the southwest Pacific, together with biographical memoirs, commissioned by the Council of the Australian Academy of Science. Manuscripts are subject to a formal process of peer-review and are considered on the understanding that they have not been published before and are not currently under offer to any other journal. The journal is published twice yearly.

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Submission procedure

Papers should be sent by email to either Editor:
Professor R. W. Home
Historical Records of Australian Science
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
University of Melbourne
Parkville, Vic. 3010
Telephone +61 3 8344 6556
Fax +61 3 8344 7959
Email home@unimelb.edu.au

Dr Libby Robin
Historical Records of Australian Science
Fenner School of Environment and Society
Australian National University
Canberra, ACT 0200
Telephone +61 2 6125 5016
Fax +61 3 8344 7959
Email libby.robin@anu.edu.au

A covering letter must accompany the submission and should include the name, address, fax and telephone numbers, and email address of the corresponding author. The letter should also contain a statement that the manuscript has not been published or simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere. A completed Licence to Publish form should be sent to the journal as soon as possible after submission.

If you encounter any difficulties, or you have any queries, please contact:
Historical Records of Australian Science
Locked Bag 10
Clayton South, Vic. 3169
Fax +61 3 9545 8578
Email publishing.hras@csiro.au

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Guidelines for the preparation of manuscripts

General presentation
Type your manuscript as a Word document with double-spacing throughout, on good quality paper, making both margins at least 3 cm wide. Illustrations should be prepared and sent as separate electronic files, either as email attachments or, if necessary, on disc, not embedded in the text of the article (see ´Figures´ for figure preparation guidelines). Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary, and style generally that of Fowler´s Modern English Usage and the Australian Government Publishing Service Style Manual. Do not include full points in acronyms; thus CSIRO, IUHPS. Authors are requested to pay particular attention to indicating any text to be printed in italics, and to the correct presentation of any mathematical or chemical formulae. An appropriate number of subheadings should be included to divide the text into sections.

Please mark clearly for the copyeditor all unusual alphabets, symbols, special characters, and mathematical and chemical formulae. Extended quotations should be inset without quotation marks. Shorter quotations in the text should be enclosed in single quotation marks. Place tables, figures and figure captions after the text, and number all pages of the manuscript consecutively.

When two or more authors have collaborated in preparing a manuscript, an indication should be given as to which one is the principal or corresponding author (to whom subsequent correspondence should be addressed and to whom reprints should be sent). In the absence of this information, the editor will assume that the corresponding author is the one named first.

When you submit a manuscript, please include on the first page the telephone number, facsimile number and email address of the corresponding author, as well as the postal address; we may need to contact you urgently. Two hard copies of the manuscript should be posted, and all electronic files (text and figures) emailed as attachments, or, if necessary, posted on disc, to the editor.

Please refer to recent issues of HRAS, to note details of headings, tables, illustrations, style and layout. Observance of these and the following details will shorten the time between submission and publication. Poor preparation and unnecessary length are impediments to rapid publication.

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Make the title concise and informative; it should contain the main keywords. Extra keywords may also be suggested. Please also supply an abridged title, for use as a running head, of 8 words or less.

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Authors and addresses
Please include full first name, initial and surnames for all authors, and a current mailing address for each. Provide a fax number if the corresponding author does not have an email address.

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Manuscripts should be accompanied by a brief summary suitable for use by appropriate abstracting journals. This should state the scope of the work and the principal conclusions reached, in fewer than 200 words.

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Footnotes and references
All papers should be rigorously documented, with source information provided in footnotes, not parenthetically in the text.
Historical Articles: In the text, references should be indicated with superscript numbers throughout (e.g. 1), running sequentially through the article. Superscript numbers should be placed outside punctuation.
Biographical Memoirs: In the text, references should be indicated with bracketed numbers in line with the text [e.g. (1)], and footnotes or endnotes indicated with superscript numbers (e.g. 1), running sequentially through the article. This is to distinguish between the bibliography (former) and footnotes and endnotes (latter).

Footnotes and references should be typed out, double-spaced, separately from the main body of the text. Cite as follows:

  • Book
    C. M. H. Clark, A History of Australia, Vol. 4 (Melbourne, 1978), p. 91.

  • Chapter in a book
    Diana Dyason, ´After Thirty Years: History and Philosophy of Science in Australia, 1946-1976´, in Melbourne Studies in Education 1977, ed. Stephen Murray-Smith (Melbourne, 1977), pp. 45-74; p. 57.

  • Journal article
    Hugh Hammersley, ´Radiation Science and Australian Medicine´, Historical Records of Australian Science, 5(3) (1982), 41-63.

  • Manuscript Materials
    e.g. Mitchell Library, ML MSS 988/1, f. 7; or W.H. Bragg to J.P.V. Madsen, 29 April 1909, Bragg-Madsen correspondence, Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Article in Conference Proceedings
    P. T. Hayman and I. J. Collett, ´Estimating soil water: to kick, to stick, to core or to computer?´ in Proceedings of the 8th Australian Agronomy Conference, Toowoomba, Australia, ed. M. Ashghar, Vol. 2 (The Australian Society of Agronomy, Toowoomba, QLD, 1990), p. 664.

Take special care checking the accuracy of footnotes and references; we take no editorial responsibility for them. Give titles of books and names of journals in full. Include the title of the paper in all journal references, and provide first and last page numbers for all entries.

