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Invertebrate Systematics publishes significant contributions and reviews on the systematics, phylogeny and biogeography of all invertebrate taxa. More

Editor-in-Chief: Gonzalo Giribet


blank image Invertebrate Systematics
Volume 29 Number 5 2015

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Groundwater oligochaetes show complex genetic patterns of distribution in the Pilbara region of Western Australia 
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Louise Brown , Terrie Finston , Garth Humphreys , Stefan Eberhard and Adrian Pinder
pp. 405-420

Understanding the distribution of unique groundwater fauna in the Pilbara region of Western Australia is important for conservation efforts. This study examined the geographic patterns of oligochaetes using genetic techniques, and found several species that appeared to be widespread, not restricted by hydrology. This is in contrast to other fauna in the region, and suggests that physical characteristics may play a role in dispersal.


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Cladistic analysis and systematic revision of the Zethus smithii (de Saussure) species-group sensu Bohart & Stange (Hymenoptera : Vespidae : Eumeninae) 
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Rogério Botion Lopes , Alice Fumi Kumagai , Lionel A. Stange and Marcel Gustavo Hermes
pp. 421-443

Neotropical Zethus are divided in three subgenera, which in turn are divided into species groups that are supposedly monophyletic. Here, in order to verify the validity of the Z. smithii group, a taxonomic revision leading to the description of five new species and a cladistics analysis revealing the group as paraphyletic are presented. These results raise questioning about the consistency of other species groups as monophyletic and thus, reveal the need for further investigation in the genus.


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A novel symbiotic relationship between sociable weaver birds (Philetairus socius) and a new cheliferid pseudoscorpion (Pseudoscorpiones : Cheliferidae) in southern Africa 
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Mark S. Harvey , Patricia C. Lopes , Gregory R. Goldsmith , Ali Halajian , Mia J. Hillyer and Joel A. Huey
pp. 444-456

Sociable weavers build the largest known nests of any birds, which are frequently communal and accommodate 2–500 individuals. The birds and nests harbour numerous different commensal and parasitic invertebrates. We describe a new genus and species of pseudoscorpion, Sociochelifer metoecus, found in the nest and plumage of the birds. Two widely separated populations of the pseudoscorpion shows little genetic variation, confirming the presence of only a single species.


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Species, ESUs or populations? Delimiting and describing morphologically cryptic diversity in Australian desert spring amphipods 
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Nicholas P. Murphy , Rachael A. King and Steven Delean
pp. 457-467

Cryptic species without names provide an issue for conservation and management. We use DNA data and coalescent analyses to determine species limits and allow the description of morphologically indistinguishable amphipod species from Australian desert springs. By providing greater certainty of species limits, the biodiversity of this unique environment is better understood and can be managed appropriately to ensure its persistence.

    | Supplementary Material (151 KB)

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Alternative preservatives of insect DNA for citizen science and other low-cost applications 
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Sedonia Steininger , Caroline Storer , Jiri Hulcr and Andrea Lucky
pp. 468-472

Modern entomology as well as insect-oriented citizen science projects require high quality specimens, but the traditional practice of collecting into ethanol or pure propylene glycol is difficult in the field and for lay participants – what other easily obtainable and inexpensive alternative preservatives can we use? We show that three common, household preservatives can effectively substitute for laboratory-grade chemicals and reliably preserve insect genetic material: alcohol-based hand sanitiser, propylene glycol-based and ethylene glycol-based automobile antifreeze. The widespread availability and low cost of these products make them valuable resources when traditional products are unavailable, such as in remote field situations or projects involving public participation.


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A new predatory leech from Vietnam (Hirudinida : Arhynchobdellida : Salifidae): its phylogenetic position with comments on the classification of the family 
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Takafumi Nakano and Son Truong Nguyen
pp. 473-486

The leech family Salifidae comprises aquatic and semi-terrestrial predaceous species inhabiting in African, Asian and Australasian regions. Molecular phylogenies based on the leeches from the family distribution including one new species from Vietnam reveals the new species from Vietnam is close to the African species, not to the species distributed in East Asia. This study provides the additional insight into faunistic exchanges and relationships among the regions.


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Taxonomic revision of the Taractrocera ilia (Waterhouse) complex (Lepidoptera : Hesperiidae) from north-western Australia and mainland New Guinea based on morphological and molecular data 
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Michael F. Braby and Andreas Zwick
pp. 487-509

This research reviews the taxonomy of a poorly known butterfly: the aim is to describe and compare this butterfly using the latest tools in molecular biology, together with more traditional methods based on morphology, biology and life history. It was discovered that the butterfly comprises a complex of three species, of which two are restricted and uniquely adapted to the sandstone plateaux of north-western Australia. The discovery emphasises the importance of the Kimberley and central Arnhem Land as critical areas for biodiversity conservation.

    | Supplementary Material (352 KB)

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    IS15015  Accepted 03 November 2015
    Is Hydroides brachyacantha (Serpulidae, Annelida) a widespread species?
    Yanan Sun, Eunice Wong, María Tovar-Hernández, Jane Williamson, Elena Kupriyanova

    IS14050  Accepted 01 November 2015
    Phylogeny and population genetic structure of the ant genus Acropyga (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Papua New Guinea
    Milan Janda, Pável Matos-Maraví, Michaela Borovanska, Jan Zima jr., Eric Youngerman, Naomi Pierce

    IS15018  Accepted 16 October 2015
    Evidence from molecules and morphology expands Podonomopsis Brundin (Diptera: Chironomidae: Podonominae) to include ’genus Chile’
    Peter Cranston, Matt Krosch

    IS15023  Accepted 07 October 2015
    Phylogeny and systematics of the superfamily Pinnotheroidea De Haan, 1833 (Crustacea: Brachyura) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear molecular markers
    Emma Palacios Theil, Jose Cuesta, Darryl Felder

    IS14064  Accepted 27 September 2015
    Molecular phylogenetic analyses and morphological variation point to taxonomic problems among four genera of parasitoid doryctine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
    Marco Gebiola, Antonio Garonna, Umberto Bernardo, Sergey Belokobylskij

    IS14019  Accepted 15 September 2015
    Mitochondrial DNA analyses reveal a widespread tardigrade diversity in Antarctica
    Alejandro Velasco-Castrillón, Sandra McInnes, Mark Schultz, María Arróniz-Crespo, Cyrille D'Haese, John Gibson, Byron Adams, Timothy Page, Andy Austin, Steven Cooper, Mark Stevens

    IS15010  Accepted 09 September 2015
    Molecular phylogenetic analyses reveal a new Southern Hemisphere oniscidean family (Crustacea, Isopoda) with a unique water transport system
    Seyedmohammad Javidkar, Steven Cooper, Rachael King, Bill Humphreys, Andy Austin

    IS15024  Accepted 07 September 2015
    Refugia within refugia: in situ speciation and conservation of threatened Bertmainius (Araneae: Migidae), a new genus of relictual trapdoor spiders endemic to the mesic zone of south-western Australia
    Mark Harvey, Barbara Main, Michael Rix, Steven Cooper


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 20 March 2015
Discordance between morphological species identification and mtDNA phylogeny in the flesh fly genus Ravinia (Diptera : Sarcophagidae)

Evan S. Wong, Gregory A. Dahlem, Trevor I. Stamper and Ronald W. DeBry

2. Published 13 November 2014
Systematics and host plant associations of a new genus of Acacia-inhabiting plant bugs from arid Australia (Insecta : Hemiptera : Heteroptera : Miridae : Orthotylinae)

Gerasimos Cassis and Celia Symonds

3. Published 13 November 2014
Testing mitochondrial marker efficacy for DNA barcoding in spiders: a test case using the dwarf spider genus Oedothorax (Araneae : Linyphiidae : Erigoninae)

Lara Lopardo and Gabriele Uhl

4. Published 20 March 2015
Phylogeny and biogeography of the mite harvestmen (Arachnida : Opiliones : Cyphophthalmi) of Queensland, Australia, with a description of six new species from the rainforests of the Wet Tropics

Sarah L. Boyer, Caitlin M. Baker, Zachary R. Popkin-Hall, Domokos I. Laukó, Hannah A. Wiesner and Rachel H. Quay

5. Published 30 June 2015
Systematic review of the Australian ‘bush-coconut’ genus Cystococcus (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae) uncovers a new species from Queensland