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Authors may use appropriate historical units and currencies, and may choose to give the metric equivalents or conversion factors in a footnote. Otherwise, use the SI system, especially for exact measurement of physical quantities. Use the negative index system; e.g. g m-2, kg ha-1, m m-2 s-1.

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Refer to every table in the text. Number each with an Arabic numeral and supply a heading. If using Microsoft Word, please use Table Formatting (i.e. use table cells). Otherwise, please use tabs (not spaces or hard returns) when setting up columns.

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A small number of illustrations many accompany a historical article. Refer to every figure or illustration in the text, and number all illustrations in a common sequence. Submit one complete set of hard copy figures with each copy of the manuscript. Take particular care that photographs accompanying each copy of the manuscript show all relevant features. Photographs will be returned after use if requested at the time of submission. Colour figures will be accepted if they are essential, but the cost of colour reproduction must be borne by the author. The Production Editor will provide an estimate of the cost at acceptance. Colour figures must be supplied in CMYK and not RGB format.

Computer-generated figures must be saved as follows: Please note that Adobe Illustrator is the preferred program for line and/or graph figures and (editable vector graphic) .eps files are the preferred format for photographs:

  • for Adobe Illustrator, save as .eps (encapsulated postscript) files;
  • for Sigmaplot, save in .eps format. Native SigmaPlot files (.jnb format) are not acceptable;
  • for PowerPoint, save in .wmf/windows metafile format;
  • for Excel, save as an Excel 97 worksheet (must contain spreadsheet and embedded chart);
  • for CorelDraw, save as an .eps file that can be opened by Adobe Illustrator

Scanned photographs must be saved as .tiff files; all supplied .tiff files must be compatible with Adobe Photoshop, which is the preferred program. If figures are prepared in a ´paint´ program, line art should be saved at 600 dpi, and greyscale or colour images should be saved at 300 dpi. Electronic photographic work should be submitted at the intended print size (85 mm wide for one column and up to a page width of 175 mm), on Zip disks or CD-ROM if necessary.

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Proofs and reprints
Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author for checking prior to publication. Proofs should be checked and returned by airmail to the production editor within 7 days. At this stage only essential alterations and correction of printer errors may be undertaken. Excessive author alterations will be charged back to the author. Reprint order forms and prices are enclosed with the proofs and should be returned to the production editor with the proofs.

There are no page charges. Corresponding authors will be sent a free PDF of their paper upon publication.

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Biographical memoirs of deceased Fellows of the Australian Academy of Science are commissioned by the Council of the Academy. While as a general rule authors of memoirs are selected from the Fellowship, the Council may, when appropriate, appoint authors who are not Fellows of the Academy. The Council is keen to ensure that a high standard is maintained in biographical memoirs, so that they will become established as authoritative accounts of the life and work of deceased Fellows. In addition to an account of the Fellow’s scientific work, the memoir should include an assessment of its significance. Specific publications of the Fellow should be referred to by number (in brackets), as listed in the accompanying Bibliography. Publications of other authors should be referred to by the authors’ names and year (in brackets), and listed in the accompanying References. Personal aspects of the Fellow should be included; relevant anecdotal material is welcome.

It is desirable that memoirs should be published within a reasonable time after the decease of the Fellow. In the event of an author failing to deliver the typescript within two years of accepting authorship, the Council will consider the advisability of inviting another author to write the memoir. If circumstances arise in which an author finds it impossible to meet their deadline, they should consult the editor.

Memoirs of Fellows who were also FRS and which are to be published in parallel in the Royal Society´s yearly Biographical Memoirs series can for this reason only be published in the December issue of HRAS.

The memoir (excluding bibliography) should not exceed 12 000 words, nor as a rule be less than 5000 words. Authors must not exceed the specified maximum limit without prior consultation with the editor. Care should be taken to include the following particulars whenever possible: (1) place and exact date of birth of the subject; (2) place and exact date of death of the subject; (3) full name, occupation and place of residence of the father; (4) forenames, maiden name and occupation (if any) of the mother; (5) the subject´s place in the family and the number of brothers and sisters; (6) full name of the wife or husband, with parents´ names and professions if appropriate; year of marriage; number of sons and daughters (if any of these has attained distinction, the fact should be briefly noted); (7) the subject´s place of education from secondary school onwards; (8) the year of the more important civil or academic distinctions and service promotions. Academic distinctions should include degrees, scholarships and exhibitions, fellowships, academic prizes and honours conferred by learned societies.

A photograph of the subject should accompany each biographical memoir. The Academy holds photographs of many Fellows, and the author of a memoir may use such a photograph when available, or may provide a more appropriate one. The date, or approximate date, on which the photograph was taken, should be indicated. Additional illustrations may be included as appropriate.

Abstract. Authors should provide a brief abstract of the memoir, suitable for use by the standard abstracting services. This should not normally exceed 75 words in length.

Bibliography. A bibliography of the Fellow’s published books and papers should be prepared, arranged chronologically and normally in one sequence. If the list is known to be less than complete, this should be stated. Publications of other authors should be listed in alphabetical order by author at the end of the memoir, under the heading References. Careful attention should be paid to the preparation of these lists. Standard abbreviations should be used for journal titles (cf. World List of Scientific Publications). Entries should be set out according to the format used in recent issues of HRAS.

In addition to the 25 free reprints provided to the author, 5 free reprints are also supplied to the Fellow´s next of kin. Authors of biographical memoirs are asked to provide the name and address of the person to whom these reprints should be sent.

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