Thomas L. Semple, Penny J. Gullan, Christopher J. Hodgson, Nate B. Hardy and Lyn G. Cook

6. Published 13 November 2014
Integrative taxonomy of Acrapex stem borers (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae : Apameini): combining morphology and Poisson Tree Process analyses

Bruno P. Le Ru, Claire Capdevielle-Dulac, Emmanuel F. A. Toussaint, Desmond Conlong, Johnnie Van den Berg, Beatrice Pallangyo, George Ong'amo, Gilson Chipabika, Richard Molo, William A. Overholt, James P. Cuda and Gael J. Kergoat

7. Published 19 December 2014
A molecular phylogenetic approach to the New Zealand species of Enantiobuninae (Opiliones : Eupnoi : Neopilionidae)

Sebastián Vélez, Rosa Fernández and Gonzalo Giribet

8. Published 19 December 2014
Linking genetic diversity and morphological disparity: biodiversity assessment of a highly unexplored family of harvestmen (Arachnida : Opiliones : Neopilionidae) in New Zealand

Rosa Fernández, Sebastián Vélez and Gonzalo Giribet

9. Published 19 December 2014
Phylogenetic relationships of Australian Scirtidae (Coleoptera) based on mitochondrial and nuclear sequences

Steven J. B. Cooper, Christopher H. S. Watts, Kathleen M. Saint and Remko Leijs

10. Published 11 June 2015
Total evidence analysis of the phylogenetic relationships of Lycosoidea spiders (Araneae, Entelegynae)

Daniele Polotow, Anthea Carmichael and Charles E. Griswold

11. Published 30 June 2015
Molecular evaluation of the phylogenetic position of the enigmatic species Trivettea papalotla (Bertsch) (Mollusca : Nudibranchia)

Ryan E. Hulett, Jermaine Mahguib, Terrence M. Gosliner and Ángel Valdés

12. Published 20 March 2015
Protosternini (Coleoptera : Hydrophilidae) corroborated as monophyletic and its larva described for the first time: a review of the myrmecophilous genus Sphaerocetum

Martin Fikáček, Munetoshi Maruyama, Takashi Komatsu, Christoph von Beeren, Dominik Vondráček and Andrew E. Z. Short

13. Published 28 August 2015
A multigene phylogenetic analysis results in a redefinition of the genus Notonomus Chaudoir (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and descriptions of new species of the subgenus Leiradira Castelnau

Kipling Will

14. Published 11 June 2015
Whale falls, multiple colonisations of the deep, and the phylogeny of Hesionidae (Annelida)

Mindi Summers, Fredrik Pleijel and Greg W. Rouse

15. Published 11 June 2015
Morphological phylogenetics of the Tenthredinidae (Insecta : Hymenoptera)

Lars Vilhelmsen

16. Published 13 November 2014
Verification of the cryptic species Penaeus pulchricaudatus in the commercially important kuruma shrimp P. japonicus (Decapoda : Penaeidae) using molecular taxonomy

K. H. Tsoi, K. Y. Ma, T. H. Wu, S. T. Fennessy, K. H. Chu and T. Y. Chan

17. Published 11 June 2015
Reassembling a lost lowland carabid beetle assemblage (Coleoptera) from Kauai, Hawaiian Islands

James K. Liebherr and Nick Porch

18. Published 19 December 2014
Shining a light into the world’s deepest caves: phylogenetic systematics of the troglobiotic scorpion genus Alacran Francke, 1982 (Typhlochactidae : Alacraninae)

Carlos E. Santibáñez-López, Oscar F. Francke and L. Prendini

19. Published 30 June 2015
Mitochondrial DNA allows the association of life stages to facilitate species recognition and delimitation in Australian stoneflies (Plecoptera : Gripopterygidae : Newmanoperla)

Julia H. Mynott

20. Published 20 March 2015
Morphology and DNA barcodes reveal the presence of the non-native land planarian Obama marmorata (Platyhelminthes : Geoplanidae) in Europe

Domingo Lago-Barcia, Fernando A. Fernández-Álvarez, Lisandro Negrete, Francisco Brusa, Cristina Damborenea, Cristina Grande and Carolina Noreña

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